Malaysian United Indigenous Party
This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (December 2021)
|Malay name||Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia|
ڤرتي ڤريبومي برساتو مليسيا
Mǎláixīyà tǔzhù tuánjié dǎng
|Tamil name||பிபிபீஏம் (மலேசிய ஐக்கிய மக்கள் கட்சி)|
|Abbreviation||BERSATU / PPBM|
|Deputy President||Ahmad Faizal Azumu|
Mohd Radzi Md Jidin
Mohd. Rafiq Naizamohideen
|Youth Chief||Wan Ahmad Fayhsal|
|Women Chief||Rina Harun|
|Founded||7 September 2016|
|Registered||14 January 2017 |
|Legalised||14 January 2017|
Legalised by Registrar Of Societies (as a 'Political Party')
|Preceded by||Persatuan Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia |
(United Indigenous Association of Malaysia)
|Headquarters||Tingkat 8, Menara Yayasan Selangor, No 18A Jalan Persiaran Barat PJS 52 46200 Petaling Jaya, Malaysia|
The mobile app is available in the App Store, Play Store, and the Huawei's AppGallery
|Think tank||Institut Masa Depan Malaysia|
|Youth wing||Pemuda ARMADA|
|Women's wing||Srikandi BERSATU|
|Women's youth wing||Srikandi Muda BERSATU|
|Associate wing||Bersekutu BERSATU|
|National affiliation||Pakatan Harapan (2017–2020) |
Perikatan Nasional (since 2020)
Gabungan Rakyat Sabah (since 2020)
|Colors||Red and white|
|Slogan||Bersatu, Beramanah, Bermaruah|
(United, Trustworthy, Dignified)
|Dewan Negara Malaysia|
15 / 70
|Dewan Rakyat Malaysia|
32 / 222
|Dewan Undangan Negeri|
56 / 612
|Chief ministers in Malaysia |
(Menteri Besar & Chief Minister)
1 / 13
The Malaysian United Indigenous Party (Malay: Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia), abbreviated BERSATU or PPBM, is a nationalist political party in Malaysia. This political party was preceded by the United Indigenous Association of Malaysia (Persatuan Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia). It is a major component party of the ruling Perikatan Nasional coalition which was formed to replace the Pakatan Harapan-coalition government of which it was a member. BERSATU Party was approved and fully registered on January 14, 2017 by the Registrar of Societies (ROS) and the use of the BERSATU Logo was authorized by the Malaysian Election Commission (SPR). The party held the Prime Ministerial position as well as the majority of positions in the cabinet from 10 May 2020 to 16 August 2021. The party's founding members came from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and Barisan Nasional rebel group Gabungan Ketua Cawangan Malaysia on 2016.
Full membership in the party is limited to only bumiputeras. Non-bumiputeras can join the party as associate members, although they are not eligible to vote and contest in party elections. Meanwhile, qualified individuals can be appointed to certain key party posts.
On 10 August 2016, former UMNO Deputy President, Muhyiddin Yassin submitted a registration application for Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia. The party's leadership consisted of Muhyiddin as president, Mukhriz Mahathir as vice-president, and Mahathir Mohamad as chairman. BERSATU's formation was undertaken by former members of UMNO in opposition to the then-prime minister Najib Razak
On 12 November 2016, the party committed to joining the opposition coalition Pakatan Harapan, then consisting of Parti Keadilan Rakyat, Democratic Action Party, and Parti Amanah Negara, awaiting a decision from fellow opposition party the Malaysian Islamic Party. Later, on 13 December, the party formally joined Pakatan Harapan by signing the Cooperation and Common Framework Agreement.
2018 general election
On 7 January 2018, Pakatan Harapan announced the chairman of BERSATU, Mahathir Mohamad as the coalition's prime ministerial candidate.
On 10 May 2018 the day after the election, Mahathir claimed a victory in the general election, ending Barisan Nasional and UMNO's rule over the country since its independence, which he participated in as prime minister from 1981 to 2003. Mahathir was sworn in as Malaysia's Prime Minister for second time and at 93 years of age, he was also the world's oldest head of government.
