Malang Regency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Malang Regency
Kabupaten Malang
Regency
Motto: Satata Gama Karta Raharja
Country  Indonesia
Province East Java
Government
 • Regent DR. H. Rendra Kresna, BcKU, SH, MM, MPM
Area
 • Total 3,534.86 km2 (1,364.82 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 2,446,218
 • Density 690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Website www.malangkab.go.id
Malang in East Java.

Malang Regency is a regency in East Java, Indonesia. It had a population of 2,446,218 at the 2010 Census, excluding the areas and populations of the two autonomous cities of Malang and Batu. They lie within the regency but are administratively independent of it. The capital of Malang Regency is Kepanjen.

Most of the population resides in the Greater Malang (Malang Raya), a metropolitan area which includes the cities of Malang and Batu, and 15 of the districts within the regency that comprise the valley between the two (the cities lie some 20 km apart). This metropolitan area covers 1,200.43 km²; it had a population of 2,325,109 at the 2010 Census, with a density of 1,936.9/km² (5,016/sq mile).[1]

Administration[edit]

The Malang Regency was divided during 2010 into 33 districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[2]

  • *these last 3 districts, which all lie west of Batu city, are physically separated by Batu from the rest of Malang Regency.

Malang Regency is the second largest regency in East Java after Banyuwangi Regency, with a total area of 3,534.86 km² and a population of 2,446,218 inhabitants (2010 Census). Malang is also known as a region rich in potential including from agriculture, plantation and medicinal plants, and is also known for tourism.

History[edit]

The Malang regency has a long and rich history, dating back to the Hindu and Buddhist period. Historical and archeological records from Hindu temples suggest that the Kanjuruhan Kingdom emerged in the region during the 8th and 9th Century.

When the kingdom under the leadership Akuwu Singhasari Ametung was married to Ken Dedes, the Kingdom was under the rule of the Kingdom of Kediri. Singhasari Government Center was in Tumapel. Only after appearing Ken Arok who then killed Akuwu Ametung and married Ken Dedes, the center moved to Malang Kingdom, after defeating the Kingdom of Kediri. Kediri at the time fell into the hands Singhasari and down the status of a duchy. While Ken Arok appointed himself as a king who held King Kertarajasa Jayawardhana or Dhandang Gendhis ( 1185-1222 ).

The Kingdom experienced ups and downs. During its heyday as part of the Mataram Kingdom in Malang fell into the hands of Mataram, as well as the Kingdom of Majapahit. While the government was moved to Demak with the introduction of Islam brought by the Wali Songo. Unfortunate as it was under the reign of Duke Ronggo Tohjiwo and only the status of the Duchy. In the times of the collapse, according to folklore, legendary heroes appeared Raden Panji Pulongjiwo. He was caught by Mataram soldiers in the village which is now called Kepanjen Panggungrejo ( Kepanji 's). The destruction of the town was known as Malang Kutho Bedhah.

Other evidence that until now a silent witness is the names of towns like Kanjeron, Balandit, Turen, Polowijen, Ketindan, Ngantang and Mandaraka. Historical heritage in the form of the temples is concrete evidence such as: Kidal Temple in Kidal Village, the District of Tumpang which is known as the storage of Anusapati's body ashes. Singhasari Temple in the District of Singosari as the storage of Kertanegara's body ashes. Jago / Jajaghu Temple in the District of Tumpang as the storage of Wisnuwardhana's body ashes.

In the VOC era, Malang is a strategic place as a base of resistance as well as Trunojoyo resistance (1674 - 1680) to the VOC-assisted Mataram. According to the story, Trunojoyo was caught in Ngantang. The early nineteenth century when the government headed by the Governor-General, as well Malang areas in other archipelago, led by the Regent. The first Malang Regent was Raden Tumenggung Notodiningrat which was raised by the Dutch government by resolution of the Governor-General May 9, 1820, No. 8 Gazette 1819 No. 16. Malang is a strategic region during the reign of kingdoms. Other evidence, such as some of the inscriptions found indicates this area has been there since the eighth century in the form of the Kingdom Singhasari and some other small kingdoms like the Kingdom Kanjuruhan as written in the Dinoyo Inscription. The inscription mentions the shrine on the day of the inauguration Friday Legi 1st Margasirsa 682 Saka, which when calculated based on the calendar leap year falls on November 28, 760. The date is used as a benchmark anniversary Malang. Since 1984 in Malang Regency Hall displayed ceremony Kanjuruhan Kingdom, a full traditional costume of the time, while the attendees are encouraged typical dress of Malang as defined.

Tourism[edit]

Malang Regency has 39 natural beaches, 5 of which are frequently visited. Access to the beaches is limited and can be difficult for large vehicles.

Balekambang Beach is 70 kilometers south of Malang City. The beach is 2 kilometers long with a Hindu Pura Luhur Amertha Jati similar Tanah Lot Temple in Bali[3]. Pantai Bajul Mati beach is beach which is in between Balekambang Beach and Sendang Biru Beach. The name means "Dead Crocodile" due to a rock in the sea shaped like a crocodile. Batu Bengkung Beach is near Bajul Mati Beach and has natural pool trap by the sand dunes.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Malang Regency is not completely metropolitan, but only the 15 kecamatan close to Malang are metropolitan, despite that claim in the Wikipedia Indonesian page - see reference under List of metropolitan areas in Indonesia.
  2. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ Tri Hatma Ningsih (August 1, 2014). "Wisata Jawa Rasa Pulau Dewata". 
  4. ^ Ainun Umami (March 6, 2015). "Tercenung di Pantai Bengkung". 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 7°58′47″S 112°37′49″E / 7.9797°S 112.6304°E / -7.9797; 112.6304