Malaysia Super League

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Malaysia Super League
Unifi Malaysia Super League.png
Organising bodyMalaysia Football League (MFL)
Founded14 February 2004; 15 years ago (2004-02-14)
CountryMalaysia
ConfederationAFC
Number of teams12 (from 2013)
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toMalaysia Premier League
Domestic cup(s)Malaysia FA Cup
Malaysia Cup
Piala Sumbangsih (Charity Shield)
International cup(s)AFC Champions League
AFC Cup
Current championsJohor Darul Ta'zim
Most championshipsJohor Darul Ta'zim
Top goalscorerMalaysia Indra Putra Mahayuddin (102)
TV partnersiflix
Media Prima
Websitewww.malaysianfootballleague.com
2019 Malaysia Super League

The Malaysia Super League (Malay: Liga Super Malaysia) is the men's top professional football division of the Malaysia football league system.[1] Administered by the Football Malaysia Limited Liability Partnership (FMLLP), now known as the Malaysia Football League (MFL), Malaysia Super League is contested by twelve teams, with the two lowest-placed teams relegated to the Malaysia Premier League division and replaced by the top two teams in that division.

32 clubs have competed since the inception of the Malaysia Super League in 2004; eight of them have won the title: Johor Darul Ta'zim (6), Kedah, Selangor, Kelantan (2 each), Pahang, Perlis, Negeri Sembilan, and LionsXII (1 each). The current champions are Johor Darul Ta'zim, which won the 2019 edition.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Liga Super was formed in 2004 following the decision by the Football Association of Malaysia to privatise the league. The inaugural season started in 14 February 2004[2] As a result, Malaysia Super League Sdn Bhd (or MSL Proprietary Limited) was created to oversee the marketing aspects of the league, but it was not fully privatised.[3][4]

The league has seen numerous changes to its format from eight clubs to now 14 clubs to accommodate changes to the league rules and withdrawal of certain clubs from the league in order to create a competitive environment and professional management among the clubs.[5]

Foundation[edit]

The Malaysian league was revamped to be a fully professional league in 2004 which coined the creation of new top-tier division, Malaysia Super League. Between 2004 to 2006, the professional football league in Malaysia was divided into two levels and two groups:

  • Top tier: Malaysia Super League (8 teams)
  • Second tier: Malaysia Premier League Group A (8 teams)
  • Second tier: Malaysia Premier LeagueGroup B (8 teams)
  • Third tier: FAM Cup

The new top-tier league, Malaysia Super League was competed by eight teams while there were 16 teams competing in Malaysia Premier League which was divided into 2 groups. While there were only eight teams in the league prior to the 2006-07 season, position movements were radical. Successive losses would condemn clubs to a relegation dogfight. Similarly, successive wins would put a team in contention for the title. The Malaysia Super League has gone through two format changes in its short history spanning three-years. The Football Association of Malaysia decided to expand the Malaysia Super League to accommodate 14 teams instead of eight, which was the number of league teams in the Malaysia Super League's first three seasons. But the plan was held when some of the teams withdrew from the league for financial reason. Only from 2009 season the league would have 14 teams with all teams playing each other only twice (26 matches total).

For 2007 season, where Malaysia Premier League was combined into one level rather than two groups and in 2008 Liga FAM was revamped to be compete in league format instead of knockout competition:

  • Top tier: Malaysia Super League
  • Second tier: Malaysia Premier League
  • Third tier: FAM League

Development[edit]

In 2015, FMLLP was created in the course of fully privatization of the Malaysian football league system.[3] The partnership saw all 24 teams of Malaysia Super League and Malaysia Premier League including FAM as the Managing Partner and MP & Silva as a special partner (FAM's global media and commercial advisor) to become stakeholders in the company.[6][7]

FMLLP owns, operates and runs Malaysia Super League. Beside that, other competition in Malaysian football also under its jurisdiction, which include the Malaysia Premier League, the Malaysia FA Cup, the Malaysia Cup, and the Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Cup. It aims to transform and move Malaysian football forward to the next level.