On 18 September 2018, UMNO veteran Mustapa Mohamed left the party, citing disagreements with UMNO's party direction, later joining BERSATU on 27 October. This foreshadowed an exodus of UMNO members, beginning with Sabah UMNO on 12 December as nine of its ten state assemblymen, five of its six MPs, and two senators left to join BERSATU. On 14 December 2018, six UMNO MPs left the party, including former minister Hamzah Zainuddin who claimed that an additional 36 Barisan Nasional MPs had signed a pledge of allegiance to Prime Minister Mahathir. The six MPs remained as independents before officially joining BERSATU on 12 February 2019.
Collapse of the Pakatan Harapan government
On 24 February 2020, Mahathir resigned as the Prime Minister. BERSATU, which had 26 MPs, withdrew from the ruling Pakatan Harapan coalition. In addition, 11 MPs from Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) resigned from the party to form an independent bloc. This left the Pakatan Harapan government without a majority in parliament. The surprise announcement came amid speculation that Mahathir was attempting to form a new ruling coalition that would exclude his designated successor Anwar Ibrahim. However, Anwar later clarified to reporters that Mahathir did not orchestrate the act. At 9 pm, BERSATU leaders held an emergency meeting at its headquarters to discuss the future direction of the party. Members of Bersatu rejected Mahathir's resignation as the party's chairman and pledged their support for him to be the prime minister. The party's secretary-general Marzuki Yahya said that the members of BERSATU's supreme council were unanimous in their support for Mahathir. The member parties of Pakatan Harapan also announced their support for Mahathir to remain as prime minister in the aftermath of his resignation.
On 26 February, Azmin and the 10 other MPs who left PKR announced that they were joining BERSATU amid rumours that Pakatan Harapan MPs would abandon support for Mahathir. The 10 other MPs are Zuraida Kamaruddin, Saifuddin Abdullah, Baru Bian, Kamarudin Jaffar, Mansor Othman, Rashid Hasnon, Ali Biju, Willie Mongin and Jonathan Yasin.
On 28 February, BERSATU then released a statement announcing their support for the party's president, Muhyiddin Yassin for the position of prime minister, backed by the 26 Bersatu MPs and 10 others led by Azmin. However, BERSATU Supreme Council member Kadir Jasin claimed he was never invited for a discussion or informed about Muhyiddin's nomination. This was followed by 60 MPs from UMNO, PAS, Malaysian Chinese Association and Malaysian Indian Congress also announcing their support for Muhyiddin, with all of UMNO's and PAS' MPs signing statutory declarations supporting Muhyiddin. Muhyiddin Yassin's aide also confirmed that Azmin Ali and 10 other former PKR MPs have officially joined BERSATU the same day.
On 29 February, BERSATU Youth chief Syed Saddiq declared that he would never work with those involved in corruption to form a government, referring to UMNO. BERSATU's youth wing Armada posted a statement to say that it would continue to back the party's supreme council's decision in its meeting on 24 February to support Mahathir as prime minister, suggesting a split within Bersatu over Mahathir and Muhyiddin's candidacy.
Formation of the Perikatan Nasional government
BERSATU President, Muhyiddin Yassin and his allies including party leaders from UMNO, PAS, Gabungan Parti Sarawak, Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah, and Homeland Solidarity Party had an audience with the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to discuss the formation of a government, and announced that the coalition consisting of Bersatu, UMNO, PAS, PBRS, GPS, and STAR will be called Perikatan Nasional. The new coalition claimed that they had majority support in parliament to elect a Prime Minister and to form a government.
On the morning of 2 March, Muhyiddin arrived at the Perdana Putra building, which functions as the Prime Minister's Office, to begin his official duties as the Prime Minister. Muhyiddin held meetings with Chief Secretary Mohd Zuki Ali, General Affendi Buang, the Chief of Defence Forces, and Abdul Hamid Bador, the Inspector-General of Police. Later that night, Muhyiddin addressed the nation in his first televised message as the prime minister. In his address, he told the nation that he had no prior intention to become the prime minister and denied being a traitor but due to the political turmoil in the country, he had stepped up in order to avoid prolonging the crisis further. He also reassured that he will only choose individuals who are clean, virtuous and of high calibre to be in his cabinet. Before ending his message, he thanked former prime minister Mahathir for his service to the country.
