Malbazar

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Malbazar
মালবাজার
Mal
City
Malbazar is located in West Bengal
Malbazar
Malbazar
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 26°51′N 88°45′E / 26.85°N 88.75°E / 26.85; 88.75Coordinates: 26°51′N 88°45′E / 26.85°N 88.75°E / 26.85; 88.75
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Jalpaiguri
Government
 • Municipality Chairperson Mr. Swapan Saha
Area
 • Total 2.56 km2 (0.99 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 23,212
 • Density 9,067/km2 (23,480/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 735221
Sex ratio 917 /
Lok Sabha constituency Jalpaiguri (SC)
Vidhan Sabha constituency Mal (ST)
Website jalpaiguri.gov.in

Malbazar, also known as Mal, is a sub-divisional town, a municipality in Jalpaiguri district,[1] in North Bengal, India. It lies about 65 km from Jalpaiguri and 55 km from Siliguri.

History[edit]

Before 1947 Malbazar was a very small place, mainly known for its tea gardens mostly owned by British people. Those tea gardens had a few Bengali white collar employees and the work force consisted of tribal people.

After independence of India as well as partition of Bengal refugees from the then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) started to settle here by cutting down forests. By that time, Dr. Narayan Chandra Bannerjee, Dr Amalendu Biswas (came from Pabna), Dr Tarak Mukherjee, Shri Nripendra nath Choudhary who came there from Dacca established this city. Bannerjee had earned a lot of respect for his effective medical treatments and social services. He took initiatives to get the refuges settled there in an organised way. As a result, some colonies came up.

Later, due to efforts Bannerjee, Amalendu Biswas, Shri Nripendra nath Choudhary, Shri Sarat ch Ghosh, Shri Dulal Sen, Shri Makhan Bose established Adarsha Bidya Bhawan (a boys' high school). Shri Bipin bihari Bondhopadhy established Subhasini Balika Vidyalay (a girls' high school) in the 1950s. The government Mal Grahmin Hospital was established. Biswas contributed a lot as the only dentist of Maalbazar. Nath Choudhury had helped the refugees get settled. Soon, the police station was shifted to Malbazar from nearby Kranti.

In the 1970s Malbazar got its fire service station. Later, a street was named after Dr. Narayan Chandra Bannerjee.

Geography[edit]

Mal is at 26°51′N 88°45′E / 26.85°N 88.75°E / 26.85; 88.75.[2]

Malbazar is one of the more important towns in Dooars. It is strategically located in the eastern part of the Dooars region. The town does not have much to offer tourists except for the beautiful Mal Park, but due to its location on the national highway, one can stay at Malbazar and visit the important tourist destination of Eastern Dooars – Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Reserve, Jhalong, Bindu, Samsing, Suntalekhola are the famous tourist spots in this area.

There is a government tourist lodge in Malbazar apart from a few private accommodations. An annual flower show is held, visited by people from places far and near.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 census, Malbazar had a population of 23,212 out of which 12,111 were males and 11,101 were females. Decadal growth for the period 1991–2001 was 13.81% for Malbazar, against 21.52% in Jalpaiguri district. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%.[3]

Malbazar had a total scheduled caste population of 2,879 and a scheduled tribe population of 1,966.[4]

Education[edit]

  • Mal Adarsha Bidya Bhaban (H.S.)
  • Caesar School (CBSE, English)(H.S.)
  • Subhasini Girls High School
  • St Bartholemew's High School (B.L. School)
  • Pushpika Girls High School
  • Mal Ideal Hindi High School
  • Gurukul Hindi Vidyalaya
  • Ananda Bidyapith

There is a college called Mal Parimal Mitra Smriti Mahavidyalay.

Computer education centers:

  • All India Council for Computer Education (AICCE), CALTEX MORE
  • MICE (station road, near CPIM party office) authorised study center Malbazaar
  • COMSI (Computer Science Institution)

Transport[edit]

The local train station, New Mal Junction, is connected by the newly converted Broad Gauge of the New Jalpaiguri-Alipurduar-Samuktala Road Line train line. The train line leads from the forests of North Bengal to the foothills near the border with Bhutan.

Malbazar is well connected by road with important towns like Siliguri and Jalpaiguri. It became very popular to tourists as a gateway to many more spots like Gorumara, Chalsa, etc. There is a short route between Malbazar and Lava via Gorubathan.

Politics[edit]

The chairperson of Mal Municipality is Swapan Saha and vice chairperson is Dipa Sarkar.[5]

Tourist interests[edit]

  • Mal Park
  • Buddhist Temple
  • Mal and Karola rivers
  • many tea gardens
  • Balaji Mandir, at Sattyanarayan More, Malbazar, Jalpaiguri.

Accommodations[edit]

Mal Tourist Lodge (run by West Bengal Tourism Development Corporation), Guest House of Mal Municipality, PWD Inspection Bungalow and some private hotels.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Administrative setup of Jalpaiguri district from official website of Jalpaiguri District
  2. ^ "Yahoo maps of Mal". Yahoo maps. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  3. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Jalpaiguri District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 23 August 2007. 
  4. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 22 August 2008. 
  5. ^ "Mal municipality". Official website of the Department of Municipal Affairs, West Bengal. Retrieved 29 November 2008. [dead link]

External links[edit]