From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Malachim Script, from Agrippa's Of Occult Philosophy English 1651 edition

Malachim was an alphabet published by Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa in the 16th century.[1] Other alphabets with a similar origin are the Celestial Alphabet[2] and Transitus Fluvii.[3]

"Malachim" is a plural form from Hebrew (מלאך, mal'ach) and means "angels" or "messengers", see Angels in Judaism.


The Malachim alphabet is derived from the Hebrew and Greek alphabets. It was created by Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa in the 16th century.[4][5] It is still used by high degree Freemasons to a limited extent.[4]


This version of the alphabet is from Agrippa's Of Occult Philosophy, 1651 edition.

Malachim letter aleph.png Malachim letter beth.png Malachim letter gimel.png Malachim letter daleth.png Malachim letter he.png Malachim letter vau.png Malachim letter zain.png Malachim letter cheth.png
Aleph Beth Gimel Daleth He Vau Zain Cheth
Malachim letter theth.png Malachim letter yod.png Malachim letter kaph.png Malachim letter lamed.png Malachim letter mem.png Malachim letter nun.png Malachim letter tau.png Malachim letter shom.png
Teth or
Iod or
Caph or
Lamed Mem Nun Tau Shin, Shim
or Shom
Malachim letter samech 1.png Malachim letter samech 2.png Malachim letter ayn.png Malachim letter pe.png Malachim letter tzaddi.png Malachim letter quph.png Malachim letter resh.png
Samech Samech Ain or
Pe Tzaddi or
Kuff, Qoph
or Quph
Res or


  1. ^ van der Poel, Marc. Cornelius Agrippa, the Humanist Theologian and His Declamations. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 1997: ISBN 90-04-10756-8
  2. ^ "Omniglot: Angelic Alphabet". Omniglot. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  3. ^ Gettings, Fred. "Dictionary of Occult, Hermetic and Alchemical Sigils." London ; Boston : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981. | ISBN 0-7100-0095-2
  4. ^ a b "Malachim alphabet". Retrieved 2017-08-25.
  5. ^ De occulta philosophia (version première en 1510, 1re éd. 1531 en 2 livres, 2e éd. 1533 en 3 livres). Trad. fr. A. Levasseur 1727, revue par F. Gaboriau 1910. Trad. fr. Jean Servier : Les trois livres de la philosophie occulte ou magie, Paris, Berg International, 1981–1982.