On 19 May, it was revealed that BERSATU had received a letter on 5 May from the Registrar of Societies stating that Mahathir was no longer party chairman after his resignation in February. The letter also confirmed the legality of Muhyiddin assuming the role of chairman until an election was held.
On 28 May, Mahathir Mohamad, Mukhriz Mahathir, Syed Saddiq, Maszlee Malik and Amiruddin Hamzah were expelled from Bersatu. They decried the move as illegal and reflective of Muhyiddin's insecurities and dictatorial leadership. In a joint statement, they disputed the interpretation of their decision not to join Muhyiddin's government benches in Parliament as joining another party, which results in automatic revocation of memberships, according to the party constitution. Muhyiddin defended the expulsion and insisted that the five members who were removed from the party as having breached the party constitution by sitting with the opposition in Parliament.
On 4 June, Deputy Works Minister Shahruddin Md Salleh of BERSATU resigned from his position, calling his decision to join the Perikatan Nasional government "incorrect" and adding that he should have considered his constituents who "voted for Pakatan Harapan" in 2018. On 19 July, his BERSATU membership was terminated after he submitted a notice changing the position of his seat in the Dewan Rakyat from the government bloc to the opposition bloc.
On 6 June, former UMNO member Syed Abu Hussin Hafiz, MP for Bukit Gantang, submitted an application form to join the party. Present were Bersatu MPs Senior Minister for Economy and Minister of International Trade and Industry, Azmin Ali and Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Ali Biju.
Fall of Perikatan Nasional and formation of BN-led government
On 16 August 2021, Muhyiddin Yassin and his cabinet tendered their resignation to the Agong due to the loss of majority in the Dewan Rakyat, causing the party to lose the PM post that the party has held since the 2018 general election. On 20 August 2021, Bersatu and the other parties in the PN coalition choose to support Ismail Sabri Yaakob of UMNO as the Prime Minister of Malaysia, thus giving him a simple majority in the Dewan Rakyat and was chosen as Prime Minister.
Breach Violation of COVID19 Prevention SOP
On 29 Jul 2021, a few Bersatu members from the women wing have been caught red handed as they breach the SOP violation by dancing at a hotel near glenmerie while the citizens of Malaysia are force to stay at homes. Some of the members are caught not wearing face mask and practising social distancing. This has been investigated by the police and the police said they will take further action. Rina Harun said that she is no way involved in this situation.
On 29 Jun 2021, Mohd Rashid Hasnon and a group of suspected majority from bersatu politicians are caught red-handed in a video showing them breaching violation of COVID19 prevention SOP procedures violation for having a durian fest in Johor Baharu, Johor. Rashid initially denied stating that it was taken place last year and before the SOP was imposed. However netizens and police have found reasonable evidence that Rashid was indeed lying. Rashid eventually gave in that he did violate SOP procedures and apologies to the media. He said that he will cooperate with the police for the investigation and face the consequences.Zuraida Kamaruddin was also seen in the photo as well but she denies attending a durain feast.
Suspicious fraudulent majority support
On 4 August 2021, Putrajaya, Muhyiddin Yassin submitted a motion of confidence to the Yang di Pertuan Agong of Malaysia stating that he had received numerous declarations which provided that he still had the majority support within the lower house of parliament Dewan Rakyat. Therefore, the action of resignation under Federal Constitution of Malaysia under section 43(4) isn't valid nor legal. He stated that the motion of no confidence will take place in September if the parliament has doubts of his ruling. However, this statement has been rejected by opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim who claims that 112 or more MPs have rejected Perikatan Nasional. Therefore,Anwar Ibrahim's statement concludes that Muyhiddin claims isn't valid and potentially fraudulent.
Following Anwar Ibrahim's statement, On 6 Aug 2021, Muhyiddin had stated during a press conference in Pagoh, Johor that is he is still confident that he still hold majority support within the Parliament.
