Makurdi

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River Benue (in Makurdi With both Bridges)

Makurdi is the capital of Benue State, located in central Nigeria,[1][2] and part of the Middle Belt region of central Nigeria. The city is situated on the south bank of the Benue River. In 2016, Makurdi and the surrounding areas had an estimated population of 365,000.[3][4][5]

History[edit]

Makurdi was established in 1927. In 1976, it became the capital of Benue State.[3]

This city was one of the sites of the End SARS protests in 2020.[6]

Demographics[edit]

The major ethnic groups are the Tiv,[7] Idoma, Igede, Jukun, Wurkum, Agatu, Etulo, Alagbo, Igbo, Yoruba, Hausa, Fulani, and Nupe.

Education[edit]

Makurdi is home to Benue State University; University of Agriculture, Makurdi; Nigeria Army School Of Military Engineering, Makurdi; and Akawe Torkula Polytechnic,[8][9][10][11][12] ATP, Makurdi.

There are secondary schools located in Makurdi including Government Secondary School, North-Bank; Tilley Gyado College, North-Bank;[13] Mount Saint Gabriel Secondary School; Government College, Makurdi; and Government Girls' Secondary School.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Makurdi (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.5
(101.3)
39.0
(102.2)
39.5
(103.1)
39.0
(102.2)
37.0
(98.6)
34.0
(93.2)
33.0
(91.4)
32.0
(89.6)
33.0
(91.4)
34.0
(93.2)
35.0
(95.0)
36.0
(96.8)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 34.8
(94.6)
36.9
(98.4)
37.0
(98.6)
35.0
(95.0)
32.6
(90.7)
31.2
(88.2)
30.0
(86.0)
30.0
(86.0)
30.7
(87.3)
31.7
(89.1)
33.5
(92.3)
34.2
(93.6)
33.1
(91.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.4
(79.5)
28.5
(83.3)
30.0
(86.0)
29.2
(84.6)
27.6
(81.7)
26.4
(79.5)
25.9
(78.6)
25.8
(78.4)
26.0
(78.8)
26.4
(79.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.2
(77.4)
27.1
(80.8)
Average low °C (°F) 18.4
(65.1)
22.0
(71.6)
24.7
(76.5)
25.0
(77.0)
23.6
(74.5)
22.9
(73.2)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.3
(72.1)
22.5
(72.5)
20.3
(68.5)
17.6
(63.7)
22.0
(71.6)
Record low °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
12.0
(53.6)
15.5
(59.9)
20.0
(68.0)
18.0
(64.4)
18.5
(65.3)
19.5
(67.1)
19.5
(67.1)
18.5
(65.3)
19.5
(67.1)
13.0
(55.4)
8.5
(47.3)
8.5
(47.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.7
(0.15)
2.0
(0.08)
30.7
(1.21)
91.3
(3.59)
166.2
(6.54)
182.9
(7.20)
212.4
(8.36)
217.8
(8.57)
218.1
(8.59)
109.1
(4.30)
1.8
(0.07)
1.0
(0.04)
1,237
(48.70)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.3 0.3 1.7 5.6 8.9 10.3 12.9 13.3 13.3 7.8 0.5 0.2 75.1
Average relative humidity (%) (at 15:00 LST) 26.3 26.8 37.0 50.3 61.5 66.6 69.9 71.3 68.6 63.3 45.1 31.9 51.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 217.0 212.8 210.8 210.0 213.9 183.0 151.9 145.7 162.0 201.5 240.0 232.5 2,381.1
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.0 7.6 6.8 7.0 6.9 6.1 4.9 4.7 5.4 6.5 8.0 7.5 6.5
Source 1: NOAA[14]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes and mean temperature)[15]

Transport[edit]

Makurdi is located on the banks of Benue River, a major tributary of the Niger River.

It is on the main narrow gauge railway line running north from Port Harcourt. There are regular bus services linking Makurdi to neighbouring towns.

Until a road rail bridge was built in 1932, a train ferry was used to cross the Benue river.

There is an airport in Makurdi.

Military[edit]

Makurdi contains the base for the Nigerian Air Force's MiG 21 and SEPECAT Jaguar aircraft squadrons and the Nigeria Army's 72 Special Forces (SF) Battalion[16]

Agriculture

Benue State is predominantly an agricultural area specialising in cash crops and subsistence crops.

Resources[edit]

Limestone and marble can be found in the area.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Benue State", Wikipedia, 2021-06-10, retrieved 2021-06-10
  2. ^ "Makurdi | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2021-06-10.
  3. ^ a b "Makurdi | Location, Facts, & Population". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  4. ^ "Government of Benue State". Government of Benue State. Retrieved 2020-05-26.
  5. ^ "The World Gazetteer". Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2007.
  6. ^ Duru, Peter (October 17, 2020). "EndSARS protesters shut down Makurdi". Vanguard. Retrieved November 1, 2020.
  7. ^ Bergsma, Harold M. (November 2015). "PROLOGUE: HISTORY OF THE TIV". Retrieved November 1, 2020.
  8. ^ III, Editorial (2020-01-21). "Benue upgrades agric, remedial colleges to polytechnics". Blueprint Newspapers Limited. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
  9. ^ "Ortom signs bills for conversion of two colleges to polytechnics". Businessday NG. 2020-06-16. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
  10. ^ "Benue govt converts institutions to Polytechnic". Tribune Online. 2020-01-20. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
  11. ^ Nseyen, Nsikak (2020-01-20). "Benue govt upgrades State Colleges of Education to Polytechnics". Daily Post Nigeria. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
  12. ^ "Benue recruits 2,000 staff for five tertiary institutions". The Guardian Nigeria News - Nigeria and World News. 2021-06-04. Retrieved 2021-06-16.
  13. ^ "2013 Programs – Educational Scholarships". Tanimu Foundation. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  14. ^ "Makurdi Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  15. ^ "Klimatafel von Makurdi / Nigeria" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
  16. ^ "72 Special Forces (SF) Battalion Archives". Nigerian Army | Official Website. Retrieved 2021-06-13.