Malaysia Cup

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Malaysia Cup
Piala Malaysia3.jpg
Malaysia Cup
Founded 20 August 1921
(95 years ago)
 (1921-08-20)
1921-1966 (as Malaya Cup)
Region  Malaysia
Number of teams 16 group stage
(from 2000)
Current champions Kedah
(5 titles)
Most successful club(s) Selangor
(33 titles)
Television broadcasters Media Prima
RTM
Website Official Website
2017 Malaysia Cup

The Malaysia Cup (Malay: Piala Malaysia) is an annual association football tournament in Malaysia. The cup was first held in 1921.[1][2][3][4] Eventhough it is the nation's oldest cup tournament, it is currently a secondary cup to the FA Cup as the FA Cup is the cup which is given the nation's slot for continental cup tournament.[5][6] The competition was previously managed by Football Association of Malaysia (FAM) before it was transferred to Football Malaysia LLP (FMLLP) in 2016 season.

A new format was introduced for 2016 season where only the best 11 teams from Malaysia Super League (MSL) and five others from Malaysia Premier League (MPL) qualified to play in Malaysia Cup that season where the final position for the qualification was determined after the least game of first round of MSL and MPL.[7][8] After all 16 teams has been identified, the team will be divided into four groups which then will compete in the tournament for the cup.

The Malaysia Cup was played at the end of each year's football season until the 2016 season where it was changed to be played near the end of the football season in order to promote competitive league within Malaysian football league.[7]

The cup is now called as TM Piala Malaysia for sponsorship reason.[9]

The current champions is Kedah, which won the title in 2016 for the fifth times.[10]

History[edit]

The Malaysia Cup is one of Asia’s longest-running football competitions. Established in 1921, it was known as the Malaya Cup from 1921 to 1967, after the donation of a trophy from the British Royal Navy ship H.M.S. Malaya.[11] The tournament was renamed the Malaysia Cup in 1967.[11] For much of its history, the Cup was contested by Malaysian state teams, military teams as well as foreign invitees Singapore and Brunei. Malaysian club teams were allowed entry into the competition from 2000.[11]

Origins[edit]

In January 1921, the British Royal Navy battleship H.M.S. Malaya called at Port Swettenham (now Port Klang), Singapore, Malacca, Penang and Port Dickson.[11] During its stay, the crew competed in friendly matches in football, rugby, hockey, sailing and golf against local clubs.[11]

Three months later, the Chief Secretary of the Federated Malay States government received a letter from Captain H. T. Buller of the H.M.S. Malaya, which offered two cups to be competed for in football and rugby as tokens of their gratitude for the reception they received in Malaya.[11] The offer was accepted and various club representatives met to organise the tournament.[11]

First tournament[edit]

A Malaya Cup committee was set up and it was decided to run the football competition in northern and southern sections.[11] The first tournament were entrusted to be run by the Selangor Club.[11] The first ever Malaya Cup match was played on 20 August 1921, with Selangor defeating Penang 5-1 in front of an estimated crowd of 5,000 in Kuala Lumpur.[11] The inaugural tournament were played by six teams and won by Singapore where each Singapore players received a gold badge for their victory.[2]

Pre-war years[edit]

The popularity of the tournament was already apparent in its early years where in 1923, a newspaper described it as “by far the greatest sporting event of the year (in Malaya)”.[11] The final was played outside Kuala Lumpur for the first time in 1925, when Singapore defeated Selangor 2-1 at the Anson Road Stadium. Singapore also maintained a record of appearing in every Malaya Cup final from the first in 1921 to 1941, when the competition was disrupted by World War II.[11]

In September 1926, representatives from the football associations of Singapore, Selangor, Perak, Negri Sembilan and Malacca agreed to form a Malayan Football Association (MFA).[11] The MFA was based in Kuala Lumpur, with John Sime of Singapore as its first president, and was represented on the Malaya Cup committee which organised the competition.[11] The MFA saw little activity until 1932, when it was revived and reformed as the Football Association of Malaya (FAM).[11] The FAM also took control of the organisation of the Malaya Cup from its founding committee.[11] That same year, the British Services were allowed to enter their own teams, joining Kedah and Johor which were both in the competition by 1930.[11]

