Malayalam (Unicode block)

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Malayalam
Range U+0D00..U+0D7F
(128 code points)
Plane BMP
Scripts Malayalam
Major alphabets Malayalam
Assigned 117 code points
Unused 11 reserved code points
Source standards ISCII
Unicode version history
1.0.0 78 (+78)
5.1 95 (+17)
6.0 98 (+3)
7.0 99 (+1)
8.0 100 (+1)
9.0 114 (+14)
10.0 117 (+3)
Note: [1][2]

Malayalam is a Unicode block containing characters for the Malayalam language. In its original incarnation, the code points U+0D02..U+0D4D were a direct copy of the Malayalam characters A2-ED from the 1988 ISCII standard. The Devanagari, Bengali, Gurmukhi, Gujarati, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, and Kannada blocks were similarly all based on their ISCII encodings.

Block[edit]

Malayalam[1][2]
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
U+0D0x
U+0D1x
U+0D2x
U+0D3x ി
U+0D4x     
U+0D5x
U+0D6x
U+0D7x ൿ
Notes
1.^ As of Unicode version 10.0
2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points

History[edit]

The following Unicode-related documents record the purpose and process of defining specific characters in the Malayalam block:

Version Final code points[a] Count L2 ID WG2 ID Document
1.0.0 U+0D02..0D03, 0D05..0D0C, 0D0E..0D10, 0D12..0D28, 0D2A..0D39, 0D3E..0D43, 0D46..0D48, 0D4A..0D4D, 0D57, 0D60..0D61, 0D66..0D6F 78 (to be determined)
L2/01-303 Vikas, Om (2001-07-26), Letter from the Government from India on "Draft for Unicode Standard for Indian Scripts" 
L2/01-304 Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0, 2001-08-02 
L2/01-305 McGowan, Rick (2001-08-08), Draft UTC Response to L2/01-304, "Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0" 
L2/01-430R McGowan, Rick (2001-11-20), UTC Response to L2/01-304, “Feedback on Unicode Standard 3.0” 
5.1 U+0D3D, 0D44, 0D62, 0D79 4 L2/05-309R Chitrajakumar, R. (2005-10-24), Proposal for addition of characters to Malayalam Block 
L2/06-166 Ganesan, Naga (2006-05-08), MALAYALAM SIGN AVAGRAHA and MALAYALAM DAY SIGN in Unicode (0D00-0D7F) 
L2/09-378 Lata, Swaran (2009-10-27), Encoding of Dot Reph of Malyalam and Change in glyph for Avagraha in Malyalam 
L2/15-174 A, Srinidhi; A, Sridatta (2015-07-16), Request to change the representative glyph of MALAYALAM VOWEL SIGN VOCALIC RR 
U+0D63 1 L2/07-095R N3235R Everson, Michael; Scharf, Peter; Angot, Michel; Chandrashekar, R.; Hyman, Malcolm; Rosenfield, Susan; Sastry, B. V. Venkatakrishna; Witzel, Michael (2007-04-13), Proposal to encode characters for Vedic Sanskrit in the BMP of the UCS 
L2/07-196 N3272 Everson, Michael (2007-05-25), Proposal to encode four characters for Oriya and Malayalam 
U+0D70..0D75 6 L2/05-087 Ganesan, Naga (2005-04-11), Correcting Malayalam Digit Zero glyph and adding Malayalam numerics 
L2/05-162 McGowan, Rick (2005-06-07), Public Review Issue #71, Questions on Malayalam Digits 
L2/05-164 Sulochana, K. G. (2005-07-08), Evidence for the correct symbols used for zero,10,100,1000 and fractions in Malayalam 
L2/05-173 Johny, Cibu C. (2005-07-21), Malayalam related topics (PRI #71) 
L2/05-175 Sreekumar, P. (2005-07-29), Proposal to includes Malayalam Numbers as distinct characters 
L2/05-201 McGowan, Rick (2005-08-04), Public Review Issue #71: Questions on Malayalam Digits [duplicate of L2/05-162] 
L2/05-295 N2970 Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2005-08-23), Proposal to add 3 Malayalam Numbers 10, 100, 1000 and 3 Fraction symbols 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4 
