Malcolm H. Wiener (born 3 July 1935) is an Aegean prehistorian, retired principal in an investment management firm, and philanthropist. He is a natural-born American citizen, born in Qingdao, China. He is married to Carolyn Talbot Seely Wiener, with whom he has four children.
Education and military service
Wiener was awarded a Naval Reserve Officers' Training Corps scholarship for study at Harvard College; the award was made "on the basis of financial need, and high academic personal promise in class and extracurricular activities". He graduated magna cum laude with a summa thesis in economics and was elected to the Phi Beta Kappa Society. While at Harvard, he was president of the University Chess Club. Between his years at Harvard College (1953–1957) and Harvard Law School (1960–1963), he served at sea as an Ensign/Lieutenant JG in the United States Navy (1957–1960).
Wiener was the founder and CEO of The Millburn Corporation, The Millburn Ridgefield Corporation, CommInVest (1977-1997) and ShareInVest (1982-1997). In 1981 he founded the Institute for Aegean Prehistory (INSTAP) and in 1984 the Malcolm Hewitt Wiener Foundation (both are registered non-profit organizations). From 1995 to 2010, he served as a Trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. From 1985 to 2016, he served as a Trustee of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, the last five years as Chair of the Board; at the American School, he proposed and funded the Wiener Laboratory for Archaeological Science.
The Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy, of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard, was founded and funded by Wiener. The Center encompasses programs in health, criminal justice, housing, education, and inequality. Wiener has also published several works on economic policy.
Wiener is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. There, he has been active in promoting the consideration of non-lethal military technologies; in particular, he chaired and authored the report of a CFR Independent Task Force on the subject. He also endowed the CFR Annual Lecture on Science and Technology.
Wiener is the author of numerous works on Aegean prehistory and the eastern Mediterranean in the Bronze Age. Several works have focused on the chronology of the Bronze Age Mediterranean world. His publication (2014) on "The Interaction of Climate Change and Agency in the Collapse of Civilizations ca. 2300–2000 B.C." has attracted notice for its contribution to the history of climate change episodes in world history.
Awards and recognition
Wiener has received seven honorary doctorates: Litt.D., University of Sheffield, 1997; Ph.D., University of Tübingen, 1998; D., University of Athens, 1998; Dr. of Humane Letters, University of Cincinnati, 2007; D.Sc., University College London, 2009; D. Archaeology, Dickinson College, 2013; D.Sc., University of Arizona, 2014.
Wiener is a Fellow or Member of the following: the Academy of Athens, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Archaeological Institute of America, the Austrian Academy of Sciences, the Austrian Archaeological Institute, the German Archaeological Institute, the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities, and the Society of Antiquaries of London. He is a Chevalier in the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres of France and an Honorary Member of the Board of the Archaeological Society at Athens. He has also received the Ring of Honour of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz, Germany. Additionally, he received the Bandelier Award for Public Service to Archaeology from the Archaeological Institute of America. In 2014, the Greek government bestowed upon him the Gold Cross of the Order of Honor.
- “The Collapse of Civilizations: What Breakthroughs in Science Reveal about the Past, with Lessons for the Future”, Πρακτικά της Ακαδημίας Αθηνών (Praktika tis Akadimias Athinon), 2018.
- “The Significance of Recent Developments in Egyptian Chronology for the Absolute Chronology of Late Helladic I–III and the Middle, Recent, and Final Bronze Age Chronology of Italy”, MEDITERRANEA ITINERA: Studies in Honour of Lucia Vagnetti, 2018, pp. 3–10.
- “The Collapse of Civilizations”, Belfer Center Paper, September 2018. Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School.
- “Causes of Complex Systems Collapse in the Aegean, Eastern Mediterranean, Anatolia and Italy at the End of the Bronze Age”, “Sea Peoples” Up-to-Date: New Research on the Transformations in the Eastern Mediterranean in the 13th–11th Centuries BCE, 2017, pp. 43–74.
- “Il mondo miceneo e Omero”, Manuale di Epigrafia Micenea. Introduzione allo studio dei testi in lineare B, 2016, pp. 23–50.
- “Helladic Pairs of Cups”, Studies in Aegean Art and Culture. A New York Aegean Bronze Age Colloquium in Memory of Ellen N. Davis, 2016, pp. 11–26.