A decade after the league's inception, a total of eight clubs have been crowned champions of Malaysia Super League where Pahang is the first champion. Kedah, Selangor, and Kelantan has won the league twice each while Pahang, Perlis, Negeri Sembilan and LionsXII has won it once. In 9 September 2016, Johor Darul Ta'zim became the first team to win Malaysia Super League three times in a row.[8]

Competition format and regulations[edit]

Competition[edit]

The competition format follows the usual double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which lasts from February to July, each club plays every other club twice, once at home and once away, for 22 matchdays, totaling 132 matches in the season.[9] Most games are played on Saturdays, with a few games played during weekdays. Teams receive three points for a win, one point for a draw, and no points for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, with the highest-ranked club at the end of the season crowned champion.

Promotion and relegation[edit]

A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Malaysia Super League and the Malaysia Premier League. The two lowest placed teams in Malaysia Super League are relegated to the Malaysia Premier League, and the top two teams from the Malaysia Premier League promoted to Malaysia Super League. Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;

Number of clubs throughout the years[edit]

Period (in years) No. of clubs
2004–2006 8 clubs
2007–2008 13 clubs
2009–2012 14 clubs
2013–present 12 clubs

Qualification for AFC competitions[edit]

The champion in Malaysia Super League qualify for the subsequent season's AFC Champions League Group Stage. The winners of the Malaysia FA Cup also qualify for the subsequent season's AFC Champions League play-off slots. If this club lost on the play-off slots and unable to reach group stage, this club will play in AFC Cup play-off slots.

The number of places allocated to Malaysia clubs in AFC competitions is dependent upon the association ranking, which are calculated based upon the performance of teams in AFC Champions League and the AFC Cup, as well as their national team's FIFA World Rankings in the previous 4 years. Currently the ranking of Malaysia is 13th.

Club licensing regulations[edit]

Every team in the Malaysia Super League must have a licence to play in the league in the competition, or else they are relegated. To obtain a licence, teams must be financially healthy and meet certain standards of conduct as organisations. As part of privation effort for the league, all clubs compete in Malaysia Super League will be required to obtained FAM Club Licensing.[10][11]

As a preliminary preparation towards the total privatisation of the league, FAM Club Licensing is being created with the hope of it being enforced throughout MAlaysia Super League fully by the end of 2018 and Malaysia Premier League by end of 2019.[10][11] There are significant benefits to being in the top division and readiness of the club licensing:

  • A greater share of television broadcast licence revenues goes to clubs.
  • Greater exposure through television and higher attendance levels helps clubs attract the most lucrative sponsorship.
  • Club develop substantial financial muscle through the combination of television and gate revenues, sponsorship and marketing of their team brands. This allows clubs to attract and retain skilled players from domestic and international sources and to construct first-class stadium facilities.

FAM established independent decision making bodies known as the First Instance Body and Appeals Body that would function as an assessment body and the issuer of the license. These two bodies are composed of members that meet the requirements and conditions set by the AFC Club Licensing Regulations mainly within the field of finance and legal.[10]

Clubs[edit]

32 clubs have played in the Malaysia Super League from its inception in 2004, up to and including the 2019 season

Season-by-season records[edit]

Year Champion Runners-up Third place
2004 Pahang Public Bank Perlis
2005 Perlis Pahang Perak
2005–06 Negeri Sembilan Telekom Malaysia Perak
2006–07 Kedah Perak DPMM
2007–08 Kedah Negeri Sembilan Johor FC
2009 Selangor Perlis Kedah
2010 Selangor Kelantan Terengganu
2011 Kelantan Terengganu Selangor
2012 Kelantan Singapore Lions XII Selangor
2013 Singapore Lions XII Selangor Johor Darul Ta'zim
2014 Johor Darul Ta'zim Selangor Pahang
2015 Johor Darul Ta'zim Selangor Pahang
2016 Johor Darul Ta'zim FELDA United Kedah
2017 Johor Darul Ta'zim Pahang FELDA United
2018 Johor Darul Ta'zim Perak PKNS
2019 Johor Darul Ta'zim Pahang Selangor
2020

Titles by club[edit]

Club Wins Winning years
Johor Darul Ta'zim 6 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019
Kedah 2 2006–07, 2007–08
Selangor 2009, 2010
Kelantan 2011, 2012
Pahang 1 2004
Perlis 2005
Negeri Sembilan 2005–06
Singapore Lions XII 2013

2019 season[edit]

The following 12 teams contest the league in its current season, including the top 10 sides from the 2018 season and two promoted from the 2018 Malaysia Premier League. FELDA United and MISC-MIFA are the two clubs promoted directly from the second tier division. FELDA United promoted after securing place as champions, while MISC-MIFA promoted as third-place in 2018 Malaysia Premier League due to Felcra F.C. withdrawn from the competition.