L2/05-249 Proposal to include Malayalam Symbols, 2005-09-06 
U+0D7A..0D7F 6 L2/03-102 Vikas, Om (2003-03-04), Unicode Standard for Indic Scripts 
L2/03-101.6 Proposed Changes in Indic Scripts [Malayalam document], 2003-03-04 
L2/03-113 Everson, Michael (2003-03-05), Conjuncts: making sure we are right 
L2/03-309 Rajkumar, S. (2003-09-09), Unicode Malayalam rendering page 
L2/04-279 Constable, Peter (2004-06-30), Proposal on Clarification and Consolidation of the Function of ZERO WIDTH JOINER in Indic Scripts 
L2/04-328 Leca, Antoine (2004-08-04), Response to Public Review Issue #37 
L2/04-418 Muller, Eric (2004-11-18), "Malayalam chillus", Report of the Indic ad-hoc 
L2/04-361 Moore, Lisa (2004-11-23), "101-A104", UTC #101 Minutes 
L2/05-081 Pai, Mahesh T. (2005-03-17), Chilling effects of the Chillu: Encoding Problems in Malayalam (background doc) 
L2/05-085 Johny, Cibu C. (2005-05-02), Encoding of Chillu forms in Malayalam (PRI #66 feedback) 
L2/05-112 McGowan, Rick (2005-05-03), Public Review Issue #66, Encoding of chillu forms in Malayalam (background doc) 
L2/05-148 Muller, Eric (2005-05-11), Comments on PRI 66: Mayalam cillaksarams 
L2/05-154 Constable, Peter (2005-05-13), Malayalam chillu ka 
L2/05-210 Chitrajakumar, R.; Gangadharan, N. (2005-08-05), Chandrakkala. Samvruthokaram. Chillaksharam, from the perspective of Malayalam Collation 
L2/05-213 Chitrajakumar, R.; Gangadharan, N. (2005-08-07), Samvruthokaram and Chandrakkala 
L2/05-214 Chitrajakumar, R.; Gangadharan, N. (2005-08-07), Chillaksharam of Malayalam Language 
L2/05-236 Malayalam Language -- Inclusion of Chillu characters, 2005-08-23 
L2/05-246 Vikas, Om (2005-08-31), Letter to Mark Davis from Om Vikas re Malayalam Chillus 
L2/05-307 Sebastian, Rajeev J.; Vedi, Rachana Akshara (2005-10-21), ZWJ/ZWNJ behavior under Indic scripts with special reference to chillu, conjuncts, etc in Malayalam 
L2/05-308 Chitrajakumar, R.; Gangadharan, N.; Vedi, Rachana Akshara (2005-10-21), Problems of Malayalam Encoding in the Indic context (Rachana's response to Malayalam encoding debate) 
L2/05-310 Chitrajakumar, R. (2005-10-24), Rachana Documents (cover letter for L2/05-307, 308, 309) 
L2/05-334 Johny, Cibu C. (2005-10-25), Critical review of Rachana (L2/05-210) and other arguments to encode Malayalam Chillus 
L2/05-354 Chitrajakumar, R.; Gangadharan, N. (2005-10-28), Chillu and Semivowel examples 
L2/05-372 Pai, Mahesh T. (2005-11-17), Chillus, Samvrithòkaram and Chandrakkala - A Problem Which is Not 
L2/06-134 Ganesan, Naga (2006-04-17), Dravidian script “markers” code-points in Unicode 
L2/06-189 The Chillu Issue, 2006-05-12 
L2/06-190 Annexure 1 - Chillu Evidence, 2 pages, 2006-05-12 
L2/06-207 N3126 Muller, Eric (2006-05-14), Malayalam Chillaksarams 
L2/06-218 Chitrajakumar, R. (2006-05-19), Malayalam Chillu Encoding (e-mail to McGowan, Muller, Umamaheswaran, et al) 
L2/06-247 Umamaheswaran, V. S. (2006-07-27), Proposal to revise names for Malayalam chillus 
L2/06-261 Ganesan, Naga (2006-07-31), Proposal to encode Malayalam Consonant Sign Cillu 
L2/06-270 Ganesan, Naga (2006-07-31), Cillaksharam R and a comment on Cillu letter names (L2/06-247) 
L2/06-296 Achuthanandan, V. S. (2006-08-10), Letter to Mark Davis re Malayalam encoding 
L2/06-396 Chitrajakumar, R.; et al. (2006-11-20), Chillu encoding is wrong 
L2/07-034 Sam, N. (2007-01-18), Workshop - The Problems in Unicode Encoding of Malayalam 
L2/07-031 Achuthanandan, V. S. (2007-01-30), Letter from Chief Minister Achuthanandan (Kerala) to Mark Davis re Malayalam Chillu encoding 
