Vehicle registration plates of Malaysia

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A standard Peninsular Malaysian number plate, registered in Penang and affixed on a dealership plate frame.

Malaysian registration plates are displayed at the front and rear of all private and commercial motorised vehicles in Malaysia, as required by law. The issuing of the number plates is regulated and administered by the Malaysian Road Transport Department (Malay: Jabatan Pengangkutan Jalan Malaysia) or JPJ.

The following are examples of the formats currently used;

Type of number plate Layout
Private & commercial vehicles ABC 4567 or W/Q/SAB 4567 C or KV 4567 B
Taxi HAB 4567 or as used by private & commercial vehicles
Military ZA 4567
Temporary A 2341 A (W/TP 2341 for Kuala Lumpur)
Diplomatic corps 12-34-DC
Royals and government (Full title)


The current standard for Malaysian number plates were derived from early iterations of number plate designs in the United Kingdom, and were first issued after the introduction of motorised vehicles in during British rule the early 20th century. Number plates are typically issued and are formatted similarly for any motorised vehicle that runs on rubber tyres, including most road-legal private, commercial and industrial vehicles, motorcycles, emergency vehicles, agricultural tractors, and backhoe loaders. With the exception of those issued for taxis, vehicle dealers and diplomats, all vehicle number plates in Malaysia have white lettering and numbers on a black background for both front and rear plates, regardless of the vehicle type.

The shape and size as well as the material used for Malaysian number plates may legally vary provided that the colours, layout and size of the characters adhere to number plate guidelines.[1] Arial Bold is currently the preferred typeface, but other readable typefaces may be used depending on the vehicle dealer's or owner's preference. Early Malaysian number plates were largely made of pressed metal, but were largely superseded by plastic plates and characters since the 1970s.

Peninsular Malaysia[edit]

Current format[edit]

BMF 5209

With the exception of Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya and Langkawi plates, and taxis, vehicle dealers and diplomats, all Peninsular Malaysian number plates for private and commercial tyre motor vehicles with the exceptions of those used by taxis, vehicle dealers and diplomats follow a Sxx #### algorithm.[1][2][3]

  • S - The state or territory prefix. (e.g. : W = Kuala Lumpur, A = Perak, B = Selangor, P = Penang)
  • x - The alphabetical sequences. (e.g. : A, B, C ... X, Y)
  • # - The number sequence. (e.g. : 1, 2, 3 ... 9998, 9999)

The exceptions in the algorithm are as follows;

  • There can be no leading zeroes in the number sequence.
  • The letters I and O are omitted from the alphabetical sequences due to their similarities with the numbers 1 and 0.
  • The letters Z is omitted and reserved for use on Malaysian military vehicles.

The algorithm started with a state prefix and a number sequence which ranged from 1 to 9999. For example, W 1 was the first registration plate of Kuala Lumpur in 1974. Once W 9999 was achieved, an alphabetical sequence was added to the right of the state prefix; WA 1 was the result. When WA 9999 was reached, the number sequence was reset and the alphabetical sequence progressed; WB 1 being the outcome.[3] After WY 9999 was achieved, a second alphabetical sequence was added to the right of the first alphabetical sequence; WAA 1 being the outcome. When WAY 9999 was reached, the second alphabetical sequence was reset and the first alphabetical sequence progressed; making WBA 1.[3]

Registration plates of Peninsular Malaysia[2]
Prefix State Prefix State
A Perak M Malacca
B Selangor N Negeri Sembilan
C Pahang P Penang
D Kelantan R Perlis
J Johor T Terengganu
K Kedah W Kuala Lumpur


Extended Kuala Lumpur series and Langkawi series[edit]
W 9987 C
WB 4278 D

As the most registered number plate series in the country, the W series' traditional 7-character format became the first in Peninsular Malaysia to be exhausted when WYY 9999 was reached on 26 September 2013. To allow further W plates, the algorithm was altered to feature an alphabetical suffix behind the number sequence, resetting at W 1 A (similar to the vehicle registration system used in Singapore) .[4] When W 9999 Y is achieved, the second alphabetical sequence will re-emerge between the state prefix and number sequence, leading to WA 1 A. When WA 9999 Y is met, the first alphabetical sequence will reset and the second alphabetical sequence will advance, giving WB 1 A. When WY 9999 Y is reached, a third new alphabetical sequence will be spliced into the algorithm, between the second alphabetical sequence and number sequence, resulting in WAA 1 A. The series will end when WYY 9999 Y is reached.[4]

Exclusive to the W series, the change does not affect plate series in other Peninsular Malaysia states as none of these series have been exhausted.

