Makrana

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Makrana
City
Makrana
Skyline of Makrana
Nickname(s): 
Marble City of India
Makrana is located in Rajasthan
Makrana
Makrana
Location in Rajasthan, India
Makrana is located in India
Makrana
Makrana
Makrana (India)
Coordinates: 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72Coordinates: 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictNagaur
Named forMakran City of Iran
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • BodyMakrana Municipal Council
Elevation
408 m (1,339 ft)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total303,987
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Marwari & English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Vehicle registrationRJ-21, RJ-37
Literacy rate67.5%

Makrana is an urban city located at the centre of Rajasthan. This tehsil has 136 villages under its jurisdiction thus making it the largest tehsil in Nagaur District. Makrana is 110 kms west of Jaipur and 190 kms north-east of Jodhpur. Makrana is known for the part it has played in building the Taj Mahal by supplying marble, craftsmen and stonemasons to build the iconic UNESCO world heritage centre. It is one of the developing cities in the state with a majority of the people being Muslim i.e. about 74%.

Geography[edit]

Makrana is located at 27°03′N 74°43′E / 27.05°N 74.72°E / 27.05; 74.72, and has an average elevation of 408 metres (1,339 ft).[1] It lies in the middle of the Aravalli Range, and these mountains are the source of its fame as a marble producer.

History[edit]

Makrana was a princely state in British India. It is home to some of the world's most renowned white marble sites, from which the Taj Mahal, Victoria Memorial of Kolkata, Birla Temple of Jaipur and Jain Temple of Dilwara in Southern Rajasthan were built. It is said that the 1800 artisans who settled Makrana originally came from a coastal strip in the south of Sindh and Balochistan, in Pakistan and Iran, also called Makrana. These artisans came to India to build the Taj Mahal.

Education
Demographic Point Percent
Total
69.3%
Male
79%
Female
47%
Education in Makrana

Economy[edit]

The town is served by railroads and other forms of transportation, serving as a key junction between Jaipur, Parbatsar and Jodhpur.

Makrana is a large town in Nagaur district, with a deposit of 56 million tonnes of marble and 40,000 labourers working in 900 mines in the several ranges of the Aravallis. Makrana is the main centres of marble in Rajasthan. Calcitic in nature, Makrana marble is regarded as the oldest, and finest in quality.[2]

The present rate of marble production from Makrana is 19.20 million tonnes per year with an annual revenue of rupees (INR) 20036 crore. Per capita income is INR 50,000, which is much higher than national average of INR 46,000. It is the richest municipality in Rajasthan.

Makrana is source of employment to more than 100,000 people from about 200 surrounding villages. The Victoria Memorial of Kolkata, the Taj Mahal in Agra, the Raudat Tahera in Mumbai and the Jain Temple of Dilwara in southern Rajasthan are built from Makrana marble. Some other monuments where Makrana marble has been used are the Haji Ali Dargah of Mumbai, the Jain Temple of Mysore, and the Ambedkar Park of Lucknow.[3]

Mining[edit]

Makrana marble is a metamorphic rock. It is found in a single deposit in India. The Makrana marble has a range of about 90–98% Calcium Carbonate. [4]

Makrana has various mines in the Aravallis range, popularly known as Doongri, Devi, Ulodi, Saabwali, Gulabi, Kumari, Neharkhan, Matabhar, Matabhar Kumari, Chuck Doongri, Chosira and Pahar Kua. The Pahar Kua range is thought to be the actual mine from which the marble for the Taj Mahal was extracted.

The Doongri, Devi, Sahabwali, Ulodi, Chosira and Neharkhan mines are famous for white marble, whereas Ulodi is famous for albeta marble (white marble with dark patterning). The Gulabi mine produces pink plain and pink adana marble, whereas almost all mines produce adanga marble with brown and grey shades. There are about 800 factories for marble cutting and processing. The factories use gang saws to cut the marble

Famous buildings made from Makrana Marble[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Makrana, India". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  2. ^ "MINED". Indian Express. 2007-01-15. Retrieved 2016-01-18.
  3. ^ "Makrana Pincode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19.
  4. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/story/20909.html

Makrana City papultion Nagouri Silawat 75%