Malaysia and the United Nations

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Malaysia
Flag of the United Nations.svg Flag of Malaysia.svg
United Nations membership
MembershipFull member
Since17 September 1957 (1957-09-17)
Former name(s)Federation of Malaya (1957–1963)
Permanent RepresentativeDato' Muhammad Shahrul Ikram Yaakob

Malaysia and the United Nations is a multilateral relations between Malaysia and the United Nations.

History[edit]

Since the existence of the organisation, the Federation of Malaya expressed an interest in joining the United Nations, and did so on 17 September 1957.[citation needed] Following a merger between Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak on 16 September 1963, it was later renamed Malaysia. However, less than two years after the merger, Singapore was expelled from the federation and joined the United Nations by itself on 21 September 1965.

Role in the United Nations[edit]

Malaysia plays an active role within the organisation with participation in almost all peace-keeping missions conducted by the organisation such as on the United Nations Operation in the Congo, the Protection Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Transition Assistance Group in Namibia, the operation in Somalia, the mission in East Timor and the Interim Force in Lebanon.[1]

UN Security Council[edit]

Malaysia served as a non-permanent member of the Security Council for four terms, 1965, 1989–1990, 1999–2000 and 2015–2016.[2] In 2015, Malaysia introduced a UNSC draft resolution, calling for the establishment of an international criminal tribunal, in response to the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17. The resolution failed to pass as a result of Russia's veto.[3]

UN Human Rights Council[edit]

Malaysia served as a member of the Human Rights Council from 2006–2009 and 2010–2013. In 2017, Malaysia failed in its bid for a seat at the council.[4]

International Law Commission[edit]

In November 2016, Malaysia lobbied for its candidate, Professor Datuk Dr. Rahmat Mohamad to be elected as a member of the Commission. However, Malaysia did not succeed in receiving the adequate number of votes.[5]

UN Agencies in Malaysia[edit]

There are seven UN agencies with a physical presence in Malaysia. They are, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations University (UNU) and the World Food Programme (WFP).[6]

Financial contribution[edit]

Malaysia contributed $8 million in 2016[7] and $8.12 million in 2017[8]to the United Nations regular budget.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Colin Barlow (1 January 2001). Modern Malaysia in the Global Economy: Political and Social Change Into the 21st Century. Edward Elgar Publishing. pp. 150–. ISBN 978-1-78254-390-9.
  2. ^ "List of Countries Which Have Been Elected Members of the United Nations Security Council since 1946". United Nations. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Russia vetoes MH17 tribunal at UN". BBC News. 29 July 2015. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Malaysia loses bid to get elected to UN Human Rights Council". The Malay Mail. 18 October 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Malaysia fails election to UN's International Law Commission". Bernama. The Star. 5 November 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  6. ^ "United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)". United Nations in Malaysia. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Assessment of Member States' advances to the Working Capital Fund for the biennium 2016-2017 and contributions to the United Nations regular budget for 2016 [ST/ADM/SER.B/932 - E]". United Nations Documents. 28 December 2015. p. 6/15. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Assessment of Member States' contributions to the United Nations regular budget for the year 2017 [ST/ADM/SER.B/955 - E]". United Nations Documents. 28 December 2016. p. 5/7. Retrieved 20 December 2017.

External links[edit]