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Informal Settlement
Makoko is located in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°29′44″N 3°23′39″E / 6.49556°N 3.39417°E / 6.49556; 3.39417Coordinates: 6°29′44″N 3°23′39″E / 6.49556°N 3.39417°E / 6.49556; 3.39417
Country Nigeria
State Lagos State
LGA Lagos Mainland
Location Makoko
Settled 18th century
Demolished July 2012
Population (2012)
 • Total 85,840

Makoko (also referred to as the Venice of Africa)[1] was a slum neighborhood located in Lagos, Nigeria.


Its population was considered to be 85,840; however, the area was not officially counted as part of the 2007 census and the population has been estimated to be much higher.[2] Established in the 18th century primarily as a fishing village, much of Makoko rests in structures constructed on stilts above Lagos Lagoon.[2][3] As of 2006, the area is essentially self-governing with a very limited government presence in the community and local security being provided by area boys.[4] In July 2012, Nigerian government officials destroyed dozens of residences after giving residents 72 hours notice of eviction. The destruction of this historic community was in order to redevelop what is now seen as prime waterfront.[5][6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Soni Methu (December 24, 2014). "Postcards from home: documenting Nigeria's floating community". CNN. Retrieved October 10, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b This Day (May 1, 2009). "Makoko Residents And Their Unwanted Guest". Africa News. 
  3. ^ Cohen, Roger (July 20, 1998). "Nigerian Slum's Filth Is a World Away From Capital's Glitter". The New York Times. 
  4. ^ UN Integrated Regional Information Networks (September 5, 2006). "Lagos, the Mega-City of Slums". Africa News. 
  5. ^ "Destroying Makoko". The Economist. August 18, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Lagos Makoko slums knocked down in Nigeria". BBC. 17 July 2012. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "Nigeria: Day After Makoko and Abonema - Frustration of a Homeless Nation". Retrieved 28 February 2015. 

External links[edit]