Malaysian order of precedence

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The Malaysian order of precedence is a nominal and symbolic hierarchy of important positions within the Government of Malaysia. It has no legal standing but is used to dictate ceremonial protocol at events of a federal or national nature.

Malaysian Prime Minister's Department issued a twenty-first Order of Precedence for Malaysia on 13 November 2014.[1]

Malaysian order of precedence[edit]

As at 13 November 2014, Malaysian order of precedence is as follows:

No. Office
1 His Majesty the King
2 Her Majesty the Queen
3 Rulers and Acting Ruler(s) of States[2]
  1. His Royal Highness the Sultan of Kedah[3]
  2. His Royal Highness the Sultan of Pahang
  3. His Royal Highness the Sultan of Terengganu
  4. His Royal Highness the Raja of Perlis
  5. His Royal Highness the Sultan of Selangor
  6. His Royal Highness the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan
  7. His Royal Highness the Sultan of Johor
  8. His Royal Highness the Sultan of Kelantan[4]
  9. His Royal Highness the Sultan of Perak
4 Governors of States[2]
  1. His Excellency the Governor of Penang
  2. His Excellency the Governor of Malacca
  3. His Excellency the Governor of Sabah
  4. His Excellency the Governor of Sarawak
5 Former Queen (receiving royal remuneration from the Federal Government)
Her Royal Highness Tengku Permaisuri Siti Aishah of Selangor
6 The Right Honourable Prime Minister
7 The Right Honourable Deputy Prime Minister
7A Heirs of States —
  1. His Highness the Tengku Mahkota of Pahang
  2. His Highness the Raja Muda of Perlis
  3. His Highness the Raja Muda of Selangor
  4. Heirs of Negeri Sembilan —
    1. His Highness the Tunku Besar of Seri Menanti
    2. His Highness the Tunku Laksamana
    3. His Highness the Tunku Muda of Serting
    4. His Highness the Tunku Panglima Besar
  5. His Highness the Tunku Mahkota of Johor
  6. His Highness the Tengku Mahkota of Kelantan
  7. His Highness the Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Terengganu
  8. His Highness the Raja Muda of Perak
  9. His Highness the Tengku Temenggong of Kedah
8 Members of the Order of the Crown of State (DMN)
9 Grand Commanders of the Most Distinguished Order of the Defender of the State (SMN)[5]
10 Former Prime Ministers —
  1. Dr. Mahathir Mohamad (31 October 2003)
  2. Abdullah Ahmad Badawi (3 April 2009)
11 Former Deputy Prime Ministers —
  1. Musa Hitam (10 May 1986)
  2. Anwar Ibrahim (2 September 1998)
  3. Muhyiddin Mohd. Yassin MP (29 August 2015)
12 Grand Commanders of the Distinguished Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (SSM)[5]
12A Royal Representatives of Negeri Sembilan
  1. His Highness the Dato' Undang Luak of Sungei Ujong
  2. His Highness the Dato' Undang Luak of Jelebu
  3. His Highness the Dato' Undang Luak of Johol
  4. His Highness the Dato' Undang Luak of Rembau
  5. His Highness the Tunku Besar of Tampin
13 The Right Honourable Chief Justice[6]
14 Honourable President of the Senate
15 Honourable Speaker of the House of Representatives
16 Honourable Federal Ministers
17 Chief Secretary to the Government
17A The Right Honourable Chief Ministers of States[7]
18 The Right Honourable President of the Court of Appeal[6]
19 The Right Honourable Chief Judge of the High Court of Malaya[6]
20 The Right Honourable Chief Judge of the High Court of Sabah and Sarawak[6]
21 Honourable Attorney-General
22 Chief of Armed Forces
23 Inspector-General of Police
24 Director-General of Public Services
25 Auditor-General
26 The Right Honourable Chief Justice of Sharia Court
27 Honourable Deputy President of the Senate
28 Honourable Deputy Speakers of the House of Representatives
29 Honourable Leader of the Opposition
30 Honourable Federal Deputy Ministers
31 Their Excellencies High Commissioners, Ambassadors, Ministers Plenipotentiary and Charge d'affaires[8]
32 Their Honours Judges of the Federal Court[6]
33 Their Honours Judges of the Court of Appeal[6]
34 Honourable Parliamentary Secretaries[9]
35 Commanders of the Most Distinguished Order of the Defender of the State (PMN)
36 Officers of Grade Turus (Higher) 1 and 2[10]
37 Chairman of Government Official Ceremonies
38 Secretaries-General of Federal Ministries
39 Officers of Grade Turus 3[10]
40 Chairpersons of Commissions established by virtue of the Federal Constitution[11]
41 Their Honours Judges of the High Court and Judicial Commissioners[6]
42 Commanders of the Distinguished Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (PSM)
43 Governor of the Central Bank
44 Keeper of the Rulers' Seal
45 Comptroller of the National Palace
46 Royal Professor
His Highness Ungku Abdul Aziz Ungku Abdul Hamid
46A Honourable Deputy Chief Ministers of States
46B Honourable Speaker of State Legislative Assemblies
47 Honourable Senators[12]
48 Honourable Members of the House of Representatives[12]
49 Honourable Judges of the Sharia Court of Appeal
50 Chief of Army
51 Chief of Navy
52 Chief of Air Forces
53 Deputy Inspector-General of Police
54 Commanders of the Distinguished Order of Meritorious Service (PJN)
55 Commanders of the Most Distinguished Royal Family Order of Loyalty (PSD)
56 Officers of Grade JUSA (Super) A[10][13]
57 Vice Chancellors of Universities
57A Honourable Members of State Executive Councils, and Ministers of State of Sabah and Sarawak
58 Officers of Grade JUSA B[10]
58A Recipients of National Fellow Award
59 His Excellency United Nations Resident Representative
60 Officers of Grade JUSA C[10]
60A Honourable Members of State Legislative Assemblies
61 Companions of the Most Distinguished Order of the Defender of the State (JMN)
62 Companions of the Distinguished Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia (JSM)
63 Companions of the Most Distinguished Royal Family Order of Loyalty (JSD)
64 Officers of Grade 54[10][14]
65 Political Secretaries[9]
66 Officers of Grade 52[10][14]
67 Consul Generals of countries without diplomatic representation