- “Beyond the Versailles Effect: Mycenaean Greece and Minoan Crete”, RA-PI-NE-U: Studies on the Mycenaean World Offered to Robert Laffineur for His 70th Birthday, Aegis 10, 2016, pp. 365–378.
- “Aegean Warfare at the Opening of the Late Bronze Age in Image and Reality”, METAPHYSIS. Ritual, Myth and Symbolism in the Aegean Bronze Age. Proceedings of the 15th International Aegean Conference, Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology, Austrian Academy of Sciences and Institute of Classical Archaeology, University of Vienna (22–25 April 2014), Aegaeum 39, 2016, pp. 139–146.
- “The Scientific Study of Antiquity”, Daedalus 145.2, 2016, p. 112.
- “Oh, No—Not Another Chronology!” The Art and Culture of Ancient Egypt: Studies in Honor of Dorothea Arnold (Bulletin of the Egyptological Seminar 19, 2010), 2015, pp. 649–663.
- “The Mycenaean Conquest of Minoan Crete”, The Great Islands: Studies of Crete and Cyprus Presented to Gerald Cadogan, 2015, pp. 131–142.
- “Dating the Theran Eruption: Archaeological Science Versus Nonsense Science”, Israel's Exodus in Transdisciplinary Perspective, 2015, pp. 131–143.
- “The Interaction of Climate Change and Agency in the Collapse of Civilizations ca. 2300–2000 BC”, Radiocarbon 56(4) / Tree-Ring Research 70(3), 2014, pp. S1–16.
- “Dating the Emergence of Historical Israel in Light of Recent Developments in Egyptian Chronology”, Tel Aviv 41, 2014, pp. 49–53.
- “Radiocarbon Dating of the Theran Eruption”, Proceedings of the 38th International Symposium on Archaeometry, Tampa, Florida, May 10–14, 2010, Open Journal of Archaeometry 2, 5265, 2014.
- “Realities of Power: The Minoan Thalassocracy in Historical Perspective”, АΜΙΛΛΑ: The Quest for Excellence. Studies Presented to Guenter Kopcke in Celebration of His 75th Birthday, 2013, pp. 149–173.
- “ ‘Minding the Gap’ Gaps, Destructions, and Migrations in the Early Bronze Age Aegean: Causes and Consequences”, American Journal of Archaeology 117, 2013, pp. 581–592.
- “Contacts: Crete, Egypt and the Near East circa 2000 B.C.”, Cultures in Contact: From Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean in the Second Millennium B.C., 2013, pp. 34–43.
- “Problems in the Measurement, Calibration, Analysis and Communication of Radiocarbon Dates (with Special Reference to the Prehistory of the Aegean World)”, Proceedings of Radiocarbon and Archaeology, 6th International Symposium, Pafos, Cyprus, April 10–15, 2011, special issue, Radiocarbon 54(3–4), 2012, pp. 423–434.
- “Conical Cups: From Mystery to History”, Our Cups Are Full: Pottery and Society in the Aegean Bronze Age. Studies in Honor of Jeremy B. Rutter on the Occasion of His Birthday, 2011, pp. 355–368.
- “Carl William Blegen (1887–1971)”, “Sir Arthur John Evans (1851–1941)” and “Mycenae”, Homer Encyclopedia, 2011, pp. 133–135, 280–281, 535–538.
- “A Point in Time”, Cretan Offerings: Studies in Honour of Peter Warren (British School at Athens Suppl. 18), 2010, pp. 367–394.
- “Locating Ahhiyawa”, ΔΩΡΟΝ:Τιμητικοσ Τομοσ για τον Καθηγητη Σπυρο Ιακωβιδη, 2009, pp. 701–715.
- Thera Discussion: “M.H. Wiener’s Reply to the Papers by Manning et al. and Friedrich et al.” and “M.H. Wiener’s Response to the Friedrich et al. and Manning et al. Responses”, Tree–Rings, Kings, and Old World Archaeology and Environment: Papers Presented in Honor of Peter Ian Kuniholm, 2009, pp. 317–332.
- “Cold Fusion: The Uneasy Alliance of History and Science”, Tree-Rings, Kings, and Old World Archaeology and Environment: Papers Presented in Honor of Peter Ian Kuniholm, 2009, pp. 277–292.
