Malaysia Federal Route 1

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Jkr-ft1.png

Federal Route 1
Route information
Part of (Jitra-Bukit Kayu Hitam) and
(Segamat-Yong Peng South Interchange)
Length: 826.6 km (513.6 mi)
Existed: 1880[1] – present
History: Completed in 1939[2][3]
Major junctions
North end: Bukit Kayu Hitam, Kedah
  ROADS
284 Jalan Padang Donan
Jkr-ft194.png Changlun-Kuala Perlis Highway
Jkr-ft7.png Federal Route 7
Jkr-ft255.png Sultanah Bahiyah Highway
Jkr-ft175.png Federal Route 175
Jkr-ft252.png Jalan Gunung Jerai
Jkr-ft257.png Jalan Lencongan Barat
Jkr-ft225.png Jalan Lencongan Timur
Jkr-ft67.png Federal Route 67
Jkr-ft4.png Federal Route 4
Jkr-ft3112.png Jalan Perusahaan Perai
Jkr-ft254.png Federal Route 254
Jkr-ft149.png Jalan Bukit Tambun
Jkr-ft150.png Jalan Paaboi
Jkr-ft283.png Jalan Transkrian
Jkr-ft136.png Federal Route 136
Jkr-ft147.png Jalan Bagan Serai-Lenggong
Jkr-ft75.png Federal Route 75
Jkr-ft76.png Federal Route 76
Jkr-ft239.png Jkr-ft240.png Ipoh North–Ipoh South Local Express Lane
Jkr-ft5.png Federal Route 5
Jkr-ft137.png Jalan Lapangan Terbang Sultan Azlan Shah
Jkr-ft3150.png Jalan Lahat-Simpang Pulai
Jkr-ft185.png Second East-West Highway
Jkr-ft70.png Federal Route 70
Jkr-ft59.png Federal Route 59
Jkr-ft58.png Federal Route 58
Jkr-ft55.png Federal Route 55
Jkr-ft3208.png Jalan Bukit Beruntung
Jkr-ft28.png Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 2
Jkr-ft54.png Federal Route 54
Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1
Kuala Lumpur Inner Ring Road
Jkr-ft2.png Federal Route 2
Jkr-ft31.png Jalan Banting-Semenyih
Jkr-ft3265.png Jalan Nilai-Pajam
Jkr-ft53.png Federal Route 53
Jkr-ft97.png Jalan Senawang-Paroi
Jkr-ft243.png Senawang-NSE Road
Jkr-ft51.png Federal Route 51
Jkr-ft19.png Federal Route 19
Jkr-ft61.png Federal Route 61
Jkr-ft9.png Federal Route 9
Jkr-ft10.png Federal Route 10
Jkr-ft12.png Federal Route 12
Jkr-ft23.png Federal Route 23
Jkr-ft24.png Federal Route 24
Jkr-ft50.png Federal Route 50
J118 Jalan Parit Panjang
Jkr-ft96.png Federal Route 96
J26 Jalan Renggam
Jkr-ft399.png Kulaijaya-NSE Highway
Jkr-ft94.png Federal Route 94
Jkr-ft16.png Senai Airport Highway
Jkr-ft5.png Skudai-Pontian Highway
Jkr-ft17.png Pasir Gudang Highway
Jkr-ft3.png Federal Route 3

Expressway logo.png EXPRESSWAYS
E17 Butterworth Outer Ring Road
E15 Butterworth-Kulim Expressway
E36 Penang Bridge
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
E7 Cheras - Kajang Expressway
E18 Kajang Dispersal Link Expressway
E21 Kajang-Seremban Highway
E3 Second Link Expressway
South end: Johor Bahru, Johor
Location
Primary
destinations:
Jitra
Alor Star
Sungai Petani
Butterworth
Nibong Tebal
Bagan Serai
Taiping
Kuala Kangsar
Sungai Siput
Ipoh
Kampar
Gopeng
Tapah
Bidor
Slim River
Tanjung Malim
Kuala Kubu Bharu
Rawang
Kuala Lumpur
Kajang
Seremban
Rembau
Tampin
Gemas
Segamat
Labis
Chaah
Yong Peng
Ayer Hitam
Machap
Simpang Renggam
Bukit Batu
Sedenak
Kulai
Senai
Skudai
Johor Bahru
Highway system

The Federal Route 1 is the first federal road in Malaysia, and also the oldest federal road in Malaysia, as well as among the nation's earliest public roadways ever constructed.[1] The Federal Route 1 became the backbone of the road system in the western states of Malaysia before being surpassed by the North-South Expressway (E1 and E2).

Route background[edit]

The first distance signboard encountered along the Federal Route 1 from its Kilometre Zero at Johor Bahru, Johor
Jalan Dato Bandar Tunggal, part of the Federal Route 1 in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan

The Federal Route 1 is one of the three north-south backbone federal highways in Peninsular Malaysia; the other two are the Federal Routes 3 and 5.[4]

The Kilometre Zero of the Federal Route 1 is located at the Malaysia-Singapore border at the Johor-Singapore Causeway. Since 2008, it is no longer possible to access the Causeway by the Federal Route 1, when the new Sultan Iskandar CIQ Complex was opened with access to the border checkpoint provided by the Johor Bahru Eastern Dispersal Link Expressway.

At the first kilometre at the city of Johor Bahru, it is connected with the Federal Route 3, the main trunk road of the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Next, at Kilometre 19 which is at Skudai, the route is connected with the Federal Route 5 which is the main trunk road of the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia.[5]

The Federal Route 1 is the main trunk road at the interior part of Peninsular Malaysia but passes the western states. From Tampin to Sungai Siput, the FT1 highway runs along the western foothills of the Titiwangsa Range. The FT1 highway intersects with the Federal Route 2 at Kuala Lumpur before intersecting with another end of the Federal Route 5 at Ipoh. At Sungai Siput, Perak, the route changes its direction westbound and later become the main west coastal route, starting from Changkat Jering, Perak to Alor Setar, Kedah.[5] The route meets with the North-South Expressway Northern Route E1 at Jitra, Kedah and the section of the North-South Expressway from Jitra to Bukit Kayu Hitam is a part of the Federal Route 1.[3][4][6]

There are 92 street names being associated with the Federal Route 1 along its entire length.[7] In addition, it is estimated that over a million of Malaysians rely on the Federal Route 1 users as their main economic source.[3]

History[edit]

