Malaysian order of precedence

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The Malaysian order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the Government of Malaysia. It has no legal standing but is used to dictate ceremonial protocol at events of a federal or national nature.

Malaysian Prime Minister's Department issued a twenty-first Order of Precedence for Malaysia on 13 November 2014.[1]

Malaysian order of precedence[edit]

As of 13 November 2014, Malaysian order of precedence is as follows:

  1. HM the Yang di-Pertuan Agong
  2. HM the Raja Permaisuri Agong
  3. TRH the Rulers and Regents (ordered by their date of installation):
    1. Sultan of Kedah (Sultan Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah, 15 July 1958)
    2. Sultan of Pahang (Sultan Ahmad Shah, 7 May 1974)
    3. Sultan of Terengganu (Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin, 15 May 1998)
    4. Raja of Perlis (Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, 17 April 2000)
    5. Sultan of Selangor (Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah, 22 November 2001)
    6. Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan (Tuanku Muhriz, 29 December 2008)
    7. Sultan of Johor (Sultan Ibrahim, 23 January 2010)
    8. Sultan of Kelantan (Sultan Muhammad V, 18 October 2010) (appears above as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong)
    9. Sultan of Perak (Sultan Nazrin Muizzuddin Shah, 29 May 2014)
  4. Their Excellencies the Governors (ordered by appointment):
    1. Governor of Penang (Abdul Rahman Abbas, 1 May 2001)
    2. Governor of Malacca (Mohd. Khalil Yaakob, 4 June 2004)
    3. Governor of Sabah (Juhar Mahiruddin, 1 January 2011)
    4. Governor of Sarawak (Abdul Taib Mahmud, 1 March 2014)
  5. Surviving consort of Yang di-Pertuan Agong died in office (Tengku Permaisuri Siti Aishah, widow of Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah of Selangor)
  6. TRH the Prime Minister
  7. TRH the Deputy Prime Minister
    Honorary—7A. TRH the Crown Princes (ordered by their date of appointment):
    1. Tengku Mahkota of Pahang (Tengku Abdullah, 1 January 1975) (appears as the Regent of Pahang throughout the term of regency right after the Regent of Kelantan)
    2. Raja Muda of Perlis (Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra, 1 August 2000)
    3. Raja Muda of Selangor (Tengku Amir Shah, 3 May 2002)
    4. Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Terengganu (Tengku Muhammad Ismail, 12 January 2006)
    5. Tunku Mahkota of Johor (Tunku Ismail, 23 January 2010)
    6. Tengku Mahkota of Kelantan (Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra, 18 October 2010) (appears right after the Sultan of Perak as the Regent of Kelantan)
    7. Raja Muda of Perak (Raja Jaafar, 20 June 2014)
    8. Raja Muda of Kedah (Tunku Sallehuddin, 15 December 2016)
  8. Members of the Order of the Crown of the Realm (DMN)
  9. Grand Commanders of the Most Distinguished Order of the Defender of the Realm (SMN)[2]
  10. Former Prime Ministers (ordered by departure from office):
    1. Dr. Mahathir Mohamad (31 October 2003)
    2. Abdullah Ahmad Badawi (3 April 2009)
  11. Former Deputy Prime Ministers (ordered by departure from office):
    1. Musa Hitam (10 May 1986)
    2. Anwar Ibrahim (2 September 1998)
    3. Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin (29 August 2015)
  12. Grand Commanders of the Distinguished Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (SSM)[2]
    Honorary—12A. TH the Ruling Chiefs of Negeri Sembilan (in the order determined by the State Constitution):
    1. Undang Luak of Sungei Ujong
    2. Undang Luak of Jelebu
    3. Undang Luak of Johol
    4. Undang Luak of Rembau
    5. Tunku Besar of Tampin
  13. TRH the Chief Justice
  14. President of the Senate
  15. Speaker of the House of Representatives
  16. Ministers (in the order determined by the Prime Minister's Department)
  17. Chief Secretary to the Government
    Honorary—17A. Menteris Besar and Chief Ministers (ordered by their appointment):[3]
    1. Menteri Besar of Pahang (Adnan Yaakob, 25 May 1999)
    2. Chief Minister of Sabah (Musa Aman, 4 March 2003)
    3. Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan (Mohamad Hasan, 25 March 2004)
    4. Chief Minister of Penang (Lim Guan Eng, 11 March 2008)
    5. Menteri Besar of Perak (Dr. Zambry Abdul Kadir, 12 May 2009)
    6. Menteri Besar of Kelantan (Ahmad Yakob, 6 May 2013)
    7. Menteri Besar of Perlis (Azlan Man, 7 May 2013)
    8. Chief Minister of Malacca (Ir. Idris Haron, 7 May 2013)
    9. Menteri Besar of Johor (Mohamed Khaled Nordin, 14 May 2013)
    10. Menteri Besar of Terengganu (Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman, 12 May 2014)
    11. Menteri Besar of Selangor (Mohamed Azmin Ali, 23 September 2014)
    12. Menteri Besar of Kedah (Ahmad Bashah Md. Hanipah, 4 February 2016)
    13. Chief Minister of Sarawak (Abang Abdul Rahman Zohari Abang Openg, 13 January 2017)
  18. TRH President of the Court of Appeal
  19. TRH Chief Judge of the High Court of Malaya
