Malaysia–Singapore Second Link

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Malaysia–Singapore Second Link

Laluan Kedua Malaysia–Singapura
马新第二通道
Malaysia-Singapore Second Link Linkedua.jpg
Coordinates1°21′03″N 103°37′59″E / 1.35085°N 103.633132°E / 1.35085; 103.633132
CarriesMotor vehicles
CrossesStraits of Johor
LocaleTanjung Kupang, Johor, Malaysia, Kompleks Sultan Abu Bakar and Tuas, Singapore, Tuas Checkpoint
Official nameMalaysia–Singapore Second Link
Maintained byPLUS Expressways (Malaysia)
Land Transport Authority (Singapore)
Characteristics
DesignBox girder bridge
Total length1.92 kilometres (1.19 mi) (Bridge)
6 kilometres (3.7 mi) (Distance between both checkpoints)
Width25 metres (82 ft)
Longest span150 metres (0.093 mi)
History
DesignerGovernment of Malaysia
Malaysian Highway Authority
United Engineers Malaysia Berhad
Government of Singapore
Land Transport Authority
Constructed byUnited Engineers Malaysia Berhad
Opened2 January 1998
Inaugurated18 April 1998
Location

The Malaysia–Singapore Second Link (Malay: Laluan Kedua Malaysia–Singapura, Chinese: 马新第二通道) is a bridge connecting Singapore and Johor, Malaysia. In Singapore, it is officially known as the Tuas Second Link. The bridge was built to reduce the traffic congestion at the Johor–Singapore Causeway and was opened to traffic on 2 January 1998.[1] It was officially opened by Singapore's then Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong with his counterpart, Dr Mahathir Mohamed, who was then Prime Minister of Malaysia. The bridge supports a dual-three lane carriageway linking Kampong Ladang at Tanjung Kupang, Johor to Jalan Ahmad Ibrahim at Tuas, Singapore. The total length of the bridge over water is 1.92 kilometres (1.19 mi). The actual distance between both checkpoints is approximately 6 kilometres (3.7 mi).

At Malaysian side, the bridge is connected to the Second Link Expressway (Malay: Lebuhraya Laluan Kedua Malaysia–Singapura) E3 also known as Linkedua Expressway, which links from Senai North Interchange Exit 253 at North–South Expressway E2, Senai Airport and Taman Perling, Johor Bahru via its extension known as Johor Bahru Parkway E3. In Singapore, the bridge connects to the Ayer Rajah Expressway.

The checkpoint on Malaysia side is called the Sultan Abu Bakar CIQ Complex (Kompleks Sultan Abu Bakar). The checkpoint on Singapore side, the Tuas Checkpoint, was built on 19.6 hectares (48 acres) of reclaimed land at a cost of S$485 million. Designed by CPG Corporation, it involved the use of 54,000 cubic metres (1,900,000 cu ft) of concrete and 18,000 tonnes (20,000 short tons) of reinforcing steel, and won the Architectural Design Award and Best Buildable Design Award awarded by the Singapore Institute of Architects and the Building and Construction Authority respectively.[2] Travelling along the Second Link usually takes less time than the Causeway due to smoother traffic in both directions; however, during festive periods (especially Chinese New Year, Hari Raya, Christmas and Deepavali) the dense traffic between Malaysia and Singapore still leads to massive jams on both bridges.

Unlikr its shorter counterparts in Woodlands, as Tuas Checkpoint is designated as a vehicular checkpoint only, travellers are not allowed to walk along the lengthy Second Link and enter the checkpoint by foot.[3]

Access from other roads[edit]

From Malaysia[edit]

View from the Second Link bridge, facing towards Malaysia.
View of the bridge from Singapore
Tuas entry stamp in Malaysian Passport
Tuas exit stamp in Malaysian Passport

The approach to the bridge is via the Second Link Expressway, which can be accessed by exiting the North–South Expressway (E2) at Exit 253 Senai North Interchange. Alternatively, motorists can also enter the expressway via Taman Perling which also joins with Pasir Gudang Highway (Federal Route 17 and Skudai Highway (Federal route 1). The expressway link to Taman Perling is also known as Pontian–Johor Bahru Parkway.

From Singapore[edit]

The bridge is directly accessed via the Ayer Rajah Expressway, along with other supporting roads around the vicinity of the Tuas industrial area.

History[edit]

The idea of building a second link between Malaysia and Singapore was first raised in July 1980 by then-Menteri Besar of Johor, Othman Saat. Gelang Patah was raised as a viable site due to its distant proximity from Johor Bahru, and the suggestion was raised to tackle growing traffic jams on the causeway.[4] The Malaysian federal Government welcomed Othman's plan, and the Johor State Government formed a committee to study the feasibility of building the second link.[5]

In July 1989, United Engineers Malaysia Berhad (UEM) submitted a proposal to the government of Malaysia to privatise the construction of a second link to Singapore. The acceptance of the proposal brought about the signing of a concession agreement in July 1993, giving exclusive rights and authority to UEM to design, construct, manage, operate and maintain the bridge and expressways for a period of 30 years commencing 27 July 1993.

Following this, a novation agreement was executed in May 1994, whereby UEM assigned all its rights, liabilities and obligations in respect of the concession agreement to Linkedua (Malaysia) Berhad, a wholly owned subsidiary of UEM.