The Federal Route 1 is believed to be the nation's earliest public roadway constructed. Construction began in 1880 under the orders on the Sultan of Kedah at that time, Sultan Ahmad Tajuddin Mukarram Shah, connecting Alor Setar, Kedah to Songkhla, Thailand.[1] Today, the road is also a part of the Phetkasem Road (Thailand Route 4), Routes 407 and 414 in Thailand.[3]

The road grew in importance as it connected most of the state capitals on the west coast (except Perlis and Malacca), and as a result, numerous towns grew along its path. The next phases were mostly constructed by the British colonial government as a means to provide an efficient transportation network to exploit the economic resources in Malaya.[3] The second section being completed was Perai-Ipoh section, opened to traffic in 1897. In 1915, the Kuala Lumpur-Ipoh and Johor Bahru-Kulai sections were completed.[2] In 1924, the Johor-Singapore Causeway was completed, connecting Johor Bahru to the island of Singapore.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14] The next sections being completed were Butterworth-Alor Setar and Kulai-Yong Peng sections, both were opened to traffic in 1928. The entire roadway was finally concluded in 1939 after the completion of the final section connecting Yong Peng to Tampin in 1939.[2][3]

Sungai Kelamah Bridge (or Gemencheh Bridge) during the Second World War (left) and the present-time bridge (right)

During the Second World War, the Federal Route 1 sustained heavy damages being resulted from the Malayan Campaign between the British army and the Imperial Japanese Army. During the campaign, it was estimated that more than 100 bridges were blown by the Royal Engineers in order to stop the Japanese advances southwards. Among the most famous bridges being blown were the Sungai Kelamah Bridge (also known as the Gemencheh Bridge), Gemas Bridge and Buloh Kasap Bridge - all of them were located at the Federal Route 1 - as a result of the Battle of Gemas which had claimed the lives of more than 1,000 Imperial Japanese soldiers.[15] After the Second World War ended, the FT1 road was restored and damaged bridges were rebuilt.[3]

A lot of improvements were implemented towards the Federal Route 1 after the independence of Malaya in 1957 and the formation of Malaysia in 1963. Among the earliest improvements during the post-independent Malaya was the construction of the Merdeka Bridge at the Penang-Kedah state border. It was constructed to replace the old bridge that was destroyed in 1942 during the Second World War. The bridge assumed its name for being opened to motorists during the year of Malayan independence.[6]

In 1966, the Tanjung Malim – Slim River Highway FT1 was opened to motorists, becoming the earliest toll road in Malaysia.[16] The two-lane highway bypassed the former section between Slim River to Tanjung Malim, which would later being downgraded to Perak State Route A121 and Federal Route 193[5][17]

The improvements of the FT1 route was also being implemented within the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur as well, in order to improve the highway network within the city. Lack of proper highway planning was blamed for the severe congestion in the city. At that time, the FT1 route within Kuala Lumpur consisted of Jalan Cheras, Jalan Pudu, Jalan Tun Perak (formerly known as Java Street and then Mountbatten Road), Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman and Jalan Ipoh (both previously known as Batu Road).[18] Under the recommendation from the 1979 Klang Valley Review Report, the FT1 route in Kuala Lumpur was rerouted to a new road system consisting Jalan Loke Yew, Jalan Maharajalela, Jalan Kinabalu and Jalan Kuching as a traffic dispersal means as well as providing the constant continuity of the FT1 route in Kuala Lumpur.[19] One of the components of the new road system was the Jalan Kinabalu viaduct, which was opened on 15 March 1963.[20]

The most controversial development of the FT1 highway in Kuala Lumpur was the toll collection at Jalan Kuching FT1. The nine-year concession of Jalan Kuching FT1 was awarded to Kamunting Corporation Berhad, signed on 15 April 1985. In the original concessionaire agreement, Kamunting Corporation Berhad was required to build an interchange at Kepong Roundabout and to upgrade the Jalan Kepong FT54, in return for the nine-year toll collection rights starting from 1987 until 1996. However, in 1987, the concessionaire agreement was amended, and Kamunting Corporation Berhad was required to add two more lanes from the existing four lanes along Jalan Kuching FT1, resulting another 7-year extension of toll concession which was ended in 2003.[21] The toll collection at Jalan Kuching FT1 had sparked fury among Kuala Lumpurian motorists, and numerous protests were held to urge the government to end the toll collection there.[21][22] The toll collection at Jalan Kuching FT1 was finally abolished on 8 January 2003.[23]

In 1977, the government proposed to build a new north-south divided highway as an alternative to the Federal Route 1, which would be later known as the North-South Expressway E1 and E2.[24] The proposal to build the new highway was mooted as a result of the severe congestion along the Federal Route 1.[25] Because of the financially massive scale of the project, the highway was planned to be privatised and tolled, but none of the constructors being invited by the government were willing to do the job due to economic uncertainties at that time and the plan could not be materialised.[24][25] It was only after Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad became the Prime Minister that the North-South Expressway project was revived. The North-South Expressway was launched in 1981,[24] where the Jitra-Bukit Kayu Hitam section was constructed as an upgrade of the existing Federal Route 1 section into a divided highway with partial access control and at-grade intersections.[25] At that time, the construction of the Kuala Lumpur-Seremban Expressway E2 was still ongoing, and therefore the expressway would later form the pioneer route for the southern route. Unlike the other sections of the North-South Expressway, the Jitra-Bukit Kayu Hitam section did not comply with the expressway standards defined by the Arahan Teknik 8/86: A Guide on Geometric Design of Roads which was only published by the Malaysian Public Works Department (JKR) later in 1986, resulting the section to be grandfathered as a part of the North-South Expressway E1.[25] After the North-South Expressway was completed in 1994, the expressway took the role of the Federal Route 1 as the main backbone route in Peninsular Malaysia.[26]

Apart from the Jitra-Bukit Kayu Hitam section that was being upgraded to be a part of the North-South Expressway E1, there are some other sections of the FT1 highway that have been upgraded to toll roads and controlled-access expressways. For example, the Skudai Highway FT1 was completed in November 1985 as a tolled divided highway until 1 March 2004.[27] Meanwhile, Jalan Cheras-Kajang FT1 was upgraded from the former 2-lane road into an 8-lane controlled-access expressway known as the Cheras-Kajang Expressway E7/FT1. The expressway was opened to traffic on 15 January 1999.[28]

Much of the road remains in use, although in September 2009, portions of the road to north of Ipoh were temporarily closed to facilitate double tracking and electrification along the Ipoh-Padang Besar railway line.