Club Position
in 2018
First season in
top division
First season in
Super League
Seasons
in top
division
Seasons
in Super
League
First season of
current spell in
Super League
Title wins Last
title wins
Perak 2nd 1982 2004 21 16 2004 2 2003
Pahang 4th 1982 2004 22 15 2013 5 2004
Selangor 8th 1982 2006-07 20 14 2005–06 6 2010
Johor Darul Ta'zim 1st 2002 2006–07 2 13 2006–07 5 2018
Terengganu 5th 1982 2006–07 19 12 2018 0
Kedah 6th 1982 2004 17 11 2016 3 2007–08
FELDA United 1st in Premier League 2011 0 7 2019 0
PKNS 3rd 2012 0 6 2017 0
Kuala Lumpur 10th 1982 2010 21 5 2018 2 1988
Melaka United 7th 1982 2006–07 14 4 2017 1 1983
PKNP 9th 2018 0 2 2018 0
Petaling Jaya City 3rd in Premier League 2019 0 1 2019 0

Remark : Top division means highest football competition in Malaysia which include Malaysian League (1982–1988), Semi-Pro League (1989-1993), Premier League (1994–97) and Premier League One (1998–2003).

Other clubs[edit]

The following clubs are not competing in the Malaysia Super League during the 2019 season, but competed in the Malaysia top division or Malaysia Super League for at least one season.

Club Current League Position
in 2018 season
First season in
top division
First season in
Super League
Seasons
in top
division
Seasons
in Super
League
Most recent
season in
Super League
Title wins Last
title wins
Kelantan Premier League 11th in Super League 1982 2009 16 10 2018 2 2012
Negeri Sembilan Premier League 12th in Super League 1982 2005–06 18 9 2018 1 2006
Penang Premier League 10th in Premier League 1982 2004 19 9 2017 3 2001
Perlis Northern Lions Premier League 5th in FAM League (Group B) 1982 2004 17 8 2011 1 2005
Sarawak Premier League 8th in Premier League 1988 2004 15 8 2017 1 1997
Terengganu II Premier League 11th in Premier League 2010 0 7 2017 0
PDRM Premier League 5th in Premier League 2007–08 0 4 2016 0
Singapore LionsXII Defunct (2015) 2012 0 4 2015 1 2013
Sabah Premier League 6th in Premier League 1982 2004 19 4 2012 1 1996
ATM FAM League 3rd in FAM League (Group A) 1982 2014 7 3 2015 0
Telekom Malaysia Defunct (2007) 2003 2005-06 1 3 2006–07 0
Sime Darby KLFA Division 1 unknown 2014 0 2 2015 0
UPB-MyTeam Defunct 2007-08 0 2 2009 0
Brunei DPMM Singapore Premier League 3rd in Singapore Premier League 2006-07 0 2 2007–08 0
PLUS KLFA Division 1 unknown 2009 0 2 2010 0
MPPJ Defunct (2006) 2005 0 2 2005–06 0
Public Bank Defunct (2006) 2004 0 2 2005 0
Johor Darul Ta'zim II Premier League 4th in Premier League 1982 2010 18 1 2010 1 1991
Harimau Muda A Defunct (2015) 2011 0 1 2011 0
Kuala Muda NAZA Kedah League unknown 2009 0 1 2009 0
Singapore Singapore FA 1985 9 1 2 1994
Brunei Brunei FA 1982 14 1 0
NS Chempaka 2002 1 0 0
Olympic 2000 1998 1 0 0

Remark : Top division means highest football competition in Malaysia which include Malaysian League (1982–1988), Semi-Pro League (1989-1993), Premier League (1994–97) and Premier League One (1998–2003).

