Maku, Iran

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Maku
منطقه آزاد ماكو (Maku Free Zone)
city
Panoramic view
Panoramic view
Maku is located in Iran
Maku
Maku
Coordinates: 39°17′43″N 44°31′00″E / 39.29528°N 44.51667°E / 39.29528; 44.51667Coordinates: 39°17′43″N 44°31′00″E / 39.29528°N 44.51667°E / 39.29528; 44.51667
Country  Iran
Province West Azerbaijan
County Maku
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 41,865
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Website Make Free Trade Zone Official Portal

Maku (Persian: ماكو‎, Azerbaijani: ماكي - Makı; also Romanized as Mākū)[1] is a city in the West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 41,865, in 10,428 families.[2]

It is situated 22 kilometres (14 mi) from the Turkish border in a mountain gorge at an altitude of 1634 metres. The Zangmar River cuts through the city.[3][4] Maku Free Trade and Industrial Zone is Iran’s largest and the world’s second largest free trade zone and will encompass an area of 5000 square km when it was scheduled to open in 2011. Azerbaijanis and later Kurds constitute the population of the city.[5]

History[edit]

Maku was a region of the old Armenia c. 300-800, previously known as Artaz according to Aziz Atiya's History of Eastern Christianity.[6] A branch of the family Amatuni ruled it, as vassals of the family Ardzruni.

Maku was the capital of a Kangarli Khanate[7] one of numerous small, semi-independent Maku Khanates that resulted from the breakup of the Safavid empire in the 17th century.[8]

The city is well known in Bahá'í history for its fort where the Báb had been exiled to and imprisoned for nine months. At this fortress Mullá Husayn, the first Disciple of the Báb, arrived on Náw-Rúz of the year 1848 to see the Báb.

Climate[edit]

Maku has a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) owing to its location in the rain shadow of the Zagros Mountains. The city is hot and dry in the summer, and cold with little snow in the winter. Most precipitation comes from spring thunderstorms.

Climate data for Maku, Iran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
14.0
(57.2)
23.0
(73.4)
27.5
(81.5)
30.6
(87.1)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
37.8
(100)
34.2
(93.6)
28.0
(82.4)
20.8
(69.4)
19.0
(66.2)
37.8
(100)
Average high °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
15.4
(59.7)
19.9
(67.8)
25.2
(77.4)
29.4
(84.9)
29.6
(85.3)
24.9
(76.8)
17.5
(63.5)
9.8
(49.6)
2.9
(37.2)
15.47
(59.85)
Average low °C (°F) −7.4
(18.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
−1
(30)
5.5
(41.9)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
17.2
(63)
17.2
(63)
12.5
(54.5)
7.1
(44.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
5.35
(41.63)
Record low °C (°F) −22
(−8)
−23
(−9)
−22
(−8)
−8
(18)
0.0
(32)
4.0
(39.2)
8.0
(46.4)
9.4
(48.9)
2.4
(36.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
−15.3
(4.5)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−23
(−9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.0
(0.512)
19.9
(0.783)
30.4
(1.197)
37.1
(1.461)
54.5
(2.146)
39.6
(1.559)
14.8
(0.583)
11.5
(0.453)
10.2
(0.402)
25.7
(1.012)
20.9
(0.823)
16.9
(0.665)
294.5
(11.596)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.5 4.0 5.7 7.1 9.8 6.8 3.2 2.0 1.9 5.0 4.6 3.9 57.5
Average relative humidity (%) 65 59 53 46 46 40 37 36 36 46 54 65 48.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 126.5 146.2 181.2 185.7 230.4 290.2 327.0 322.5 274.8 199.9 162.6 119.7 2,566.7
Source: Synoptic Stations Statistics
The beauty of Maku- Shirzadeh
Kakh Muzeh Maku, near Maku, built by one of the commanders of Mozzafar-al-Din Shah, is a popular attraction.

Population[edit]

According to the 2006 census, the city has a population of 42.500 The language in Maku is Azerbaijani.

  1. Baqcheh Jooq Palace: dates back to the end of the Qajar period. It used to be the house of the local governor until 1974. It is 7 km northwest of central Maku and presently functions as a museum displaying some carpets and local handicrafts.
  2. Farhad's Home: A place near Baqcheh Jooq Palace. A small home with a hall and two rooms that carved into the rock. The saying comes form the story Farhad and Shirin.
  3. Ruins of a fortress are folded into a ledge of the high cliff that towers above the town centre.[9]
  4. Hiking : it is advisable to have a guide or stay within eyesight of the town. Due to its proximity to the Turkish border, it is easy to cross the border unintentionally.
  5. Rock climbing: There are numerous rock climbing sites at the northern part of the city, some exceeding 200 meters.
  6. Panj Cheshmeh - This bridge is located 5 km. from Maku on the Zangmar River, and is a monument from the Safavid era. This bridge was constructed in order to facilitate communications between Tabriz and Maku, and the surrounding rural areas.[3]

Visa-free[edit]

Holders of normal passports travelling as tourists can enter Maku, Iran without a visa with maximum stay of 2 weeks (extendable) , as by December 2017 . [10][11][12]

Admission refused[edit]

Admission is refused to holders of passports or travel documents containing an Israeli visa or stamp or any data showing that visitor has been to Israel or indication of any connection with the state of Israel during the last 12 months.[13]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Maku, Iran can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3073662" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ a b "Pol-e Panj Cheshmeh (Five spans bridge)" Gardesh Yaran International Tour Operator Co.
  4. ^ Satellite view
  5. ^ Hamidreza Akhavan, Hassan Zeynalnejad & Abdollah Handiani. "بررسي راه هاي همگرايي قوميتي با تاکيد بر اقوام ترک و کرد در شهرستان ماکو". Center for the Great Islamic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  6. ^ As quoted in The Search for the Twelve Apostles by William Steuart McBirnie
  7. ^ Iran
  8. ^ Imranova, K. and Bayramov, E. "Historical formation of the Azerbaijani political culture and national consciousness" Azerigenocide.org Archived 2006-02-25 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Lonely Planet Iran, 4th edition, p124
  10. ^ "Removal of entry visa for Arvand Free Zone". Arvand Free Zone Organization. Retrieved 11 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "مزایای ثبت شرکت در مناطق آزاد". 
  12. ^ "No Visa required for Iran free trade zones". 
  13. ^ Visa information on the site of IRI Embassy in Moscow

External links[edit]