Miscellaneous[edit]

List of junctions and towns (south-north)[edit]

Km Exit Interchange/Junctions To Remarks
Johor Bahru-Senai see also Skudai Highway
Saleng
Hospital Temenggong Seri Maharaja Hospital (malaysia).jpg
Indahpura Southwest
Persiaran Indahpura Utama
Indahpura

Northeast
Lebuh Putra Utama
Bandar Putra Kulai
IOI Mall Kulai
Diamond interchange
Kulai Majlis Perbandaran Kulai (MPKulai) main headquarters
Kulai
Jalan Kota Tinggi
East
Jkr-ft94.png Kota Tinggi
Jkr-ft3.png Mersing
Jkr-ft91.png Kota Tinggi waterfall
Jkr-ft92.png Desaru Beach (malaysia).jpg
T-junctions
Kulai
Kulai
Jalan Sengkang
Northeast
Jalan Sengkang
Sengkang
T-junctions
Kulaijaya-NSE Highway West
Jkr-ft399.png Kulaijaya-NSE Highway
(Jalan Alor Bukit)
Taman Puteri Kulai
Gunung Pulai
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Kelapa Sawit
Kampung Rahmat
Sedenak East
J103Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sedenak
Sedenak
T-junctions
Ayer Bemban
Kampung Ayer Manis
Jalan Parit Panjang Southwest
J118Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Parit Panjang
FELDA Bukit Batu
Ayer Baloi
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Bukit Batu
Jalan Layang-Layang Northeast
J6Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Layang Layang
Layang-Layang
T-junctions
Kulaijaya-Kluang district border
Simpang Renggam sub-district border
Jalan FELDA Layang-Layang East
1423 Jalan FELDA Layang-Layang
FELDA Layang-Layang
T-junctions
Johore Safari World
(Closed on 1984)
Abandoned T-junctions
Jalan Benut Southwest
Jkr-ft96.png Benut
Jkr-ft5.png Pontian
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Simpang Renggam
Jalan Simpang Renggam-Layang Layang
Northeast
J26Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Simpang Renggam-Layang Layang
Renggam
T-junctions
Sungai Machap bridge
R&R blue.png Machap Rest and Service Area Parking (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg
Machap
Machap-NSE E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route

North
Kuala Lumpur
Melaka
Ayer Hitam

South
Johor Bahru
Kulai
Simpang Renggam
T-junctions
Tropical Village Parking (malaysia).jpg Information centre (malaysia).jpg T-junctions
Kluang-Batu Pahat district border
Simpang Renggam-Yong Peng sub-district border
Ayer Hitam, Bandar Presinggahan
(The Rest Town of Johor)
Ayer Hitam Southwest
Jkr-ft50.png Batu Pahat
Jkr-ft50.png Parit Raja

Northeast
Jkr-ft50.png Kluang
Jkr-ft3.png Mersing
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
Junctions
Masjid Sultan Ibrahim, Ayer Hitam
Ayer Hitam, Bandar Presinggahan
(The Rest Town of Johor)
Sungai Semberong Bridge
Jalan Olak Batu Southwest
J206Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Olak Batu
Olak Batu
T-junctions
Kampung Haji Abdul Ghaffar
Yong Peng South-NSE South Only
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Johor Bahru
Simpang Renggam
Ayer Hitam
T-junctions
Yong Peng West
Jkr-ft24.png Muar
Jkr-ft24.png Parit Sulong
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Jalan Paloh East
J16Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Paloh
Paloh
Kluang
T-junctions
TNB Yong Peng intake Largest power intake in Johor state
Batu Pahat-Segamat district border
Yong Peng-Labis sub-district border
Sungai Simpang Kiri bridge
Chaah
Jalan Bekok East
J150Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Bekok
Bekok
Jagoh
T-junctions
Kampung Sungai Karas
Sungai Gatom bridge
Sungai Labis bridge
Jalan Muar-Labis North
Jalan Stesen Keretapi Labis
Labis Railway Station
Parking (malaysia).jpg

Southwest
J32Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Muar-Labis
Bukit Kepong
Pagoh
Muar
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Railway crossing bridge
Labis East
Jalan Bandar Labis
Town Centre
Hospital Labis Hospital (malaysia).jpg
T-junctions
Labis
Jalan Ayer Panas North
J151Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Ayer Panas
Pekan Air Panas
T-junctions
Labis-Segamat sub-district border
Hutan Rizab Bukit Mambai
Tenang
Genuang Jkr-ft1.svg Kampung Melayu Raya
Jkr-ft1.svg Genuang
T-junction
Segamat Industrial Area Jkr-ft1.svg Kampung Melayu Raya
Jkr-ft1.svg Genuang
Segamat Industrial Area
Hospital Segamat Hospital (malaysia).jpg
Bandar Putra Segamat
Junctions
Segamat
Kampung Abdullah
South
J14Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Pogoh
Bukit Kepong
Lenga
Muar

North
Segamat Inner Ring Road
1384 FELDA Medoi
J154Jkr-ft--.png Kampung Tengah
Junctions
Sungai Segamat Bridge
Segamat South
Jkr-ft23.png Muar
Jkr-ft23.png Tangkak
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
Junctions
Segamat
Taman Pemuda
North
Segamat Inner Ring Road
1384 FELDA Medoi
J154Jkr-ft--.png Kampung Tengah
Junctions
Tun Razak Highway North
Jkr-ft12.png Tun Razak Highway
Jkr-ft2.png Kuantan
Jkr-ft12.png Gambang
Jkr-ft12.png Bandar Muadzam Shah
E8 Kuala Terengganu
Junctions
Buloh Kasap Southwest
J153Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Tasek Alai
Jkr-ft23.png Muar
Jkr-ft23.png Tangkak
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Sungai Muar Bridge
Jambatan Buloh Kasap
Historical site
Railway crossing bridge
Jalan Batu Enam South
J43Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Batu Enam
Jkr-ft24.png Muar
Jkr-ft24.png Tangkak
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Batu Enam
Railway crossing bridge
Gemas Baharu
Johor Darul Takzim
Segamat district border
Segamat sub-district border
Sungai Gemas Bridge
Johor-Negeri Sembilan Border
Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus
Tampin district border
GEMAS Parking (malaysia).jpg Gemas railway station
Railway crossing
Taman Desa Permai North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Bangka Hulu
Kampung Ladang
Bangka Hulu
Pasir Besar
T-junctions
Gemas Army Camp
(Kor Armor Diraja)
Jalan Jempol North
Jkr-ft10.png Temerloh
Jkr-ft10.png Bahau
Jkr-ft10.png Rompin
T-junctions
Battle of Gemencheh Bridge historical site
Sungai Gemencheh Bridge
Historical site
FELDA Sungai Kelamah
Kampung Sungai Dua South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Nyalas
Ayer Kuning
Nyalas
Jasin
T-junctions
Kampung Baharu Gedok
Gemencheh Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Dangi-Kesang Pajak