Refusal of resignation as Prime Minister of Malaysia
Following Perikatan Nasional loss of Majority support, Muhyiddin Yassin had conducted a press statement on 13 August 2021 which states he will not be resigning despite he has lost the majority support. He also said that he will be waiting on the upcoming vote of confidence which will be taken place in September because he does not believe that there is a political party or coalition that holds a majority currently and he may fear for a catastrophic disaster if new government to be form to control the COVID19 pandemic in Malaysia is late like vaccination process. He urges the opposition to stand on his side. He said "If the government (Perikatan Nasional Government) gets bipartisan support (support from any opposition) in Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara which is more than 2/3 majority, an admendment will be made to the Constitution (Federal Constitution of Malaysia) to introduce a two term limit to the Prime Minister's post and Anti Hopping Laws will be also tabled in the parliament".
Mislclaims Takyuddin Parliament of Malaysia
Law Minister Takiyuddin Hassan had misled Parliament on the annulment of the emergency ordinances, said Istana Negara. In a statement today, the palace said Takiyuddin and Attorney-General Idrus Harun also did not fulfil their promise to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to have the matter debated in Parliament. The palace said the Agong was "amat dukacita" (deeply disappointed) that Parliament was informed on July 26 that the ordinances were revoked.
The main objectives of the party are:
- Islam will remain the religion of the Federation and the right of non-Muslims to profess and practice their religion in peace and harmony will be respected.
- Upholding the dignity and sovereignty of the institution of the Malay Rulers.
- Maintain the special position of the Malays and natives of Sabah and Sarawak and the legitimate rights of all communities.
- Empowering Malay as the national language and to preserve the rights of all people to learn their native language.
- Uphold parliamentary democracy and the doctrine of separation of powers by strengthening democratic institutions through comprehensive institutional reform.
- Strengthening the agenda against corruption and abuse of power to establish good governance practices, honesty and integrity;
- Maintaining people's fundamental rights as enshrined in the Federal Constitution, upholding the values of universal justice in line with the Islamic religion, and uphold the supremacy of the constitution, rule of laws and principles of justice and equality.
- Forming a Malaysian society that is inclusive, progressive, dynamic and scientific and appreciate art, culture and tradition as a reference to build a prosperous and developed country.
- Fighting for social justice, distribution of national wealth, welfare of the people and eradicating poverty irrespective of race and religion.
- Supporting the principle that every citizen has the right to succeed in obtaining a quality education and to perfect themselves through an education system that emphasises the development of talent, creativity and innovation, and that practices values and implements policies and initiatives that are consistent with bridging the gap between urban and rural areas.
- Fostering unity and harmony among the people of various races and religions, maintaining political stability and national security, and spur sustainable economic development in the interest of the people and the country.
- Applying the party's principles as National Principles and supporting the Federal Constitution and the State Constitutions.