Privatisation of league football clubs[edit]

Pahang Football Association became the first FAM affiliates to separate itself from the management of football team with the formation of Pahang F.C. which now under the management of Pahang FC Sdn Bhd starting from 2016 season.[12][13]

On 10 January 2016, Johor Football Association became the second FAM affiliates to follow suit when it separate itself from management of football team and changing its focus to state football development and state league while the football team became its own entity as Johor Darul Ta'zim F.C..[14]

In November 2016, Melaka United Soccer Association became the third FAM affiliates to follow suit with privatisation of its football team as separate entity called as Melaka United Football Club for 2017 Liga Super season onwards.[15]

On 6 November 2016, FMLLP has released an update regarding the club licensing progress where currently only Johor Darul Ta'zim F.C. has obtained the CLR while others still in progress with 80 percent complete.[16][17] All clubs in Liga Super and Liga Premier will be required to obtained CLR where Liga Super clubs needed to obtained by September 2017 while Liga Premier clubs has an extended date from 2019 to 2020 as some of the clubs has only met 50 percent requirement completion.[16] FMLLP has also suggesting FAM to ensure that clubs in the Liga FAM meet certain guidelines as this will allow them to get their license if promoted to the Liga Premier.[16]

In February 2017, FMLLP has released a statement regarding the official status of Johor Darul Ta'zim and Johor Darul Ta'zim II where Johor Darul Ta'zim II has now become an official feeder club for Johor Darul Ta'zim since the feeder club agreement between both club has been approved on 19 August 2016.[18] Through the agreement, both clubs will be allowed additional four players transfer quota which can be used outside normal transfer windows for player between both clubs. The feeder club will also required to register a minimum of 12 players under the age of 23 for its squad from 2017.[18] A feeder club will be required to be in the league below the main club at all times which mean Johor Darul Ta'zim II will never be allowed to reach promotion even if the club managed to win the Liga Premier. By 2018, the feeder club must field four players under the age of 23 in their first eleven during match day and the feeder club is not allowed to play in other cup competition where the parent club compete such as Piala Malaysia and Piala FA.[18]

Organisation[edit]

Logo evolution[edit]

Since the inception of the league in 2004, numerous logo has been introduced for the league to reflect the sponsorship purpose. In its inaugural season, Dunhill logo was incorporated as title sponsors and it was the only season sponsored by the tobacco company before tobacco advertising was banned in the country.[19]

From 2005 to 2010, the Liga Super incorporated the TM brand as part of its logo as the title sponsor.[20]

After the end of TM sponsorship for seven consecutive years, FAM launched a new logo for the 2011 season where it has been partnering with Astro Media as strategic partner for Liga Super marketing.[21] The Astro brand was only incorporated as part of the Liga Super logo from 2012 season including the wording of Malaysia and the partnership continue until the end of 2014 season.

In 2015 season, no title sponsor was incorporated when the league was sponsored by MP & Silva.[22] For 2016 season a new logo was introduced as part of the takeover of the league by FMLLP.[23]

Logo and trophy[edit]

The current Malaysia Super League logo was formed as a part of rebranding for title sponsorship reason with TM under the Unifi brand. TM's Unifi brand is the new title sponsor for the Malaysia Super League and Malaysia Cup following an eight-year partnership deal worth RM480mil until 2025.[24] But, TM has planned to give up a sponsor at year 2019 in order to save cost.[25]

The Malaysia Super League trophy which are competed for during the season by 12 clubs in the competition. Designed to be futuristic and elegant, the new trophy depicts a football on a pedestal, perhaps reflecting the importance placed on winning the Malaysia Super League. The source said, it cost not more than RM200,000 (US$48597.00)[26]

Standing at a height of 63.3 centimeters and 25.2 centimeters in diameter, the 20 kilogram trophy is made of copper, silver and 24 carat pure gold. The trophy was designed and crafted to precision by the Royal goldsmith in Johor, taking eight months from the initial design phase to completion. The gold portions are to symbolise the exclusivity of winning the Malaysia Super League after enduring a tough long successful campaign. It will be inspired to battle with all their might to get their name on the trophy.[26]

Sponsorship[edit]

