Magong

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Magong
馬公市
County-controlled city
View of Siying Rainbow Bridge and Penghu area in Magong
View of Siying Rainbow Bridge and Penghu area in Magong
Official seal of Magong
Seal
Magong is located in Taiwan
Magong
Magong
Location in the Republic of China
Coordinates: 23°34′N 119°35′E / 23.567°N 119.583°E / 23.567; 119.583Coordinates: 23°34′N 119°35′E / 23.567°N 119.583°E / 23.567; 119.583
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
Province Taiwan Province (streamlined)
County Penghu County
Area
 • Total 33.9918 km2 (13.1243 sq mi)
Population (December 2014)
 • Total 60,335
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,600/sq mi)
Website www.mkcity.gov.tw
Magong
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 馬公
Simplified Chinese 马公
Literal meaning Horse Lord
Port Magong
Traditional Chinese 媽宮澳
Simplified Chinese 妈宫澳
Literal meaning Port of the Mother's Palace
Japanese name
Kanji 馬公

Magong, formerly romanized as Makung, is a county-controlled city and seat of Penghu, Taiwan.

Name[edit]

The settlement's temple honoring the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, is usually accounted the oldest in all of Taiwan and Penghu.[1] The town was originally named Makeng (Chinese: 媽宮; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Má-keng; literally: "mother's palace") but was changed to Makō (馬公) during Japanese rule in 1920,[citation needed] and was the center of the Mako Guard District.

After 1945, the Wade-Giles romanization Makung was used. Taiwan officially adopted Hanyu Pinyin in 2009, leading to the romanization Magong.

History[edit]

Qing Dynasty[edit]

The island's Mazu temple was erected in the late 16th or early 17th century. The city Magong'ao began to grow around 1887, during the Qing Empire's Guangxu Era.

Japanese Empire[edit]

Under Japanese rule, the settlement was renamed Makō and organized as a subprefecture of Hōko. The area was a major base of the Imperial Japanese Navy. It was an embarkation point for the invasion of the Philippines during the Second World War.

Republic of China[edit]

On 25 December 1981, Makung was upgraded from an urban township to be a county-controlled city.

Administration[edit]

Old Traditional area in Magong
Tianhou Temple (in the Mazu style)

Magong City contains 33 municipal villages (里 li):

(Romanizations are in Hanyu Pinyin)
  • Fuxing (復興里)
  • Chang'an (長安里)
  • Zhongyang (中央里)
  • Qiming (啟明里)
  • Chongqing (重慶里)
  • Zhongxing (中興里)
  • Guangfu (光復里)
  • Guangming (光明里)
  • Guangrong (光榮里)
  • Chaoyang (朝陽里)
  • Yangming (陽明里)
  • Chongguang (重光里)
  • Xiwei (西衛里)
  • Xiwen (西文里)
  • Dongwen (東文里)
  • Anshan (案山里)
  • Guanghua (光華里)
  • Qianliao (前寮里)
  • Shiquan (石泉里)
  • Caiyuan (菜園里)
  • Dongwei (東衛里)
  • Anzhe (安宅里)
  • Xingren (興仁里)
  • Wukan (烏崁里)
  • Tiexian (鐵線里)
  • Suogang (鎖港里)
  • Shanshui (山水里)
  • Wude (五德里)
  • Jing'an (井垵里)
  • Shili (時里奇)
  • Fenggui (風櫃里)
  • Hujing (虎井里)
  • Tongpan (桶盤里)

Government institutions[edit]

Education[edit]

Energy[edit]

Hujing Power Plant

The city is powered up by the Hujing Power Plant located at Table Island.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Magong City(1981 to 2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
27.8
(82)
30.1
(86.2)
35.3
(95.5)
38.9
(102)
39.5
(103.1)
40.0
(104)
39.8
(103.6)
39.2
(102.6)
37.6
(99.7)
34.4
(93.9)
30.0
(86)
40
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 19.3
(66.7)
19.6
(67.3)
22.4
(72.3)
26.0
(78.8)
28.8
(83.8)
30.6
(87.1)
32.0
(89.6)
31.8
(89.2)
30.7
(87.3)
28.1
(82.6)
24.8
(76.6)
21.1
(70)
26.27
(79.28)
Average low °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
15.4
(59.7)
17.4
(63.3)
20.9
(69.6)
23.7
(74.7)
25.6
(78.1)
26.6
(79.9)
26.5
(79.7)
25.9
(78.6)
23.9
(75)
20.9
(69.6)
17.4
(63.3)
21.63
(70.93)
Record low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
5.3
(41.5)
8.2
(46.8)
11.1
(52)
15.4
(59.7)
20.3
(68.5)
22.7
(72.9)
22.6
(72.7)
21.8
(71.2)
19.6
(67.3)
14.3
(57.7)
7.1
(44.8)
4.4
(39.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21.9
(0.862)
50.2
(1.976)
52.9
(2.083)
92.4
(3.638)
123.2
(4.85)
164.1
(6.461)
131.6
(5.181)
170.8
(6.724)
74.2
(2.921)
26.1
(1.028)
20.1
(0.791)
23.5
(0.925)
951.0
(37.441)
Average relative humidity (%) 80.5 82.4 83.1 83.4 84.5 86.6 85.1 85.5 81.2 78.1 78.0 78.7 82.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 112.9 96.7 124.7 157.2 172.5 199.6 260.8 240.1 225.3 183.9 131.1 117.3 2,022.1
Source: 中央氣象局

Tourist attractions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

It contains the domestic Magong Airport and Magong Harbor.

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Magong City Office. 

External links[edit]