List of leaders
|Order||Name||Term of office||Remarks|
|1||Mahathir Mohamad||7 September 2016||24 February 2020|
|–||Muhyiddin Yassin||24 February 2020||23 August 2020||Acting|
|Order||Name||Term of office||Remarks|
|1||Muhyiddin Yassin||7 September 2016||Incumbent|
|Order||Name||Term of office||Remarks|
|1||Mukhriz Mahathir||7 September 2016||28 May 2020|
|2||Ahmad Faizal Azumu||23 August 2020||Incumbent|
|Order||Name||Term of office||Remarks|
|1||Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman||7 September 2016||28 May 2020|
|2||Wan Ahmad Fayhsal Wan Ahmad Kamal||16 August 2020||Incumbent|
- Permanent Chairman:
- Mohd Suhaimi Abdullah
- Deputy Permanent Chairman:
- Deputy President:
- Srikandi Chief:
- ARMADA Chief:
- Srikandi Muda Chief:
- Ema Syuhaili Mohamad Sukor
- Associate Chief:
- Mohamed Salleh Bajuri
- Information Chief:
- Executive Secretary:
- Muhammad Suhaimi Yahya
- Party Election Committee Chairman:
- Party Constitution Amendment Committee Chairman:
- Disciplinary Board Chairman:
- Megat Najmuddin Megat Khas
- Appeal Board Chairman:
- Political Bureau Chairman:
- Management Bureau Chairman:
- Election and Research Bureau Chairman:
- Training and Cadre Bureau Chairman:
- Member and Branch Recruitment Bureau Chairman:
- Religion Bureau Chairman:
- Economy Bureau Chairman:
- International Bureau Chairman:
- Supreme Leadership Council Members (elected):
- Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz
- Abdul Hakim Gulam Hassan
- Zainol Fadzi Paharudin
- Iskandar Dzulkarnain Abdul Khalid
- Razali Idris
- Eddin Syazlee Shith
- Mustapa Mohamed
- Wan Saiful Wan Jan
- Azlinda Abdul Latif
- Taufik Yaacob
- Mohd Rafiq Mohd Abdullah
- Suhaili Abdul Rahman
- Sahruddin Jamal
- Mohamed Farid Mohamed Zawawi
- Mohd Zulkifli Zakaria
- Mohd Yazid Mohd Yunus
- Shabudin Yahaya
- Rosol Wahid
- Shamsilah Siru
- Supreme Leadership Council Members (appointed):
- State Chairman:
- Johor: Muhyiddin Yassin
- Kedah: Suhaimi Abdullah
- Kelantan: Kamarudin Mohd. Nor
- Malacca: Mohd Yadzil Yaakub
- Negeri Sembilan: Eddin Syazlee Shith
- Pahang: Saifuddin Abdullah
- Perak: Ahmad Faizal Azumu
- Perlis: Abu Bakar Hamzah
- Penang: Shabudin Yahaya
- Sarawak: Jaziri Alkaf Suffian
- Sabah: Hajiji Noor
- Selangor: Abdul Rashid Asari
- Terengganu: Razali Idris
- Federal Territory: Muhammad Suhaimi Yahya
Dewan Negara (Senate)
- His Majesty's appointee:
- Perak State Legislative Assembly:
- Iskandar Dzulkarnain Abdul Khalid
- Sabah State Legislative Assembly:
- Bobbey Ah Fang Suan
Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)
Members of Parliament of the 14th Malaysian Parliament
BERSATU has 32 members in the House of Representatives.
Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly)
Malaysian State Assembly Representatives
|State||No.||Federal Constituency||No.||State Constituency||Member||Party|
|Kedah||P4||Langkawi||N01||Ayer Hangat||Juhari Bulat|
|N02||Kuah||Mohd Firdaus Ahmad|
|P6||Kubang Pasu||N05||Bukit Kayu Hitam||Halimahton Shaadiah Saad|
|P12||Jerai||N21||Guar Chempedak||Abdul Rahman Ismail|
|P15||Sungai Petani||N29||Sidam||Robert Ling Kui Ee|
|P17||Padang Serai||N34||Lunas||Azman Nasruddin|
|Kelantan||P30||Jeli||N37||Air Lanas||Mustapa Mohamed|
|Penang||P41||Kepala Batas||N02||Bertam||Khaliq Mehtab Mohd. Ishaq|
|P42||Permatang Pauh||N10||Seberang Jaya||Afif Bahardin|
|P47||Nibong Tebal||N21||Sungai Acheh||Zulkifli Ibrahim|
|P53||Balik Pulau||N40||Telok Bahang||Zolkifly Md. Lazim|
|Perak||P57||Parit Buntar||N09||Kuala Kurau||Abdul Yunus Jamahri|
|P70||Kampar||N43||Tulang Sekah||Nolee Ashilin Mohamed Radzi|
|P72||Tapah||N47||Chenderiang||Ahmad Faizal Azumu|
|P73||Pasir Salak||N49||Sungai Manik||Zainol Fadzi Paharudin|
|Selangor||P98||Gombak||N17||Gombak Setia||Hilman Idham|