L2/07-035 Sebastian, Rajeev J.; Vedi, Rachana Akshara (2007-01-30), Atomic chillus causes spoofing 
L2/07-036 Johny, Cibu C. (2007-01-30), Malayalam - Comparison of Chillu Encoding Proposals 
L2/07-038 Johny, Cibu C. (2007-01-30), Malayalam - Representation of Vowellessness 
L2/07-041 Johny, Cibu C. (2007-01-30), Malayalam - PR 96 feedback 
L2/07-057 Sam, N. (2007-02-02), Report of the Workshop on Problems of Unicode encoding of Malayalam conducted at University of Kerala on January 24-25, 2007 
L2/07-062 Sebastian, Rajeev J. (2007-02-05), Letter from Rajeev J Sebasian to Mark Davis re Malayalam Encoding 
L2/07-061 Sebastian, Rajeev J. (2007-02-06), Notes on PRI #96 Feedback 
L2/07-064 Mohanan, K. P. (2007-02-06), Theoretical and Practical Aspects of Chillus in Malayalam 
L2/07-065 Mangalat, Mahesh (2007-02-06), Atomic Chillu Encoding Issue 
L2/07-066 Lata, Swaran (2007-02-07), Letter from Swaran Lata supporting Chillu Encoding 
L2/07-090 Johny, Cibu C. (2007-02-22), Visuals and corresponding storage representations of the edge cases in Malayalam 
L2/07-129 Johny, Cibu (2007-04-21), Changes related to Malayalam in Unicode 5.1.0 from 5.0 
L2/07-279 Ganesan, Naga (2007-08-13), Joiners (ZWJ/ZWNJ) with semantic content for words in Indian subcontinent languages 
L2/07-393 Johny, Cibu (2007-10-18), Correction to L2/07-090, L2/07-129 on how Malayalam Chillus used in boundary cases 
L2/07-402 Johny, Cibu (2007-10-19), Malayalam Chillus in grapheme clusters 
L2/08-038 A, Praveen; Aravind, Anivar; Thottingal, Santhosh; M, Baiju (2008-01-28), Atomic chillu's are Unacceptable 
L2/08-040 Ganesan, Naga (2008-01-28), Comments on L2/07-402: Malayalam Chillus in Grapheme clusters 
L2/08-041 Ganesan, Naga (2008-01-28), Malayalam Reph with ZWJ joiner 
L2/08-076 McGowan, Rick (2008-01-29), Malayalam Feedback from the Online Reporting Form 
L2/13-036 Pournader, Roozbeh; Johny, Cibu (2013-01-29), Old and New Chillus in Malayalam and implications for Sinhala 
6.0 U+0D29, 0D3A 2 L2/12-021 N4216 Sharma, Shriramana (2002-01-12), Request to change the representative glyph of 0D3A MALAYALAM LETTER TTTA 
L2/08-325 N3494 Everson, Michael (2007-08-14), Proposal to add two characters for Malayalam to the BMP 
L2/07-283 N3295 Everson, Michael (2007-08-17), Proposal to add three characters for Malayalam to the BMP 
L2/09-341 Sharma, Shriramana (2009-10-06), Request for annotations to be added to Malayalam NNNA and TTTA 
U+0D4E[b] 1 L2/07-037 Johny, Cibu C. (2007-01-30), Malayalam - Dot Reph 
L2/08-069 Sulochana, K. G. (2008-01-28), Comments on the Malayalam related text in Unicode 5.1.0 
L2/08-076 McGowan, Rick (2008-01-29), Malayalam Feedback from the Online Reporting Form 
L2/08-020 Johny, Cibu; Nair, Umesh (2008-01-30), Malayalam: Comparison of Dot-Reph Proposals in 5.1 
L2/08-195 Ganesan, Naga (2008-05-02), Dot-Reph and Subscript YA/VA Sequences in Malayalam Unicode 
L2/08-306 Johny, Cibu (2008-08-08), Malayalam: Comparison of Dot-Reph Proposals 
L2/09-056 Johny, Cibu (2008-08-08), Malayalam: Comparison of Dot-Reph Proposals (Re: L2/08-411) 
L2/09-072 Jain, Manoj (2009-02-02), GOI inputs on Representation of Malayalam Dot Reph 
L2/09-178 Johny, Cibu (2009-05-01), Proposal to encode Malayalam Dot-Reph character 
L2/09-245R N3676 Johny, Cibu (2009-05-01), Proposal to encode Malayalam Dot-Reph character 
L2/09-196 Ganesan, Naga (2009-05-04), Comment on L2/09-178: Malayalam Dot-Reph 
L2/09-203 Ganesan, Naga (2009-05-08), Deprecated Telugu and Malayalam reph sequences 
