Makrana

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Makrana
Urban
Nickname(s): Sangemarmar Nagari
Makrana is located in Rajasthan
Makrana
Makrana
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72Coordinates: 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Nagaur
Named for Makran town of Iranian Saltanat
Government
 • Type Democratic
 • Body Municipal Corporation Board
Elevation 408 m (1,339 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 203,987
Languages
 • Official Hindi & English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 341505
Vehicle registration RJ-21, RJ-37,

Makrana is a Municipal Corporation and Tehsil in the Nagaur district of Indian state of Rajasthan. There are more than 136 villages under this Tehsil and it is one of the biggest tehsils in Nagour District.[1][2] Makrana is famous for the white stone and marble taken from the mines around it. Makrana stone was used in construction of the Taj Mahal. Makrana is a large town and it has plenty of marble outcrops. Most of the residents in this town work as marble miners.[3]

Geography[edit]

Makrana is located at 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72.[4] It has an average elevation of 408 metres. The mountain ranges present in the area account for its fame as a marble producer. It lies in the middle of the Aravalli mountains. (1338 feet).

History[edit]

Makrana was one of the towns of Prince Thikana Maukala in British India. It is home to some of the world's most renowned white marble sites, from which The Taj Mahal, Victoria Memorial of Kolkata, Birla Temple of Jaipur and Jain Temple of Dilwara in Southern Rajasthan were built. It is believed that 1800 artisans who settled in Makrana (coastal strip in the south of Sindh and Balochistan, in Pakistan and Iran) originally came to India to build Taj Mahal.

Demographics[edit]

The majority of the population are Muslim, with significant minorities practicing Hinduism and Jain.

Education
Demographic Point Percent
Total
  
69.3%
Male
  
79%
Female
  
47%
Education in Makrana

Economy[edit]

The town is served by railroads and other forms of transportation, serving as a key junction between Jaipur, Parbatsar and Jodhpur.

Known for its white marble reserves, Makrana is a large town in Nagaur district, with a deposit of 560 million tonnes and 40,000 labourers working in 900 mines in the several ranges of the Aravallis. Makrana, along with Rajsamand, are the main centres of marble in Rajasthan. Calcitic in nature, Makrana Marble is regarded as the oldest in age and finest in quality [1].

The present rate of marble production from Makrana is 19.20 million tonnes per year with an annual revenue of Rs 10036 crore ( million )

Per capita income is INR 50,000 which is much higher than national average of INR 46,000. It is the Richest municipality in Rajasthan.

Makrana is source of employment to more than 1 Lakh people of about 200 surrounding villages. The famous Victoria Memorial of Kolkata, the world famous Taj Mahal in Agra, Raudat Tahera in Mumbai and Jain Temple of Dilwara in southern Rajasthan are built from Makrana Marble. Some other famous monuments where Makrana Marble have been used are Haji Ali Dargah of Mumbai, Jain Temple of Mysore, Ambedkar Park of Lucknow and so on.

[5]

Mining[edit]

Makrana has various mining ranges, popularly known as Doongri, devi, Ulodi, Saabwali, Gulabi, Kumari, Neharkhan, Matabhar, Matabhar kumari, Chuck doongri, Chosira and Pahar kua etc.Pahar kua range is supposedly the actual mines from where marble for TAJ MAHAL was extracted.

Doongri, devi, Saabwali, Ulodi, Chosira and Neharkhan are famous for white marble, whereas Ulodi is famous for Albeto Marble. These mines produce white-brown belt beautiful marble. Gulabi stands for pink plain and pink Adanga marble whereas almost all mines produce Adanga marbles with brown and grey shades. There are around 800 factories for marble cutting and processing. Factories use Gang-saw machines to cut marble.

Makrana marble is a metamorphic rock. It is a single deposit in India. The Makrana marble has 90 to 98 percent CaCO3.[citation needed]

Famous buildings made from Makrana Marble[edit]

Famous Mosques of Makrana[edit]

  • Sunni Shahjahani Masjid (Sadar Bazar)
  • Masjid Hathai (Bich ki Hathai)
  • Modi Masjid (Shahjahani) (Bye Pass Road)
  • Peer ki Dargah Masjid (Peer ki Darghah Mohalla)
  • Sunni Jama Masjid (Idgah Road)
  • Jama Masjid Ahl-e-Hadis (Peer ki Darghah)
  • Mohammediya Masjid (Abdul Saray)
  • Goss-e-Aazem Masjid (Aman pura nadi mohalla)
  • Minara Masjid (Gaura bass)
  • Raja Masjid (Chamanpura)
  • madina masjid (borawar)
  • JAMA MASJID (Eidgah)
  • Sunni Gulzar Masjid Gulzarpura Makrana
  • Qadri Masjid Mominpura, Mathabhar
  • Aqsa Masjid Jamia road
  • Sunni Nagina Masjid (Dola Kua)
  • Sunni Razzakiya Masjid Near Jharbera (Behind Kabristan) Makrana

Famous Temples of Makrana[edit]

  • Charbhuja Nath (Charbhuja Chauk)
  • Jain temple (maheshwari bhawan road)
  • Shiv Mandir (Hospital Road)
  • Sai Baba Mandir(Manglana Road)
  • Kinsariya Mataji (Bidiyad)
  • Naatwale Balaji ( Manglana Road)
  • Balaji ka Mandir (Hospital Road)
  • Vishwakarma Mandir (Hospital Road)
  • Ghaatwale Balaji ( luharpura )
  • Amleshwar Mahadeva (Station Road)
  • Modu Beera (Hospital Road)
  • Ram Chawki (Manglana Road)
  • Gayatri temple (Gayatri Colony)
  • Baba Ramdev Temple (Maheshwari Bhawan Road)
  • Ganesh Dungari (borawar) by iice
  • Raghunath ji ka mandir (Agrasen Katala, Sadar bazaar, Borawar)
  • Neelkanth Shivalay, Gopal Gau Shala, Makrana
  • Ramdev ji ka mandir (s.b.b.j. ki gali makrana)

Educational Institute in Makrana[edit]

  • Career Makers, Charbhuja Sadar Bazar Road
  • SGN Institute of Development, Imam Chowk
  • Anjuman UG college
  • Anjuman Sr. Sec. School
  • Shri Mahesh Bal Sr. Sec. School (English Medium)
  • Shri Mahesh Bal Sr. Sec. School (Hindi Medium)
  • Anjuman Girls School
  • Anjuman Primary School
  • Quazi Memorial Sr. Sec. School
  • C&C Academy
  • Samrat Prithviraj Chouhan Sr. Sec. School
  • Raj CBSE Sr. Sec. School
  • Rana Bai Sr. Sec. School, Manglana road Makrana
  • Indian International Public School, Matabhar Road
  • Marudhar Sr.Sec. School

See also[edit]

References[edit]