Makrana

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For the marble, see Makrana marble.
Makrana
Urban
Nickname(s): Sangemarmar Nagari
Makrana is located in Rajasthan
Makrana
Makrana
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72Coordinates: 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Nagaur
Named for Makran City of Iranian Saltanat
Government
 • Type Democratic
 • Body Municipal Council Makrana
Elevation 408 m (1,339 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 203,987
Languages
 • Official Hindi & English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 341505
Vehicle registration RJ-21, RJ-37
Literacy rate 67.5%

Makrana is a municipal council and a tehsil in the Nagaur district of Rajasthan, India. There are more than 136 villages under this thesis, making Makrana one of the biggest tehsils in Nagour District.[1][2] Makrana is famous for the white stone and marble taken from the mines around it. Makrana marble was used in construction of the Taj Mahal. Makrana is a large town and has many marble outcrops. Most of the residents in Makrana earn their livelihood from mining marble.[3]

Geography[edit]

Makrana is located at 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72, and has an average elevation of 408 metres (1,339 ft).[4] It lies in the middle of the Aravalli Range, and these mountains are the source of its fame as a marble producer.

History[edit]

Makrana was a princely state in British India. It is home to some of the world's most renowned white marble sites, from which the Taj Mahal, Victoria Memorial of Kolkata, Birla Temple of Jaipur and Jain Temple of Dilwara in Southern Rajasthan were built. It is said that the 1800 artisans who settled Makrana originally came from a coastal strip in the south of Sindh and Balochistan, in Pakistan and Iran, also called Makrana. These artisans came to India to build the Taj Mahal.[citation needed]

Education
Demographic Point Percent
Total
  
69.3%
Male
  
79%
Female
  
47%
Education in Makrana

Economy[edit]

The town is served by railroads and other forms of transportation, serving as a key junction between Jaipur, Parbatsar and Jodhpur.

Makrana is a large town in Nagaur district, with a deposit of 56 million tonnes of marble and 40,000 labourers working in 900 mines in the several ranges of the Aravallis. Makrana, along with Rajsamand, are the main centres of marble in Rajasthan. Calcitic in nature, Makrana marble is regarded as the oldest, and finest in quality.[5]

The present rate of marble production from Makrana is 19.20 million tonnes per year with an annual revenue of rupees (INR) 10036 crore (ten million). Per capita income is INR 50,000, which is much higher than national average of INR 46,000. It is the richest municipality in Rajasthan.

Makrana is source of employment to more than 100,000 people from about 200 surrounding villages. The Victoria Memorial of Kolkata, the Taj Mahal in Agra, the Raudat Tahera in Mumbai and the Jain Temple of Dilwara in southern Rajasthan are built from Makrana marble. Some other monuments where Makrana marble has been used are the Haji Ali Dargah of Mumbai, the Jain Temple of Mysore, and the Ambedkar Park of Lucknow.[6]

Mining[edit]

Makrana marble is a metamorphic rock. It is found in a single deposit in India. The Makrana marble is 90–98 percent CaCO3.[citation needed]

Makrana has various mines in the Aravallis range, popularly known as Doongri, Devi, Ulodi, Saabwali, Gulabi, Kumari, Neharkhan, Matabhar, Matabhar Kumari, Chuck Doongri, Chosira and Pahar Kua. The Pahar Kua range is thought to be the actual mine from which the marble for the Taj Mahal was extracted.

The Doongri, Devi, Saabwali, Ulodi, Chosira and Neharkhan mines are famous for white marble, whereas Ulodi is famous for albeta marble (white marble with dark patterning). The Gulabi mine produces pink plain and pink adana marble, whereas almost all mines produce adanga marble with brown and grey shades. There are about 800 factories for marble cutting and processing. The factories use gang saws to cut the marble.

Famous buildings made from Makrana Marble[edit]

Famous Mosques of Makrana[edit]

  • Sunni Shahjahani Masjid (Sadar Bazar)
  • Masjid Hathai (Bich ki Hathai)
  • Modi Masjid (Shahjahani) (Bye Pass Road)
  • Peer ki Dargah Masjid (Peer ki Darghah Mohalla)
  • Sunni Jama Masjid (Idgah Road)
  • Jama Masjid Ahl-e-Hadis (Peer ki Darghah)
  • Mohammediya Masjid (Abdul Saray)
  • Goss-e-Aazem Masjid (Aman pura nadi mohalla)
  • Minara Masjid (Gaura bass)
  • Raja Masjid (Chamanpura)
  • madina masjid (borawar)
  • JAMA MASJID (Eidgah)
  • Sunni Gulzar Masjid Gulzarpura Makrana
  • Qadri Masjid Mominpura, Mathabhar
  • Aqsa Masjid Jamia road
  • Sunni Nagina Masjid (Dola Kua)
  • Sunni Razzakiya Masjid Near Jharbera (Behind Kabristan) Makrana

Famous Temples of Makrana[edit]

  • Charbhuja Nath (Charbhuja Chauk)
  • Jain temple (maheshwari bhawan road)
  • Shiv Mandir (Hospital Road)
  • Sai Baba Mandir(Manglana Road)
  • Kinsariya Mataji (Bidiyad)
  • Naatwale Balaji ( Manglana Road)
  • Balaji ka Mandir (Hospital Road)
  • Vishwakarma Mandir (Hospital Road)
  • Ghaatwale Balaji ( luharpura )
  • Amleshwar Mahadeva (Station Road)
  • Modu Beera (Hospital Road)
  • Ram Chawki (Manglana Road)
  • Gayatri temple (Gayatri Colony)
  • Baba Ramdev Temple (Maheshwari Bhawan Road)
  • Ganesh Dungari Borawar
  • Raghunath ji ka mandir (Agrasen Katala, Sadar bazaar, Borawar)
  • Neelkanth Shivalay, Gopal Gau Shala, Makrana
  • Ramdev ji ka mandir (s.b.b.j. ki gali makrana)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Archived February 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ [2] Archived February 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-01-18. 
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Makrana, India". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "MINED". Indian Express. 2007-01-15. Retrieved 2016-01-18. 
  6. ^ "Makrana Pincode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19.