Season Sponsors Brand
2004 Dunhill Dunhill Liga Super[4][19]
2005–10 TM TM Liga Super[4][20][21]
2011 No sponsor Liga Super
2012–14 Astro Astro Liga Super Malaysia[20]
2015–17 No sponsor Liga Super Malaysia[23]
2018–19 Unifi Unifi Liga Super Malaysia

Finances[edit]

The FMLLP will introduce the merit-point system starting in 2016 season. Points will be awarded based on a team's league position, progress in the Cup competitions (Piala FA and Piala Malaysia) and the number of live matches shown. A point in season's Malaysian League will be worth RM41,000.[9]

The money will be distribute twice per season. First during early season where the team will received a basic payment out of that particular year league sponsorship and the second payment will be received at the end of the season where all merit-point has been calculated.[27] For 2016 season, the first basic payment will consist of 30 percent cut out of RM 70 Million league sponsorship that equal to RM 21 million which will be distributed among 24 teams of Liga Super and Liga Premier.

Team in Malaysian league has quite often involved in financial problem as their spending is more than their revenue. The Professional Footballers Association of Malaysia (PFAM) is one of the active member in pursuing the issue of unpaid salaries. In January 2016, PFAM president's suggest a couple solutions to promote financial sustainability on the competing team's part where the team's should make long-term investments by operating according to their budgets and requiring teams wage bills to be no bigger than 60 percent of their total spending. Other suggestion including for the salaries to be deducted directly from team grants and winning prizes, for points to be deducted from teams experiencing payment issues, and a ruling that requires teams to settle all their late salary payments before the start of every new season.[28]

In response to this issues, FMLLP decided starting 2016 season, football clubs would be given warnings with the deduction of three league points if they failed to pay player's salary.[29][30] If the problem persists, it will affect the licence of the clubs. When the club licence is withdrawn, the team will not be able to compete next season. If the team do not adopt the right structure, they will be left behind and club licensing will be a problem for them, and the team will drop out from competing in the league.

Other than this, each teams do raise revenue from sponsorship from local, regional and international sponsors for their team.

Media coverage[edit]

Radio Televisyen Malaysia (RTM), a free-to-air channel has been broadcasting Malaysian league for a years even before the formation of Liga Super. They continued to broadcast the league most of the times exclusively until end of 2010 where Astro Media was announced as sponsors and to manage the broadcasting right of the league for four years spanning from 2011 until 2014 season.[31] During this time, the league was broadcast on one of the cable channel of Astro Media, which is Astro Arena alongside the RTM for the free-to-air broadcast.

In 2015, Astro lost the broadcasting right for the league where the right was given to Media Prima, a parent company of multiple free-to-air channel alongside the broadcast with RTM.[32][33][34]

The broadcasting right for 2016 season has been given to Media Prima for 3 years with a maximum of three games in each gameweek will be shown live on television.[35]

In 2018, TM bought the exclusive rights of the coverage until 2025.[36] The coverage are aired by Unifi TV, iflix, Media Prima, and RTM.

In 2019, after Unifi TV not renewed the contract, all 132 MSL matches is currently aired free by iflix.[37] One match per week (total 22 matches) plus one Charity Cup match also aired free by Media Prima, that means Media Prima shows 23 matches.

Current[edit]

Season Languages Broadcasters Channel(s)
2005 only Malay Malaysia Media Prima NTV7
2015–2017 TV3
2015–present TV9
2018–present 8TV
2020–present


Malaysia Brunei iflix Football Malaysia on iflix
English

Former[edit]

Season Languages Broadcasters Channel(s)
2004–2015 and 2018 Malay Malaysia RTM TV1
2006–2015 and 2018 TV2
2018 TV Okey
RTM HD Sports
Malaysia Unifi TV Hypp Sports HD
2011–2014 Malaysia Brunei Astro Astro Arena
English Astro SuperSport

Players[edit]

All-time appearances[edit]

Rank Player Malaysia Super League Club(s) Appearances
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

All-time top scorers[edit]

