Malaysian general election, 1999

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Malaysian general election, 1999
Malaysia
1995 ←
29 November 1999 (1999-11-29) → 2004
outgoing members ← → Members elected

All 193 seats to the Dewan Rakyat
97 seats needed for a majority
Registered 9,564,071
Turnout 6,631,094 (69.3%)
  First party Second party
  Mahathir 2007.jpg BA
Leader Mahathir Mohammad Fadzil Noor
Party Barisan Nasional Barisan Alternatif
Leader since 16 July 1981 (1981-07-16) 24 October 1999 (1999-10-24)
Leader's seat Kubang Pasu Pendang
Last election 162 seats, 65.2% 30 seats, 32.8%[1]
Seats won 148 45
Seat change Decrease 14 Increase 15
Popular vote 3,748,511 2,667,818
Percentage 56.5% 40.2%
Swing Decrease 8.7% Increase 7.4%

Prime Minister before election

Mahathir Mohammad
Barisan Nasional

Prime Minister-designate

Mahathir Mohamad
Barisan Nasional

A general election was held on Monday, 29 November 1999 for members of the 10th Parliament of Malaysia. Voting took place in all 193 parliamentary constituencies of Malaysia, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. State elections also took place in 394 state constituencies in 11 out of 13 states of Malaysia (except Sabah and Sarawak) on the same day.

Results[edit]

Dewan Rakyat[edit]

6,631,094 out of 9,564,071 registered voters cast their vote in this election. Although Barisan Nasional maintained its majority in Parliament, its overall popular vote dropped to roughly 56%. The parliamentary results are as follows:


e • d Summary of the 29 November 1999 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front[a] BN 3,748,511 56.53 148 76.68 Decrease14
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 72 37.31 Decrease17
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 29 15.03 Decrease1
United Traditional Bumiputera Party PBB 111,389 11 5.70 Increase1
Malaysian Indian Congress MIC 7 3.63 Steady
Sarawak United People's Party SUPP 129,356 7 3.63 Steady
Malaysian People's Movement Party Gerakan 6 3.11 Decrease1
Parti Bansa Dayak Sarawak PBDS 51,659 6 3.11 Increase1
Sarawak National Party SNAP 45,519 4 2.07 Increase1
United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation UPKO 3 1.55 New
Sabah Progressive Party SAPP 2 1.04 Steady
Liberal Democratic Party LDP 1 0.52 Steady
People's Progressive Party PPP 0 0.00 Steady
People's Justice Front AKAR 0 0.00 Steady
United Sabah People's Party PBRS 0 0.00 Steady
Parties in the informal coalition, Alternative Front BA 2,667,818 40.23 42 21.76 Increase26
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party[b] PAS 994,279 14.99 27 13.99 Increase20
Democratic Action Party[b] DAP 830,870 12.53 10 5.18 Increase1
National Justice Party[b] KeADILan 773,679 11.67 5 2.59 New
United Sabah Party PBS 143,342 2.16 3 1.55 Decrease5
Malaysian People's Party[b] PRM 68,990 1.04 0 0.00 Steady
State Reform Party STAR 23,354 0.35 0 0.00 New
Malaysian Democratic Party MDP 8,001 0.12 0 0.00 New
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front BERJASA 409 0.01 0 0.00 New
Malaysian People's Justice Front AKIM 274 0.00 0 0.00 Steady
Independents IND 39,385 0.59 0 0.00 Steady
Valid votes 6,455,714
Invalid/blank votes 175,380
Total votes (voter turnout: 69.3%) 6,631,094 100.00 193 100.00 +1
Did not vote 2,932,977
Registered voters 9,564,071
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above) 13,411,519
Malaysian population 22,549,627

Source: Nohlen et al. [1]

  1. ^ Contested using dacing election symbol on the ballot papers.
  2. ^ a b c d Parties in the informal coalition, Alternatif Front (Barisan Alternatif). Contested using separate election symbol on the ballot papers.


Results by state[edit]

State Assemblies[edit]

The opposition won a total of 113 state assembly seats, 98 of which went to the PAS, 11 to the DAP and 4 for Keadilan.[2] In the states of Kelantan and Terengganu, the PAS won by a huge margin–41-2 against Barisan Nasional out of a total of 43 seats and 28-4 out of a total of 32 seats respectively, hence allowing them to form the state governments in these states. In addition, PAS also captured one-third of the state seats in Kedah, with the remaining two-thirds going to Barisan Nasional (UMNO won 16 seats, MCA 2 seats in Kedah).

The election results were seen as a great gain for PAS, who previously had no state seats in Kedah and capturing only one seat in Terengganu in the 1995 General Elections. Observers attributed this to the negelect by the Federal Administration in the states of Terengganu and Kelantan.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The previous election was contested under separate parties, mainly PAS and DAP
  2. ^ PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 1999 - DEWAN UNDANGAN NEGERI
  3. ^ Swee-Hock Saw, K. Kesavapany (2006). Malaysia recent trends and challenges. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 97–8. ISBN 981-230-339-1. 

External links[edit]