Makawao Union Church

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Makawao Union Church
South elevation in 2010
Makawao Union Church is located in Hawaii
Makawao Union Church
Nearest cityMakawao, Hawaii
Coordinates20°53′32″N 156°21′3″W / 20.89222°N 156.35083°W / 20.89222; -156.35083Coordinates: 20°53′32″N 156°21′3″W / 20.89222°N 156.35083°W / 20.89222; -156.35083
Area1.7 acres (0.69 ha)
ArchitectC. W. Dickey
Architectural styleLate Gothic Revival
NRHP reference #85003227[1]
Added to NRHPDecember 17, 1985

Makawao Union Church is a church near Makawao on the Hawaiian island of Maui. It was founded by New England missionary Jonathan Smith Green during the Kingdom of Hawaii. The third historic structure used by the congregation was designed by noted local architect C.W. Dickey and dedicated in 1917 as the Henry Perrine Baldwin Memorial Church. In 1985, Makawao Union Church was placed on the Hawaii[2] and National Register of Historic Places.[1]

Wood-framed church[edit]

wood church
Wood-framed church in early 1900s

In 1870, Henry Perrine Baldwin his wife, Emily Alexander Baldwin, and their children joined the church. Henry served as organist for over forty years. Baldwin and his brother-in-law became wealthy co-founders of Alexander & Baldwin. On January 5, 1878, Rev. Green died; Asenath Green would maintain the church until she died in 1894, and then daughters Mary and Laura.[3]

His son Joseph Porter Green (1833–1886) served at the church, and was elected to the legislature of the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1860.[4]

In 1888, Baldwin offered the church a site for a new building, on the foundation of the former Paliuli Sugar Mill near what is now called Rainbow Gulch and Rainbow County Park.[5] The mill was named for Pali uli (literally "green cliff"), the place in Hawaiian mythology roughly equivalent to the garden of Eden.[6]

This church, a New England style white frame structure, was dedicated on March 10, 1889. The Pāʻia Community House, finished in hardwood on the inside, was built in 1914 adjacent to the church. The Community House, with its large auditorium and 40-foot (12 m) deep stage was used for plays, operettas, school graduations, concerts, lectures, silent movies and dances. The site of the old church, 20°51′42″N 156°18′46″W / 20.86167°N 156.31278°W / 20.86167; -156.31278 (Makawao Cemetery) became the cemetery. Later the Maui Veteran's Cemetery was built adjacent to the church cemetery.

A native Hawaiian pastor John Kalama served at both Makawao and Poʻokela until his death in 1896.[7] The original building stood until about 1900.

The "Daily Bulletin Newspaper, Honolulu Oct 2, 1889 pg3 Announced the purchase of a new pipe organ built for the church, by the NY firm of Roosevelt. A small organ of one manual/pedal & 6 speaking stops. This being purchased, by Baldwin while he was in New York, he paid a visit to the organ Company.

Stone church[edit]

stone church
Stone church at dedication in 1917

The frame church was razed in 1916 and construction began immediately on a new Gothic Revival style structure. The new building was designed by architect Charles William Dickey (1871–1942), whose mother was Emily Baldwin's sister.[8] It has been called "one of his more outstanding works." The stone church was dedicated September 2, 1917. It was about the same size as the frame building, and also used the original Paliuli Mill foundation. Henry Alexander Baldwin (known as "Harry"), Henry Perrine's son, was featured speaker, along with William Hyde Rice. The organ was donated in the memory of Harry Baldwin's sons Jared Smith Baldwin (1889–1914) and Leslie Alexander Baldwin (1898–1901).[9]

The walls were built of reinforced concrete with native basalt lava rock veneer. The roof was covered in slate from Vermont. Four stained glass windows and the bell were reused from the old building. A Seth Thomas clock has three faces on the Norman style tower. The main entry is through oak doors in the tower.[10]

Austin Craig Bowdish was pastor at the dedication. Augustine Jones became pastor in 1921. The 1938 Maui earthquake[11] damaged the community house, but not the stone church.