North
Dangi
Bahau

South
Batang Melaka
Selandar
Jasin
Junctions
Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus
Tampin district border
Negeri Sembilan-Melaka Border
Melaka
Alor Gajah district border
Kampung Ibus
Sempang Kampung Sungga South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Machap
Machap Umboo
Durian Tunggal
Melaka
T-junctions
Melaka
Alor Gajah district border
Melaka-Negeri Sembilan Border
Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus
Tampin district border
Kampung Pondoi
Jalan Kuala Pilah North
Jkr-ft9.png Karak
Jkr-ft9.png Kuala Pilah
Jkr-ft9.png Johol
T-junctions
Tampin Tampin Museum
Tampin District and Land Office
Majlis Daerah Tampin main headquarters
Masjid Tampin
Tampin South
Jkr-ft61.png Tampin Bypass
Melaka
Alor Gajah
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru

West
Jkr-ft61.png Tampin town centre
Tampin Railway Station
Roundabout
Upgrades to an intersection
Under construction
Parking (malaysia).jpg Tampin Lybay Parking (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Ly-bay
Tampin-Rembau district border
Kampung Ulu Kendong South
Jkr-ft19.png Melaka
Jkr-ft19.png Alor Gajah
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Railway crossing bridge
Kampung Padang Lebar
Jalan Semerbok Southwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Semerbok
Semerbok
T-junctions
Kampung Kota Lama
Kampung Perah
Jalan Gadong Northeast
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Gadong
Gadong
Chengkau
T-junctions
Jalan Kota West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kota
Kota
T-junctions
Kampung Kota
Tanjung Berangan
Jalan Paya Lebar Southwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Paya Lebar
Paya Lebar
T-junctions
Railway crossing bridge
Jalan Gadong Northeast
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Gadong
Gadong
Chengkau
T-junctions
Jalan Inas East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Inas
Inas
Johol
Kuala Pilah
T-junctions
Jalan Chembong North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Chembong
Chembong
Ulu Sepri
T-junctions
Rembau
Railway crossing bridge
P&R Rembau railway stations Parking (malaysia).jpg
Rembau Rembau District and Land Office T-junctions
Kampung Tebing Tinggi
Jalan Batu Hampar North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Batu Hampar
Batu Hampar
T-junctions
Jalan Rantau-Pedas North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Rantau-Pedas
Rantau
Pedas
T-junctions
Rembau Industrial Area
Wet World Resort Pedas
Pedas South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Pedas-Linggi
Linggi
Port Dickson
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Pedas
Jalan Chembong
East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Chembong
Chembong
Ulu Sepri
T-junctions
Railway crossing bridge
Rembau-Seremban district border
Sungai Gadut bridge
P&R Sungai Gadut Komuter station Sungai Gadut Komuter station
Parking (malaysia).jpg
KTM Komuter
Jalan Sungai Gadut South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sungai Gadut
Sungai Gadut
Rantau
T-junctions
Senawang Jkr-ft97.png Jalan Senawang-Paroi

North
Jkr-ft97.png Paroi
Jkr-ft51.png Kuala Pilah
Jkr-ft51.png Sri Menanti
Ulu Bendol Recreation Area

South
Jkr-ft243.png Senawang-NSE Road
Taman Seremban Jaya
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
Diamond interchange
Kampung Baru Rahang
Taman Ideal Taman Ideal Junctions
Railway crossing bridge
Rahang-SIRR Seremban Inner Ring Road

Southwest
Jkr-ft195.png Labu
Jkr-ft195.png Nilai
Jkr-ft53.png Port Dickson
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru

North
Jkr-ft51.png Kuala Pilah
Jkr-ft86.png Kuala Klawang (Jelebu)
Jkr-ft1.svg Mantin
Diamond interchange
Sungai Linggi bridge
Start/End of separated carriageway
Seremban
Jalan Dato' Muda Linggi
North
Jkr-ft51.png Jalan Dato' Muda Linggi
Jkr-ft86.png Kuala Klawang (Jelebu)
Jkr-ft51.png Paroi
Jkr-ft51.png Kuala Pilah
Jkr-ft51.png Seri Menanti
Ulu Bendol Recreation Area
T-junctions
Seremban
Jalan Rasah
South
Jkr-ft53.png Jalan Rasah
Port Dickson
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
Junctions
Seremban
Seremban Station Roundabout
Southwest
Seremban Komuter station
Parking (malaysia).jpg

Southeast
Jkr-ft1.svg Jalan Zaaba
Senawang
Seremban Lake Gardens
Seremban State Mosque
Roundabout
Seremban
Jalan Sungai Ujong
Southwest
Jkr-ft195.png Seremban-Bukit Nenas Highway
Jalan Sungai Ujong
Labu
Nilai
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
Junctions
Seremban
Seremban Old Mosque
Southeast
Jkr-ft1.svg Jalan Yam Tuan
Jkr-ft1.svg Jalan Zaaba
Jkr-ft1.svg Senawang
Seremban Lake Gardens
Seremban State Mosque
Start/End of separated carriageway
Taman Suria
Taman Bukit Markisa
Jalan Mantin-SIRR East
Seremban Inner Ring Road
Sikamat
Kuala Klawang (Jelebu)
Kuala Pilah
Senawang
Interchange
Taman Dawn
Bukit Mika
Taman Kota Emas
Setul-LEKAS E21 Kajang-Seremban Highway

North
Kuala Lumpur
Kajang
Pajam

South
Kuala Pilah
Paroi
Ampangan
T-junctions
Kawasan Industri Ringan Jalan Tun Dr Ismail
Kampung Raya
Kampung Belihoi
Jalan Lenggeng East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Lenggeng
Lenggeng
T-junctions
Mantin-LEKAS E21 Kajang-Seremban Highway

