Mako Shark (concept car)
|Mako Shark Concepts|
|Manufacturer||Chevrolet (General Motors)|
|Designer||GM Styling & Design|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door convertible, 2-door hardtop|
|Related||Chevrolet Corvette (C2)|
Chevrolet Corvette (C3)
(Mako Shark II)
Mako Shark I (XP-755)
The XP-755 concept car, also known as the Mako Shark, was designed by Larry Shinoda under the direction of General Motors Styling and Design head Bill Mitchell. With the 1963 Corvette C2 design locked down, in 1961 as a concept for future Chevrolet Corvette the groundwork for the XP-755 was laid down. Building on the design of the 1958 XP-700 "double bubble", the XP-755 added design elements of the soon to be released C2 Corvette. In keeping with the name, the streamlining, pointed snout, and other detailing was partly inspired by the sleek, fast-moving shortfin mako shark. The '61 Corvette tail was given two additional tail lights (six total) for the concept car. The concept was also inspired by Bill Mitchell's 1959 Stingray racer XP-87 which also influenced the 1963 Corvette Sting Ray.
The Mako Shark debuted at the New York Coliseum at the 1962 6th International Automobile Show, and the car was a success on the auto show circuit. With many of the Mako's design elements making into production on future Covettes, it was successful in building hype for the forthcoming next generation of Corvette.
Like many show cars, the Mako Shark underwent styling and detail changes over time. The hood and front facia were modified and the interior was updated. The car also lost the distinctive "double-bubble" canopy. The car was retroactively dubbed the Mako Shark I when the Mako Shark II debuted. The car now resides in the GM Heritage Collection.
An apocryphal story has it that Mitchell had an actual mako shark mounted on the wall in his office, and ordered his team to paint the car to match the distinctive blue-gray upper surface blending into the white underside of the fish. After numerous attempts to match the shark's color scheme failed, the team hit upon the idea of kidnapping the fish one night, painting it to match their best efforts on the car, and returning it to the office. Mitchell never realized the difference and pronounced himself pleased with the team's duplication of nature's handiwork on the car.
The XP-755 Mako Shark a concept car was used in  Route 66 that aired in October 1961. General Motors supplied most of the vehicles that were driven in the series. In this particular episode, the main characters in Route 66, Buzz and Tod drive a 1962 Corvette. But another character, Prudie Adams drives a very exotic looking XP-755 Mako Shark I with a double bubble top and side exhaust pipes.
Mako Shark II (XP-830)
Bill Mitchell's design brief for the XP-830 was as follows:
- "a narrow, slim, center section and coupe body, a tapered tail, an all-of-a-piece blending of the upper and lower portions of the body through the center (avoiding the look of a roof added to a body), and prominent wheels with their protective fenders distinctly separate from the main body, yet grafted organically to it."
This concept influenced the redesigned C3 Corvette of 1968. Chevrolet created two of them - only one of which was fully functional. The non-running show car sported futuristic details, such as square section side pipes and a squared-off steering wheel. This car debuted at the 1965 New York Auto Show. The second running show-car made its debut at the 1965 Paris Motor Show with more conventional steering wheel and exhaust. The car did have a retractable rear spoiler, and a square section bumper that could be extended for added protection. The Mako Shark II was powered by a 427 Mark IV engine, which became available on production Corvette models. The paint scheme was similar to the original Mako Shark, with blue/gray on top fading into silver/white at the rockers.
In 1965, the Mako Shark II was also on display 1964/5 New York World's Fair in the General Motors Futurama Pavilion.
After the show car made the rounds on the show circuit, it was returned to GM where it was dismantled. The running car would be given a reprieve and return to the show car circuit in modified form.
Baldwin Maco Shark
Many consumers were disappointed at the translation of the Mako Shark II into production reality with the 1968 C3 Corvette. Hot rodder and customizer Joe Silva was one of those, and used his skills to create a fiberglass kit to transform the C3 Corvette into road-going Mako Shark. Joel Rosen of Baldwin-Motion supercar performance fame added his mechanical expertise to the project, bringing the Phase III GT performance package (and some re-engineering of the kit) to Silva's fiberglass body. In order to avoid legal issues with GM, they changed the name of their product to "Maco Shark". Silva created the fiberglass panels and basic components, while Rosen handled the mechanical, chassis and suspension upgrades along with marketing. Rosen continued to build variations on the Maco Shark theme for the next decade, including a Manta Ray version with tunneled headlights and an even more radical Morey Eel version.
In 1969 the Mako Shark II was returned to GM Design Studios and transformed into the Manta Ray. Modifications included a front spoiler and redesigned grille and external exhaust pipes. Modifications were also made to the rear that included a buttress style rear window and a longer more horizontal end section. The Firestone tires were replaced with Goodyear tires. Both Mako I and Manta Ray are currently part of the GM Heritage Center Collection. A new, the all-aluminum ZL-1 427ci (making approximately 430 horsepower) was installed in the revised car.
The Manta Ray resides in the GM Heritage Collection.
In 2016 General Motors filed a trademark on the name "Manta Ray", leading to much speculation on how (or if) the name would be used. In the run-up to the introduction to the 2020 C8 Corvette, many believed that it would be called the Manta Ray. Chevrolet decided not to resurrect the name and stuck with the Stingray name for the C8.
In 2013, Hanspeter Boehi from Muenchenstein, Switzerland started work on a tribute car to the Mako Shark II as it appeared in Geneva, Switzerland in 1966. He used a 1969 C3 Corvette (big-block) as his starting point, fabricating everything as necessary. Boehi used drawings from the US Patent Office and images from the Geneva show to help guide the process of building a running version of the non-operational show car.
- "The '60s at 50". April 1962: New York Auto Show. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- "1961 (Mako) Shark XP-755". Remarkable Corvettes. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- Mako Shark I: Interview with Larry Shinoda
- Rosenberg, Diego (23 July 2014). "Did The 1958 XP-700 Corvette Concept Turn Into The XP-755 Mako Shark?". GM Authority. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- Season 2, Episode 6 of the Television series
- IMDB: Route 66 TV series: Once to Every Man
- IMDB:Plot Summary for "Route 66"
- Teeters, K. Scott (27 Nov 2017). "The 1965 Mako Shark-II is Alive in Switzerland". Hot Rod. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- Schorr, Martyn L. (9 Oct 2009). Motion Performance: Tales of a Muscle Car Builder. Motorbooks International. p. 153. ISBN 9781616730444. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- Scott (6 Jan 2012). "Mako Shark Attack Week!!! The Motion / Silva Macos". Corvette Report. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- Kuryla, Steven M. "History behind the Mako Shark". Mako Shark. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- "1969 Manta Ray". Remarkable Corvettes. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- "1969 Manta Ray Concept". GM Heritage Center. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- "GM's USPTO Trademark Application For 'Manta Ray' Progresses". GM Authority. 19 Mar 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
- SZYMKOWSKI, SEAN (5 Dec 2018). "'Insider' Claims To Have Details On C8 Corvette Manta Ray". GM Authority.
Season 2, Episode 6 of the Television series
- "Mako Shark Corvette Concept Car" video at YouTube.
- "Mako Shark Corvette Concept Car" video at YouTube.
- Article about Mako Shark: in German only
- Article about Mako Shark II: in German only, interesting further references to newspapers
- : Extensive photographs of the Manta Ray
- : Article about the Baldwin Maco Sharks
- : Article on the Swiss built tribute Mako Shark II