As of 9 July 2019
Indra Putra Mahayuddin is the top scorer in Malaysia Super League history.
Rank Player Malaysia Super League Club(s) Goals
1 Malaysia Indra Putra Mahayuddin Kelantan (41), Pahang (29), T-Team (11), Kuala Lumpur (12), Felda United (6), FA Selangor (3) 102
2 Malaysia Ashari Samsudin Terengganu (81), Pahang (3) 84
3 Malaysia Norshahrul Idlan Talaha UPB-MyTeam (14), Kelantan (36), Johor Darul Ta'zim (8), Armed Forces (1), Terengganu (2), Felda United (4), Pahang (5) 70
3 Malaysia Mohd Amri Yahyah FA Selangor (60), Johor Darul Ta'zim (10) 70
5 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Marlon Alex James Kedah (43), ATM (17) 60
6 Malaysia Baddrol Bakhtiar Kedah (60) 60
7 Liberia Francis Forkey Doe Terengganu (15), FA Selangor (18), Kelantan (5), Felda United (15), Pahang (5) 58
8 Malaysia Safee Sali FA Selangor (36), Johor Darul Ta'zim (6), PKNS (9), Petaling Jaya City FC (3) 54
9 Guinea Mandjou Keita Perak TBG (49), Kelantan (4) 53
9 Malaysia Mohd Fadzli Saari 53
11 Zambia Phillimon Chepita Perlis Northern Lions (52) 52

Golden Boot winners[edit]

Season Player Club Goals
2004 Malaysia Indra Putra Mahayuddin Pahang 15
2005 Brazil Julio Cesar Rodriguez
Zambia Zacharia Simukonda
Sabah
Perlis
18
2006 Guinea Keita Mandjou Perak 17
2007 Guinea Keita Mandjou
Brunei Shahrazen Said
Perak
DPMM
21
2008 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Marlon Alex James Kedah 23
2009 Malaysia Mohd Nizaruddin Yusof Perlis 18
2010 Malaysia Ashaari Shamsuddin Terengganu 18
2011 Malaysia Abdul Hadi Yahya Terengganu 20
2012 Cameroon Jean-Emmanuel Effa Owona
Liberia Francis Forkey Doe
Negeri Sembilan
Terengganu
15
2013 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Marlon Alex James ATM 16
2014 Brazil Paulo Rangel Selangor 16
2015 Mali Dramane Traore PDRM 19
2016 Argentina Jorge Pereyra Díaz Johor Darul Ta'zim 18
2017 Lebanon Mohammed Ghaddar Johor Darul Ta'zim
Kelantan
23
2018 Spain Rufino Segovia Selangor 19
2019 Liberia Kpah Sherman PKNS 14

Foreign players and transfer regulations[edit]

Foreign players policy has changed multiple times since the league inception.[5] In 2009, FAM took a drastic measure when they change the foreign players policy when they were banned from playing in the league until 2011.[5] Foreign players were only allowed be back to the league starting from the 2012 season onwards.[5]

All foreign players must obtain International Transfer Certificate from their previous national football governing body that their previous clubs affiliated before they can be register with FAM in order to play in Malaysia Super League.[5]

  • 2009–2011: foreign players banned.
  • 2012: 2 foreign players.
  • 2013: 3 foreign players.
  • 2014: 4 foreign players and only 3 can be on the field at a time.
  • 2015–2017: 4 foreign players including 1 Asian quota.
  • 2018–2021: 5 foreign players including 1 Asian quota and 1 Asean quota.

Records and achievements[edit]

Crowd attendance[edit]

All data available to the public starting from the beginning of 2015 season.

Season Overall Attendance Top 3 Bottom 3
Total Average Club Attendance Average Club Attendance Average
2015 883,225 6,691 Johor Darul Ta'zim 184,198 16,745 ATM FA 22,750 2,068
Kelantan 108,696 9,881 PDRM FA 22,300 2,027
Pahang 107,693 9,790 Sime Darby FC 17,960 1,633
2016 902,643 6,838 Johor Darul Ta'zim 191,982 17,453 PDRM 32,950 2,995
Perak The Bos Gaurus 121,687 11,062 Sarawak 22,892 2,081
Kedah 103,421 9,402 Terengganu II 20,210 1,837
2017 872,108 6,607 Johor Darul Ta'zim 187,557 17,051 Sarawak 35,206 3,201
Kedah 161,626 14,693 PKNS FC 30,234 2,749
Pahang 82,964 7,542 Terengganu II 11,995 1,090
2018

Source: Football Association of Malaysia Management Database[38]

Clubs ranking in Asia[edit]

The final ranking position(s) for each participating MSL clubs in AFC Club Competitions.