North
Kuala Lumpur
Kajang
Pajam

South
Seremban
Ampangan
Setul
T-junctions
Mantin Southwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Andalas
T-junctions
Mantin Northeast
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sungai Gunung
Lenggeng
T-junctions
Mantin Southeast
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kampung Abdullah
T-junctions
Jalan Nilai-Pajam West
Jkr-ft3265.png Jalan Nilai-Pajam
Pajam
Nilai
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Airport (malaysia).jpg
Sepang
E2 North-South Expressway Southern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
T-junctions
Ulu Beranang
Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus
Seremban district border
Negeri Sembilan-Selangor Border
Selangor Darul Ehsan
Hulu Langat district border
Beranang West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Enam Kaki
Bangi
Dengkil
T-junctions
Semenyih East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Broga
Broga
T-junctions
Sungai Semenyih Bridge
Semenyih West
Jkr-ft31.png Jalan Banting-Semenyih
Bangi
Dengkil
E21 Kajang-Seremban Highway
Kuala Lumpur
Seremban
T-junctions
Kajang South-LEKAS E21 Kajang-Seremban Highway

North
Kuala Lumpur
Cheras
Saujana Impian

South
Seremban
Pajam
Full cloverleaf interchange
Kajang Prima-SILK West Only
E18 Kajang Dispersal Link Expressway
Puchong
Putrajaya
Cyberjaya
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Airport (malaysia).jpg
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru
Half diamond interchange
Taman Zamrud South
Jalan Taman Zamrud
Taman Zamrud
T-junctions
Jalan Sungai Jelok Northeast
Jalan Sungai Jelok
Kajang Prison
T-junctions
Kajang
Jelok
Kajang Kajang Hospital Hospital (malaysia).jpg
Kajang
Jalan Bukit
South
Jalan Bukit
Taman Bukit
Taman Kajang Jaya
T-junctions
Kajang West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kajang-Puchong
Sungai Chua
E18 Kajang Dispersal Link Expressway
Puchong
Putrajaya
Cyberjaya
Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) Airport (malaysia).jpg
Kuala Lumpur
Johor Bahru

South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Reko
Town Centre
Bandar Baru Bangi
Bangi
Dengkil
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) University sign.jpg
Kajang Railway station
Junctions
Kajang
Masjid Bandar Kajang
Northeast
Jalan Sungai Kantan
Kampung Sungai Kantan
T-junctions
Sungai Jernih bridge
Kajang KPJ Kajang Specialist Hospital Hospital (malaysia).jpg
P&R Sungai Jernih MRT station P&R Sungai Jernih MRT station
MRT SBK
Under construction
Kajang-CKE E7 Cheras-Kajang Expressway
North
Kuala Lumpur
Cheras
Balakong

East
Kajang Bypass
Seremban
Semenyih
Saujana Impian
Diamond interchange
Kampung Bukit Dukung
Kajang-Cheras see also E7 Cheras-Kajang Expressway
Cheras-Kuala Lumpur see also Cheras Highway
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur-Rawang see also Kuala Lumpur-Rawang Highway
Rawang
Gombak-Hulu Selangor district border
Sungai Choh West
Jkr-ft3208.png Jalan Bukit Beruntung
Bukit Beruntung
Serendah Industrial Area
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Ipoh
T-junctions
Serendah Parking (malaysia).jpg Serendah railway station
Serendah Golf Resort
Railway crossing bridge
Ulu Yam East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Ulu Yam
Ulu Yam
Sungai Sendat waterfalls
T-junctions
Batang Kali West
Parking (malaysia).jpg Batang Kali railway station

East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Batang Kali-Ulu Yam
Jkr-ft--.png Ulu Yam
Jkr-ft--.png Genting Highlands
Ulu Yam hotsprings
T-junctions
Rasa Parking (malaysia).jpg Rasa railway station
Jalan Ampang Pechah Northeast
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Ampang Pechah
Ampang Pechah
Kuala Kubu Bharu
Jkr-ft55.png Fraser's Hill
Darul Quran Jakim University sign.jpg
T-junctions
Sungai Selangor Bridge
Rasa Industrial Area
Kuala Kubu Bharu
Kuala Kubu Road
West
Jalan Stesen Keretapi
Parking (malaysia).jpg Kuala Kubu Bharu railway station

East
Jkr-ft55.png Fraser's Hill
Jkr-ft55.png Raub
Jkr-ft8.png Bentong
Jkr-ft8.png Kuala Lipis
T-junctions
Kampung Kuala Paya
Kampung Kuala Kubu Road
Railway crossing bridge
Sungai Kerling bridge
Kerling
Railway crossing bridge
Kampung Air Panas
Kampung Gumut
Taman Tempua Bestari
Sungai Keliang bridge
Kalumpang
Sungai Keliang bridge
Kampung Keliang
Tanjung Malim-NSE Interchange - Slim River see also Tanjung Malim-Slim River Highway
Slim River-NSE E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route

North
Alor Star
Penang
Ipoh

South
Kuala Lumpur
Tanjung Malim
T-junctions
Kampung Batu Ampat
Jalan FELDA Besout West
1154 Jalan FELDA Besout
FELDA Besout
T-junctions
Terolak
Kampung Terolak
FELDA Terolak
Muallim-Batang Padang district border
Sungkai Deer Farm
Jalan Sungai Klah East
1149 Jalan Sungai Klah
FELDA Sungai Klah
Sungai Klah Hotsprings
T-junctions
Kampung Gajah
Kampung Pekan Lama
Jalan Pekan Sungkai West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Pekan Sungkai
Sungkai town
T-junctions
Sungkai-NSE E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route

North
Alor Star
Penang
Ipoh

South
Kuala Lumpur
Tanjung Malim
T-junctions
Sungai Sungkai Bridge
Kampung Buloh Telor
Sungkai East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Ulu Sungkai
Kampung Ulu Sungkai
T-junctions
Sungkai West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Pekan Sungkai
Sungkai town
Changkat Sulaiman
FELDA Besout
T-junctions
Taman Permai Jaya Taman Permai Jaya
Parking (malaysia).jpg Sungkai railway station
T-junctions
Kampung Bikam
Kampung Baharu Pekan Pasir
Bidor Bypass West
Jkr-ft321.png Bidor Bypass
Jkr-ft58.png Teluk Intan
Jkr-ft5.png Lumut
Jkr-ft5.png Sitiawan
Jkr-ft5.png Pangkor Island
Junctions
Sungai Bidor Bridge
Bidor West
Jkr-ft58.png Teluk Intan
Jkr-ft5.png Lumut
Jkr-ft5.png Sitiawan
Jkr-ft5.png Pangkor Island

