Makkhawan Rangsan Bridge

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Makkhawan Rangsan Bridge
สะพานมัฆวานรังสรรค์171.jpg
Side of the Bridge
CoordinatesCoordinates: 13°45′48.19″N 100°30′33.41″E / 13.7633861°N 100.5092806°E / 13.7633861; 100.5092806
CarriesRatchadamnoen Avenue
CrossesKhlong Phadung Krung Kasem
LocaleBang Khun Phrom Sub-District, Phra Nakhon District and Wat Sommanat Sub-district, Pom Prap Sattru Phai District with Dusit Sub-District, Dusit District, Bangkok, Central Thailand
Official nameMakkhawan Rangsan Bridge
Other name(s)Makkhawan Bridge
Maintained byBangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA)
Characteristics
DesignItalian and Spanish architecture
MaterialSteel and Marble
History
ArchitectCarlo Allegri
Opened1903

Makkhawan Rangsan Bridge (Thai: สะพานมัฆวานรังสรรค์, RTGSSaphan Makkhawan Rangsan, pronounced [sā.pʰāːn mák.kʰā.wāːn rāŋ.sǎn]; usually shortened to "Makkhawan Bridge") is an historic bridge of inner Bangkok. The bridge spans Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem (Phadung Krung Kasem canal) on Ratchadamnoen avenue (section outer Ratchadamnoen) on the border of Bang Khun Phrom sub-district, Phra Nakhon district and Wat Sommanat sub-district, Pom Prap Sattru Phai district with Dusit sub-district, Dusit district. It is near to the offices of the United Nations in Thailand, Rajadamnern Boxing Stadium, Wat Sommanas Rajavaravihara, Wat Makutkasattriyaram and Government House. It also serves as a four-way intersection of Ratchadamnoen, Krung Kasem and Luk Luang roads.

The bridge is one of five built across Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem during the reign of King Chulalongkorn (Rama V). It was designed by Italian architect Carlo Allegri using the patterns of Italian and Spanish architecture. Construction took a total of three years. The bridge has a beautiful Erawan (Airavata) steel frame and four marble lampposts and is considered is one of the most beautiful bridges in Bangkok. It was inaugurated in 1903 by His Majesty King Chulalongkorn (Rama V).

All five extant bridges built to cross the Khlong Phadung Krung Kasem were constructed during the same period. They each have rhyming names, that mean "bridge built by the deities". The term "Makkhawan Rangsan" translates as "the bridge that Makkhawan (Indra) was the creator". King Chulalongkorn originally intended to name it "Makkhawan Rangrak" (มัฆวานรังรักษ์).[1] [2]

In 1994, two more bridges were added to increase the traffic lanes under a royal project of King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX).[3]

During the political unrest between 2010 and 2014 the bridge was used as a venue for several political demonstrations as were other landmarks on Ratchadamnoen avenue, such as Democracy Monument, Phan Fa Lilat Bridge and Khok Wua Intersection.[4] [5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "มัฆวานรังสรรค์ (๒๗ มิถุนายน ๒๕๕๓)". Royal Society of Thailand (in Thai). 2010-06-27.
  2. ^ "Check in ถิ่นสยาม ตอน สะพานชุดเทวดานฤมิต (ชมคลิป)". Matichon (in Thai). 2015-07-24.
  3. ^ "โครงการ ก่อสร้างสะพานคู่ขนานสะพานมัฆวานรังสรรค์". Office of the Royal Development Projects Board (ORDPB) (in Thai).
  4. ^ "ลั่นชัยชนะยกแรก พธม.นัดใหม่5มิย.สะพานมัฆวานฯ 'จำลอง'กร้าวไล่รัฐบาล". Thairath (in Thai). 2012-06-01.
  5. ^ "#COUPANNIVERSARY PROTEST LIVE BLOG". Khaosod. 2018-05-22.