Maksharip Aushev

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Maksharip Magometovich Aushev
Native name Макшарип Магометович Аушев
Born (1966-02-16)16 February 1966[1]
Surkhakhi, Nazranovsky District, Ingushetia[1]
Died 25 October 2009(2009-10-25) (aged 43)
Nartan, Chegemsky District, Kabardino-Balkaria[2]
Cause of death Shot dead by gunmen[2]
Resting place Surkhakhi
Occupation political activist (opposition), businessman

Maksharip Magometovich Aushev (Russian: Макшарип Магометович Аушев; 16 February 1966 – 25 October 2009) was an Ingush businessman and opposition leader[3] in the Republic of Ingushetia, a federal subject of the Russian Federation. Aushev had taken over the opposition website,, after its owner, Magomed Yevloyev, a vocal critic of the Ingush government, was shot and killed while in police custody.[4]


Aushev was a businessman and a member of a prominent Ingushetian family.[5] In 2007, Aushev's son and nephew were both kidnapped. He blamed Ingush security forces under the control of then-President of Ingushetia Murat Zyazikov for the abductions.[5] Aushev organized protests against the security forces and the Zyazikov government.[5]

In 2008, journalist Magomed Yevloyev, the owner of and a critic of the Zyazikov government, was shot and killed while in police custody. Aushev personally took over ownership of following Yevloyev's death.[5]

The Russian government removed Zyazikov in October 2008 and installed Yunus-Bek Yevkurov as president.[5] Yevkurov offered dissidents in Ingushetia a certain amount of protection from politically motivated attacks.[5] Aushev largely supported Yevkurov policies towards the opposition, and withdrew from his most vocal opposition to the government since Yevkurov's installation.[4] Aushev accepted a position on a human rights council set up by the ombudsman of Russia's federal government.[5] However, he remained a vocal critic of former President Zyazikov and his relatives, as well as the human rights violations allegedly committed by Russian special forces in Ingushetia and Chechnya.[5]

Aushev survived an attempted kidnapping in September 2009.[5] In an interview with an Australian television network, he revealed that he had “very strong information that I was going to be killed” during the failed abuduction.[5]

On October 25, 2009, Aushev was shot and killed on the spot when gunmen attacked his car on a road near Nalchik in the neighboring Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria.[5] He was buried in the Ingush village of Surkhakhi.[4]


On 8 December 2009, Aushev was posthumously awarded the Russian Federation's human rights ombudsman's medal “Спешите делать добро” (Speshite delat dobro).[6]

In a 2013 RT documentary, Blood and Honor: Chechen Vendetta Code, Aushev's father, Magomed Aushev, states that he has spent more than $1 million trying to track down his son's killers. Magomed said he would forgive his son's killers only if they came to him first.[7]