Malaysia Federal Route 2

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Jkr-ft2.png

Federal Route 2
Route information
Part of
(Kampung Bandar Dalam - Karak)
Length: 276.9 km (172.1 mi)
Existed: 1915[1] – present
History: Completed in 1959[2]
Major junctions
West end: Port Klang, Selangor
  ROADS
Jkr-ft103.png Northport Highway
Jkr-ft180.png North-South Port Link
Jkr-ft5.png Federal Route 5
Jkr-ft20.png North Klang Straits Bypass
Jkr-ft15.png Federal Route 15
Jkr-ft1.svg Federal Route 1
Jkr-ft68.png Federal Route 68
Jkr-ft28.png Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 2
Genting Sempah-Genting Highlands Highway
Jkr-ft8.png Gua Musang Highway
Jkr-ft9.png Federal Route 9
Jkr-ft236.png Jalan Lanchang
Jkr-ft10.png Federal Route 10
Jkr-ft83.png Federal Route 83
Jkr-ft232.png Federal Route 232
Jkr-ft62.png Federal Route 62
Jkr-ft64.png Federal Route 64
Jkr-ft222.png MEC Highway
Jkr-ft12.png Tun Razak Highway
Jkr-ft3.png Kuantan Bypass
Jkr-ft3.png Federal Route 3
Jkr-ft183.png Tanjung Lumpur Highway
Jkr-ft135.png Jalan Teluk Sisik
Jkr-ft238.png Jalan Haji Ahmad
Jkr-ft3486.png Jalan Semambu
Jkr-ft227.png Jalan Tengku Muhamad
Jkr-ft423.png Jalan Stesen Satelit Bumi Kuantan
Jkr-ft435.png Jalan Tanjung Gelang

Expressway logo.png EXPRESSWAYS
E33 Duta-Ulu Klang Expressway
E8 Kuala Lumpur-Karak Expressway
E8 East Coast Expressway
East end: Kuantan Port, Pahang
Location
Primary
destinations:
Klang
Shah Alam
Kuala Lumpur
Gombak
Karak
Lanchang
Mentakab
Temerloh
Maran
Gambang
Kuantan
Beserah
Highway system

The Federal Route 2 is a major east-west oriented federal highway in Malaysia. The 276.9 kilometres (172 mi) road connects Port Klang in Selangor to Kuantan Port in Pahang.[3] The Federal Route 2 became the backbone of the road system linking the east and west coasts of Peninsula Malaysia before being surpassed by the East Coast Expressway E8.

Route background[edit]

The Federal Route 2 is divided into two sections - Kuala Lumpur-Klang Highway (Malay: Jalan Kuala Lumpur-Klang) and Kuala Lumpur-Kuantan Road (Malay: Jalan Kuala Lumpur-Kuantan), where both sections are connected at Kuala Lumpur.[4] The Kuala Lumpur-Klang Highway consists of Jalan Syed Putra, Federal Highway Route 2, Persiaran Sultan Ibrahim, Jalan Jambatan Kota (also concurrents with the Federal Route 5) and Persiaran Raja Muda Musa, where almost all sections of the Kuala Lumpur-Klang Highway are built as a divided highway except the short section from Port Klang Interchange to Port Klang jetty. The Kilometre Zero of the Federal Route 2 is located at Port Klang, Selangor.[3]

At the town centre of Klang, the FT2 highway intersects with Jalan Langat FT5 at Simpang Lima Roundabout Interchange. As a result, the FT5 concurrents with the FT2 along Jambatan Kota before the FT5 route is diverted to Jalan Kapar FT5 at Simpang Tujuh Roundabout Interchange.[5]

The FT2 highway becomes a controlled-access expressway starting from Berkeley Roundabout Interchange to Seputeh Interchange, where the controlled-access section is popularly known as the Federal Highway Route 2. The section of the Federal Highway FT2 from Berkeley Roundabout Interchange to Subang Airport Interchange is a tolled section managed by PLUS Malaysia Berhad, the operator of the nation's longest expressway, the North-South Expressway. The Federal Highway FT2 later becomes a limited-access arterial highway again after Seputeh Interchange, where it becomes Jalan Syed Putra. Jalan Syed Putra FT2 was concluded at Bulatan Kinabalu where it joins with Jalan Kinabalu FT1.[6]