KV 2501 D

Vehicles in Langkawi, a Kedahan resort archipelago, are issued KV series plates after the islands achieved duty-free status. The algorithm for Langkawi is KV #### x, where KV is the territory prefix with # and x denoting the number and alphabetical sequences respectively. Prior to the KV series, Langkawi-registered vehicles were issued with K series plates as is with the rest of Kedah.

A quirk of both the post-September 2013 W series and the KV series is the restriction of the use of Q and S as the suffix, justified by possible conflicts with specific older East Malaysian number plates ending with Q and S, specifically the Sarawakian xx #### Q format used between 1988 and 1991, and Sabah's early post-independence x #### S format; measures, however, have been taken to restrict the use of the old Sabahan format to accommodate the W series' use of disused Sabah x #### S numbers. Similar restrictions may be applied for future extended plates for the Johor and Selangor series due to overlaps with plate formats for Kota Kinabalu (J #### S), Betong/Sri Aman (B #### Q) and Beaufort (B #### S).

Putrajaya series[edit]

Putrajaya plate.gif

The Putrajaya territorial prefix incorporates the name of the territory, unlike the one-letter prefixes of the other states, followed by a number sequence of up to four digits. The letters are stylised in oblique Calisto. The format is Putrajaya xxxx.[1]

History of Peninsular Malaysian number plates[edit]


The registration plate system in Malaysia traces back to the introduction of motor vehicles in the early-1900s in British Malaya, with the introduction by British colonial governments of a basic S #### format, where S prefix is the state identifier. Because numbers of the S #### format is not expected to be exhaust for a considerable time, state identifiers were allowed to be represented by one or two letters.

Straits Settlements[edit]

Number plates for the Straits Settlements began to be issued in the early-1900s. With the exception of several format changes in intermediate periods, most of the Straits Settlements state identifiers continue to be used by the territories they were originally assigned to.

The Straits Settlement of Malacca was assigned with the M state identifier, which has continuously been issued to vehicles registered in the state since its introduction over a century ago. The Straits Settlement of Penang originally had two plate series, P and W, which were assigned respectively to Penang island and the mainland territory of Province Wellesley. The Province Wellesley W series was discontinued in 1957 as P plates would be issued for both territories henceforth.

The S series was assigned to Straits Settlement of Singapore, which continuously used the basic S #### format for several decades until the format was nearly exhausted and subsequently expanded to Sx #### after rationalisation in 1948. Following Singapore's expulsion from Malaysia in 1965, the S series is no longer administered by the Malaysian Road Transport Department, and fell under the responsibility of the State of Singapore Registry of Vehicles and its successor, the Land Transport Authority; vehicles with Singaporean S plates that were under Malaysian ownership were reissued with corresponding Malaysian number plates. In the years that followed since expulsion, the Singaporean number plate system evolved independently with changing prefix systems since 1972 (culminating to the reintroduction of the S series for private cars in 1984), the inclusion of a fourth, checksum letter, and varied colour schemes for different classes of vehicles.

The L series began to be issued to the Straits Settlement of Labuan in 1906, a then-independent island outpost off the coast of British North Borneo. The L plate was discontinued in 1963 after the island (now part of North Borneo/Sabah) was reformatted in accordance to North Bornean/Sabahan conventions, and would remain unused until after Labuan's status as a Federal Territory in 1984, when the L series was reinstated for the island.

Federated and Unfederated Malay States[edit]

Due to the initial simplicity of the S #### format, plates in the Federated Malay States (FMS) (Perak, Selangor, Negri Sembilan and Pahang) and Unfederated Malay States (UMS) (Johore, Trengganu, Kelantan, Kedah and Perlis) were originally allowed to follow a distinct series of state identifiers which may use one or two-letters (i.e. SL and KL for early plates in Selangor and Kelantan, respectively).