- “The State of the Debate about the Date of the Theran Eruption”, Time’s Up: Dating the Minoan Eruption of Santorini, Acts of the Minoan Eruption Chronology Workshop, Sandbjerg (November 2007), 2009, pp. 197–206.
- “Neopalatial Knossos: Rule and Role”, Krinoi kai Limenes: Studies in Honor of Joseph and Maria Shaw, 2007, pp. 231–242.
- “Homer and History: Old Questions, New Evidence”, EPOS: Reconsidering Greek Epic and Aegean Bronze Age Archaeology, Proceedings of the 11th International Aegean Conference, Los Angeles, UCLA-The J. Paul Getty Villa (20–23 April 2006), Aegaeum 28, 2007, pp. 3–33, ills. I–II.
- “Times Change: The Current State of the Debate in Old World Chronology”, Proceedings of the 2nd EuroConference of “SCIEM 2000”, 28 May–1 June 2003, Vienna, 2007, pp. 25–47.
- “Palatial Potters in Mycenaean Greece”, ΣΤΕΦΑΝΟΣ ΑΡΙΣΤΕΙΟΣ: Archäologische Forschungen zwischen Nil und Istros. Festschrift für Stefan Hiller zum 65. Geburtstag, 2007, pp. 271-277.
- Malcolm H. Wiener et al. (eds.), Pottery and Society, The Impact of Recent Studies in Minoan Pottery, Gold Medal Colloquium in Honor of Philip P. Betancourt, 104th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, New Orleans, Louisiana (5 January 2003), 2006.
- “Pots and Polities”, Pottery and Society, The Impact of Recent Studies in Minoan Pottery, Gold Medal Colloquium in Honor of Philip P. Betancourt, 104th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, New Orleans, Louisiana (5 January 2003), 2006, pp. 1-21.
- “Egypt and Time”, Egypt and the Levant 16, 2006, pp. 325-339.
- “Chronology Going Forward (With a Query about 1525/4 B.C.)”, Timelines: Studies in Honour of Manfred Bietak, Vol. 3, 2006, pp. 317-328.
- “The Absolute Chronology of Late Helladic III A2 Revisited”, Annual of the British School at Athens 98, 2003, pp. 239–250.
- “Time Out: The Current Impasse in Bronze Age Archaeological Dating”, METRON: Measuring the Aegean Bronze Age, Proceedings of the 9th International Aegean Conference, New Haven, Yale University (18–21 April 2002), Aegaeum 24, 2003, pp. 363–399, ills. LXX–LXXI.
- “Report on the Final General Discussion: Introductory Remarks”, LH IIIC Chronology and Synchronisms, Proceedings of the International Workshop held at the Austrian Academy of Sciences at Vienna, (7–8 May 2001), 2003, pp. 245–247.
- “The White Slip I of Tell el-Dab‘a and Thera: Critical Challenge for the Aegean Long Chronology”, The White Slip Ware of Late Bronze Age Cyprus, Proceedings of an International Conference Organized by the Anastasios G. Leventis Foundation, Nicosia in Honour of Malcolm Wiener, Nicosia (29–30 October 1998), Contributions to the Chronology of the Eastern Mediterranean, Vol. 2, 2001, pp. 195–202.
- “Present Arms / Oars / Ingots: Searching for Evidence of Military or Maritime Administration in LM IB”, POLEMOS, Le contexte guerrier en Égée à l'âge du Bronze, Actes de la 7e Rencontre égéenne internationale Université de Liège (14–17 avril 1998), Aegaeum 19, 1999, pp. 411–423, ill. LXXX.
- “The Absolute Chronology of Late Helladic IIIA2”, Sardinian and Aegean Chronology, Towards the Resolution of Relative and Absolute Dating in the Mediterranean, Proceedings of the International Colloquium ‘Sardinian Stratigraphy and Mediterranean Chronology’, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts (17–19 March 1995), Studies in Sardinian Archaeology 5, 1998, pp. 309–319.
- Co-author (with James M. Allen), “Separate Lives: The Ahmose Tempest Stela and the Theran Eruption”, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 57.1, January 1998, pp. 1–28.