Meanwhile, the Kuala Lumpur-Kuantan Road begins as Jalan Pahang FT2 from Pahang Roundabout at Jalan Tun Razak. The FT2 road is later diverted to Jalan Gombak FT2/FT68 at Setapak Interchange. At Kampung Bandar Dalam Intersection, the FT2 route is once again diverted to Jalan Kampung Bandar Dalam FT2, while Jalan Gombak changes its route number to FT68. At Kampung Bandar Dalam Interchange, the FT2 concurrents with Duta-Ulu Klang Expressway E33/FT2 to Taman Greenwood, Batu Caves, then it concurrents with the Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 2 (KL MRR2) FT28 from Taman Greenwood to Gombak North Interchange, before once again concurrents with the Kuala Lumpur-Karak Expressway E8/FT2 for its entire length.[6]

At the end of the Karak Expressway at Karak Interchange, the Federal Route 2 is diverted as an ordinary 2-lane federal road while the Karak Expressway proceeds as the East Coast Expressway. The Federal Route 2 overlaps again at Kuantan with the Federal Route 3. The eastern terminus of the Federal Route 2 is at the Kuantan Port, where it meets with the Federal Route 3.[3]

Before the advent of the Swettenham Parkway (now Sultan Iskandar Highway) which is now a part of the Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1 (KL MRR1), the FT2 road overlapped with Jalan Kinabalu FT1 and Jalan Kuching FT1 from Kinabalu Roundabout Interchange to PWTC Interchange, where the FT2 was detoured to Jalan Tun Razak and Jalan Pahang.[6] However, after the completion of the Kuala Lumpur-Petaling Jaya Traffic Dispersal Scheme in 1983 that extended the KL MRR1 to Jalan Istana Interchange that linked the MRR1 with Jalan Syed Putra FT2, the FT2 ceased to concurrent with the FT1 and was detoured to Lebuhraya Sultan Iskandar (formerly Lebuhraya Mahameru) instead.[7]

History[edit]

The Federal Route 2 begins as part of the earliest trunk road to Kuantan, Pahang from Benta, where the road was constructed as an extension of the Kuala Kubu Road from Kuala Kubu Bharu, Selangor to Kuala Lipis, Pahang. The 80-mile Kuala Kubu Road, which now becomes the entire section of the Federal Routes 55 and parts of Federal Route 218 and 8, was constructed by the Public Works Department (JKR) in 1887. The Benta-Kuantan Road, which now forms the entire section of the Federal Route 64 (Benta-Maran) and a part of the Federal Route 2 from Maran to Kuantan, was constructed in 1915. The Kuala Lumpur-Bentong section was constructed at the same time, followed by the Bentong-Temerloh section in 1928.[1][4]

The Kuala Lumpur-Kuantan Road FT2 was concluded in 1955 when the final section from Temerloh to Maran was opened to traffic on 11 June 1955.[8] The final section took a very long time to be completed due to rainy season, huge floods and swampy region, as well as the advances of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second World War and the activities of the Malayan Communist Party terrorists during the Malayan Emergency. Construction began from 1925 to and was completed in 1955.[8]

In 1971, the old Temerloh Bridge spanning across the Pahang River was collapsed due to the huge flood in Temerloh. As a result, the Public Works Department (JKR) constructed a 575-m replacement bridge known as the Sultan Ahmad Shah Bridge FT2 beside the old bridge.[9] The Sultan Ahmad Shah Bridge was much higher than the old bridge, forming the first grade-separated Interchange in Pahang that was linked to the Federal Route 10. The new bridge project also included a new roadway that bypassed Temerloh and Mentakab, causing the former Temerloh-Mentakab section to be re-gazetted as the Federal Route 87.[4] The construction of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Bridge was completed in 1974.[9]

Meanwhile, the Kuala Lumpur-Klang Highway FT2 was opened to traffic on 14 January 1959.[2] The highway was intended as a replacement of the existing road system known as Jalan Klang Lama, Persiaran Selangor, Jalan Sungai Rasau and Jalan Batu Tiga Lama, allowing speeds of up to 60 mph.[8] As a result, Jalan Klang Lama was downgraded into Selangor State Road B14.[7] The Kuala Lumpur-Klang Highway FT2 was later being upgraded into a controlled-access highway by replacing the former at-grade intersection with grade-separated Interchanges, making the highway as the nation's first controlled-access expressway.[10] The upgraded controlled-access highway is now known as the Federal Highway Route 2.