In conjunction with the formation of the Federation of Malaya, rationalisation of Malayan state identifiers was conducted in 1948 to simplify all FMS and two-letter UMS prefixes into single letters. In addition, the Pahang plate, which originally assumed the P prefix and was allowed to conflict with the Penang plates for decades, was finally reassigned with a unique letter. Like the pre-1932 number plate designs in the United Kingdom, the order of the new prefixes also denoted the order of population size of the FMS states at the time, with Perak's A series representative of its then larger population ahead of Selangor (B) and Pahang (C). To prevent future conflicts with plates with the Sx #### format, pre-1948 plates with two-letter state identifiers were subsequently required to be replaced with plates using replacement one-letter identifiers (i.e. PK 1234 to A 1234 and JB 1234 to J 1234), leading to the extinction of the use of double-letter state identifiers in Malaya; a similar change was imposed on pre-1948 Pahang plates. Remaining single-lettered UMS and Straits Settlement identifiers were not subjected to the 1948 change.


Following the rationalisation of prefixes in 1948, plates in Malaya (and then Peninsular Malaysia) were allowed to bear a Sx #### format, which was sufficient for use through the 1950s and 1960s. By the 1970s, the Sx #### format began to be exhausted, leading the first use of a third identifying letter for the prefix (Sxx ####) on Selangor plates in 1971, followed by Johore in 1978, Kuala Lumpur in 1980, Perak and Penang in 1981, and Pahang and Negri Sembilan in 1988, culminating to Sxx #### being the standard format of Peninsular Malaysian plates.

In 1974, W series plates were reissued for post-1974 cars registered in the newly ceded Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur. However, as Kuala Lumpur was previously the capital of Selangor, vehicles registered there before 1974 are permitted to continue carrying the B series plates. Going against the 1948 rationalisation, the Kuala Lumpur series started with a single W prefix (W ####), conflicting with early Province Wellesley plates.

The vast majority of vehicles sold in Malaysia are now registered in the peninsular. At the end of 2012, a total of 22,702,221 vehicles, including motorcycles, have been registered with the Malaysian Road Transport Department.[5][6] Of that figure, 5,320,562 vehicles have been registered in Kuala Lumpur alone, with 3,332,767 units being privately-registered, four-wheeled vehicles such as MPVs, SUVs, pick-ups and passenger cars. Additionally, a further 1,312,016, 1,226,223 and 1,052,353 four-wheeled vehicles have been privately-registered in Johor, Penang and Selangor respectively.[5] Collectively, the four states account for 8,911,154 privately-registered, four-wheeled vehicles in Malaysia by the end of 2012. In comparison, 1,465,078 and 1,026,867 vehicles, including non-privately-registered and non-four-wheeled vehicles, have been registered in Sarawak and Sabah respectively.[5]


Current format[edit]

QAA 4530 H

All registration plates of Sarawak for private and commercial motorised vehicles with the exceptions of those used by taxis, vehicle dealers and diplomats follow a QDx #### x algorithm.[2]

  • Q - The constant prefix for all Sarawakian number plates.
  • D - The division prefix. (e.g. : A = Kuching, M = Miri)
  • x - The alphabetical sequences. (e.g. : A, B, C ... X, Y, except Q & S are restricted for use)
  • # - The number sequence. (e.g. : 1, 2, 3 ... 9998, 9999)

The lettersI, O and Z are not used and there are no leading zeroes, as in the case of the Peninsular Malaysian number plates. The current algorithm for the majority of Sarawak's divisions start with the constant Q prefix, followed by the division prefix and the number sequence. An example would be QA 1 of Kuching Division, which was issued in 2004. Once QA 9999 was reached, an alphabetical sequence was added to the right of the division prefix; QAA 1 was the result. When QAY 9999 was achieved in late 2011, a second alphabetical sequence was incorporated and served as the suffix; the result was QAA 1 A. When QAA 9999 Y is met in the near future, the second alphabetical sequence will be reset and the first alphabetical sequence will advance; QAB 1 A will be the outcome.