East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kampung Poh
Kampung Poh
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Ipoh
Junctions
Kampung Bukit Pagar
Tapah West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Tapah
Tapah Road
Chikus
Pasir Salak
Teluk Intan
Pasir Salak Historical Complex
Junctions
Sungai Batang Padang bridge
Tapah East
Jkr-ft59.png Cameron Highlands
Jkr-ft59.png Kuala Woh waterfall
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Ipoh
Junctions
Sungai Cherok bridge
Jalan Chenderiang North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Chenderiang
Chenderiang
T-junctions
Kampung Baharu Ladang Banir
Jalan Sungai Chenderiang North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sungai Chenderiang
Chenderiang
T-junctions
Kampung Pasir
Temoh West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Temoh
Temoh Road
Tanjung Tualang
T-junctions
Batang Padang-Kampar district border
Tapah sub-district border
Kampar
Kampar South
Jkr-ft70.png Ayer Kuning
Jkr-ft70.png Langkap
Jkr-ft58.png Teluk Intan
T-junctions
Kampar
Jalan Chenderiang South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Chenderiang
Chenderiang
T-junctions
Kampung Kuala Dipang West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Malim Nawar
Malim Nawar
Tanjung Tualang
T-junctions
Jeram
Gopeng-NSE E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route

North
Alor Star
Penang
Ipoh

South
Kuala Lumpur
Tanjung Malim
T-junctions
Gopeng
Gopeng West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kota Baharu
Kota Baharu
T-junctions
Historical Gopeng Pipeline Historical site
Masjid Jamek Baru Gopeng
Gopeng Fire Station
Gopeng
Kampar-Kinta district border
Batu Gajah Highway West
Jkr-ft--.png Batu Gajah Highway
Jkr-ft--.png Batu Gajah
Jkr-ft5.png Lumut
Jkr-ft5.png Sitiawan
Jkr-ft5.png Pangkor Island
Jkr-ft--.png Kellie's Castle
T-junctions
Simpang Pulai-NSE E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route

North
Alor Star
Penang
Ipoh

South
Kuala Lumpur
Tanjung Malim
T-junctions
Simpang Pulai West
Jkr-ft3150.png Jalan Lahat-Simpang Pulai
Jkr-ft3150.png Lahat
Jkr-ft3150.png Pasir Pinji

East
Jkr-ft185.png Second East-West Highway
Cameron Highlands
Gua Musang
Kuala Lipis
Kota Bharu
Kuala Terengganu
T-junctions
Kek Lok Tong temple
Sam Poh Tong temple
Pomelo stalls Parking (malaysia).jpg
Jalan Lapangan Terbang Sultan Azlan Shah West
Jkr-ft137.png Jalan Lapangan Terbang Sultan Azlan Shah
Sultan Azlan Shah Airport Airport (malaysia).jpg
T-junctions
Ipoh
Taman Gopeng
West
Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah Selatan (Jalan President Kennedy)
Taman Cerilex
Pasir Puteh

Northeast
Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah
Tambun
Sungai Siput
Tanjung Rambutan
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star
Diamond interchange
Istana Kinta
The Royal Casuarina Hotel
Ipoh
Bulatan Sultan Yussuf
East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Tambun
Tambun
Sungai Siput
Tanjung Rambutan
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star
Roundabout
Ipoh
Ipoh railway station
Ipoh railway station
Cenotaph Ipoh
Parking (malaysia).jpg
Ipoh
Jalan Kelab
South
Jkr-ft5.png Jalan Kelab
Menglembu
Lumut
Sitiawan
T-junctions
Ipoh
Railway flyover bridge
East
Jalan Raja Musa Aziz
Taman Dr Seenivasagam (Formerly Coronation Park)
Ipoh General Hospital
Bukit Cheroh Bukit Cheroh
Bukit Lang
T-junctions
Pottery Centre Parking (malaysia).jpg
Meh Prasit Siamese Temple
Ipoh North-NSE Jkr-ft239.png Jkr-ft240.png Ipoh North–Ipoh South Local Express Lane

E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route

Jkr-ft239.png North
Alor Star
Penang

Jkr-ft240.png South
Kuala Lumpur
Tanjung Malim
Cloverleaf interchange
Jalan Tasek South
Jalan Tasek
Bercham
T-junctions
Chemor Southwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Jelapang
Jelapang

East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Tambun
Tambun
Tanjung Rambutan
Hospital Bahagia
Tanjung Rambutan waterfall
Junctions
Kanthan
Kinta-Kuala Kangsar district border
Sungai Siput (South)
Sungai Siput (North)
Jalan Lintang Timur North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Lintang Timur
Sungai Nyamuk
Lintang
T-junctions
Jalan Lintang Barat North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Lintang Barat
Lintang
T-junctions
Railway crossing bridge
Kampung Kangsar Road
Salak Baharu
Karai North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Karai
Karai
Historical Victoria Bridge
T-junctions
Jalan Sayong South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Manong
Sayong
Manong
Parit
Labu Sayong craft centre
T-junctions
Sungai Perak Bridge
Jambatan Iskandariah
Kuala Kangsar, Bandar Diraja
(The Royal Town of Perak)
Jalan Sungai Temong Northwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sungai Temong
Jkr-ft--.png Sungai Temong
Jkr-ft76.png Lenggong
Jkr-ft76.png Gerik
Jkr-ft4.png Kota Bharu
T-junctions
Kampung Kledang
Kampung Kota Lama Kiri Kampung Kota Lama Kiri
Kampung Bendang Susur
T-junctions
Kampung Masjid
Kampung Parit
Kampung Banjir
Kuala Kangsar
Jambatan Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah
West
Jalan Tun Razak
Kuala Kangsar railway station

East
Jalan Jambatan Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah
Jambatan Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah
Sayong
Manong
Parit
Labu Sayong craft centre
Junctions
Kuala Kangsar Medan Selera Kuala Kangsar
Tepian Sungai Perak
T-junctions
Kuala Kangsar
Kuala Kangsar clock tower
Southwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kangsar
Jerlun
Manong
Parit
Beruas

Southeast
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Istana
Istana Iskandariah
Istana Kenangan
Galeri Sultan Azlan Shah
Masjid Ubudiah
(Ubudiah Mosque)
Makam Al-Ghufran
(Perak Royal Mausoleum)
Roundabout
Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK)
Jalan Tun Razak North
Jalan Tun Razak
Kuala Kangsar railway station
T-junctions
Kuala Kangsar, Bandar Diraja
(The Royal Town of Perak)
Kuala Kangsar Royal Welcome Arch
Kuala Kangsar (West) North
Jkr-ft76.png Lengggong
Jkr-ft76.png Gerik
Jkr-ft4.png Kota Bharu