In the 1970s, a replacement segment for the narrow and winding section from Kuala Lumpur to Karak (known as Jalan Gombak) was constructed. The replacement section was known as the Kuala Lumpur-Karak Highway FT2, featuring the 914.4-m Genting Sempah Tunnel. The 75.2-km toll highway was constructed at the cost of RM136.4 million and was opened to traffic on 7 January 1978.[11] As a result, the old Jalan Gombak was re-gazetted as the Federal Route 68. In 1994, the Kuala Lumpur-Karak Highway FT2 was upgraded to a full controlled-access expressway by twinning the entire section, including the construction of the second tunnel beside the existing Genting Sempah Tunnel for eastbound traffic. The upgrade works began in 1994 by MTD Prime and was completed in 1998.[12] However, only 60 km of the 75-km highway forms the present-day Kuala Lumpur-Karak Expressway E8/FT2; the remaining 15 km forms a part of the Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 2 (KL MRR2) FT28 and Duta-Ulu Klang Expressway E33.

The construction of the extension of the Kuala Lumpur-Karak Expressway E8/FT2, known as the East Coast Expressway, was first announced in 1994 when the expressway itself was still under upgrading works.[12] Initially, the East Coast Expressway was supposed to be constructed under a different route number by a consortium consisting MMC Corporation Berhad (through its subsidiary, Projek Lebuhraya Timur Sdn. Bhd. (Pelita)), MTD Group and Malaysian Resource Corporation Berhad (MRCB),[13] but was ultimately constructed by MTD Group in 2001 after the former consortium withdrew from the job due to the effects of the 1997 Asian financial crisis.[14] The East Coast Expressway was opened to motorists on 1 August 2004, taking the role of the Federal Route 2 as the main east-west route from Kuala Lumpur to Kuantan.[15] The expressway retained the E8 route number similar to the upgraded Kuala Lumpur-Karak Expressway E8/FT2, which was also operated by MTD Group (now ANIH Berhad).

List of junctions and towns (west-east)[edit]

Km Exit Interchange/Junctions[3] To Remarks
Port Klang-Bulatan Simpang Lima see also Persiaran Raja Muda Musa
Klang
Bulatan Simpang Lima-Bulatan Simpang Empat
see also Jalan Jambatan Kota
Klang-Kuala Lumpur see also Federal Highway
Kuala Lumpur see also
Jalan Syed Putra
Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 1
Jalan Tuanku Abdul Rahman
Genting Klang-Pahang Highway
Jkr-ft68.png Jalan Gombak
Jalan Kampung Bandar Dalam
Kuala Lumpur-Gombak see also
E33 Duta-Ulu Klang Expressway
(old route to Greenwood Interchange at Route Jkr-ft28.png)
Gombak-Gombak Utara see also
Jkr-ft28.png Kuala Lumpur Middle Ring Road 2
Gombak Utara-Karak see also
E8 Kuala Lumpur-Karak Expressway
Karak-ECE North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan FELDA Mempaga
FELDA Mempaga
Pusat Serenti Mempaga

East
E8 East Coast Expressway
Kuala Terengganu
Kuantan
Lanchang
Interchange
Taman Karak Jaya
Taman Karak Indah
Karak
EXIT 230 Karak
Simpang Pelangai Junctions
South
Jkr-ft9.png Kuala Pilah
Jkr-ft9.png Kuala Klawang
Jkr-ft9.png Telemung
T-junctions
Taman Seri Bentong
EXIT 231 Kampung Lengkong Junctions North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Lengkong
Jkr-ft--.png Kampung Lengkong
T-junctions
EXIT 232 Mempateh Junctions North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Teris
Jkr-ft--.png Kampung Teris
Jkr-ft236.png Kampung Balok
Jkr-ft236.png FELDA Lakum
Jkr-ft8.png Raub
T-junctions
Lanchang
'
North
Jkr-ft236.png Jalan Lanchang
Jkr-ft236.png Kampung Bolok
Jkr-ft236.png Cempaka
Jkr-ft236.png FELDA Lakum
Jkr-ft8.png Raub
Jkr-ft8.png Kuala Lipis
Jkr-ft236.png Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Centre
E8 East Coast Expressway
Kuala Lumpur
Kuantan
Kuala Terengganu
T-junctions
Bentong-Temerloh district border
Sungai Cermang bridge
Kampung Sementih
Kampung Rantau Panjang
Kampung Woh
Kampung Bongsu
Kampung Sungai Kepung
Desa Bakti
Taman Mentakab Indah
Kampung Batu Tiga
EXIT 233 Mentakab (West) Junction North
Jkr-ft87.png Mentakab
Jkr-ft98.png Jerantut
Jkr-ft98.png Taman Negara
E8 East Coast Expressway
Kuala Lumpur
Kuantan
Kuala Terengganu
T-junctions
Mentakab-Temerloh see also Mentakab-Temerloh Bypass
EXIT 235 Temerloh Interchange North
Jkr-ft10.png Town centre
Jkr-ft87.png Mentakab
Jkr-ft98.png Jerantut
Jkr-ft98.png Taman Negara
E8 East Coast Expressway
Kuala Lumpur
Kuantan
Kuala Terengganu

