Makinohara

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Makinohara

牧之原市
Tea plantations in Makinohara
Tea plantations in Makinohara
Flag of Makinohara
Flag
Official seal of Makinohara
Seal
Location of Makinohara in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Makinohara in Shizuoka Prefecture
Makinohara is located in Japan
Makinohara
Makinohara
 
Coordinates: 34°44′N 138°13′E / 34.733°N 138.217°E / 34.733; 138.217Coordinates: 34°44′N 138°13′E / 34.733°N 138.217°E / 34.733; 138.217
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureShizuoka Prefecture
Government
 • MayorShigeki Nishihara
Area
 • Total111.69 km2 (43.12 sq mi)
Population
(March 2018)
 • Total44,642
 • Density400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Treecamellia sinensis
- Flowerhydrangea
Phone number548-23-0001
Address447 Shizunami, Makinohara-shi, Shizuoka-ken 421-0495
Websitewww.city.makinohara.shizuoka.jp
Makinohara City Hall

Makinohara (牧之原市, Makinohara-shi) is a city located in western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of March 2018, the city had an estimated population of 44,642 and a population density of 400 persons per km². The total area was 111.69 km².

Geography[edit]

Makinohara is located in south-central Shizuoka Prefecture. It is bordered by Suruga Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and rises gradually to the Makinohara Plateau in the west. The area has a temperate maritime climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters, with the warm Kuroshio Current offshort providing a moderating effect.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

The area of present-day Makinohara was part of former Tōtōmi Province. During the Edo period, the town of Sagara was the center of Sagara Domain. In the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period on April 1, 1889, the area Sagara incorporated as a town within Haibara District.

The modern city of Makinohara was established on October 11, 2005, from the merger of the towns of Haibara and Sagara (both from Haibara District).

Economy[edit]

The local economy of Makinohara is dominated by the production of green tea, and to a lesser extent by fishing, and manufacturing of automobile components for Suzuki.[1]

Fuji Dream Airlines has its headquarters in Makinohara.[2]

Transportation[edit]

Shizuoka Airport, which opened in 2009, straddles the border between Makinohara and Shimada. The city has no train connections.

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Makinohara is the site of Sagara Oil field, Japan's only oil field on the Pacific coast. Hand-pumping began in 1873, and the following year, Nippon Oil opened the first mechanical pumping operation in the country at Sagara. Operations ceased in 1955, and in 1980 the field was made into the "Yuden no Sato" Park, operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural government.[3][4]

Sister city relations[edit]

Notable people from Makinohara[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Suzuki Motor Corporation[1]
  2. ^ "会社概要." Fuji Dream Airlines. Retrieved on February 21, 2010.
  3. ^ [2] Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ [3] Archived October 5, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Media related to Makinohara, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons