Makyam language

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Makyam
Makyan
Paungnyuan
Native toBurma
Native speakers
4,000 (2008)[1]
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3umn
Glottologmaky1235[2]

Makyam Naga (Lasam, Macham Naga, Makyan, Pongnyun, Paungnyuan) is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken in Burma. It is closely related to other Konyak languages.

Classification[edit]

Makyam belongs to the Khiamniungic subgroup within the Konyak–Chang group of languages (Naw Sawu 2016:6). It is closely related to Leinong than to Khiamniungan.

Distribution[edit]

Makyam is spoken in 13 villages of northeast Lahe Township and Hkamti Township, Sagaing Division, Myanmar (Ethnologue). Main dialect variation is between the western Makyan villages and Kuku villages.

Makyam is spoken in the following 18 villages, which are located just to the east of Lahe town in Lahe Township, Sagaing Division, Myanmar. They add up to a total of 1,026 households and 4,994 persons (Naw Sawu 2016:8). Old village names are given in parentheses.

  • San Tong (Nouk Hai)
  • Makyam (Ngaung Ke)
  • Kha Lai (Khun Old Kha Lai)
  • New Kha Lai (Pyan Kha Lai)
  • Long Khin (Long Nouk)
  • Lun Htaung
  • Wutha (Zay Tam Nouk)
  • Kuku Nokkon (Khaunouk Hai)
  • Myang Kuku (Khaunouk Suam)
  • Ahang Kuku
  • Taw Law (New Wutha)
  • Pin Htaung Lon Shout
  • Lepandar
  • Zi Phyu Kone, Kham Ti Township
  • Sin Te
  • Ma Kyam Kha
  • Lahe
  • Ma Kaw Rain

The majority of Makyam speakers can also speak Leinong, as the two languages are spoken in the same area (Naw Sawu 2016:10).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Makyam at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Makyan Naga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.