South
Jkr-ft10.png Bera
Jkr-ft10.png Teriang
Jkr-ft10.png Bahau
Jkr-ft10.png Gemas
Jkr-ft10.png Bera Lake
Roundabout and Parcelo Interchange
R&R blue.png Temerloh Rest and Service Area Parking (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg West bound
Sungai Pahang Bridge
Jambatan Sultan Ahmad Shah
(Temerloh Bridge)
Jalan Kampung Seberang North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kampung Seberang
Kampung Seberang
Batu Sawar
Rantau Makmur
T-junctions
Kampung Tebal
R&R 4.png Temerloh Restaurant and Rest Plaza Parking (malaysia).jpg Petrol station (malaysia).jpg Petronas Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg
Maju Curry House Restaurant
East bound
Taman Harapan
EXIT 236 Hospital Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah
Jalan Paya Luas
South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Paya Luas
Kampung Paya Luas
Kampung Paya Pulai
Hospital Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah, Temerloh Hospital (malaysia).jpg
T-junctions
EXIT 237 Gunung Senyum Junction
Jalan Padang Tenggala
West
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Padang Tenggala
Kampung Padang Tenggala
Jkr-ft--.png Batu Sawar
Jkr-ft--.png Rantau Makmur
Gunung Senyum Recreation (malaysia).jpg
T-junctions
Kampung Jaya 3
Kampung Jaya 5
Paya Pulai
Kampung Paya Pulai Tengah
Kampung Batu Empat
Jalan Kampung Guai South
Jalan Kampung Guai
Kampung Guai
Charuk Puting
T-junctions
Kampung Paya Pulai
Temerloh-Maran district border
Kampung Awah
EXIT 238 Kampung Awah Junctions North
Jkr-ft83.png Jalan Bandar Pusat Jengka
Jkr-ft83.png Bandar Pusat Jengka
E8 East Coast Expressway
Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Terengganu
Kuantan
T-junctions
Taman Awah Indah
Awah
EXIT 239 Jalan Pekan Sehari Kampung Awah Intersections South
Jkr-ft232.png Jalan Pekan Sehari Kampung Awah
Pekan Sehari Kampung Awah
T-junctions
Kampung Rantau Panjang
Kampung Bukit Lada
EXIT 240 Jalan Chenor Junctions South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Chenor
Chenor
T-junctions
Kampung Jengka Batu Tiga Belas
Sungai Jengka bridge
Kampung Paya Pasir
Sungai Leng
R&R blue.png Recreation (malaysia).jpg Bukit Genting Rest Service Area & Paya Pasir Forest Reserve R&R blue.png Recreation (malaysia).jpg Bukit Genting Rest Service Area & Paya Pasir Recreation Area
Parking (malaysia).jpg Recreation (malaysia).jpg
Sungai Irok bridge
Kampung Telut
Sungai Jempul bridge
EXIT 241 Pekan Tajau Junctions North
Jkr-ft62.png Jalan Bandar Pusat Jengka Timur
Jkr-ft62.png Bandar Pusat Jengka

