Malayan general election, 1955

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Malayan general election, 1955
Federation of Malaya
27 July 1955 (timelines) 1959 →

52 (of the 98) seats to the Federal Legislative Council
27 seats needed for a majority
Registered 1,280,855
Turnout 1,027,211 (82.8%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Tunku abd rahman.jpg PMIP
Leader Tunku Abdul Rahman Onn Jaafar Abbas Alias
Party Alliance National Party PMIP
Leader since 23 August 1951 (1951-08-23) 10 May 1946 (1946-05-10) 1953
Leader's seat Sungei Muda No seat No seat
Seats won 51 No seats 1
Popular vote 818,013 78,909 40,667
Percentage 81.7% 7.9% 4.1%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  NAP PML Lab
Leader D. S. Ramanathan
Party National Association of Perak Perak Malay League Labour Party of Malaya
Leader since 1953
Leader's seat No seat No seat
Seats won No seats No seats No seats
Seat change Steady
Popular vote 20,996 5,433 4,786
Percentage 2.1% 0.5% 0.5%

  Seventh party
  PPP
Leader D. R. Seenivasagam
Party Perak Progressive Party
Leader since 1953
Leader's seat No seat
Seats won No seats
Popular vote 1,081
Percentage 0.1%

Elected Chief Minister

Tunku Abdul Rahman
Alliance

A general election was held on Wednesday, 27 July 1955, the only general election before Malaya's independence in 1957. It was held to elect members of the Federal Legislative Council, which prior to this was fully appointed by the British High Commissioner in Malaya. Voting took place in all 52 federal constituencies of Malaya, each electing one Federal Councillor to the Federal Legislative Council. State elections also took place in all 136 state constituencies in 9 states of Malaya and 2 settlements from 10 October 1954 to 12 November 1955, each electing one Councillor to the State Council or Settlement Council.

The election was the first in which the Malayan Indian Congress (MIC) contested. MIC joined the Alliance Party in 1954.

The Pan-Malayan Islamic Party (PMIP, later known as PAS) was formed primarily to contest in the 1955 election. Before that, PMIP was known as the "Pan-Malayan Islamic Association", as a part of UMNO. PMIP won support by proclaiming its aim of making Islam the base of the Malay society in the north of Malay Peninsula, which was facing the lowest economic growth in Malaya.

The election resulted in a decisive win for the Alliance, which consisted of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA) and MIC, and a resounding defeat for Parti Negara, led by former UMNO president Onn Jaafar. Onn himself failed to win a seat, while the Alliance proceeded to form the new government, with its leader Tunku Abdul Rahman becoming Chief Minister.[1]

Thirty Alliance candidates had majorities of over 10,000 votes. Nine of them had majorities of over 20,000. Forty-three of their opponents lost their deposits.

Timelines[edit]

Federal Legislative Council[edit]

  • Nomination Date : 15 June 1955
  • Election day : 27 July 1955

State Council[edit]

State Nomination Date State election
 Johor 1 September 1954 10 October 1954
 Terengganu 29 October 1954
 Selangor 11 August 1955 27 September 1955
 Kedah 14 August 1955 nil
 Kelantan 15 August 1955 19 September 1955
 Perlis 17 August 1955 24 September 1955
 Pahang 25 August 1955 26 September 1955
 Negeri Sembilan 8 September 1955 12 October 1955
 Perak 1 October 1955 12 November 1955

Settlement Council[edit]

Settlement Nomination Date State election
 Penang 13 January 1955 19 February 1955
 Malacca 4 August 1955 nil

Results[edit]

Federal Legislative Council[edit]

The Alliance Party won around 80% of the total vote and 51 out of 52 seats contested. PMIP won their only seat in Krian, Perak. Its sole winning candidate, Haji Ahmad Tuan Hussein, an Islamic scholar, was subsequently nicknamed "Mr. Opposition". Voter turnout was 82.8%.


e • d Summary of the 27 July 1955 Malayan Federal Legislative Council election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes % Won %
Alliance Party[a] Alliance 818,013 81.68 51 98.08
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 589,933 58.90 34 65.38
Malayan Chinese Association MCA 201,212 20.09 15 28.85
Malayan Indian Congress MIC 26,868 2.68 2 3.85
National Party Negara 78,909 7.88 0 0.00
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party PMIP 40,667 4.06 1 1.92
National Association of Perak NAP 20,996 2.10 0 0.00
Perak Malay League PML 5,433 0.54 0 0.00
Labour Party of Malaya Lab 4,786 0.48 0 0.00
Perak Progressive Party PPP 1,081 0.11 0 0.00
Independents IND 31,642 3.16 0 0.00
Valid votes 1,001,527
Invalid/blank votes 25,684
Overall total (turnout: 82.8%) 1,027,211 100.00 52 100.00
Did not vote 252,789
Registered voters 1,280,855
Source: The Malayan Elections, Francis G. Carnell.[2][1][2][3]
  1. ^ Contested using kapal layar election symbol on the ballot papers.


Results by state[edit]

State and Settlement Councils[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gill, Ranjit (1990). Of Political Bondage. Sterling Corporate Services. p. 40. ISBN 981-00-2136-4. 
  2. ^ Carnell, Francis G. (December 1955). "The Malayan Elections". Pacific Affairs. University of British Columbia. 28 (4): 315. doi:10.2307/3035316. ISSN 0030-851X. JSTOR 3035316. 

References[edit]

  • Barbara Watson Andaya dan Leonard Y. Andaya. A History of Malaysia, The MacMlllan Press Ltd. (1982). ISBN 0-333-27673-6.
  • The World Book Encyclopedia, World Book International (1994). ISBN 0-7166-6694-4.