Malawian general election, 1994

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General elections were held in Malawi on 17 May 1994. Following the restoration of democracy the previous year, they were the first multi-party elections in the country since prior to independence in 1964. The elections for President and the National Assembly were both won by the United Democratic Front (UDF), ending the 30-year rule of the Malawi Congress Party (MCP). Former President-for-life Hastings Banda, in power since independence, was defeated in the one-round presidential election by the UDF's Bakili Muluzi.[1]


The National Assembly elections were contested by eight parties, who put forward a total of 600 candidates, as well as 13 independents. The UDF won 88 seats, three short of a majority, whilst the MCP finished second with 56 seats. Results in two seats, both won by Banda's MCP, were annulled due to irregularities.[1] Voter turnout was 79.6%.[2]



Candidate Party Votes %
Bakili Muluzi United Democratic Front 1,404,754 47.15
Hastings Banda Malawi Congress Party 996,353 33.44
Chakufwa Chihana Alliance for Democracy 562,862 18.89
Kampelo Kalua Malawi Democratic Party 15,624 0.52
Invalid/blank votes 61,780
Total 3,041,373 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,775,256 80.56
Source: African Elections Database

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
United Democratic Front 1,375,878 46.53 85 New
Malawi Congress Party 996,047 33.68 56 –85
Alliance for Democracy 563,417 19.05 36 New
United Front for Multiparty Democracy 9,859 0.3 0 New
Malawi Democratic Party 6,980 0.2 0 New
Malawi National Democratic Party 2,913 0.1 0 New
Congress for the Second Republic 2,118 0.1 0 New
Malawi Democratic Union 323 0.0 0 New
Independents 6,159 0.2 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 70,550
Total 3,004,835 100 177 +36
Registered voters/turnout 3,775,256 79.6
Source: Nohlen et al.


Following the elections, on 25 May Muluzi formed a 25-member cabinet, including members of the Malawi National Democratic Party and the United Front for Multiparty Democracy. He left three posts unfilled in the hope that the Alliance for Democracy would also join the government.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Malawi: Parliamentary Chamber: National Assembly: Elections held in 1994 Inter-Parliamentary Union
  2. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p558 ISBN 0-19-829645-2