South
Jalan Kuala Jempul
Kampung Kuala Jempul
T-junctions
R&R blue.png Seri Jengka Rest and Service Area Parking (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg
Kampung Sentosa
FELDA Bukit Tajau FELDA Bukit Tajau T-junctions
Sungai Kemak
EXIT 242 Jalan Lubuk Paku Junctions South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Lubuk Paku
Lubuk Paku
T-junctions
EXIT 243 Sungai Jerik Junctions North
Jkr-ft64.png Jerantut
Jkr-ft64.png Bandar Pusat Jengka
T-junctions
Maran Maran town centre
Maran District and Land Office
Maran District Mosque
Maran Southeast
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Kampung Bak Bak
Kampung Bak Bak
EXIT 244 Serangkam Junction South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Serangkam
Kampung Bak-Bak
Kampung Serangkam
T-junctions
Sungai Maran bridge
Taman Maran Impian
EXIT 245 Maran Junction
Maran-ECE
E8 East Coast Expressway

West
Kuala Lumpur
Temerloh
Chenor
Hentian sebelah.jpg Maran Layby

East
Kuala Terengganu
Kuantan
Sri Jaya
T-junctions
Kampung Bentung
Kampung Teras
Sungai Luit bridge
Kampung Luit
Jalan Ulu Luit North
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Ulu Luit
Kampung Ulu Luit
T-junctions
Kampung Kertam
FELDA New Zealand North
1485 Jalan FELDA New Zealand
FELDA New Zealand
T-junctions
Sri Jaya
EXIT 246 Sri Jaya Junctions
Sri Jaya-ECE
E8 East Coast Expressway

West
Kuala Lumpur
Temerloh
Maran

East
Kuala Terengganu
Kuantan
Gambang
R&R logo.jpg Gambang Rest and Service Area
T-junctions
EXIT 247 Jalan Belimbing Junctions South
Jkr-ft--.png Jalan Belimbing
Belimbing
Tasik Chini
T-junctions
Kampung Batu 37
Maran-Kuantan district border
Kampung Paya Bungor
Lake Paya Bungor Lake Paya Bungor Recreation (malaysia).jpg
Parking (malaysia).jpg Recreation (malaysia).jpg Fishing (malaysia).jpg V Information centre (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg Surau (malaysia).jpg
Kampung Paya Merbau
Kampung Gelugur
Kampung Berkelah
Sungai Lepar bridge
Hutan Lipur Berkelah
Sungai Berkelah bridge
Kampung Batu Licin
Kampung Semugi
Kampung Pohol
Paya Besar
Sungai Belat
Gambang
Gambang-Kuantan see also Gambang-Kuantan Highway
EXIT 251 Padang Lalang Junctions East
Jkr-ft135.png Jalan Teluk Sisik
Jkr-ft135.png Teluk Cempedak

South
Jkr-ft183.png Tanjung Lumpur Highway
Jkr-ft183.png Tanjung Lumpur
Jkr-ft3.png Pekan
Jkr-ft3.png Johor Bahru
Jkr-ft230.png Pantai Sepat Beach (malaysia).jpg
Junctions
EXIT 2-- Jalan Haji Ahmad Junctions Northwest
Jkr-ft238.png Jalan Haji Ahmad
Galing
Semambu
Jabur
T-junctions
Sungai Galing bridge
EXIT 2-- Jalan Air Putih Junctions North
Jalan Air Putih
Air Putih
T-junctions
Taman Beserah
Sungai Alor Akar bridge
EXIT 2-- Alor Akar Junctions Northwest
Jkr-ft3486.png Jalan Semambu
Semambu
Jabur

