May 30, 1912|
Rybinsk, Yaroslavl Governorate, Russian Empire
|Died||December 31, 1996
Makhmud Alisultanovich Esambayev (Russian: Махмуд Алисултанович Эсамбаев) (July 15, 1924 - January 7, 2000) was a Chechen actor and dancer. Makhmud was regarded as one of the most famous dancers of the Soviet Union.
Makhmud was born in Starye Atagi, Chechnya, to Chechen parents. When he was a child, his father would take him to village weddings where he would perform dances. At the age of fifteen, Makhmud joined the Chechen-Ingush Song and Dance Company, and at nineteen, he joined the operetta theater of Pyatigorsk, where he would give concerts to Red Army troops fighting in the Second World War. The next year, Makhmud joined the Kyrgyz theater of opera and ballet as a soloist, where he played the lead role in productions of Swan Lake (playing the part of Von Rothbart), The Fountain of Bakhchisarai and The Sleeping Beauty.
Makhmud was known for always wearing his papakha hat, calling it "my crown" and not even removing it when meeting with a head of state. His papakha made an unparalleled and very conspicuous presence on the floor of the Soviet legislature. On noticing it, the Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev would murmur that "Makhmud is here, it's time to call the session open."
Makhmud died of natural causes on January 7, 2000.
Honours and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour with the gold medal "Hammer and Sickle"; by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet on 13 July 1984 for outstanding contributions to the development of Soviet choreography on the sixtieth birthday of People's Artist of the USSR Esambaev Mahmoud Alisultanovichu
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (15 July 1999) - for outstanding contribution to the art of dance
- Order of Friendship (20 July 1994) - for outstanding achievement in the arts of dance and productive social activities
- Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd class (11 March 1985)
- People's Artist of RSFSR (1966)
- People's Artist of USSR (1974)
The former "Central street" in Starye Atagi was renamed after Esambayev in 2011.
|Living Legend Award
- I Will Dance (1963)
- Swan Lake (1968)
- The Sannikov Land (1973)
- At the World's Limit International (1974)
- Upright Magic (1975)
- Rip (1994)
- Chechnya Free.ru Article on Makhmud Esambayev
- Makhmud Esambayev at the Internet Movie Database
- Kinox.ru Biographical Data