Malayan general election, 1959

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Malayan general election, 1959
Federation of Malaya
← 1955 19 August 1959 (timelines) 1964 →

All 104 seats to the Dewan Rakyat
53 seats needed for a majority
Registered 2,177,650
Turnout 1,564,575 (73.3%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Tunku abd rahman.jpg SF
Leader Tunku Abdul Rahman Burhanuddin al-Helmy Ahmad Boestaman
Party Alliance PMIP Socialist Front
Leader since 23 August 1951 (1951-08-23) 1956 (1956) 26 August 1958
Leader's seat Kuala Kedah Besut Setapak
Last election 51 seats, 81.7% 1 seat, 4.1% New Party
Seats won 74 13 8
Seat change Increase 23 Increase 12
Popular vote 800,944 329,070 199,688
Percentage 51.8% 21.3% 12.9%
Swing Decrease 29.9% Increase 17.2%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  PPP MP
Leader D. R. Seenivasagam Onn Jaafar Tan Kee Gak
Party People's Progressive Party National Party Malayan Party
Leader since 10 April 1953 10 May 1946 1956
Leader's seat Ipoh Kuala Trengganu Selatan Bandar Malacca
Last election No seats, 0.1% No seats, 7.9% New Party
Seats won 4 1 1
Seat change Increase 4 Increase 1
Popular vote 97,391 32,578 13,404
Percentage 6.3% 2.1% 0.9%
Swing Increase 6.2% Decrease 5.8%

Prime Minister before election

Abdul Razak Hussein
Alliance

Prime Minister-designate

Tunku Abdul Rahman
Alliance

A general election was held on Wednesday, 19 August 1959 for members of the first Parliament of the Federation of Malaya,[1] the first parliamentary election in Malaya. It was the third national-wide election held in Malaya since the end of World War II. Malaya later formed Malaysia with three other states in 1963. Voting took place in all 104 parliamentary constituencies of Malaya, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. Voter turnout was 73.3%.

In the election, the Alliance Party – later Barisan Nasional – emerged as the victor. The party was a coalition formed by United Malays National Organisation, Malayan Chinese Association and Malayan Indian Congress. The coalition won 74 out of 104 seats in the Dewan Rakyat with only 51.8% of total votes. The opposition as a whole garnered 30 seats with 48.3% of total votes.

The 71.1% majority allowed Alliance Party to form a government as sanctioned by the Constitution of Malaya.

When results were announced on the morning of 20 August, only 103 seats were returned as elections in the Kedah Tengah (Central Kedah) constituency was delayed until 30 September.[2] The Alliance proceeded to win this seat with Khir Johari as the winning candidate.

Prior to the parliamentary election, state elections took place in all 282 state constituencies in 11 states of Malaya from 20 May to 24 June 1959, each electing one Member of the Legislative Assembly to the Dewan Undangan Negeri.

Three Alliance candidates were returned unopposed.

Timelines[edit]

Dewan Rakyat[edit]

  • Nomination Date : 15 July 1959
  • Election day : 19 August 1959

State legislative assemblies[edit]

State Nomination Date State election
 Perlis 15 April 1959 20 May 1959
 Kedah 15 April 1959 20 May 1959
 Malacca 18 April 1959 23 May 1959
 Perak 22 April 1959 27 May 1959
 Selangor 25 April 1959 30 May 1959
 Negeri Sembilan 28 April 1959 2 June 1959
 Penang 2 May 1959 6 June 1959
 Johor 6 May 1959 10 June 1959
 Pahang 13 May 1959 27 June 1959
 Terengganu 16 May 1959 20 June 1959
 Kelantan 20 May 1959 24 June 1959

Results[edit]

Dewan Rakyat[edit]

e • d Summary of the 19 August 1959 Malayan Dewan Rakyat election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
Alliance Party[a] Alliance 800,944 51.77 74 71.15 +23
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 553,160 35.75 52 50.00 +18
Malayan Chinese Association MCA 232,073 15.00 19 18.27 +4
Malayan Indian Congress MIC 15,711 1.02 3 2.88 +1
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party PMIP 329,070 21.27 13 12.50 +12
Malayan Peoples' Socialist Front[b] SF 199,688 12.91 8 7.69 New
Labour Party of Malaya Lab 6 5.77 +6
Parti Ra'ayat Ra'ayat 2 1.92 New
People's Progressive Party PPP 97,391 6.29 4 3.85 +4
National Party Negara 32,578 2.11 1 0.96 +1
Malayan Party MP 13,404 0.87 1 0.96 New
Independents IND 74,194 4.80 3 2.88 +3
Valid votes 1,547,269
Invalid/blank votes 17,306
Total (turnout: 73.3%) 1,564,575 100.00 104 100.00 +52
Did not vote 613,075
Registered voters 2,177,650
Source: Nohlen et al. [1][2][3]

[4]

  1. ^ Contested using kapal layar election symbol on the ballot papers.
  2. ^ Contested using kepala lembu, cangkul, pen, rantai election symbol on the ballot papers.


Results by state[edit]

State Assemblies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume II, p152 ISBN 0-19-924959-8
  2. ^ Arkib Negara: Pembentukan Kabinet Yang Pertama Selepas Merdeka (in Malay)

External links[edit]