Post-war era[edit]

The Malaya Cup resumed in 1948, and the post-war era saw Pahang, Kelantan, Terengganu and Perlis enter the competition.[11][12] In 1957, the final was played for the first time at the newly-constructed Merdeka Stadium.[13] The majority of the finals would be held at the Merdeka Stadium until the 1990s.[11]

In 1959, the Malaya Cup departed from the traditional one round tournament to a two round home and away format in three zones, East, South and North.[14]

In 1967, the H. M. S. Malaya Cup was retired and replaced with a new trophy, the Malaysia Cup, in line with political developments and since then the competition has been known as the Malaysia Cup.[11] The old Malaya Cup now resides at the National Museum in Kuala Lumpur.[15]

Where previous tournaments had been segmented into geographical zones, the 1979 edition saw every team play each other in a 17-team competition.[11] New entries were Federal Territory (later renamed Kuala Lumpur), the East Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak, as well as the independent sultanate of Brunei. A one-round league competition was introduced in Malaysia in 1979.[16] The top four teams at the end of the league will face off in two semi-finals before the winners made it to the finals. In 1981, the quarter-finals stage were introduced. When the league began, it was intended primarily as a qualifying tournament for the Malaysia Cup.

However, only in 1982, the league trophy was awarded to the winners of the league stage.[17] Since then, the Malaysia Cup has been held after the conclusion of the league each year, with only the best-performing teams in the league qualifying for the Malaysia Cup.

Modern era[edit]

In 2003, MPPJ FC became the first club and a non state team to win the cup.[18] Prior to that year, the two teams which made the final had always been representative sides of the regional Football Associations, or military teams.

Teams representing two of Malaysia's neighbouring countries have been involved in the competition. Brunei won the cup in 1999 and continue to be involved though in recent years they have been represented by the club side DPMM FC, whereas initially their team was organised by the Football Association of Brunei. Singapore used to enter a team organised by the Football Association of Singapore. Their team won the cup 24 times and are the second most successful side in the competition's history after Selangor. However, after their last win in 1994, Singapore withdrew from the competition following a dispute with the Football Association of Malaysia over gate receipts and have not been involved since. In 2011, Football Association of Singapore announced that Singapore would be back to join the Malaysia Cup in 2012.[19] On 5 December 2011, Football Association of Singapore had unveiled the new squad list and line up planned for the 2012 edition of Malaysia Cup where LIONSXII was sent to compete.[20][21]

Privatisation era[edit]

In 2015, Football Malaysia Limited Liability Partnership (FMLLP) was created in the course of privatisation of the Malaysian football league system. The partnership saw all 24 teams of Malaysia Super League and Malaysia Premier League including FAM as the Managing Partner and MP & Silva as a special partner (FAM's global media and commercial advisor) to become stakeholders in the company.[22][23] FMLLP owns, operates and runs five entities in Malaysian football under its jurisdiction, which include Malaysia Super League, the Malaysia Premier League, the Malaysia FA Cup, the Malaysia Cup and the Charity Shield. It aims to transform and move Malaysian football forward.

Champions and finalists[edit]

Below are the list of champions and finalists for Malaysia Cup since its inception in 1921.[24][25][26]