Since 2011, several more divisions have exhausted their respective QDx #### formats. In July 2013, Sibu and Mukah Divisions began issuing QS #### x plates after QSY 9999 was reached. This is followed by Miri Division, which began using the QM #### x format since 20 August, 2015, after QMY 9999 was reached.

Registration plates of Sarawak[2]
Prefix Division Prefix Division Prefix Division
QA/QK Kuching QL Limbang QR Sarikei
QB Sri Aman and Betong QM Miri QS Sibu and Mukah
QC Samarahan QP Kapit QT Bintulu

The government of Sarawak equip their vehicles with the unique QSG prefix.

History of Sarawakian number plates[edit]


1DD 5610

Before the formation of the Federation of Malaysia in 1963, the Sarawak's vehicle number plates were originally distinguished only by NDx (N = Number, D = Division, x = Alphabet) prefixes which represented the then five Administrative Divisions in Sarawak, followed by a number sequence which ranged from 1 to 9999; an example would be 1Dx #### for the 1st Division, present-day Kuching Division.

The ND prefixes were exhausted with the passing of time and were replaced with new prefixes similar to that of Peninsular Malaysia. During the 1970s, Sarikei Division and Kapit Division were formed and split from the 3rd Division to become the 6th and 7th Divisions, and were therefore assigned the 6D and 7D prefixes respectively instead of single-lettered identifiers.

KH 7009 Q

However, the Sarawakian number plates prefixes conflicted with that of several states in Peninsular Malaysia, Brunei and Singapore. For example, the K prefix for Kuching Division in Sarawak conflicted with the K prefix for Kedah in Peninsular Malaysia and Kuala Belait in Brunei. In response, the Malaysian Road Transport Department amended vehicle registration plate regulations in 1988 by introducing a constant suffix Q for all Sarawakian number plates; an example would be Kx #### Q for Kuching Division.


SG 2007 BQ

In 1991, a new format was adopted in which the suffix Q was moved to the front of the sequence in all Sarawakian number plates. The result is QK 1 which extended to QKY 9999. When the change took place, the SG prefix for Sarawakian government vehicles had been exhausted and an x was later placed in front of the Q suffix, resulting in a format that read SG #### xQ. Kuching Division registration plates were the most numerous in Sarawak and the KT #### Q series was issued halfway when the new QK prefix was enforced. The QA prefix later replaced the QK prefix for Kuching Division.


Current format[edit]

SAB 9402 K
A Sabahan number plate.

All registration plates of Sabah (except Labuan) for private and commercial motorised vehicles with the exceptions of those used by taxis, vehicle dealers and diplomats follow a SDx #### x algorithm.[2]

  • S - The constant prefix for all Sabahan number plates.
  • D - The division prefix. (e.g. : A = West Coast, T = Tawau)
  • x - The alphabetical sequences. (e.g. : A, B, C ... X, Y, except Q & S are restricted for use)
  • # - The number sequence. (e.g. : 1, 2, 3 ... 9998, 9999)

Letters I, O, and Z are not used and there are no leading zeroes, as in the case of the Peninsular Malaysian number plates. Q and S are restricted from being used in the suffix to minimise confusion with the Sarawak's 1988-1991 Sibu Sx#### Q series, and Sabah's early post-independence x#### S format.

The current algorithm for the majority of Sabah's divisions start with the constant S prefix, followed by the division prefix and the number sequence. An example would be SA 1 of West Coast Division. Once SA 9999 was reached, an alphabetical sequence was added and served as the suffix; SA 1234 A was the result. When SA 9999 Y was achieved, a second alphabetical sequence was placed to the right of the division prefix and the first alphabetical sequence was reset; the result was SAA 1234 A. When SAA 9999 Y was met, the second alphabetical sequence progressed and the first alphabetical sequence was reset again; SAB 1234 A was the outcome.