|P99||Ampang||N19||Bukit Antarabangsa||Mohamed Azmin Ali|
|P109||Kapar||N44||Selat Klang||Abdul Rashid Asari|
|P113||Sepang||N55||Dengkil||Adhif Syan Abdullah|
|Melaka||P136||Tangga Batu||N11||Sungai Udang||Mohd Aleef Yusof|
|P139||Jasin||N24||Bemban||Mohd Yadzil Yaakub|
|Johor||P141||Sekijang||N3||Pemanis||Chong Fat Full|
|P142||Labis||N5||Tenang||Mohd. Solihan Badri|
|P143||Pagoh||N7||Bukit Kepong||Sahruddin Jamal|
|N37||Johor Lama||Rosleli Jahari|
|P158||Tebrau||N41||Puteri Wangsa||Mazlan Bujang|
|P159||Pasir Gudang||N43||Permas||Che Zakaria Mohd. Salleh|
|P160||Johor Bahru||N44||Larkin||Mohd. Izhar Ahmad|
|P163||Kulai||N50||Bukit Permai||Tosrin Jarvanthi|
|P168||Kota Marudu||N6||Bandau||D. Wetrom @ Mohd Fikri Bahanda|
|P169||Kota Belud||N8||Pintasan||Fairuz Renddan|
|P170||Tuaran||N12||Sulaman||Hajiji Mohd Noor|
|P175||Papar||N28||Kawang||Ghulam Haidar Khan Bahadar|
|P176||Kimanis||N31||Membakut||Mohd. Arifin Mohd. Arif|
|N33||Kuala Penyu||Limus Jury|
|P182||Pensiangan||N46||Nabawan||Abd Ghani Yassin|
|P190||Tawau||N68||Apas||Nizam Abu Bakar Titingan|
|P191||Kalabakan||N73||Sebatik||Hassan Pg Amir|
|-||Nominated Member||Jaffari Walliam|
|Nominated Member||Amisah Yassin|
|Total||Kedah (6), Kelantan (1), Penang (4), Perak (6), Selangor (6), Malacca (2), Johor (11), Sabah (15)|
|State||Leader type||Member||Party||State Constituency|
|Sabah||Chief Minister||Hajiji Noor||BERSATU||Sulaman|
General election results
|Election||Total seats won||Seats contested||Total votes||Voting Percentage||Outcome of election||Election leader|
13 / 222
After the victory in General Election 2018 -
31 / 222
|52||718,648||5.95%||13 seats; Governing coalition
(Pakatan Harapan, later Perikatan Nasional)
State election results
- List of political parties in Malaysia
- Malaysian General Election
- Politics of Malaysia
- Pakatan Harapan
- Perikatan Nasional
- 2020–21 Malaysian political crisis
- "Muhyiddin menang tanpa bertanding Presiden Bersatu". 16 July 2020.
- Mazwin Nik Anis (8 September 2016). "Zahid: RoS approves Muhyiddin's party, will be known as PPBM". The Star. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Azura Abas; Irwan Shafrizan Ismail; Zanariah Abd Mutalib (5 April 2018). "(Update) RoS slaps provisional dissolution order on PPBM". New Straits Times. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- the Sun Daily (14 January 2017). "Muhyiddin: PPBM officially registered to ROS and EC". the Sun Daily. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- the Sun Daily (14 January 2017). "ROS: PPBM has been legalised and approved to ROS and EC". the Sun Daily. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "This apps information is from the official website of BERSATU (please see the bottom of the official website of BERSATU)". BERSATU.org. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
Muhyiddin: Sila muat turun aplikasi rasmi MyBERSATU seperti yang tertera di bahagian paling bawah laman web rasmi Parti BERSATU Malaysia
- Madiha Abdullah (9 September 2020). "Bersatu sasar 1 juta ahli menjelang hujung tahun ini" [Bersatu is targeting 1 million members by the end of this year] (in Malay). Astro AWANI. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
- Utusan Digital, Zareen Humairah Sejahan (16 August 2021). "All Perikatan Nasional Cabinet resign". Utusan Digital. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
- Arfa Yunus (17 January 2018). "Syed Saddiq pledges to do away with PPBM's Bumiputera-centric position". New Straits Times. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Leong, Trinna (10 August 2016). "Muhyiddin registers Mahathir's new party, Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia". The Straits Times.
