Mala, Kerala

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Kodungallur
Town
Kodungallur is located in Kerala
Kodungallur
Kodungallur
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 10°42′58″N 76°18′18″E / 10.7160099°N 76.3050726°E / 10.7160099; 76.3050726Coordinates: 10°42′58″N 76°18′18″E / 10.7160099°N 76.3050726°E / 10.7160099; 76.3050726
Country  India
State Kerala
District Thrissur
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English, Konkani
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 0480
Vehicle registration KL-45
Nearest city North Paravur
Lok Sabha constituency Chalakudy
Website www.mala.co.in

Mala is the name of a small town in Thrissur district of Kerala, south India. There is a Jewish synagogue at Mala town [1]. At the moment it is in ruins. Mala is famous for the parish forane church named after St. Stanislous Cosca, the only church in Asia named after this saint. The famous Pambu Mekkattu Mana (temple) is located here and attracts thousands of devotees every year.

History[edit]

Mala is a multicultural society. Migrants from different parts of the world settled in Mala; especially noteworthy are the Jews from Palestine, Brahmins from the Konkan and Kudumbis from Goa.

It had a major inland port and people from Ambazhakad, Kuzhur, Kadukutty, and other people used to bring their goods to Mala so as to transport it to Kottapuram or Kochi. The major items of trade were beetel leaves, cut stone (vettu kall), toddy, coconut, and wood. Today it does not have such importance because of the high network of roads.

In olden times, Mala used to be affected by floods in monsoons. Business were not very much affected because a major mode of transport was through the water itself.

It was attacked by Tippu Sulthan. His fort had passed through Kottamuri, Vattakotta. The fort was made by dumping soil to a height of 15 to 16 metres. After the defeat of Tippu Sulthan, this fort was leveled gradually, but now also as you move towards south of Mala, you will experience many ups and downs. And names also derived due to presence of fort. Kottamury And Vattakota are example of that. Literally, in Malayalam Kottamury means "where fort is cut" (kotta = fort; mury = cut) and Vattakotta means "round fort."

Personalities[edit]

K. Karunakaran, the former Chief Minister of Kerala, represented Mala constituency from 1965 to 1995. The famous Malayalam film actor Mala Aravindan is also a native of Mala. Mala used to be one of the pet constituency of the former Chief Minister of Kerala, K. Karunakaran, and he has made his way to the State Parliament a number of times. Also, the famous Malayalam film comedy actor Mala Aravindan is from the Ambazhakadu area of Mala.

Education[edit]

Mala is a major educational hub consisting of four higher secondary schools, six English and Malayalam medium high schools, two engineering colleges, a BEd college, an MBA college, a government industrial training Iinstitute, a medical college and many other professional institutions. Some of the famous educational institutions are: Government Model LP School (established in 1893), St. Antony's High School, Carmel College for Women, St. Joseph's College, St. Theresa's College, Jesus BED college, Holy Child School, Holy Grace Academy, METS School of Engineering, St. Antony's College, Soccorso Convent School, and Al-Azhar School.

Tourism[edit]

Mala is very scenic. Its proximity to the 'back-waters' connected to Arabian sea, makes it a unique small town between Chalakkudy and Kodungallur, where St. Thomas, one of the Apostles of Jesus Christ, is believed to have landed in AD 52.

The Jewish synagogue, Jewish cemetery, Neithakudy, Chumgam, KAMCO, and Karingichira are the beautiful spots worth visiting. It is also included in the Musris Heritage Project as it was a major inland port which had routes to Kochi and other financial ports.

One of the oldest Carmelite monasteries, St. Theresa's, is located near this town, in a village called Kottackal. This monastery was built by Blessed Chavara Kuriakose, founder of the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate, in 1867 AD. Mala is also famous for the parish forane church named after St. Stanislous Cosca.

Religious[edit]

St. Stanislous Forane Church in Mala [2] is a famous landmark in this town. It is the only church in Asia named after this Polish saint. Perhaps the missionaries from Poland, who were residing at Ambazhekad, founded this church. There is also a Mukunda Krishna Swami Temple of Goud Saraswat Brahmin near Malakulam. This temple celebrated its centenary in June, 2010 (http://www.mukundakrishna.com/). "Muhyudhin juma masjid" is one of the ten oldest masjids in India.

The well-known Mahadeva Kshetram (Mahadeva Temple) is about 7km away from Mala town. This temple is famous for the "Panchaiswaryangal" (five miracles) and the unique Brahmani pattu - a ritual in Kerala for praying to the goddess Parvati by Brahmani people. In this temple the ladies from Vadakke Pushpakam, Mala Iranikkulam vadakke pushpakam houses do the ritual everyday. Important festivals here is in Thiruvathira days. Unmarried girls from across Kerala come here to pray to the goddess Parvati for successful marriages and for long life for their families. [3]

Pambummekkattu Mana is the most famous serpent worship centre in Kerala. The temple is about 3 km from Mala centre. The Pambummekattu illam stands in Vadama village, in Mukundapuram Taluk of Thrissur District of Kerala. When we reach Mekkattu Mana, we can see a wall with figures of serpents painted on it. To the north is an arch-shaped entrance inscribed with serpent figures. As one goes further, thick, tall trees and small temples (kavu) catch our attention. That leads to the 'Sarpakavu'. The serpent gods Nagaraja (male god) and Naga Yakshi (female god) reside in the eastern portion of Mekkattu Mana. There are no idols of these gods but daily poojas are conducted in their honour.

Populations[edit]

The people of Mala have high social and secular values. Different communities live in peace with each other in spite of very diverse beliefs. Mala panchayath population is 40% Hindus, 35% Christian and 25% Muslims.

Major families in Mala are Kalapurakal, Kadichini, Vadakkans, Padamadan, Athapilly, Mampilly, and Edattukaran. Kalapurakals are Syrian Christian converts from elite Hindu brahmins of Kodungallur named as Vadakkum bhagam illam.They had large Kalappuras (stores) and hence the name was derived. They include the noble and rich families of Mala. They have a lot of old manuscripts in Sanskrit kept intact instorage vaults.

It is believed that the Kalapurakals are directly converted by St. Thomas at Kodungallur. Vadakkans are Christian converts from Hindu Brahmin family. They acquired their name as their illam was named "Vadkkel Illam". They also migrated from Kodungallur in the early second century following the Kalapurakals.

Transport[edit]

The Ksrtc bus stand was the brainchild of former chief minister of kerala, Sri Karanakuran. It also has a private bus stand which has frequent schedules to Angamaly, Chalakudy, Thrissur, Kodungaloor, and Aluva. The boat service was a traffic method before road transport was frequent.

Neighbouring cities & towns

Politics[edit]

With the redrawing of constituencies, Mala became part of the Kodungallur Assembly constituency and Chalakudi Lok Sabha constituency.[1]

Cinema[edit]

Cinema is a little part of peoples in Mala,Ganga Movies is the one and only theatre in here. Mala Aravindan,Joju George,Justin John are the notable actors from Mala,also late Mohan Raghavan who directed T.D dasan std.VI B is from here. In Mala there are some short film makers and freelance models from the youth side, who are hoping the entry to the industry.

Needed developments[edit]

  • Construction of Parur - Mala road between Mala-Pallipuram and Manalikkad.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 


External links[edit]