Despite measures to minimise conflicts with similar number plate formats, a number of vehicles in Sabah will bear exactly the same number plates to a number of private vehicles registered in Singapore due to the complicated history of its plate's algorithm and arrangement of the characters. In Singapore, letter Z are allowed to use and different colours are issued such as OPC number plate (white on red background), whereas Z are reserved for military vehicles in Malaysia. With the allow the usage of letter Z for Singapore number plates, only cars in Singapore bears S and OPC scheme number plate which bears white on red background plates, it minimises the confusion of Sabah and Singapore number plates.

Registration plates of Sabah[2]
Prefix Division Prefix Division Prefix Division
SA, SAA-SAB West Coast SG Sabah Government SS Sandakan
SB Beaufort SK Kudat ST Tawau
SD Lahad Datu SL Labuan (replaced) SU Keningau

The West Coast Division encompasses the densely populated cities of Kota Kinabalu and Penampang. The SA series has thus become the most numerous number plate prefix in the state of Sabah. It is also the only Sabahan prefix to have two alphabetical sequences.

LE 2861

Labuan, a Federal Territory based on a former Sabahan territory, uses a standard L series based on the Peninsular Malaysian algorithm, unlike the other Sabahan divisions.

History of Sabahan number plates[edit]


EJ 1659
J 1659 S
T 1659 S

Historically, number plate formats for Sabah, then known as North Borneo prior to the formation of the Malaysian federation in 1963, were similarly revised multiple instances. During Chartered Company rule North Borneo number plates followed a similar format to that of Malaya, but were defined by its own set of regional prefixes based on capitals of the state's then current divisions. However, the old algorithm was quickly exhausted as only combinations such as D #### were possible. Following World War II and declaration of North Borneo as a British Crown Colony, an E was added into the registration number prefix, with new registration numbers issued as ED ####.

After North Borneo's independence from British rule and entry into the Malaysian federation, the E prefix was replaced by an S suffix, altering the format to D #### S, likely as a response to avoid conflicts with the Singaporean E to EZ series used between 1972 and 1984; the S suffix was also added to avoid further conflicts with Peninsular Malaysian formats. The Jesselton (J) division prefix was dropped in favour of an A prefix representing the West Coast Division following Jesselton's renaming to Kota Kinabalu in 1967.

Labuan, which was part of the Straits Settlements and had its own L series plates, fell under the jurisdiction of North Borneo and its vehicle plate reformatted after 1946 in line with the state's number plate formats (EL #### and L #### S).

Despite their obsolescence, delisted ED #### and D #### S numbers, including those using the J division prefix, may still be registered for new vehicles,[7][8] as it does not conflict with current number plate formats in the rest of Malaysia or Singapore.


From the early 1980s, new Sabahan vehicle number plates were issued in the current SDx #### S format.

Following the format change, Labuan plates were issued with the SLx #### S format until a format similar to its original Straits Settlements format, Lx ####, was reinstated in the mid-1990s following Labuan's separation from the state in 1984 as an independent Federal Territory.

Specialised plates[edit]


HWE 1026
A Selangor-registered "H" taxi number plate.

Malaysian taxicab number plates follow a HSx #### algorithm.[9] While based on the Peninsular Malaysian registration plates, taxi plates usually incorporate a constant H (Hire) prefix and have inverted colours (black characters on white background) for distinction purposes.[1]

  • H - The constant prefix for all taxi number plates.
  • S - The state or territory prefix. (e.g. : W = Kuala Lumpur, P = Penang)
  • x - The alphabetical sequence. (e.g. : A, B, C ... X, Y)
  • # - The number sequence. (e.g. : 1, 2, 3 ... 9998, 9999)
Registration plates of Malaysian taxis (post-1980s)
Prefix State Prefix State
HA Perak HM Malacca
HB Selangor HN Negeri Sembilan
HC Pahang HP Penang
HD Kelantan HQ Sarawak
HE Sabah (replaced) HR Perlis
HJ Johor HS Sabah
HK Kedah HT Terengganu
HL Labuan HW Kuala Lumpur

The Kuala Lumpur HW is thus far the most widely issued of all the taxi prefixes, followed by Selangor's HB and Johor's HJ prefixes respectively. Some taxis in Shah Alam use the 'HB #### SA' format number plate.