On June 29, 1985, Makawao Union Church was placed on the Hawaii Register of Historic Places as site 50-05-1610,[2] and December 17, 1985, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hawaii as site 85003227.[1] It now calls itself an "interdenominational, community church with Congregational heritage".[12] As of 2010 the pastor was Rev. Dave Schlicher.[13] The road past the church was named Baldwin Avenue for the Baldwin family. It is located at 1445 Baldwin Avenue, Makawao, Hawaii, 20°53′32″N 156°21′3″W / 20.89222°N 156.35083°W / 20.89222; -156.35083.


The church cemetery is located 3.9 miles southeast of the church, in the 3300 block of Baldwin Avenue (@20.861218,-156.311417.) Notable people buried there include the original missionary family: Theodosia Arnold Green, 1859,[14] Jonathan Smith Green, 1878,[15] and Ansenath Cargill Green, 1894,[16] Harry Baldwin, 1946[17] was a Republican Politician, Annie Montague Alexander, 1950[18] an explorer and scientist. Others from the Alexander and Baldwin families are buried in the cemetery.[19] James Dole, 1958 owned the largest pineapple plantation in the world.[20] Anne Alexander, 1940, and Charles Henry Dickey, 1902[21] were parents of architect Charles William Dickey.

The Maui Veteran's Cemetery, near the church cemetery, holds the graves of two actors: horror movie actress Evelyn Ankers, 1985,[22] and her husband Richard Denning, 1998, of Hawaii Five-O.[23]



  1. ^ a b c National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b "National and State Register of Historic Places on Maui" (PDF). web site. Hawaii State Department of Land and Natural Resources. June 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  3. ^ James R. Davis. "Green (Genealogical Query by JRD)". web page on "Rootsweb". Retrieved 2010-01-14.
  4. ^ "Green, J. Porter office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2012-03-06. Retrieved 2010-01-15.
  5. ^ "Rainbow Park". East Maui parks on official web site. Maui County. Retrieved 2010-01-16.
  6. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui, Samuel Hoyt Elbert and Esther T. Mookini (2004). "lookup of paliuli ". in Place Names of Hawai'i. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved October 6, 2010.
  7. ^ "Roll of the dead". Thirty-third annual report of the Board of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association. June 1896. p. 13.
  8. ^ J. Meredith Neil (1975). "The Architecture of C. W. Dickey in Hawaii". Hawaiian Journal of History. Hawaiian Historical Society. 9. hdl:10524/210.
  9. ^ "A Notable Celebration On Maui: Henry Perrine Baldwin Memorial". The Friend. September 1917. p. 205.
  10. ^ Ralph E. Whiting (April 30, 1985). "Makawao Union Church nomination form". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  11. ^ "Keep Maui's 1938 earthquake in mind". USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. April 8, 1999. Retrieved 2010-01-14.
  12. ^ "Makawao Union Church History". church web site. Archived from the original on 2010-01-27. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  13. ^ "Makawao Union Church". web site. Hawaii Conference United Church of Christ. Retrieved 2010-01-13.
  14. ^ Theodocia A. Green at Find a Grave
  15. ^ Rev Jonathan Smith Green at Find a Grave
  16. ^ Asenath C. Green at Find a Grave
  17. ^ Henry A. Baldwin at Find a Grave
  18. ^ Rianna M. Williams (1994). "Annie Montague Alexander: Explorer, Naturalist, Philanthropist". Hawaiian Journal of History. Hawaii Historical Society. 28: 124. hdl:10524/440.
  19. ^ S. Viehweg (October 2004). "Makawao Cemetery, Makawao, Maui County, Hawaii". USGenWeb archives. Archived from the original on 2011-11-10.
  20. ^ James Drummond Dole at Find a Grave
  21. ^ Charles Henry Dickey at Find a Grave
  22. ^ Evelyn Ankers at Find a Grave
  23. ^ Richard Denning at Find a Grave