- Melissa Goh (12 November 2016). "'The only way to win is to unite and contest under one party': Mahathir". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 15 December 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Sheridan Mahavera (16 November 2016). "By courting rural Muslims, has Malaysia's opposition found key to winning power for first time in 60 years?". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- Hana Naz Harun (13 December 2016). "PPBM officially signs agreement to join Pakatan Harapan". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Mohamed, Iskandar Shah (7 January 2018). "Mahathir calon PM Pakatan Harapan". Harian Metro.
- Teoh, Shannon (9 May 2018). "Malaysia GE: Opposition coalition Pakatan Harapan set to form govt after winning simple majority". The Straits Times.
- "Malaysia's Mahathir Mohamad sworn in after shock comeback victory". BBC News. 10 May 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
- Muguntan Vanar, Stephanie Lee and Natasha Joibi (12 December 2018). "Sabah Umno exodus sees nine of 10 Aduns, five of six MPs leave". The Star. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
- "Hamzah: 36 BN MPs pledged support for Dr M". Malaysiakini. 14 December 2018.
- KOYA, MAZWIN NIK ANIS, MUGUNTAN VANAR and ZAKIAH. "Six more MPs leave Umno". The Star.
- Jr, MAZWIN NIK ANIS and JOSEPH KAOS. "Seven Umno MPs join Bersatu". The Star.
- "Malaysia's Mahathir submits resignation, 'quits' his party". Al Jazeera. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- Teoh, Shannon (24 February 2020). "Mahathir resigns as Malaysian Prime Minister, PH loses majority after MPs leave". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- Regan, Helen (24 February 2020). "Malaysia's Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad resigns". CNN. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- "Mahathir did not mastermind treacherous act, clarifies Anwar". malaysiakini. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
- Muhammed Ahmad Hamdan (24 February 2020). "Bersatu holds emergency meeting after Dr M quits as chairman, PM". The Edge Markets. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
- "Bersatu rejects Mahathir's resignation as party chairman". Channel Newsasia. 25 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
- "Bersatu calonkan Muhyiddin Yassin sebagai PM Ke-8" [Bersatu nominate Muhyiddin Yassin as the 8th PM]. Astro Awani (in Malay). 28 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Muhyiddin didn't get party's blessing to be 8th PM, says Kadir Jasin". Free Malaysia Today. 28 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Muafakat Nasional, MCA, MIC sokong Muhyiddin sebagai PM-8" [Muafakat Nasional, MCA, MIC support Muhyiddin as the 8th PM]. Astro Awani (in Malay). 28 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Tuan Ibrahim: All PAS, Umno MPs signed SD for Muhyiddin to be PM". Bernama. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Azmin's gang now in Bersatu? President's aide says yes, but supreme council member says 'no clue'". Malay Mail. 28 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- "Bersatu's Syed Saddiq: I will never work with the corrupt to form a government". Malay Mail. 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- "Wakil pemimpin parti tiba di Istana Negara pagi ini" [Party leaders' representatives arrived at the National Palace this morning]. Astro Awani (in Malay). 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- "Muhyiddin ketuai Perikatan Nasional jumpa Agong" [Muhyiddin lead Perikatan Nasional to have audience with the Agong]. Berita Harian (in Malay). 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- "Muhyiddin wakili Perikatan Nasional: GPS, STAR juga bersama?" [Muhyiddin representing Perikatan Nasional: Are GPS, STAR allies?]. Astro Awani (in Malay). 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- "Gabungan 'Perikatan Nasional' dakwa miliki blok terbesar" ['Perikatan Nasional' coalition claim having the largest bloc]. Berita Harian (in Malay). 29 February 2020. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
- "Muhyiddin selesai angkat sumpah PM8" [Muhyiddin finished taking the 8th PM's oath]. Harian Metro (in Malay). 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
- "Muhyiddin clocks in as PM". Berita Harian. 2 March 2020. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- Joseph Loh (2 March 2020). "PM: I'm not a traitor, I only wanted to save the country". The Star. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
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