Year Rank Points Club
2015[39] 59 20.295 Kelantan
68 18.294 Johor Darul Ta'zim
88 12.295 Selangor
96 10.961 Pahang
108 9.295 Terengganu I
2016[40] 45 30.142 Johor Darul Ta'zim
79 14.477 Selangor
93 10.809 Kelantan
100 9.476 Pahang
2017[41] 34 38.95 Johor Darul Ta'zim
94 9.951 Selangor
98 9.617 Pahang
120 5.284 Felda United
132 4.617 Kelantan
2018[42] 23 48.70 Johor Darul Ta'zim
95 12.99 Pahang
108 9.66 Selangor
114 8.66 Felda United

*Bold denotes the highest ranked club for each year at the end of the season.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Competitions". Football Association of Malaysia. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Saingan tiga pusingan 2004 -- Liga Super, Perdana lebih kompetitif" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 12 January 2004. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Company Overview of Malaysia Super League Sdn Bhd". Bloomberg. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Amran Mulup (24 January 2005). "Empat syarikat 'sambung nyawa' FAM" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Sejarah Perubahan Format & Peraturan Liga Bola Sepak Malaysia Dari 1982 Hingga 2016" (in Malay). Semuanya Bola. 19 April 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Press Release: FAM Inks deal with MP & Silva to formalise FMLLP". Football Association of Malaysia. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  7. ^ Ooi Kin Fai (7 May 2015). "Malaysian football going for the German way". Goal.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  8. ^ "JDT julang kejuaraan hatrik Liga Super" (in Malay). Stadium Astro. 9 September 2016. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  9. ^ a b Eric Samuel (7 May 2015). "More domestic football on TV next season". The Star. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  10. ^ a b c "Club Licensing in Malaysia". Football Association of Malaysia. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  11. ^ a b "Club Licensing" (PDF). Football Malaysia LLP. 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  12. ^ "Pahang serba baru hadapi saingan 2016" (in Malay). Gawang.my. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  13. ^ "CEO Pahang FC letak jawatan" (in Malay). Berita Harian. 7 March 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  14. ^ Zulhilmi Zainal (10 January 2016). "JDT now under TMJ's ownership". Goal.com. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  15. ^ Sharenaanes Murad (1 November 2016). "Musa kini dikenali sebagai MUFC" (in Malay). Stadium Astro. Archived from the original on 1 November 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  16. ^ a b c Zaid Ramli (6 November 2016). "Charting the path to Malaysian football's future: FMLLP discusses key topics of the seasons ahead". FourFourTwo. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  17. ^ Hasriq Amiruddin (10 November 2016). "Pelesenan Kelab Penting Demi Masa Depan Bola Sepak Negara - FMLLP" (in Malay). mStar. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  18. ^ a b c "Perjanjian 'Feeder Club' di antara Johor Darul Ta'zim dan Football Malaysia LLP sebagai langkah positif ke arah Pelesenan Kelab (Club Licensing)" (in Malay). Football Malaysia LLP. 10 February 2017. Archived from the original on 5 December 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  19. ^ a b Amran Mulup (23 October 2004). "Negeri terhimpit" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  20. ^ a b c "Liga M dapat tajaan lumayan RM220 juta" (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. 3 January 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  21. ^ a b Wan Fakhrul Bakar (22 January 2011). "Logo baru Liga M dilancar Rabu" (in Malay). Kosmo!. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  22. ^ Seng-Foo Lee (4 February 2015). "MP & Silva in for the long term, says Managing Director". FourFourTwo. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  23. ^ a b Zulhilmi Zainal (5 February 2016). "New MSL and MPL emblems revealed by FMLLP". Goal.com. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  24. ^ "Unifi sponsorship a boon for M-League fans". The Star (Malaysia). 4 February 2018. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  25. ^ "Unifi tarik diri daripada Liga-M?" (in Malay). Stadium Astro. 21 December 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  26. ^ a b Vijhay Vick (20 September 2017). "Malaysia Super League's shiny, pricey new trophy: What you need to know". FourFourTwo. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
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