Year Champions Runners-up Score Venues
2016 Kedah Kedah SelangorSelangor 1-1 (6-5 pen.) Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
2015 SelangorSelangor Kedah Kedah 2-0 Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
2014 PahangPahang JohorJohor Darul Takzim F.C. 2-2 (5–3 pen.) Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2013 PahangPahang KelantanKelantan 1-0 Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
2012 KelantanKelantan Malaysian Armed ForcesATM 3-2 Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
2011 Negeri SembilanNegeri Sembilan TerengganuTerengganu 2-1 Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
2010 KelantanKelantan Negeri SembilanNegeri Sembilan 2-1 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2009 Negeri SembilanNegeri Sembilan KelantanKelantan 3-1 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2008 KedahKedah SelangorSelangor 3-2 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2007 KedahKedah PerakPerak 3-0 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2006 PerlisPerlis Negeri SembilanNegeri Sembilan 2-1 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2005 SelangorSelangor PerlisPerlis 3-0 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2004 PerlisPerlis KedahKedah 1-0 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2003 SelangorMPPJ FC SabahSabah 3-0 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2002 SelangorSelangor SabahSabah 1-0 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2001 TerengganuTerengganu PerakPerak 2-1 Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
2000 PerakPerak Negeri SembilanNegeri Sembilan 2-0 Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
1999 BruneiBrunei SarawakSarawak 2-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1998 PerakPerak TerengganuTerengganu 1-1 (5–3 pen.) Bukit Jalil National Stadium, Kuala Lumpur
1997 SelangorSelangor PahangPahang 1-0 Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
1996 SelangorSelangor SabahSabah 1-1 (5–4 pen.) Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
1995 SelangorSelangor PahangPahang 1-0 Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
1994 SingaporeSingapore PahangPahang 4-0 Shah Alam Stadium, Shah Alam
1993 KedahKedah SingaporeSingapore 2-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1992 PahangPahang KedahKedah 1-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1991 JohorJohor SelangorSelangor 3-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1990 KedahKedah SingaporeSingapore 3-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1989 Kuala LumpurKuala Lumpur KedahKedah 2-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1988 Kuala LumpurKuala Lumpur KedahKedah 3-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1987 Kuala LumpurKuala Lumpur KedahKedah 1-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1986 SelangorSelangor JohorJohor 6-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1985 JohorJohor Kuala LumpurKuala Lumpur 2-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1984 SelangorSelangor PahangPahang 3-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1983 PahangPahang SelangorSelangor 3-2 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1982 SelangorSelangor TerengganuTerengganu 1-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1981 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 4-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1980 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 2-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1979 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 2-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1978 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 4-2 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1977 SingaporeSingapore PenangPenang 3-2 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1976 SingaporeSelangor SingaporeSingapore 3-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1975 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 1-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1974 PenangPenang PerakPerak 2-1 City Stadium, George Town
1973 SelangorSelangor TerengganuTerengganu 2-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1972 SelangorSelangor PerakPerak 3-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1971 SelangorSelangor PerakPerak 3-1 Perak Stadium, Ipoh
1970 PerakPerak KelantanKelantan 2-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1969 SelangorSelangor PenangPenang 1-0 City Stadium, George Town[27]
1968 SelangorSelangor PenangPenang 8-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1967 PerakPerak SingaporeSingapore 2-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1966 SelangorSelangor Malaysian Armed ForcesATM 1-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1965 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 3-1 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1964 SingaporeSingapore PerakPerak 3-2 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1963 SelangorSelangor PenangPenang 6-2 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1962 SelangorSelangor PenangPenang 1-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1961 SelangorSelangor PerakPerak 4-2 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1960 SingaporeSingapore PerakPerak 2-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1959 SelangorSelangor PerakPerak 4-0 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1958 PenangPenang SingaporeSingapore 3-3 (3–1 pen.) Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1957 PerakPerak SelangorSelangor 3-2 Stadium Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur
1956 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 2-1 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1955 SingaporeSingapore KelantanKelantan 3-1 Rifle Range Road, Singapore
1954 PenangPenang SingaporeSingapore 3-0 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1953 PenangPenang SingaporeSingapore 3-2 Chinese Assembly Hall, Ipoh
1952 SingaporeSingapore PenangPenang 3-2 Chinese Assembly Hall, Ipoh
1951 SingaporeSingapore PerakPerak 6-0 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1950 SingaporeSingapore PenangPenang 2-0 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1949 SelangorSelangor Malaysian Armed ForcesATM 3-2 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1948 Negeri SembilanNegeri Sembilan SelangorSelangor 2-2 (2–1 pen.) Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1942–1947 Suspended due to the World War IIJapanese Occupation
1941 SingaporeSingapore PenangPenang 2-1 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1940 SingaporeSingapore KedahKedah 2-0 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1939 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 3-2 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1938 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 1-0 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1937 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 2-1 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1936 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 1-0 Rifle Range Road, Singapore
1935 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 3-2 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1934 SingaporeSingapore PenangPenang 2-1 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1933 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 8-2 Rifle Range Road, Singapore
1932 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 5-3 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1931 PerakPerak SingaporeSingapore 3-1 Chinese Assembly Hall, Ipoh
1930 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 3-0 Anson Road Stadium, Singapore
1929 SelangorSelangor & SingaporeSingapore (trophy shared) 2-2 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1928 SelangorSelangor & SingaporeSingapore (trophy shared) 2-2 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1927 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 8-1 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1926 PerakPerak SingaporeSingapore 1-0 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1925 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 2-1 Anson Road Stadium, Singapore
1924 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 1-0 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1923 SingaporeSingapore PerakPerak 2-1 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1922 SelangorSelangor SingaporeSingapore 3-2 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur
1921 SingaporeSingapore SelangorSelangor 2-1 Selangor Club Padang, Kuala Lumpur