South
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star
Diamond interchange
Kampung Kuala Dal
Kampung Dendang Kering
Kampung Binjai
Kampung Padang Asam
Padang Rengas North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Padang Lintar
Padang Lintar
Labu Kubong
T-junctions
Kuala Kangsar-Larut,Matang and Selama district border
Sungai Bukit Gantang
Bukit Berapit
Kampung Pasir Besar
Kampung Pauh
Kampung Sungai Serai
Jalan Bukit Gantang South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Bukit Gantang
Bukit Gantang
Bukit Chempedak
T-junctions
Jalan Sungai Bukit Gantang South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sungai Bukit Gantang
Sungai Bukit Gantang
T-junctions
Kampung Paya
Changkat Jering Northeast
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Air Kuning
Taiping

Southwest
Jkr-ft60.png Pantai Remis
Jkr-ft60.png Beruas
Jkr-ft60.png Lumut
Jkr-ft60.png Sitiawan
Jkr-ft60.png Pangkor Island
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star
Junctions
Taiping
Simpang
West
Jkr-ft74.png Kuala Sepetang
Jkr-ft74.png Matang
Kota Ngah Ibrahim

East
Jkr-ft74.png Taiping
Jkr-ft74.png Kamunting
Jkr-ft74.png Bukit Larut
Junctions
Taman Bukit Jaya
Sungai Bukit Teguh bridge
Sungai Jebong bridge
Kampung Air Putih
Taiping (North) West
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star

East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kamunting Lama
Kamunting
Taiping
Bukit Larut
Junctions
Kampung Dew
Sungai Sepetang bridge
Larut,Matang and Selama-Kerian district border
Jalan Gula-Jalan Semanggol West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Gula
Kuala Gula
Kuala Kurau
Kuala Gula Bird Sanctuary

East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Semanggol
Simpang Ampat Semanggol
Bukit Merah
Bukit Merah Laketown Resort
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star
Junctions
Sungai Gedong
Sungai Kurau bridge
Kampung Teluk Medan
Kampung Masjid Tinggi
Kampung Alor Senggut
Bagan Serai West
Jkr-ft75.png Kuala Kurau

East
Jkr-ft147.png Jalan Bagan Serai-Lenggong
Jkr-ft147.png Kubu Gajah
Jkr-ft147.png Selama
Jkr-ft147.png Lenggong
Junctions
Bagan Serai
Kampung Sungai Bongak
Simpang Lima Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Titi Serong

West
Titi Serong
Kampung Sungai Kota

East
Kampung Tali Air


Southwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kuala Kurau
Kuala Kurau
Junctions
Parit Buntar Southwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Tanjung Piandang
Tanjung Piandang

Northeast
Jkr-ft136.png Jalan Parit Buntar
Town Centre
Jkr-ft136.png Bandar Baharu
Jkr-ft136.png Serdang
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star
Junctions
Parit Buntar West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sungai Bakau
Sungai Bakau

East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Padang
Jkr-ft136.png Town Centre
Jkr-ft136.png Bandar Baharu
Jkr-ft136.png Serdang
Hospital Parit Buntar Hospital (malaysia).jpg
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star
Junctions
Perak Darul Ridzuan
Kerian district border
Parit Sempadan Parit Buntar bridge
Perak-Penang Border
Penang
Seberang Perai Selatan district border
Teluk Ipil
Jalan Transkrian Southeast
Jkr-ft283.png Jalan Transkrian
Transkrian
Parit Buntar
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) Engineering Campus University sign.jpg
T-junctions
Sungai Kerian Bridge
Nibong Tebal
Nibong Tebal Iron Bridge
Railway crossing bridge
Jawi-NSE E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route

North
Alor Star
Butterworth
Penang

South
Kuala Lumpur
Ipoh
Bandar Baharu
T-junctions
Jawi
Sungai Bakap
Kampung Gurun
Val D'or
Seberang Perai Selatan-Seberang Perai Tengah district border
Railway crossing bridge
Kampung Paaboi North
Jkr-ft150.png Jalan Paaboi
Bukit Tambun
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route (Southbound)
Ipoh
Penang Hospital (malaysia).jpg
Queensbay Airport (malaysia).jpg
Bayan Lepas Industrial Zone (Phases)
Universiti Sains Malaysia
T-junctions
Taman Simpang Ampat & Bukit Tambun Northbound
Bukit Tambun
Batu Kawan
T-junctions
Simpang Empat West
Jkr-ft149.png Jalan Bukit Tambun
Bukit Tambun
E28 Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge (Penang Second Bridge)
Bayan Lepas Industrial Zone (Phases)
Queensbay Airport (malaysia).jpg
Penang Hospital (malaysia).jpg
F.I.Z. / USM
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Gerik
Alor Setar

East
P124
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Tasek
Tasek
Junjong
Kulim
T-junctions
Permatang Tinggi Alma
Machang Bubok
Kulim
Bukit Mertajam (North bound)
T-junctions
Bukit Minyak Industrial Area Bukit Tambun
Batu Kawan (South Bound)
T-junctions
Juru-Butterworth see also
Butterworth-Juru Highway
Perai Taman Perai Jaya
Butterworth Outer Ring Road South
Jkr-ft3112.png Jalan Perusahaan Perai
Perai Industrial Area

West
E17 Butterworth Outer Ring Road
Butterworth
Ferry Terminal
Sungai Perai bridge
Jalan Bagan 1 Telaga Air Jalan Mak Mandin
Butterworth East
P191
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sungai Nyior
Raja Uda

West
P191
Jkr-ft--.png Ferry Terminal
Interchange
Jalan Heng Choon Tian East
E15 Jkr-ft4.png Butterworth-Kulim Expressway
Kulim
Seberang Jaya

West
North Butterworth Container Terminal
E17 Butterworth Outer Ring Road
NBCT
Alor Setar
Bagan Ajam Bagan Lalang Sungai Puyu
Bagan Tambang
Titi Mukim North
P1
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Permatang Bendahari
Kota Kuala Muda
Kuala Muda
Pantai Merdeka
T-junctions
Simpang Empat Permatang Sintok
P3
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Bertam
Northwest
Kota Kuala Muda
Kuala Muda
Pantai Merdeka