L2/09-378 Lata, Swaran (2009-10-27), Encoding of Dot Reph of Malyalam and Change in glyph for Avagraha in Malyalam 
L2/12-106 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-03-17), "3. Malayalam", Request for editorial updates to various Indic scripts 
L2/12-164 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-05-02), "2. Malayalam", Further editorial updates for Indic 
L2/15-183R Pournader, Roozbeh (2015-07-28), Candidate characters for Grapheme_Cluster_Break=Prepend 
7.0 U+0D01 1 L2/10-392R2 N3964 Sharma, Shriramana (2010-10-11), Request to encode South Indian CANDRABINDU-s 
8.0 U+0D5F 1 L2/12-225 N4312 Sharma, Shriramana (2012-05-22), Proposal to encode 0D5F MALAYALAM LETTER ARCHAIC II 
L2/12-233 Rajan, Vinodh (2012-07-17), Comments on Encoding "Duplicate" Indic Characters 
L2/12-273 Ganesan, Naga (2012-07-25), Comment on archaic Malayalam glyph II encoding & Grantha writing of Dravidian languages 
9.0 U+0D4F 1 L2/14-016 N4538 Johny, Cibu (2014-01-16), Proposal to encode MALAYALAM SIGN PARA 
L2/14-135 Sharma, Shriramana (2014-05-07), Request to move the Malayalam Sign Para from 0D65 to 0D4F 
U+0D54 1 L2/14-013 N4540 Johny, Cibu (2014-01-08), Proposal to encode MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU M 
U+0D55 1 L2/06-337 Ganesan, Naga (2006-10-20), Malayalam cillaksharam YA 
L2/07-242 Johny, Cibu (2007-07-31), Proposal to encode Malayalam Chillu YA in the UCS 
L2/07-283 N3295 Everson, Michael (2007-08-17), Proposal to add three characters for Malayalam to the BMP 
L2/14-017 N4539 Johny, Cibu (2014-12-26), Proposal to encode MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU Y 
U+0D56 1 L2/13-063R N4428 Johny, Cibu (2013-05-15), Proposal to encode MALAYALAM LETTER CHILLU LLL 
U+0D58..0D5E, 0D76..0D78 10 L2/05-249 Proposal to include Malayalam Symbols, 2005-09-06 
L2/06-260 Ganesan, Naga (2006-07-31), Malayalam Fractions and Letter-Numerals 
L2/13-051R N4429 Sharma, Shriramana (2013-04-25), Proposal to encode Malayalam minor fractions 
L2/13-076 Sharma, Shriramana (2013-04-25), Questions re the Malayalam fractions proposal 
L2/13-124 Kumar, Rajendra (2013-05-10), Letter from Gov't of India to Lisa Moore re recent documents 
10.0 U+0D00 1 L2/14-003 Sharma, Shriramana (2013-12-30), Proposal to encode 0D00 MALAYALAM SIGN COMBINING ANUSVARA ABOVE 
L2/14-029 Johny, Cibu (2014-01-20), Feedback on Malayalam Anusvara Above Proposal 
L2/14-069 Sharma, Shriramana (2014-02-17), Evidence for considerable usage of the Malayalam anusvara above 
L2/14-292 Sharma, Shriramana (2014-10-30), Clarifications re the proposed 0D00 MALAYALAM SIGN COMBINING ANUSVARA ABOVE 
L2/15-011 Ganesan, Naga (2015-01-26), Comment on L2/14-003: Any need for Combining Anusvara Sign Above in Malayalam Block? 
U+0D3B 1 L2/14-015 Johny, Cibu (2015-01-19), Proposal to encode MALAYALAM SIGN VERTICAL BAR VIRAMA 
L2/15-021 Ganesan, Naga (2015-01-27), Comment on L2/14-15R: Malayalam Sign Vertical Bar Virama (Chillu Virama Sign) 
U+0D3C 1 L2/14-014R Johny, Cibu (2015-01-19), Proposal to encode MALAYALAM SIGN CIRCULAR VIRAMA 
L2/15-024 Ganesan, Naga (2015-01-27), Comment on Malayalam circular Virama sign 
  1. ^ Proposed code points and characters names may differ from final code points and names
  2. ^ See also L2/07-090, L2/07-129, L2/07-393, L2/07-402, and L2/08-041

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Unicode character database". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Enumerated Versions of The Unicode Standard". The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2016-07-09.