|Country (de jure)||Ukraine|
|Country (de facto)||Donetsk PR|
|Oblast (de jure)||Donetsk Oblast|
|• Mayor||Yuri Pokintelitsa|
|• City||426 km2 (164 sq mi)|
|Elevation||169 m (554 ft)|
|• Density||800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+380 6232|
|Website||Official site of Makiivka|
Makiivka, Makiyivka or Makeyevka (Ukrainian: Макіївка, romanized: Makíjivka, IPA: [mɐˈkijiu̯kɐ]; Russian: Макеевка, romanized: Makéjevka, IPA: [mɐˈkʲe(j)ɪfkə]), formerly Dmytriivsk, Dmytriyevskyi, is an industrial city in eastern Ukraine within the Donetsk Oblast (province). Located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from the capital Donetsk, the two cities are practically a conurbation. Makiivka is a leading metallurgical and coal-mining centre of the Donets Basin, with heavy industry and coking plants supporting the local steel and coal industries. While internationally recognized as part of Ukraine, the city has been under the de facto administration of the Donetsk People's Republic since its capture by pro-Russian forces in 2014. It has a population of 340,337 (2021 est.).
Subdivisions and local government
- Hirnyk (Ukrainian: Гірницький район) — 107,835 inhabitants
- Kirov (Ukrainian: Кіровський район) — 52,768 inhabitants
- Soviet (Ukrainian: Радянський район — 53,007 inhabitants
- Center-City (Ukrainian: Центрально-Міський район) — 94,93 inhabitants
- Red Guard (Ukrainian: Червоногвардійський район) — 81,042 inhabitants
- Russians: 50.8%
- Ukrainians: 45%
- Tatars: 1.1%
- Georgians: 0.3%
- Greeks: 0.3%
For a long time Makiivka was thought to have been established in 1777, but recent research shows that it has been mentioned in historical records since approx. 1696. The first mine was opened in 1875. In 1899 metallurgical settlement was founded nearby called Dmytrievsk, named after Dmitry Ilovaisky, son of count Ilovaysky - the landlord of the region.
Makiivka was only a small village when it was combined with nearby Dmytriivsk. Dmytriivsk subsequently developed as one of the largest coal-mining and industrial centres of the Donets Basin coalfield. In 1931, Dmytriivsk-Makiyivka was renamed Makiivka.
During the War in Donbass the city town hall was taken over by pro-Russian separatists on 13 April 2014. Since then, Makiivka has been controlled by the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic.
Jews in Makiivka
In 1939, the Jewish population of Makiivka was 8,000. In the Operational Situation Report (USSR No. 177) of Nazi German Chief of the Security Police dated from March 6, 1942 it is stated that as a result of the measures carried out by Einsatzkommando 6, both the Horlivka and Makiivka districts had been made "free of Jews". Nazis and Ukrainian collaborators executed a total of 493 people here, among them 80 political agitators, 44 saboteurs and looters, and 369 Jews.
In September 2006, the first synagogue has been consecrated in Makiivka after almost 70 years. The house at 51 Lva Tolstogo street serves not only a synagogue, but also a community center for a Jewish community of Makiiivka containing 2,000 members. The chief rabbi of Makiivka is Eliyahu Kremer. Makiivka Jewish community chairman is Alexander-Mikhoel Katz.
Economy and transport
There are many coal mines in and around the city. Makiivka's modern industries include one of the largest integrated iron and steel works in Ukraine. There are also other metalworking and coke-chemical plants and factories for pneumatic machinery, shoemaking, and food processing. The city is rather dispersed, with numerous residential communities surrounding individual industrial plants over an extensive area. It is gradually extending to form a single metropolitan area with the nearby city of Donetsk, which lies just a few miles to the southwest. Makiivka is home to the Donbas National Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture.
The largest enterprises in Makiivka are: State enterprise "Makeyevugol" - open joint-stock company "Makeyevsky Metallurgical Works" - open joint-stock company, "Yasinovsky Coke-chemical Plant", and the limited company "Makeyevcoke".
There are also many machine-building enterprises within the city, with the most significant being: open joint-stock company "Granit", open joint-stock company "Stroymash", and the closed joint-stock company "Makeyevsky Mine's Automatic Machinery plant".
Makiivka metallurgical plant
The Makiivka metallurgical plant produced 1.029 million tons of steel and 825,000 tons of pig iron in 2005. It increased production of rolled steel 1.56-fold to over 700,000 tons in the January–July period of 2006, compared with the corresponding period of last year. It aims to increase its sales revenues to ₴1.265 billion in 2006. The Nucor company (United States) intends to sign a contract with the Makiivka metallurgical plant on delivery of pig iron to the company's enterprises in the United States.
Makiivka is crossed by several railway lines: one is the Yasynuvata-Krynichna line (Russian: Ясиноватая-Криничная), and the other is the Mospyno-Makiivka freight line (Russian: Моспино — Макеевка грузовая). The city also contained a tram line (since 1925, but there are no tram routes now since 2006) and a trolleybus system (from 1969).
Trolley buses have 4 routes:
- City center - Main railway station Makeyevka-Passazhirskaja (Makeyevka Passenger)
- City center - Bazhanova settlement
- City center - Daki
- City center - Gornostayevskaya street.
There are plans to connect trolleybus networks of Donetsk and Makeyevka with direct intercity line to March 2013.