Best performing teams[edit]

Rank Team Champion Runners-up
1 SelangorSelangor 33 16
2 SingaporeSingapore 24 19
3 PerakPerak 7 11
4 KedahKedah 5 7
5 PenangPenang 4 9
6 PahangPahang 4 4
7 Negeri SembilanN.Sembilan 3 3
8 Kuala LumpurK.Lumpur 3 1
9 KelantanKelantan 2 4
10 JohorJohor 2 1
PerlisPerlis 2 1
12 TerengganuTerengganu 1 4
13 BruneiBrunei 1 -
SelangorMPPJ FC 1 -
15 SabahSabah - 3
Malaysian Armed ForcesATM - 3
17 SarawakSarawak - 1
18 JohorJohor Darul Ta'zim F.C. - 1

Records & trivia[edit]

Records Teams Notes
Most Times Champion SelangorSelangor 33 times, including two time champion with Singapore
1st Malaya Cup Champion SingaporeSingapore 1921
1st Malaysia Cup Champion PerakPerak 1967
1st champion after World War II Negeri SembilanN.Sembilan 1948
1st winner of the 21st Century PerakPerak 2000
Records Teams Notes
1st champion at Merdeka Stadium PerakPerak 1957
1st champion at Shah Alam Stadium SingaporeSingapore 1994
1st champions National Stadium, Bukit Jalil PerakPerak 1998
The teams that had won a hat-trick SingaporeSingapore 5 times (1923-1924-1925) (1928-1929-1930) (1932-1933-1934) (1939-1940-1941) and (1950-1951-1952)
SelangorSelangor 4 times (1927-1928-1929) (1961-1962-1963) (1971-1972-1973) and (1995-1996-1997)
Kuala LumpurK.Lumpur 1 times (1987-1988-1989)
1st non state team to compete JohorJohor FC 2000
1st non state team champion SelangorMPPJ FC 2004
Longest consecutive finalist SingaporeSingapore 1921–1941
The teams that had title shared SelangorSelangor & SingaporeSingapore 1928 and 1929
The most team entered the final but lost SabahSabah 3 times (1996, 2002 and 2003)
Malaysian Armed ForcesATM 3 times (1949, 1966 and 2012)
SarawakSarawak 1999
The state team that never played in the final yet MalaccaMelaka
The team entered the finals three times (or more) but did not win all PerakPerak 2 times (1959, 1960 and 1961) and (1970, 1971 and 1972)
(Except Selangor and Singapore) PenangPenang 1952, 1953 and 1954
KedahKedah 1987, 1988 and 1989
PerlisPerlis 2004, 2005 and 2006
The team with the longest period gap to winning the Malaysia Cup again Negeri SembilanN.Sembilan 61 years (1948–2009)
The team requires the longest period to win the Malaysia Cup KelantanKelantan 89 years (1921–2010)
PerlisPerlis 83 years (1921–2004)
Records Teams and players Entry
Most teams goal in the final SelangorSelangor 8 goals (1927 and 1968)
SingaporeSingapore 8 Goals (1933)
Most goal in the final SingaporeSingaporeSelangorSelangor 10 goal (1933)
Top scorer in the single final match Abdul Ghani Minhat 4 goals (1961)
Hat-trick hero in final match Abdul Ghani Minhat (4 goals)
N.Thanabalan
Ervin Boban
Abbas Saad
Juan Manuel Arostegui
Bambang Pamungkas
1961
1968
1991
1994
2003
2005
Foreign coach most of the championship team lead Ken Worden 3 times (1995, 1996 and 2002)
Players who won the most title with the same team Mokhtar Dahari 10 title (1972–1986)
Foreign player who won the title 3 consecutive times Mehmet Durakovic 1995, 1996 and 1997