LIMO 1130 W

The LIMO #### S format was introduced for Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) limousines following the opening of the airport in 1998. The LIMO prefix is a constant and is followed by the number and state prefixes, such as LIMO 4430 W and LIMO 3864 B. The service of the KLIA airport limousines largely cater to demand in Selangor and Kuala Lumpur. Thus, only the B or W state prefixes are used.

History of Malaysian taxi number plates[edit]

Pre-1980s taxi number plates shared the format used for private vehicles based on the state of origin, but with the inversion of colours (black characters on white background).[10] The number plate was also complemented by a Kereta Sewa (English: Rental Car) tag on the roof of taxis.

JCT 9896

This old format is widely used on rural taxis in less developed states such as Kelantan and Pahang, but has been widely replaced by the new HSx #### format in the highly developed states, namely Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Johor, Negeri Sembilan and Penang. However, taxi owners may still choose to opt for either the pre-1980s or post-1980s number plates as both are considered legal and valid.[11] By the end of 2012, there were 39,384 taxis registered in Kuala Lumpur.[5] A further 12,392 and 11,581 taxis were registered in Johor and Selangor respectively.[5]

Foreign missions[edit]

Diplomatic Corps[edit]

A Malaysian plate for a Yemenese diplomatic vehicle.

The registration plates of diplomatic corps in Malaysia are very distinct from other number plate formats in the country. They follow a 1C-2C-DC format and have either white characters on a red background or white characters on a black background.[12] Furthermore, leading zeroes are used in addition to hyphens between the characters.

  • 1C - The first code denotes the nationality. (see list below)
  • 2C - The second code denotes a rank. (e.g. : 01 = Head of Mission's Official Car, 52 = Attaché)
  • DC - The constant suffix which denotes Diplomatic Corps.

Consular Corps[edit]


The registration plates of consular corps in Malaysia complement the number plates of the diplomatic corps. They follow a 1C-2C-CC format and have white characters on a black background.[12] Leading zeroes and hyphens are also used.

  • 1C - The first code denotes the nationality. (e.g. : 15 = Australia, 23 = Netherlands)
  • 2C - The second code which is dependent on a Malaysian state and denotes a rank. (e.g. : 01 = Head of Consular Mission in Kuala Lumpur, 02 = Head of Consular Mission in Penang)
  • CC - The constant suffix which denotes Consular Corps.

United Nations[edit]


Registration plates for vehicles registered under the United Nations (UN) in Malaysia use a 1C-2C-UN format.[12] These plates are issued with white characters on a black background or white characters on a red background.

Other international organisations[edit]


A PA suffix is used for vehicles registered under other international organisations in Malaysia. They follow a similar format to that used for the diplomatic corps.[1]


ZC 5010

For all motorised Malaysian Armed Forces vehicles (including tracked vehicles and various armoured vehicles), number plates numbers with the Z prefix are utillised.[14][15][16] Issued in a ZB #### format with white characters on a black background, there are no leading zeroes, and the alphabets I and O are not used.


The Sultans of Malaysia, Rulers of States and their immediate royalties use unique registration plates. Most of these official number plates have a yellow background and bear the official title or crest of the owners, such as "Tengku Mahkota Johor" of the Regent of Johore.[17]

Trade plates[edit]

Malaysian trade plates, or temporary number plates, are carried by unregistered vehicles or vehicles without proper documents, such as road tax and insurance, and are largely used by authorised vehicle dealers in the country. Although most Peninsular Malaysian trade plates consistently follow a S #### x format and a white-on-blue colour scheme with leading zeroes for below 100th digits, trade plates in Sarawak similar to normal number plate with white character and red background[citation needed], similar to Singapore OPC plates, whereas those of Sabah follow a ### D prefix and feature red characters on a white background, similar to UK trader's plate. Until September 2013, Kuala Lumpur trade plates followed the usual W #### x format; with the launch of the extended W series that is completely identical in character format, the trade plate format was altered to W/TP #### and W/TS #### for motorcycles. Motorcycles bears trade plate with S suffix, other type of vehicles than motorcycles bears A suffix for S #### x format.