The construction of the bridge required the co-operation of the government of Malaysia and the government of Singapore. On 22 March 1994, an inter-government agreement was signed defining the responsibilities of both governments with regard to the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of the bridge. Each government was responsible for the construction of the portion the bridge which fell within its borders, based on a common agreed design. A joint committee comprising representatives of each government was formed to oversee the implementation of this Malaysia–Singapore Second Crossing project.

The major components of the project are the Second Crossing bridge, forty-four kilometres of expressways, a Customs, Immigration and Quarantine complex, three toll plazas, two rest and service areas and other ancillary facilities. The bridge was designed to accommodate up to 200,000 vehicles a day.

The Second Link was opened to traffic on 2 January 1998. It was officially opened on 18 April the same year by the Prime Ministers of both countries, namely Dato' Seri Dr. Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia and Goh Chok Tong of Singapore.

Toll charges[edit]

Tanjung Kupang Toll Plaza (Heading into Malaysia)[edit]

Class Type of vehicles Rate
(in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
0 Motorcycles
(Vehicles with two axles and two wheels)
RM1.10
1 Private Cars
(Vehicles with two axles and three or four wheels (excluding taxi and bus))
RM7.50
2 Vans and other small good vehicles
(Vehicles with two axles and six wheels (excluding bus))
RM17.10
3 Large Trucks
(Vehicles with three or more axles (excluding bus))
RM34.40
4 Taxis RM5.70
5 Buses RM9.10
U-turn fees are also applicable (for U-turn back to Malaysia).
Singapore dollar is also accepted but at the rate of 1:1 (i.e. Pay S$1.00 for RM1.00)
Payment is made by Touch n Go card, and also by SmartTAG. Cash payments are not accepted.

Tuas Checkpoint (heading into Singapore)[edit]

(Fees reduced by 30% on 1 August 2010)

Class Type of vehicles Rate (in Singapore Dollar (S$))[6]
Motorcycles S$0.50
Passenger Cars S$3.20
Vans and other small good vehicles S$7.40
Large Trucks S$14.70
Taxis S$2.50
Buses S$3.90
Payment is made by Autopass card (non-Singapore registered vehicles only), EZ-Link, NETS CashCard or NETS FlashPay (CEPAS Cards applicable). Cash payments are not accepted.

2020 Malaysia movement control order[edit]

On 16 March 2020, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia, Malaysia Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin announced that Malaysia will be implementing movement control order which will starts from 18 March. Due to the movement order, the Causeway faced immense jams due to a surge of Malaysians returning to Malaysia and back to Singapore before the order takes effect.[7] All bus services will not enter Johor Bahru for two weeks from 18 March to 31 March 2020.[8] However, the flow of cargo, goods and food supplies will carry on as per normal.[9]

Navigational channels[edit]

When travelling by sea, navigational aids consists of lights mounted on the bridge piers and lighted buoys placed at strategic navigational locations. The three sea channels dimensions are 75 metres (246 ft) wide by 25 metres (82 ft) high; 50 metres (160 ft) wide by 9 metres (30 ft) high; and 75 metres (246 ft) wide by 12 metres (39 ft) high.

Technical specifications[edit]

Bridge Specifications

  • Overall length of bridge: 1,920 metres (6,300 ft)
  • Length within Malaysian waters: 1,769 metres (5,804 ft)
  • Construction period: Oct 1994 to Oct 1997
  • Total length of piles: 10,230 metres (33,560 ft)
  • Total volume of concrete: 54,000 cubic metres (1,900,000 cu ft)
  • Total weight of reinforcing steel: 18,000 tonnes (20,000 short tons)
  • Total number of precast box segments: 840 units
  • Longest span: 165 metres (541 ft)

Navigational Channels

  • Malaysian main navigational channel: 75 metres (246 ft) wide by 25 metres (82 ft) high.
  • Malaysian secondary navigational channel: 50 metres (160 ft) wide by 9 metres (30 ft) high.
  • Singaporean navigational channel: 75 metres (246 ft) wide by 12 metres (39 ft) high

Public transport[edit]

Causeway Link Routes CW3, CW4, CW6 and CW7 from Jurong East, Boon Lay & Tuas Link in Singapore to Bukit Indah, Gelang Patah, Pontian & Legoland in Malaysia cross the Second Link daily.

Transtar Travel Routes TS6 & TS6A from Buona Vista & Changi Airport via one-north & Tuas Link in Singapore to Legoland, Puteri Harbour & Gelang Patah Sentral in Malaysia cross the Second Link daily. Both routes stop at intermediate points on request.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Malaysia-Singapore Second Link | Infopedia". eresources.nlb.gov.sg.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2006.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Malaysia". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 5 May 2022.
  4. ^ Bernama, Causeway or Free Trade Zone request, p. 12, 14 July 1980, New Straits Times
  5. ^ "Panel set up to study link Proposal", p. 8, 17 December 1980, New Straits Times
  6. ^ "Lower Toll Charges At Second Link". Archived from the original on 10 July 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  7. ^ "Malaysians brave long queues and traffic jams to beat the clock and avoid lockdown". TODAYonline. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  8. ^ "Coronavirus: Bus services 170X and 950 suspended till March 31, other services halt Malaysia legs ahead of lockdown". The Straits Times. 17 March 2020.
  9. ^ "Flow of goods, food supplies, cargo to continue between Singapore and Malaysia: PM Lee". CNA.

External links[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Others[edit]

  • Google Maps link showing the Second Link, with Tanjung Kupang, Malaysia, at left and Tuas, Singapore, at right.