  20. TRH Chief Judge of the High Court of Sabah and Sarawak
  21. Attorney-General
  22. Chief of the Arned Forces
  23. Inspector-General of Police
  24. Director-General of Public Service
  25. Auditor-General
  26. Chief Judge of Syariah Court
  27. Deputy President of the Senate
  28. Deputy Speakers of the House of Representatives
  29. Leader of the Opposition
  30. Deputy Ministers (in the order determined by the Prime Minister's Department)
  31. High Commissioners, Ambassadors, Ministers Plenipotentiary and Chargé d'affaires (ordered by diplomatic rank and assumption of office)
  32. Judges of the Federal Court (ordered by appointment)
  33. Judges of the Court of Appeal (ordered by appointment)
  34. Parliamentary Secretaries (ordered by Ministers' seniority)
  35. Commanders of the Most Distinguished Order of the Defender of the Realm (PMN)[2]
  36. Officers of Premier (Turus) Grade 1 and 2[4]
  37. Chairman of Government Official Ceremonies
  38. Secretaries-General of Federal Ministries[5]
  39. Officers of Premier (Turus) Grade 3[4]
  40. Chairpersons of Commissions established by virtue of the Federal Constitution[5]
  41. Judges of the High Courts and Judicial Commissioners (ordered by appointment)
  42. Commanders of the Distinguished Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (PSM)[2]
  43. Governor of the Central Bank
  44. Keeper of the Rulers' Seal
  45. Comptroller of the National Palace
  46. Royal Professor (HH Ungku Abdul Aziz Ungku Abdul Hamid)
    Honorary—46A. Deputy Menteris Besar and Deputy Chief Ministers (in the order similar to that of Menteris Besar and Chief Ministers)
    Honorary—46B. Speakers of State Legislative Assemblies (ordered by Rulers' and Governors' seniority)
  47. Senators (in the order determined by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong)
  48. Members of the House of Representatives (in the order determined by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong)
  49. Judges of the Syariah Court of Appeal (ordered by appointment)
  50. Chief of Army
  51. Chief of Navy
  52. Chief of Air Force
  53. Deputy Inspector-General of Police
  54. Commanders of the Distinguished Order of Meritorious Service (PJN)[2]
  55. Commanders of the Most Distinguished Royal Family Order of Loyalty (PSD)[2]
  56. Officers of Super (JUSA) Grade A, including Military and Police Officers, and Chairpersons and Heads of Federal Statutory Bodies equivalent to this grade
  57. Vice Chancellors of Public Universities[5]
    Honorary—57A. Members of State Executive Councils, and Ministers of State of Sabah and Sarawak
  58. Officers of Super (JUSA) Grade B, including Military and Police Officers, and Chairpersons and Heads of Federal Statutory Bodies equivalent to this grade
    Honorary—58A. Recipients of National Fellow Award
  59. United Nations Resident Representative
  60. Officers of Super (JUSA) Grade C, including Military and Police Officers, and Chairpersons and Heads of Federal Statutory Bodies equivalent to this grade
    Honorary—60A. Members of State Legislative Assemblies
  61. Companions of the Most Distinguished Order of the Defender of the State (JMN)[2]
  62. Companions of the Distinguished Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (JSM)[2]
  63. Companions of the Most Distinguished Royal Family Order of Loyalty (JSD)[2]
  64. Officers of Grade 54, including Military and Police Officers, and Chairpersons and Heads of Federal Statutory Bodies equivalent to this grade[4]
  65. Political Secretaries (ordered by Ministers' seniority)
  66. Officers of Grade 52, including Military and Police Officers, and Chairpersons and Heads of Federal Statutory Bodies equivalent to this grade[4]
  67. Consul Generals of countries without diplomatic representation (in the order determined by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

Additional notes[edit]

  • As a courtesy, wives and husbands of those in the order are entitled to their spouse's rank.
  • A person with two positions in the order will take the highest one.
  • Persons not mentioned in this Order will take precedence according to the current practice subject to such special guidance as may be given by the Prime Minister's Department from time to time.
  • If any doubt arises as to the application of this Order, references should be made to the Prime Minister's Department or, for diplomats, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Federal Order of Precedence" (PDF). Attorney-General's Chamber of Malaysia. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Members of these Orders are ordered by date of investiture, given that full members take precedence over honorary members.
  3. ^ In the presence of Rulers and Governors, they are ordered by their Rulers' and Governors' seniority.
  4. ^ a b c d These public officers are ordered by the date of appointment (or promotion), given that acting officers take precedence after substantive officers.
  5. ^ a b c These public officers are ordered by service grade and date of appointment, given that acting officers take precedence after substantive officers.