The majority of trade plates are made from pressed alloy, but plastic ones are also common.

Trailer plates[edit]

T/BD 6125

Articulated lorries or semi-trailers feature two number plates placed at the rear of the trailer.[18] One is designated for the tractor unit, and another for the trailer it pulls. The tractor unit's number plate follows the private and commercial format depending on the state of origin, while the trailer's own number plate follows a T/Sx #### algorithm. The T/ prefix is a constant for all Malaysian trailers. Both plates have white characters on a black background.

Commemorative plates[edit]


A limited number of commemorative vanity plates, or plates with distinctive prefixes are made available by the Malaysian Road Transport Department at a higher cost. These special plates may be used to denote the manufacturer of the car, such as the Proton prefix for Proton cars or special events, such as the SUKOM prefix for the 1998 Commonwealth Games.

It was noted that G1M number plates were often abused on luxury vehicles to evade motor vehicle import, excise and sales duty in mainland because G1M series could be registered in Langkawi and Labuan, both islands having duty-free status (motor vehicles registered in both islands are exempted from mainland motor vehicle duties). Therefore IM4U series are not allowed to be registered in Langkawi and Labuan.

International plates[edit]

To and from Thailand[edit]

Due to the language barrier that arises from the use of Thai and Romanised scripts for vehicle plates registered in Thailand and Malaysia, respectively, road vehicles crossing the Malaysia–Thailand border are typically required to bear stickers in the front and back that translate the characters of the plates into those understandable in the country of entry.

Although this is not a mandatory requirement under the ASEAN Accord for vehicles having Romanised plates, some Malaysian vehicles traveling beyond 50 kilometres of the Malaysia–Thailand border may bear permanent stickers that translate Romanised letters of the Malaysian number plates into Thai, but are otherwise identical in both the use of numerical characters and colour schemes; however, a note to indicate *(STATE)*MALAYSIA* under the vehicle registration is obligatory. The stickers do not have to be removed upon re-entry into Malaysia. Entering heavy goods vehicles from Malaysia are also require to bear a separate Thai Trade Registration Number with yellow plates denoted by the 70-xxxx or 7x-xxxx series.

Entering Thai-registered vehicles, which use the Thai script for series letters and the province of registration on their number plates, are required to bear strips on the front and back that translate the plate information into a row of Romanised script (including the corresponding series prefix and 4-digit number, and the province in its official 3-letter abbreviation, resulting in a format that reads AB 1234 PTN or 1AB 1234 BKK).[23] Although the general practice is to used white characters on black, stickers with colour schemes that resemble their original plate colours may also be acceptable; stickers that emulate the layout and colour of the Thai plates have also been known to be used.

To and from Singapore[edit]

While private Malaysian vehicles from the peninsular mainland are traditionally permitted into Singapore, Malaysian vehicles with the extended W series plates (Wxx #### x) are generally barred from entry as their plates conflict with Singapore's W plates issued for engineering plant vehicles under the Heavy Motors Scheme. To distinguish Malaysian extended W plates from Singaporean Heavy Motors Scheme plates, motorists include stickers bearing symbols of the Malaysian flag or a Malaysian state on the number plates; blue Europe-styled bands have also been favoured for this purpose.

Both the tractor and trailer of Malaysian semi-trucks are fitted with the "Hazardous Cargo" registrations plates upon entry into Singapore.[24] The same characters of the Malaysian number plates are used, with the only visible changes being the standardised fonts which reflect that of Singapore's and the colour code, which features black characters on an orange background.[24] The "Hazardous Cargo" number plates subject Malaysian semi-trailers to the same laws followed by Singaporean ones.

International "oval" number plate[edit]

Vehicles with Malaysian registration plates intended to be driven in countries beyond neighbouring countries are often required to carry an oval international number plate or sticker denoting the vehicle's country of registration on the rear of the vehicle. The current code for Malaysian international plates, first introduced in 1967, is MAL.

Historically, a considerable number of codes were needed to represent the separate Malayan states that would later form Malaysia, undergoing various code changes since the first issue in 1932.



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  3. ^ a b c "License Plates of Malaysia". Retrieved 28 February 2013. 
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