Mal Paharia people

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Mal Paharia
Regions with significant populations
              Jharkhand 115,093 (2001 census)
              Bihar 860 (2001 census)[1]
              West Bengal 44,538 (2011 census)[2]
Mal Paharia language, Bengali
Hinduism, traditional beliefs

The Mal Paharia people are a tribal people of West Bengal, Bihar & Jharkhand in India.[3][4]

Paharia Mal or Mal Paharia are listed as Scheduled Tribe by the Government of West Bengal.[5]


The Mal Paharias who live in the southern hills of Damin-i-koh and in the south and east of Santhal Parganas have been Hinduised. Among themselves they speak a corrupt form of Bengali, but with others they speak Bengali and Hindi. The Bengali and Devenagari scripts are used by them. The Mal Paharias survive on agriculture and forest produce, Rice is their staple food. Pulses like moong, masur, Kulthi and lar are consumed. They are non-vegetarians, but do not eat beef. Both men and women drink liquor, which may be home-made or bought from the market. They smoke indigenous cheroots, and chew tobacco mixed with lime (khaini) and betel.[6][7] [8]


As per 2001 census, the Mal Paharias number around 115,093 in Jharkhand. [9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Mal Paharia" (PDF). 
  2. ^ "Table Name(A10ST1 ), Area Name(STATE - WEST BENGAL 19), ST Code (528), ST Name(Mal Pahariya)". 
  3. ^ "Scheduled Tribe List Of West Bengal State". 
  4. ^ "Bihar Scheduled Tribe List". 
  5. ^ "Scheduled Tribe List Of West Bengal State". 
  6. ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, p. 81, Orient Longmans, 1949
  7. ^ "Mal Paharia Adivasi". 
  8. ^ "Mal Paharia Adivasi". jharkhand org. 
  9. ^ "Primitive Tribal Groups and their Population in India as per 2001 Census" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-05-01.