South
Bertam
Padang Menora
Bukit Mertajam
Junctions
Kepala Batas
East
P123
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kubang Menerung
Bertam
Kubang Menerung
Tasek Gelugor
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Kuala Lumpur
Alor Star
T-junctions
Lahar Ikan Mati
Permatang Tiga Ringgit
Kampung Bumbung
Penang
Seberang Perai Utara district border
Sungai Muda Bridge
Jambatan Merdeka
Penang-Kedah Border
Kedah Darul Aman
Kuala Muda district border
Tikam Batu West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kuala Muda
Kota Kuala Muda
Kuala Muda
Pantai Merdeka
T-junctions
Jalan Lencongan Timur East
Jkr-ft225.png Jalan Lencongan Timur
Bandar Aman Jaya
Kuala Ketil
T-junctions
Sungai Petani South-NSE West
Jkr-ft257.png Jalan Lencongan Barat
Sungai Layar

East
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Alor Setar
Kuala Lumpur
Butterworth
Kulim
T-junctions
Sungai Petani bridge
Sungai Petani East
Jkr-ft67.png Baling
Jkr-ft67.png Gerik
Jkr-ft67.png Kuala Ketil
Jkr-ft67.png Kulim
T-junctions
Railway crossing bridge
Taman Lagenda Indah
Jalan Lencongan Timur East
Jkr-ft225.png Jalan Lencongan Timur
Bandar Aman Jaya
Kuala Ketil
T-junctions
Sungai Petani North-NSE West
Jkr-ft257.png Jalan Lencongan Barat
Sungai Layar

East
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Alor Setar
Kuala Lumpur
Butterworth
Kulim
T-junctions
Sungai Lalang
Bedong West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Pantai Barat Kedah
Merbok
Yan
Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum
T-junctions
Railway crossing bridge
Gurun
Gurun East
Jkr-ft175.png Jeniang
Jkr-ft175.png Sik
Jkr-ft175.png Gurun Industrial Area
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Alor Setar
Kuala Lumpur
T-junctions
Gurun
Kuala Muda-Yan district border
Jalan Gunung Jerai Southwest
Jkr-ft252.png Jalan Gunung Jerai
Kampung Titi Teras
Gunung Jerai
T-junctions
Guar Chempedak
Guar Chempedak Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Guar Chempedak

West
Yan

East
Banggul Sanai
Sungai Rotan
Junctions
Guar Chempedak
Sungai Padang Terap bridge
Madrasah Taufiqiah Khairiah Al-Halimiah (Pondok Pak Ya)
Padang Lumat
Yan-Kota Setar district border
Kota Sarang Semut West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Sala
Sala

East
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Pendang-Kota Sarang Semut
Pendang
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Alor Setar
Kuala Lumpur
Junctions
Simpang Empat Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Simpang Empat, Kedah

West
Kampung Kuala Kangkong
Permatang Ibus

East
Tokai
Tanah Merah
Junctions
Alor Setar Selatan Northwest
Jkr-ft255.png Sultanah Bahiyah Highway
Jkr-ft7.png Kangar
Jkr-ft78.png Kuala Kedah

East
E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route
Bukit Kayu Hitam
Kuala Lumpur
Junctions
Alor Setar Selatan-Alor Setar see also Sultan Abdul Halim Highway
Alor Setar
Alor Setar-Jitra see also Darul Aman Highway
Jitra Northwest
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Arau
Arau
Kangar
Padang Besar
T-junctions
Jitra-Bukit Kayu Hitam see also E1 North-South Expressway Northern Route

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Roads in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Ministry of Works. 2011. p. 15. ISBN 978-967-5399-17-6. 
  2. ^ a b c Roads in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Ministry of Works. 2011. p. 16. ISBN 978-967-5399-17-6. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Sejarah lengkap Jalan Persekutuan 1". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2015-05-31. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Kenali rangkaian laluan tulang belakang negara kita". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2014-11-01. Retrieved 2015-11-18. 
  5. ^ a b c Inventori Rangkaian Jalan Utama Persekutuan Semenanjung Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Ministry of Works. 2009. pp. 58–64. ISBN 978-983-44278-2-5. 
  6. ^ a b "Istimewa Hari Merdeka - Sejarah Jambatan Merdeka FT1". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2014-08-31. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  7. ^ "Jalan 1Malaysia kembali dengan semangat baru". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  8. ^ Johore Annual Report 1920
  9. ^ Johore Annual Report 1921
  10. ^ Johore Annual Report 1922
  11. ^ Johore Annual Report 1923
  12. ^ Johore Annual Report 1924
  13. ^ Johore Annual Report 1925
  14. ^ Page 21. A Souvernir Commemorating The Diamond Jubilee of His Highness the Sultan of Johore (1885-1955), 1955.
  15. ^ Coulthard-Clark 2001, p.197.
  16. ^ "Menyingkap sejarah lebuh raya" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 2012-03-10. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  17. ^ "Lebuhraya Slim River-Tanjung Malim FT1 - Lebuh raya tol terawal negara". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  18. ^ "Sejarah lengkap Jalan Lingkaran Tengah 1 (JLT1) Kuala Lumpur". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2015-01-14. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  19. ^ 1979 Klang Valley Review Report - Accessed on 2015-05-31.
  20. ^ "Perasmian Viaduct di antara Jalan Birch dengan Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin". Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah (in Malay). National Archives of Malaysia. 1963-03-15. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  21. ^ a b Lim Kit Siang (1999-02-07). "Media Conference Statement - second nation-wide toll plazas protest at the Jalan Kuching Toll Plaza". Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  22. ^ Quek, Lawrence (1999-02-10). "Kerajaan diminta telus mengenai konsesi tol" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  23. ^ "Kutipan tol di lebuhraya Metramac dimansuhkan" (in Malay). Malaysiakini. 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  24. ^ a b c Roads in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Ministry of Works. 2011. p. 204. ISBN 978-967-5399-17-6. 
  25. ^ a b c d "Sejarah lengkap Lebuhraya Utara-Selatan E1 dan E2". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2015-04-20. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  26. ^ "Perasmian Penyempurnaan Lebuhraya Utara-Selatan". Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah. National Archives of Malaysia. 1994-10-08. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  27. ^ "Perasmian Penutupan Plaza Tol Senai, Lebuh Raya Senai-Tampoi". Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah. National Archives of Malaysia. 2004-03-01. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  28. ^ "The Cheras-Kajang Highway". Grand Saga Sdn. Bhd. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 

See also[edit]