The city has a main passenger station Makiyivka-Pasazhirska, a railway junction Khanzhonkovo (situated in the settlement where Aleksandr Khanzhonkov was born), and minor railway stations: Krynichna, Monakhovo, Makeevka-Gruzovaya as well as a number of railway bays.
On the territory of Makiivka there are 22 churches, 73 religious organisations, and a women's monastery.
The city's inhabitants follow different religions, including:
- Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Moscow Patriarchate — 23 communities;
- Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate — 3 communities;
- Armenian Apostolic Church — 1 community;
- Roman-Catholic Church — 1 community;
- Islam — 2 communities;
- Jewish — 1 community;
- Krishna — 1 community;
- Protestant confessions — 41 communities.
Today, Makiivka has a total of 5 sport stadiums, 4 swimming pools, 90 sport gyms, 15 football fields, 5 children's sport schools, and 36 fitness rooms. There is also a sport school for physically disabled people.
Within the city, 35 different forms of sport are played, and there are a total of 35 sport organisations. There are also many campuses of the oblast's sport schools in Makiivka, including schools for: kickboxing, volleyball, heavy athletics, boxing, some other forms of wrestling, and judo.
Party of Regions headquarters in Makiivka
- Els Aarne (1917–1995) an Estonian composer and pedagogue.
- Stanislav Aseyev (born 1989) a Ukrainian writer and journalist.
- Volodymyr Bidyovka (born 1981) a politician from the Donetsk region
- Olena Bondarenko (born 1974) Party of Regions politician
- Olha Buslavets (born 1975) a Ukrainian power engineer and civil servant.
- Oleg Fisunenko (1930-2003) a Ukrainian geologist, worked on theoretical stratigraphy and paleobotany
- Evgeni Gordiets (born 1952) a Soviet surrealist painter.
- Mykola Kapusta (born 1938) Ukrainian journalist and artist-designer who won 70 prizes on the international cartoon contests
- Aleksandr Khanzhonkov (1877–1945) pioneer of Russian cinematograph
- Vitaliy Khomutynnik (born 1976) a Ukrainian businessman and politician
- Leonid Klimov (born 1953) a Ukrainian parliamentarian, banker, and politician.
- Pavlo Kyrylenko (born 1986) a Ukrainian prosecutor and politician.
- Tutta Larsen (born 1974) a media personality and TV presenter.
- Oleg Minko (1938—2013) a Ukrainian painter and art teacher
- Pyotr Ryabtsev (1915–1941) Soviet biplane fighter ace,
- Denis Pushilin (born 1981) Head of the Donetsk People's Republic
- Ivan Vasilenko (1895–1966) a Russian Soviet author of children's books.
- Irina Yarovaya (born 1966) Russian political figure
- Vladimir Zakharov (1901–1956) a Soviet and Russian composer and choir conductor.
- Yana Zhdanova (born 1988) a Ukrainian feminist and social activist in Femen
- Mykola Holovko (1937–2004) a Ukrainian football player with 294 club caps
- Hennadiy Orbu (born 1970) Ukrainian retired footballer with 270 club caps and 17 for Ukraine
- Serhiy Popov (born 1971) football player and coach with 388 club caps and 54 for Ukraine
- Serhiy Romanchuk (born 1982) a Ukrainian strongman and powerlifter.
- Mariya Ryemyen (born 1987) a Ukrainian 100 metres runner and team bronze medallist at the 2012 Summer Olympics
- Ravil Safiullin (born 1955) President of the Ukrainian Athletic Federation.
- Olga Savchuk (born 1987) retired Ukrainian tennis player, lives in Nassau, Bahamas.
- Yevhen Seleznyov (born 1985) football player with over 400 club caps and 58 for Ukraine
- Taras Shelestyuk (born 1985) a welterweight boxer and bronze medallist at the 2012 Summer Olympics
- Eduard Tsykhmeystruk (born 1973) a former footballer with over 400 club caps and 7 for Ukraine
- Yury Vlasov (1935–2021) a Russian heavyweight weightlifter, writer and politician; gold medallst at the 1960 and silver medallist at the 1964 Summer Olympics; Olympic flag bearer for the Soviet Union at both.
and a fictional character
- Titanium Man, (created 1965) the Marvel Comics supervillain of Iron Man universe called Boris Bullski
- "Юзовка. Статус города – из рук Временного правительства".
- Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2021 / Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2021 (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine.
- Національний склад та рідна мова населення Донецької області. Розподіл постійного населення за найбільш численними національностями та рідною мовою по міськрадах та районах (in Ukrainian), archived from the original on 2012-02-07
- Освобождение городов
- "The towns in east Ukraine seized by pro-Moscow separatists". 2 May 2014.
- "When hope is stronger than hardship: Bright ideas bring change to war-ravaged Ukraine". 8 September 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Makiivka.|
- museum.makeevka.com - Historical Museum of Makiivka (in Russian)
- makeevka.com - Portal Makiivka (in Russian)
- union.makeevka.com - Official site of Makiivka city television (in Russian)
- city.makeevka.com - Makiivka city site (in Russian)
- forum.icm.dn.ua - Makiivka city forum (in Russian)
- makeevka.h11.ru - Project "Makiiivka: all truth" (in Russian)
- free.gortransport.info[permanent dead link] - History of electrical transport in Makiivka (in Russian)
- infodon.org.ua - History of mining safety in Makiivka (in Russian)
- pvp.org.ua - News from Makiivka (in Ukrainian)
- Ukrainian heraldry - Makiivka (in Ukrainian)
- info.dn.ua - Information about the city (in Russian)