Malalag, Davao del Sur

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Municipality of Malalag
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Map of Davao del Sur with Malalag highlighted
Map of Davao del Sur with Malalag highlighted
Malalag is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 6°36′N 125°24′E / 6.6°N 125.4°E / 6.6; 125.4Coordinates: 6°36′N 125°24′E / 6.6°N 125.4°E / 6.6; 125.4
Country Philippines
RegionDavao Region (Region XI)
ProvinceDavao del Sur
DistrictLone District
FoundedMay 28, 1953
Barangays15 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorPeter Paul T. Valentin
 • Vice MayorErvin S. Emphasis
 • CongressmanMercedes C. Cagas
 • Electorate24,887 voters (2019)
 • Total186.12 km2 (71.86 sq mi)
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total38,731
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)82
Climate typetropical rainforest climate
Income class2nd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)127,044,869.47 (2016)
Native languagesDavawenyo
Kalagan language
Ata Manobo

Malalag, officially the Municipality of Malalag, is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Davao del Sur, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 38,731 people.[3]

Malalag is the agricultural center of Davao del Sur, and its main products are banana, coconut and other fruits and vegetables. Other primary industries include fishing and mining.


Malalag is politically subdivided into 15 barangays.

  • Bagumbayan
  • Baybay
  • Bolton
  • Bulacan
  • Caputian
  • Ibo
  • Kiblagon
  • Lapla
  • Mabini
  • New Baclayon
  • Pitu
  • Poblacion
  • Tagansule
  • Rizal (Parame)
  • San Isidro



Malalag derives its name from the color that describes the river running within the heart of the town. The water flowing towards the bay appeared yellowish. The natives referring to the river called it, “malalag nga tubig”, meaning “yellow water.” The distinct appearance of the river attracted migrants to the place.

Some pioneers trace the town's name from a disagreement between a Spanish soldier and Datu Alag, a famous chieftain among the early tribes. It was said that Datu Alag made an appointment with the Spaniard and promised him to be his guide. However, Datu Alag broke his promise and not one of his followers could tell where he has gone. Sensing that he had somehow been tricked, the Spanish soldier became enraged and shouted, “Mal Alag, Mal Alag.” (Bad Alag!) The tribe members confounded by his words kept on repeating it. The same story was told over the generations, so that even settlers coming from Visayas and Luzon became accustomed to calling the place Malalag.

Malalag Bay was previously known as Casilaran Bay, The name Malalag was applied to it some time during the Second World War after a Philippine National Police (PNP) barracks was established. The same area, now known as Crossing Baybay and adjacent to the 434th PNP Mobile Force Company barrack, was a center of commerce with Chinese traders. Also, the Malalag Wharf that is located about a kilometer away used to accommodate three to four sea vessels that loaded products for transport to Visayas.

Creation of the municipality[edit]

Malalag Health Center

Malalag became a municipality by virtue of Executive Order No. 596 dated May 28, 1953 issued by H.E. President Elpidio Quirino. This legal document stated that Malalag shall comprise the southern and south-eastern part of Padada and separated from its mother municipality of Padada by a straight west-to-east line passing through the Bolton Barrio Boundary Monument No. 20, Sta. Cruz Cadastre 275 Davao. Its boundary on the South was redefined under Republic Act 1008 stating among others that the boundary line between the municipalities of Padada and Malalag shall be from east to west of Balasinon River from the Gulf of Davao to Km. 327 of the Digos-Malalag-Makar Road and a straight line along latitude 6°36' from the provinces of Davao and Cotabato. Even upon the creation of Sulop pursuant to Executive Order 295, the Padada-Malalag boundary as defined in R.A. 1008 was reiterated. For two decades, the boundary dispute arising from the encroachment of the Municipality of Sulop into the territory of Malalag remained unsettled.

Originally, Malalag contained the Poblacion that is the seat of the Municipal Government, Bulacan, Bolton, Sta. Maria, New Baclayon and Sulop. At present, it has fifteen (15) regular barangays: Poblacion, Baybay, Bulacan, Bolton, New Baclayon, Caputian, Bagumbayan, Ibo, Pitu, Tagansule, Kiblagon, Rizal, San Isidro, Mabini and Lapu-lapu.

The Municipality used to celebrate "Araw ng Malalag" every 2nd day of July, but by virtue of Municipal Ordinance No. 10 dated May 21, 1990, and consistent with its charter day, the celebration was transferred to May 28. On July 2, 1953, the first sets of local officials were appointed and assumed office, headed by Mayor Col. Antonio Lanzar.