- Editor, “Discussions”, Trade, Power and Cultural Exchange: Hyksos Egypt and the Eastern Mediterranean World 1800–1500 B.C., An International Symposium, The Metropolitan Museum of Art (3 November 1993), Ägypten und Levante 5, 1995, pp. 121–132.
- “The Nature and Control of Minoan Foreign Trade”, Bronze Age Trade in the Mediterranean, Papers Presented at the Conference held at Rewley House, Oxford (December 1989), Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology 90, 1991, pp. 325–350.
- “The Isles of Crete? The Minoan Thalassocracy Revisited”, Thera and the Aegean World III, Vol. 1, Archaeology, Proceedings of the Third International Congress Held in Santorini, Greece (3–9 September 1989), 1990, pp. 128–161.
- “Round-Table Comments”, Aegean Seals, Sealings and Administration, Proceedings of the NEH-Dickson Conference of the Program in Aegean Scripts and Prehistory of the Department of Classics, University of Texas at Austin (11–13 January 1989), Aegaeum 5, 1990, pp. 236–239.
- “Trade and Rule in Palatial Crete”, The Function of the Minoan Palaces, Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium at the Swedish Institute in Athens (10–16 June 1984), 1987, pp. 261–268.
- “Crete and the Cyclades in LM I: The Tale of the Conical Cups”, The Minoan Thalassocracy: Myth and Reality, Proceedings of the Third International Symposium at the Swedish Institute in Athens (31 May–5 June 1982), 1984, pp. 17–26.
- “Bronze Age Aegean Seaports”, Festschrift, forthcoming.
- “The Fateful Century: From the Destruction of Crete c. 1440 B.C. to the Destruction of Knossos c. 1350–40 B.C.”
- “The Mycenaean Realm: A Brief History”, Memorial volume in honor of Manfred Korfmann, forthcoming.
- “The Population and Depopulation of Late Minoan Crete”, Festschrift, forthcoming.
- "Thirteen win scholarships at Harvard", Washington Post, 17 May 1953.
- "Collegiate Chess Championship Meet", The Harvard Crimson, 16 January 1956.
- The Malcolm and Carolyn Wiener Annual Lecture on Science and Technology, Council on Foreign Relations.
- "Leaders in Arts, Business and Public Service to Receive Honorary Degrees", UANews, 14 May 2014. University of Arizona Commencement Spring 2014 (archived).
- "Malcolm H. Wiener, Aegean prehistory researcher and benefactor, named associate member of Academy of Athens", Athens News Agency, 8 February 2018.
- "Malcolm H. Wiener, Aegean prehistory researcher and benefactor, named associate member of Academy of Athens", Ellinikí Radiofonía Tileórasi.
- Ring of Honor award to Malcolm Wiener, Academy of Sciences and Literature, Mainz.
- "The Bandelier Award for Service to Archaeology Archived 2013-05-11 at the Wayback Machine", Archaeological Institute of America, 2013.
- Dispatches from the AIA.
- "Malcolm Wiener Awarded Gold Cross by the Hellenic Republic" —American School of Classical Studies at Athens.
- "Ceremony to Award Dr. Malcolm Hewitt Wiener With the Gold Cross of the Order of Honor", Hellenic News Of America.
- Biography at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs
- "Malcolm Hewitt Wiener to be awarded honorary doctorate" (News release from the University of Cincinnati.)
- Honorary Graduands 2009—University College London (archived version; current shorter version at )
- "Malcolm Wiener Weds Carolyn Seely", New York Times, 15 July 1990.
- Betancourt P. P., Karageorghis V., Laffineur R., Niemeier W.-D. (editors), Meletemata: Studies in Aegean Archaeology Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener As He Enters His 65th Year (Aegaeum, University of Liège, 1999) ISBN 978-1-935488-14-9 (Three-volume festschrift, including a biography.)
- www.malcolmwiener.net (personal web site)
- Institute for Aegean Prehistory (INSTAP)
- INSTAP Academic Press
- Malcolm Wiener Center for Social Policy at Harvard Kennedy School
- Malcolm and Carolyn Wiener Laboratory for Aegean and Near Eastern Dendrochronology at Cornell University
- Millburn Ridgefield Corporation
- UCL doctorate ceremony (begins after 22:45)
- Wiener Gallery at the Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Wiener Laboratory for Archaeological Science at the American School of Classical Studies at Athens