Malaysian general election, 1999
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The 1999 Malaysian General Election was held on 29 November 1999 as stipulated by the laws of Malaysia for general elections. As expected, the Barisan Nasional coalition maintained its majority in parliament, and thus, its grip on the post of Prime Minister.
It was the last general election for Mahathir as the Prime Minsiter before resigning effective on 31 October 2003.
6,631,094 out of 9,564,071 registered voters cast their vote in this election. Although Barisan Nasional maintained its majority in Parliament, its overall popular vote dropped to roughly 56%. The parliamentary results are as follows:
|Political Party||Votes||% of vote||Seats||% of seats||+/–|
|United Malays National Organisation||UMNO||-||-||71||36.98||22|
|Malaysian Chinese Association||MCA||-||-||29||15.10||-|
|Malaysian Indian Congress||MIC||-||-||7||3.65||-|
|Malaysian People's Movement Party||Gerakan||-||-||6||3.13|
|People's Progressive Party||PPP||-||-||-||-||-|
|Parties in Sarawak||-||-||28||14.58|
|Parties in Sabah||-||-||6||3.13|
|Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party||PAS||994,279||14.99||27||14.06||19|
|Democratic Action Party||DAP||830,870||12.53||10||5.21||3|
|National Justice Party1||KeADILan||773,679||11.67||5||2.60||1|
|Malaysian People's Party||PRM||68,990||1.04||0||0.00||0|
|United Sabah Party2||PBS||143,342||2.16||3||1.56||5|
|State Reform Party2||STAR||23,354||0.35||0||0|
|Malaysian Democratic Party||MDP||8,001||0.12||0||0.0|
|Pan Malaysian Islamic Front||BERJASA||409||0.01||0||0|
|Malaysian People's Welfare Party||AKIM||274||0.00||0||0.0|
|Independents and others||39,385||0.59||0||0||1|
|Total votes (voter turnout: 69.3%)||6,631,094||100.0||193||100.0||+1|
|Did not vote||2,932,977|
|Voting age population (aged 21 years and above)||13,411,519|
Source: Nohlen et al. 
State assembly results
The opposition won a total of 113 state assembly seats, 98 of which went to the PAS, 11 to the DAP and 4 for Keadilan. In the states of Kelantan and Terengganu, the PAS won by a huge margin–41-2 against Barisan Nasional out of a total of 43 seats and 28-4 out of a total of 32 seats respectively, hence allowing them to form the state governments in these states. In addition, PAS also captured one-third of the state seats in Kedah, with the remaining two-thirds going to Barisan Nasional (UMNO won 16 seats, MCA 2 seats in Kedah).
The election results were seen as a great gain for PAS, who previously had no state seats in Kedah and capturing only one seat in Terengganu in the 1995 General Elections. Observers attributed this to the negelect by the Federal Administration in the states of Terengganu and Kelantan.
Post elections cabinet appointments
After the elections, Mahathir Mohamad was re-elected as the Prime Minister and formed a cabinet. Among his prominent was to appoint a non-politician and an academic, Dr. Musa Mohamed to spearhead the Education Ministry. The cabinet consists of 30 full ministers from Barisan Nasional. 
- Chin, James (2000). "A New Balance: The Chinese Vote in the 1999 Malaysian General Election". South East Asia Research 8 (3): 281–299. doi:10.5367/000000000101297299.
- "Malaysia unlikely to go fundamentalist: Lee Kuan Yew". (Dec. 13, 1999). Agence France Presse.
- The previous election was contested under separate parties, mainly PAS and DAP
- PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 1999 - DEWAN UNDANGAN NEGERI
- Swee-Hock Saw, K. Kesavapany (2006). Malaysia recent trends and challenges. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 97–8. ISBN 981-230-339-1.
- South Asia Analysis Group synopsis of the 1999 election results.
- Trends in Malaysia: Election Assessment (PDF) a 62 pages collection of papers from Institute of Southeast Asian Studies after the 1999 election.