Additional notes[edit]

  • As a courtesy, wives and husbands of those in the order are entitled to their spouse's rank.
  • A person with two positions in the order will take the highest one.
  • Persons not mentioned in this Order will take precedence according to the current practice subject to such special guidance as may be given by the Prime Minister's Department from time to time.
  • If any doubt arises as to the application of this Order, references should be made to the Prime Minister's Department or, for diplomats, to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Federal Order of Precedence" (PDF). Attorney-General's Chamber of Malaysia. Retrieved 31 May 2016. 
  2. ^ a b They take precedence among themselves in accordance with Article 70 of the Federal Constitution.
  3. ^ As he is the King, he is represented by the Council of Regency of Kedah, consisting of the Tunku Temenggong (as the Chair), the Tunku Laksamana and the Tunku Panglima Besar; all of them bear the title of His or Her Royal Highness. They took precedence after all substantive Rulers.
  4. ^ He is the Deputy King and, normally, takes precedence over all Rulers and after the Queen.
  5. ^ a b They take precedence according to the date of investiture. Honorary members take precedence after all full members.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g Members of the Judiciary take precedence among themselves according to Section 8 of Judicial Courts Act 1964.
  7. ^ In their respective Ruler's or Governor's presence, they take precedence according to their respective Ruler's or Governor's precedence. Otherwise, they take precedence among themselves according to the date of appointment.
  8. ^ They take precedence among themselves according to their respective grades and diplomatic usage.
  9. ^ a b They take precedence among themselves according to the precedence of their respective Minister.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g They take precedence among themselves according to the date of appointment to their respective office bearing such Grade. Acting office bearers take precedence after all substantive office bearers.
  11. ^ They take precedence according to their respective Grade and date of appointment.
  12. ^ a b They take precedence among themselves according to the order assigned by the King.
  13. ^ These include Military and Police officers, and Chairmen or Chief Executive of Federal Statutory Bodies equivalent to this Grade.
  14. ^ a b These include Military and Police officers equivalent to this Grade.

External links[edit]