Since 1954, the municipal government has been run by the following elected mayors:

  • Felix M. Brandares 1954 - 1959
  • Angel Y. Carr 1959 - 1967
  • Judge Godofredo Cabahug 1967 - 1971
  • Andres B. Montejo 1971 - 1986
  • Dr. Zabino P. Zantua 1986 - 1988 (Appointed under the revolutionary government)
  • Andres B. Montejo 1988 - 1998
  • Givel M. Mamaril 1998–2007
  • Roel O. Paras 2007 – 2016
  • Peter Paul T. Valentin 2016 -present

In 1955, the barrios of Basiawan, Kibulan and the sitios of Kimatay and Kilalag were transferred from the town of Malita, Davao del Sur, to Malalag.[4]


Population census of Malalag
YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 40,153—    
1970 34,764−1.43%
1975 44,034+4.85%
1980 44,690+0.30%
1990 27,709−4.67%
1995 30,733+1.96%
2000 33,334+1.76%
2007 35,241+0.77%
2010 35,295+0.06%
2015 38,731+1.78%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

The municipality in 1970 had a total population of 34,764 and in the 1980 official result it had a total of 44,690. In 1983, upon the court decision for case 1212 Boundary disputes between the Provinces of South Cotabato and Davao del Sur, there were 6 barangays in the Municipality of Malalag transferred to Malungon, South Cotabato. Consequently, there was a sudden decreased in population during the 1990 census. The population gradually increased from 27,709 in 1990 to 35,241 in 2007.

Population and number of households by barangay[edit]

As of the 2007 census, the municipality had a total registered population of 35,241 with a total of 7,477 corresponding households. Out of the 15 barangays comprising Malalag, Barangay Poblacion has the largest population in the entire municipality (population 6,105) and the highest number of households (1,240 households), followed by the barangays of Bulacan (population 4,277), Baybay (population 3,619) and New Baclayon (population 3,483). Other barangays are moderately populated. Three barangays were identified as urban with a total population of 11,939: Poblacion, Baybay and Bagumbayan. The rural areas at present have a total population of 23,302 with 11 component rural barangays. The barangay of Bulacan is the largest among the rural barangays with a total population of 4,277 followed by Mabini and New Baclayon.

Malalag Safe Birthing Home
Barangay Population
Poblacion 6,105 1,240 6,156 Urban
Baybay 3,483 786 3,790 Urban
Bagumbayan 2,351 455 2,301 Urban
Bolton 1,794 379 1,860 Rural
Bulacan 4,277 874 4,213 Rural
Caputian 1,756 362 1,589 Rural
Ibo 1,842 410 1,763 Rural
Kiblagon 1,228 263 1,127 Rural
Lapu-lapu 385 105 406 Rural
Mabini 2,268 489 2,222 Rural
New Baclayon 3,619 781 3,566 Rural
Pitu 1,960 406 1,965 Rural
Rizal 1,055 243 1,168 Rural
San Isidro 1,519 327 1,498 Rural
Tagansule 1,599 359 1,671 Rural
Total 35,241 7,479 35,295


Agriculture: Among agricultural crops, coconut leads in production followed by banana and sugarcane. Other major crops are corn and vegetables. The municipality also produces high value fruits like mango. Cattle leads in livestock production.

Fisheries: The long coastline of Malalag which forms part of the Davao Gulf provides a rich fishing grounds.

Forestry: Tropical evergreen and other timber cover the vast timberland and forest area. Rattan, bamboo and other vines are also in abundance.

Mining: Deposits of copper and or limestone were also traced but still have to be tapped for commercial and industrial uses. The Sagittarius Mines Inc. (SMI) has picked Davao del Sur to host the supporting infrastructure for the $5.9-billion Tampakan copper-gold project and identified Malalag as the preferred site for the PPFP (Port, Power Station and Filter Plant Project) development.[9][10]

Malalag Wharf[edit]

The Malalag Wharf is along the south-west coastline of Malalag Bay, about 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Digos and approximately 88 kilometres (55 mi) south of Davao City. It is more than 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) long and 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) wide.[11] Port facilities include:

  • 50m wharf
  • One berth, 30m x 15m
  • Controlling depth of 9m - 12m below MLLW
  • Fendering system is of clustered timber files distributed equally alongside the wharf
  • Tanks and pipelines for shipment of molasses[12]

Malalag Arrastre Porters and Stevedoring Multi-Purpose Coop (MAPOSTMUCO) are the cargo handling operators of general cargoes such as molasses, sugar, steel products, vehicle and heavy equipment.

Approach for Malalag Wharf is through the Malalag Bay. Ships can anchor at a depth of 21 fathoms free of hazardous underwater obstructions/currents and is notably sheltered from direct exposure to the open sea. Vessels entering the Malalag Port navigate through the south-west route of the Malalag Bay which is a tributary of the larger Davao Gulf waters.

Ships serving the Malalag Port
Vessel GRT LOA Route
M/T Ocean Queen Nine 1058 68.14 Manila-Malalag-Batangas
M/T Alvin 164.88 39 Manila-Malalag-Batangas
M/V Grand Pacific III 498.27 67.37 Davao-Malalag-Manila
LCT Nicia 483.25 68 Ormoc-Malalag-Davao
LCT Jaime Ongpin 497.54 61.4 Davao-Malalag-Iloilo
LCT Filipino 857.94 65.39 Iloilo-Malalag-Cebu


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Davao del Sur". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "An Act Transferring the Barrios of Basiawan, Kibulan and the Sitios of Kimatay and Kilalag in the Municipality of Malita, to the Municipality of Malalag, Province of Davao". Retrieved 2011-04-11.
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Davao del Sur". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-08. Retrieved 2013-03-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-08. Retrieved 2013-03-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-08. Retrieved 2013-03-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^

External links[edit]