Malabang, Lanao del Sur
|Nickname(s): Big Bang|
Map of Lanao del Sur with Malabang highlighted
|Region||Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM)|
|Province||Lanao del Sur|
|• Mayor||Omensalam Balindong|
|• Total||198.10 km2 (76.49 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
Malabang is one of thirty nine (39) municipalities comprising the Province of Lanao del Sur. It lies on the southwest part of the province and belongs to second district. It has 37 Barangays with a total land area of 37,789.28 km2. The distance from Marawi City to Malabang is 71 kilometers. It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Calanogas and municipality of Picong(Sultan Gumander) in northwest. On the east bounded by the municipality of Marogong and municipality of Balabagan in south. Illana bay is in the west part of Malabang. It is under the administrative supervision of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) since November 1989, pursuant to R.A. No. 6734 dated June 8, 1989, known as the “Organic Act of ARMM”.
The municipality is plain in central to southern part. A slope in north bounded with the Municipality of Calanogas. Also a slope in eastern part.
Malabang is politically subdivided into 37 barangays.
- Badak Lumao
- BPS Village
- Campo Muslim
- China Town (Pob.)
- Cabasaran (South)
- Jose Abad Santos
- Bunk House
Malabang comes from the Maranao word "mala", which means big, and "bang" or "adhan" in Arabic, which is a call to prayer. An Arab missionary name Sharif Kabunsuan arrived at the Sultanate of Tubok around 14th century to Islamize the people in mainland Mindanao. Upon docking in the shore of Tubok which is known today as barangay Tambara, the Arab Missionary call for a prayer with his loud voice. The First Adhan or "Bang" in Lanao. The villagers heard it and called it a BIG ADHAN, or locally "Mala a Bang",referring to the birth of Islam in the Island. The Islam spread through the mainland Mindanao. It reaches the northern settlers in northern Mindanao. Being marked as the historical foundation of the religion of Islam in central and northern Mindanao, they name the town as Malabang.
Malabang in Lanao del Sur is considered the oldest settlement in Mainland Mindanao. The Sultanate of Tubok established its kingdom in Malabang, long before the Philippines became a country. The people living in Malabang are Maranaos, an indigenous tribe in southern Mindanao, Philippine history books often identify these people as the Iranun Tribe. (Iranun is another indigenous tribe of southern Mindanao.) The misconception arose because Iranuns live in some of the barangays in the southern part of Malabang, comprising what is now Balabagan. In March 1969, Executive Order 386 of President Carlos P. Gracia, reconstituted the southern part of Malabang as the Municipality of Balabagan. Thus, Iranuns are now residents of Balabagan rather than Malabang.
Malabang played a big part in the early battles against Philippine invaders. During the Spanish conquest, Malabang became the headquarters of Sultan Kudarat (a great warrior and Sultan of Maguindanao). He used to spend time resting in Malabang, throughout the period when he fought to defend Maguindanao. He later spent his sick days in Malabang. He eventually died and was buried there. In May 1977 Presidential Decree 1135 of President Ferdinand E. Marcos created the Municipality of Picong (formerly Sultan Gumander) out of the northwestern portion of Malabang, where Sultan Kudarat's grave was located.
In the Second World War, when the Japanese invaded the Philippines, the Japanese military built a big camp in Malabang, including a network of tunnels around it. It was considered a major camp of the Japanese forces. In 1942, the Philippine Supreme Court Chief Justice Jose Abad Santos was brought to this camp, after he was captured in Cebu while fleeing from Japanese forces. Chief Justice Abad Santos was executed in the camp and was buried in Barangay Curahab. The place was later named Barangay Jose Abad Santos.
In 1945, United States and Philippine Commonwealth forces working with Maranao guerillas occupied Malabang, after a siege, In the Siege of Malabang, the guerillas used weapons like the Maranao kris, barong and kampilan to fight the Japanese forces. The victorious American and Philippine Commonwealth troops, together with their Maranao guerrillas allies, eventually defeated the Japanese Imperial forces.
|Population census of Malabang|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The dialect used in Malabang vary to the location or barangay. Although, Maranao is the prominent dialect in Malabang as they are the origin people of Malabang. Bisaya are regular dialect in some barangays resided by Bisayan emigrant. Chinese settlers are in China Town(Poblacion) and possibly Mandarin is used in their homes. English is also a regular dialect from the American settlers in Matalin and the European missionaries. Arabic used in Arabic school and by the Arabic professionals. In barangay Bunkhouse lives a settlers of maguindanao, samal and tausog and their tribal dialect is common used. Although there is no settlers comes from Tagalog region but still used in school as a national language.
Agriculture and fishery are the major resources of Malabang. They are widely known for coconut production. Warehouses of coconut is along the major high way of Malabang. Processing of Cassava milling in barangay Matalin produces Cassava flour product. Other product from agriculture is corn, vegetable and rice. They played a major rule of Fishery production along Coastal Area. They are known for product of puzan(fish preserve product) and bakas (dried fish through smoke). Malabang is central of commerce and trade activity in coastal area of Lanao del Sur.
The municipality has a mayor, the head of the Municipality of Malabang, municipal vice mayor and eight (8) municipal councilors. The municipality also has one Sanguniang Kabataan Representative and one ABC Representative from the Barangay Captains.
- Malabang is quite sufficient when it comes to land transportation than the nearby municipality. Tricycle is the transportation used around the town. Usually, the elevated part of Malabang, public utility such as town ace and multi cab is used. There is also public utility van and jeepneys available to nearby cities and municipalities.
- Air Transport
- Malabang Airport is an airport of Malabang in the province of Lanao del Sur. This is a small type of airport with IATA Code MLP, GPS Code RPMM, elevation of 27 feet, latitude 7.6172 and longitude 124.059. This airport is classified as a secondary airport, or a minor commercial airport by the Air Transportation Office. It has 4,265-ft. long runway. It is the only airport in the province. Presently, no airlines serving this airport.
- Sea Transport
- Only a small sea port is available in Malabang. Daily coastal launches connect Malabang with Cotabato City (Maguindanao). Private owned boat and rental boat is available too in transportation through sea.
Dr. Serapio B. Montaner Memorial District Hospital is a public hospital of Malabang and listed as a secondary hospital in the province. There are also several municipal private clinic in Malabang.
Being the center of commerce and trade in coastal area of the province, the Globe Telecom and Smart Communications are serving the communication needs of the people of Malabang.
Although listed as 4th class municipality, education is attainable in Malabang as it was the center of learning in coastal area of Lanao del Sur. All levels of school is available in Malabang. There are few colleges in the town including the community branch of well known school Mindanao State University. Arabic studies is also attainable in Malabang in all levels. One of the most standard school in Malabang is the Our Lady of Peace High School a catholic school run by priest.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System