Malcolm Loughead

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Malcolm Loughead(1886-1958)[1] formed the Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company along with his brother, Allan Loughead. This company went on to become the Lockheed Corporation.[2][3]


Loughead was the son of Flora and John Loughead.[4] He had a half-brother Victor, a sister Hope, and a brother Allan Lockheed.[4]

Loughead also patented the first hydraulic brakes in 1917;[5] these were adopted by Duesenberg for their 1921 Model A.[6]


  1. ^ Malcolm Lockheed; Aprill 11, 2019
  2. ^ Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 59-76, Cypress, CA, 2013.
  3. ^ Borth, Christy. Masters of Mass Production, pp. 244-245, Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indianapolis, IN, 1945.
  4. ^ a b "Allan Lockheed". National Aviation Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2010-01-17.
  5. ^ Loughhead, Malcolm, "Braking apparatus," U.S. Patent no. 1,249,143 (filed: 1917 January 22 ; issued: 1917 December 4).
  6. ^ Csere, Csaba (January 1988), "10 Best Engineering Breakthroughs", Car and Driver, 33 (7), p. 61.