The Mālavikāgnimitram (Sanskrit, meaning Mālavikā and Agnimitra) is a Sanskrit play by Kālidāsa. It is his first play.(Kalidasa's malavikagnimitram is based on some events of the reign of Pushyamitra Shunga.)
The play tells the story of the love of Agnimitra, the Shunga Emperor at Vidisha, for the beautiful lun-maiden of his chief queen. He falls in love with the picture of an exiled servant girl named Mālavikā. He must resort to the help of his jester and play a game of subterfuge merely to look at the new girl. When the queen discovers her husband's passion for this girl, she becomes infuriated and has Mālavikā imprisoned, but as fate would have it, in the end she is discovered to be of royal birth and is accepted as one of his queens.
Similarities with the story of Abraham and Hagar
- Kalidasa (1891). The Malavikágnimitra: A Sanskrit play by Kalidasa. Charles Henry Tawney (trans.). Thacker, Spink and Company, Calcutta.
- Kalidasa (2009). Málavika and Agni mitra. Translated by Dániel Balogh & Eszter Somogyi. New York University Press and JJC Foundation.