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malaycuphist.html Malaya Cup Winners History
  2. ^ a b http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malay21.html#cup Malaya Cup 1921
  3. ^ http://www.fam.org.my/history History of FAM
  4. ^ http://www.fas.org.sg/fas/history-singapore-football History of FA of Singapore
  5. ^ http://www.goal.com/en-my/news/3986/editorial/2014/08/10/5023296/is-malaysia-cup-losing-its-appeal Is Malaysia Cup losing its appeal?
  6. ^ http://www.goal.com/en-my/news/3889/main/2016/07/16/25674882/slight-change-to-malaysia-cup-format-may-give-an-edge-to-non Slight change to Malaysia Cup format may give an edge to non-favourite sides
  7. ^ a b http://www.fourfourtwo.com/my/features/malaysia-cup-changes-bring-early-excitement Malaysia Cup changes to bring early excitement
  8. ^ http://www.espn.co.uk/football/blog/football-asia/153/post/2767820/corkhill-five-2016-wishes-for-malaysia Malaysia football needs professional approach and TV deal to thrive
  9. ^ http://m.sportsbusinessdaily.com/Global/Issues/2015/08/31/Marketing-and-Sponsorship/Telekom-Malaysia.aspx Telekom Malaysia Sponsors Malaysia Cup, Unveils New Trophy
  10. ^ http://www.espnfc.com/blog/football-asia/153/post/2983054/rizal-the-hero-as-kedah-beat-selangor-on-pens-in-malaysia-cup-final Rizal the hero as Kedah beat Selangor on pens in Malaysia Cup final
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/infopedia/articles/SIP_1837_2011-09-06.html Malaysia Cup History
  12. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malay48.html Malaya Cup 1948
  13. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malay57.html Malaya Cup 1957
  14. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malay59.html Malaya Cup 1959
  15. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malay67.html Malaya Cup 1967
  16. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malay79.html Malaya Cup 1979
  17. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malay82.html Malaya Cup 1982
  18. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/malay03.html Malaysia 2003
  19. ^ http://news.asiaone.com/News/Latest%2BNews/Sports/Story/A1Story20110712-288801.html Singapore Lions to participate in 2012 Malaysia Cup
  20. ^ LIONSXII Squad List – Football Association of Singapore, 5 December 2011
  21. ^ FAS REVEAL LIONSXII COACH AND SQUAD LIST – Football Association of Singapore, 5 December 2011
  22. ^ http://www.fam.org.my/news/press-release-fam-inks-deal-mp-silva-formalise-fmllp Press Release: FAM INKS DEAL WITH MP & SILVA TO FORMALISE FMLLP
  23. ^ http://www.goal.com/en-my/news/3896/malaysia/2015/05/07/11492462/malaysian-football-going-for-the-german-way A media briefing and workshop was conducted by FAM, FMLLP and MPS to give a clearer picture on what we can expect in Malaysian football
  24. ^ "Malaysia - List of Cup Winners". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  25. ^ "Piala Malaysia". Portal Pusat Maklumat Rakyat (in Malay). Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  26. ^ "Independence Square". abckualalumpur.com. Retrieved 5 November 2014. 
  27. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1309&dat=19880701&id=WWFPAAAAIBAJ&sjid=I5ADAAAAIBAJ&pg=4920,135098&hl=en

External links[edit]