|The Right Honourable
Sir Malcolm Bruce
|Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats|
28 January 2014
|Preceded by||Simon Hughes|
|Chairman of the Liberal Democrats|
9 August 1999 – 7 June 2001
|Preceded by||Alan Beith|
|Succeeded by||Mark Oaten|
|Leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats|
3 March 1988 – 18 April 1992
|Preceded by||Russell Johnston|
|Succeeded by||Jim Wallace|
|Member of Parliament
9 June 1983 – 30 March 2015
|Preceded by||Constituency Created|
|Succeeded by||Alex Salmond|
17 November 1944 |
Birkenhead, United Kingdom
|Political party||Liberal Democrats|
|Spouse(s)||Veronica Wilson (1969–1992)
Rosemary Vetterlein (1998–present)
|Alma mater||University of St Andrews
University of Strathclyde
Sir Malcolm Gray Bruce (born 17 November 1944) is a British Liberal Democrat politician.
He was the Member of Parliament for Gordon from 1983 to 2015 and was the chairman of the International Development Select Committee from 2005 to 2015. He has been deputy leader of the Liberal Democrats since 28 January 2014. He was nominated for a life peerage in August 2015.
Bruce was born in Birkenhead, he was educated at Wrekin College in Shropshire, England, prior to attending Queen's College (now the University of Dundee) at the University of St Andrews, where he received a degree in economics and political science, and Strathclyde University where he received a second degree in marketing. He was a trainee journalist with the Liverpool Post for a year from 1966 prior to him becoming a section buyer with the Boots Group in 1967. After a brief spell with A. Goldberg & Son, he was appointed in 1971 as a research and information officer with the North East Scotland Development Agency. He contested the parliamentary seat of North Angus and Mearns for the Liberal Party at the October 1974 general election, but the sitting Conservative and Unionist MP Alick Buchanan-Smith won with a majority of 2,551.
Bruce was elected as the Vice-Chairman of the Scottish Liberal Party in 1975, in the same year he became a director with the Norboil Publishing House. He again stood for Parliament at the 1979 general election for the seat of West Aberdeenshire and was again defeated by a sitting Conservative and Unionist MP, this time by Russell Fairgrieve by 2,766 votes. Bruce became the editor of the Aberdeen Petroleum Press in 1981 until his election as MP for Gordon in 1983.
Member of Parliament
Bruce stood for parliament for a third time at the newly created seat of Gordon, based largely on the former Aberdeenshire West. Fairgrieve retired, and at the 1983 general election he was very narrowly elected and became the Liberal MP for Gordon with a majority of just 850, and has held the seat for more than twenty-five years. He is politically moderate, an outspoken opponent of coalition with the Labour Party.
When he was elected to parliament, Bruce served on the Scottish Affairs Select Committee, and in 1986 was given a job by David Steel as a Spokesman on Energy and Scotland. He also became Rector of the University of Dundee in 1986 for three years. After the 1987 general election, at which Bruce's majority had increased to 9,519, he was briefly a spokesman on Education, before speaking on Trade and Industry later in 1987. After the amalgamation of the Liberal Party and the Social Democratic Party and the formation of the Liberal Democrats he became the new party's Energy spokesman and at the same time became the Leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats under the new leadership of Paddy Ashdown. In 1989 he was appointed as the Environment spokesman, before having the Scotland portfolio after 1990.
After the 1992 general election, at which he narrowly held Gordon by just 274 votes, he again became the Trade and Industry spokesman. By 1994 he had become the Treasury spokesman. Whilst a Treasury spokesman it was Bruce who developed the idea of a 'penny on income tax'. At the 1997 general election Bruce's majority had risen again to 6,997. The Liberal Democrats had 46 MPs, more than they have had since before the 1920s. Paddy Ashdown created a new Shadow Cabinet system and Bruce became the Liberal Democrat Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer. When Ashdown stood down in 1999 he contested the leadership of the party but came in third place. In 1999, under the new leadership of Charles Kennedy, became the Chairman of the Liberal Democrats until 2001, and since 2000 has been the president of the Scottish Liberal Democrats.
Bruce won Gordon for the fifth consecutive time at the 2001 general election with a still rising majority of 7,879. Following his re-election, Bruce became the Liberal Democrat Shadow Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, and the Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry in 2003. He stood down from the frontbench following the 2005 general election, where he was re-elected with his highest majority yet at 11,026. He is currently the Chairman of the International Development Committee. As the Chair of the International Development Select Committee since 2005, he has been scrutinising the work of the Department of International Development.
He was made a Member of the Privy Council on 19 July 2006.
He married Veronica Jane Wilson in 1969 and they have a son and a daughter, but they divorced in 1992. Bruce remarried in 1998 to Rosemary Vetterlein, herself a Liberal Democrat politician, who had unsuccessfully contested the Beckenham seat in 1997. They have two daughters and a son together. He takes a keen interest in deaf issues; one of his children is deaf.
- [dead link]
- "International Development Committee – membership – UK Parliament". Parliament.uk. 13 July 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Dissolution Peerages 2015". Gov.uk. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- The politics department said he wasn't honours material – Nato Secretary General Lord George Robertson talked to Carol Pope GC Magazine 2000, University of Dundee
- "Malcolm Bruce". Liberal Democrats. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- "Liberal Democrats should beware a pact with Labour | Malcolm Bruce | Comment is free". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- The London Gazette: . 16 June 2012.
- Ross, Calum. "Article – MP Sir Malcolm to quit 'while I still enjoy job'". Press and Journal. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
- "Congratulations to Sir Malcolm and Lady Bruce". Caron's musings.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Malcolm Bruce.|
- Malcolm Bruce MP official site
- Profile at the Liberal Democrats
- Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
- Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
- Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard
- Voting record at Public Whip
- Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
- Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
- Profile at BBC News Democracy Live
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency||Member of Parliament
|Rector of the University of Dundee
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats
Alan Beith (?)
|Chair of the Liberal Democrats
|President of the Scottish Liberal Democrats
|Deputy Leader of the Liberal Democrats