Tea plantations in Makinohara
Location of Makinohara in Shizuoka Prefecture
|• Mayor||Shigeki Nishihara|
|• Total||111.68 km2 (43.12 sq mi)|
|Population (September 2014)|
|• Density||412/km2 (1,070/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||camellia sinensis|
|Address||447 Shizunami, Makinohara-shi, Shizuoka-ken 421-0495|
Makinohara is located in south-central Shizuoka Prefecture. It is bordered by Suruga Bay on the Pacific Ocean to the east, and rises gradually to the Makinohara Plateau in the west. The area has a temperate maritime climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild winters, with the warm Kuroshio Current offshort providing a moderating effect.
The area of present-day Makinohara was part of former Tōtōmi Province. During the Edo period, the town of Sagara was the center of Sagara Domain. In the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period on April 1, 1889, the area Sagara incorporated as a town within Haibara District.
Shizuoka Airport, which opened in 2009, straddles the border between Makinohara and Shimada. The city has no train connections.
Makinohara is the site of Sagara Oil field, Japan's only oil field on the Pacific coast. Hand-pumping began in 1873, and the following year, Nippon Oil opened the first mechanical pumping operation in the country at Sagara. Operations ceased in 1955, and in 1980 the field was made into the "Yuden no Sato" Park, operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural government.
Sister city relations
- - Kelso, Washington, USA
- - Matsukawa, Nagano (Shimoina), Japan
- - Sannohe, Aomori, Japan
- - Hitoyoshi, Kumamoto, Japan
Notable people from Makinohara
Media related to Makinohara, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons
- Makinohara City official website (in Japanese)