South
Jkr-ft227.png Jalan Tengku Muhamad
Jkr-ft135.png Teluk Cempedak
Junctions
Kampung Ceti Kampung Pelindung T-junctions
Kampung Alur Tuan Haji
Kampung Rumbia Kampung Rumbia
Kampung Pasir Garam
Kampung Bugis
T-junctions
Kampung Jeram Beserah
Jalan Stesen Satelit Bumi Kuantan West
Jkr-ft423.png Jalan Stesen Satelit Bumi Kuantan
Kuantan Satellite Earth Station
Taman Beserah
Taman Perumahan Bukit Beserah
T-junctions
Sungai Beserah bridge
Kampung Tuan
Beserah Beserah Beach Beach (malaysia).jpg
Parking (malaysia).jpg Beach (malaysia).jpg Recreation (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg V
T-junctions
Kampung Batu Hitam Batu Hitam Beach Beach (malaysia).jpg
Parking (malaysia).jpg Beach (malaysia).jpg Recreation (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg V
T-junctions
Kampung Sungai Karang Sungai Karang Beach Beach (malaysia).jpg
Parking (malaysia).jpg Beach (malaysia).jpg Recreation (malaysia).jpg Food court (malaysia).jpg Toilet (malaysia).jpg V
T-junctions
Pengkalan Damar West
Jalan Pengkalan Damar
Pengkalan Damar
T-junctions
Sungai Karang bridge
Swiss Garden Resort
Duta Vista Resort
Kampung Balok Baru
Kampung Balok
Sungai Balok bridge
Kampung Seberang Balok
Kampung Berahi
EXIT 279 Kuantan Bypass Junctions West
Jkr-ft3.png Kuantan Bypass
Gebeng
Kemaman
Kuala Terengganu
Cherating
T-junctions
Kampung Selamat
EXIT 280 Kuantan Port Junctions Kuantan Port Industrial Area
Kemaman
Kuala Terengganu
T-junctions
Kuantan Port Port sign.jpg
Lembaga Pelabuhan Kuantan (LPKtn) and Kuantan Port Consortium Sdn Bhd border limit
EXIT 281 Pengorak Junctions Northeast
Jkr-ft435.png Jalan Tanjung Gelang
Tanjung Gelang
TLDM Tanjung Gelang Naval Base
T-junctions
Lembaga Pelabuhan Kuantan (LPKtn) flat quarters
Kuantan Port Port sign.jpg
Customs checkpoint
U-Turn
Kuantan PortPort sign.jpg
Customs checkpoint
Kuantan Port Port sign.jpg

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Roads in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Ministry of Works. 2011. p. 16. ISBN 978-967-5399-17-6. 
  2. ^ a b "Perasmian Pembukaan Jalanraya Kuala Lumpur-Port Swettenham". Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah (in Malay). National Archives of Malaysia. 1959-01-14. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  3. ^ a b c d Inventori Rangkaian Jalan Utama Persekutuan Semenanjung Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Ministry of Works. 2009. pp. 66–69. ISBN 978-983-44278-2-5. 
  4. ^ a b c "Ulang tahun ke-100 Jalan Persekutuan 2: Sejarah lengkap jalan FT2". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2015-06-25. Retrieved 2015-06-26. 
  5. ^ Inventori Rangkaian Jalan Utama Persekutuan Semenanjung Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Ministry of Works. 2009. p. 81. ISBN 978-983-44278-2-5. 
  6. ^ a b c Inventori Rangkaian Jalan Utama Persekutuan Semenanjung Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Ministry of Works. 2009. pp. 130–133. ISBN 978-983-44278-2-5. 
  7. ^ a b "Sejarah lengkap Jalan Lingkaran Tengah 1 (JLT1) Kuala Lumpur". Blog Jalan Raya Malaysia (in Malay). 2015-01-14. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  8. ^ a b c "Pembukaan Rasmi Jalan Temerloh-Maran". Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah (in Malay). National Archives of Malaysia. 1963-03-15. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  9. ^ a b "Gambar Pembinaan Sultan Ahmad Shah Temerloh Pahang". Aku Anak Pahang (in Malay). 2014-10-11. Retrieved 2015-06-25. 
  10. ^ I REMEMBER WHEN... Federal Highway was constructed - New Straits Times Online. Accessed on 23 March 2009.
  11. ^ "Perasmian Terowong dan Lebuh Raya Karak-Kuala Lumpur". Hari Ini Dalam Sejarah (in Malay). National Archives of Malaysia. 1978-01-07. Retrieved 2015-05-31. 
  12. ^ a b "Lebuh raya: Kempunankah rakyat pantai timur?" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 1998-04-13. Retrieved 2014-09-14. 
  13. ^ Ahmad Farizal Hajat (2013-12-13). "Tambahan kerja, banjir besar punca LPT tak ikut jadual" (in Malay). Berita Harian. 
  14. ^ Samsor Junet (2001-02-22). "LPT bakal merubah Pantai Timur" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 2014-09-07. 
  15. ^ Azman Ismail; Zabry Mohamad (2004-08-01). "Pembukaan LPT hari ini dekatkan KL - Kuantan" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 2014-09-07.