2018 Malagasy presidential election

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2018 Malagasy presidential election

← 2013 7 November 2018 (first round)
19 December 2018 (second round)
  Andry Rajoelina portrait UN.jpg Marc Ravalomanana 2005-04-19.jpg
Nominee Andry Rajoelina Marc Ravalomanana
Popular vote 2,586,938 2,060,847
Percentage 55.66% 44.34%

Candidats second tour 2018 madagascar.png
Map of results for each Region.

President before election

Hery Rajaonarimampianina

Elected President

Andry Rajoelina

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Presidential elections were held in Madagascar on 7 November. As no candidate received a majority of the vote, a second round involving the top two candidates, Andry Rajoelina and Marc Ravalomanana, was held on 19 December.[1] On 27 December Rajoelina was announced as the winner with 56% of the vote.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The President of Madagascar is elected using the two-round system; if no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, a run-off will be held.[3]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Former President Marc Ravalomanana, who resigned following a political crisis in 2009, announced that he would run again for the presidency.[4] His successor, Andry Rajoelina, also announced his intention to contest the elections.[5] Incumbent Hery Rajaonarimampianina unsuccessfully sought to block Ravaolmanana and Rajoelina from running on grounds that they had participated in the 2009 coup d'état. In September 2018, Rajaonarimampianina stepped down to run for reelection, allowing a caretaker government to administer the vote, in accordance with the constitution.[6]

There were a record 36 candidates in the race (surpassing the previous record of 33), including four of the five most recent presidents.[7] However, only five candidates were women, seen by some of illustrating the historic patriarchal dominance of Malagasy politics and culture.[8]


Despite the majority of Malagasy people living in poverty, the elections are expected to be one of the most expensive per capita in 2018. The top three candidates; Hery Rajaonarimampianina, Andry Rajoelina, and Marc Ravalomanana are at a significant financial advantage over the other contenders, with candidate Ny Rado Rafalimanana complaining that due to financial constraints it was impossible for any other candidate to compete with the top three, as there are no campaign finance limits.[9] Some election observers believe that the winner of the election will have more to do with that candidate's financial power and influence than their political positions. The lavish spending on the election has also been criticized due to the large amount of poverty in the country, with many believing the money could be better spent elsewhere.[10]

Although two-thirds of the population is under 25, turnout and interest among young people is low.[11]


Top candidate in the first round by region.
Poster for incumbent president Hery Rajaonarimampianina in Fianarantsoa, October 2018.
Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Andry Rajoelina Young Malagasies Determined 1,954,023 39.23 2,586,938 55.66
Marc Ravalomanana Tiako I Madagasikara 1,760,837 35.35 2,060,847 44.34
Hery Rajaonarimampianina Hery Vaovao ho an'ny Madagasikara 439,070 8.82
Andre Christian Dieu Donne Mailhol GFFM 63,391 1.27
Joseph Martin Randriamampionona Total Refoundation of Madagascar 57,903 1.16
Ny Rado Rafalimanana FOMBA 57,476 1.15
Andrianiaina Paul Rabary MIASA 48,980 0.98
Randriamanantsoa Tabera KINTANA 48,705 0.98
Haingo Andrianjakamalala Rasolofonjoa Avotra ho an'ny firenena 47,932 0.96
Mamy Richard Radilofe Roso ho amin'ny Demokrasia Sosialy 42,748 0.86
Eliana Bezaza Social Democratic Party 40,882 0.82
Jean Ravelonarivo Antokom-Bahoaka 29,224 0.59
Lalaoarisoa Marcellin Andriantseheno Tafajiaby 28,252 0.57
José Michel Andrianoelison ARO-RIAKA 26,572 0.53
Richard Razafy Rakotofiringa SJIAM 26,534 0.53
Andriamparany Benjamin Radavidson National Unity, Freedom & Development 25,420 0.51
Saraha Rabeharisoa Liberal Democratic Party 23,685 0.48
Olivier Mahafaly Solonandrasana PARRAINAGE 23,437 0.47
Didier Ratsiraka Association for the Rebirth of Madagascar 22,222 0.45
Roland Ratsiraka Malagasy Tonga Saina 21,377 0.43
Serge Jovial Imbeh Antoky ny Fivoaran'ny Malagasy 18,962 0.38
Zafimahaleo Dit Dama Mahaleo Rasolofondraosolo Manajary Vahoaka 16,367 0.33
Omer Beriziky Antsika Madagasikara 15,352 0.31
Jean Jacques Ratsietison Fahefa-Mividy no Ilain'ny Malagasy 15,281 0.31
Erick Francis Rajaonary Malagasy Miray sy Mifankatia 14,758 0.30
Rivomanantsoa Orlando Robimanana Madagsikara Vina sy Fanantenana 14,561 0.29
Fanirisoa Ernaivo ZAMA–PATRAM 14,117 0.28
Arlette Ramaroson PARRAINAGE 12,645 0.25
Falimampionona Rasolonjatovo FITAMBOLAGNELA/IAD 12,276 0.25
Jean Max Rakotomamomjy LEADER-Fanilo 11,377 0.23
Rolland Jules Etienne Madagasikara Fivoarana 10,756 0.22
Bruno Rabarihoela Fahazavan'i Madagasikara 9,981 0.20
Roseline Emma Rasolovoahangy Ezaka Mampandroso Antsika 8,578 0.17
Jean Louis Zafivao Gasy Mifankatia 6,162 0.12
Stephan Narison Antoko Gasy Miara Mandroso 5,675 0.11
Solo Norbert Randriamorasata Democratic Union of the Christians of Madagascar 5,086 0.10
Invalid/blank votes 386,946 119,557
Total 5,367,550 100 4,767,342 100
Registered voters/turnout 9,949,083 53.95 9,912,599 48.09
Source: Constitutional Court (first round, second round)


  1. ^ Madagascar: l’élection présidentielle aura lieu le 7 novembre RFI
  2. ^ Madagascar ex-leader Andry Rajoelina wins presidential run-off vote BBC News, 27 December 2018
  3. ^ Madagascar: Election for President IFES
  4. ^ Madagascar: Return of a President Al Jazeera, 2 December 2017
  5. ^ Madagascar: élection présidentielle les 24 novembre et 24 décembre 2018 (ministre) TV4 Monde, 3 March 2018
  6. ^ Martin R. Rupiya (18 September 2018). "SADC's problem child is going to the polls". Mail and Guardian. Africa. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
  7. ^ Peter Mann (18 October 2018). "Democracy and kleptocracy vie for power in epic Madagascan election". Business Day. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  8. ^ Miller, Fahmida (6 November 2018). "Madagascar election: Women struggle for place in politics". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  9. ^ "Madagascar Presidential candidates express concern over finance". AFP. Africa News. 3 November 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  10. ^ Filou, Emilie (2 October 2018). "Madagascar elections: 36 candidates, 4 (ex-)presidents, and a lot of money". African Arguments. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  11. ^ Nsongan, Philemon Mbale (6 November 2018). "Madagascar: timid concerns in politics by youths". Africa News. Retrieved 6 November 2018.