Malcolm Richard Wilkey
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|Malcolm Richard Wilkey|
December 6, 1918|
|Died||August 15, 2009
|Cause of death||Prostate cancer|
|Residence||Santiago, Chile 1990–2009|
|Education||A.B. 1940 (Phi Beta Kappa)
|Alma mater||Harvard College, Harvard Law School|
|Occupation||Lawyer, judge, ambassador|
|Employer||Private practice of law in Houston until 1954
U.S. Attorney, Houston, Texas, 1954–1958
Assistant Attorney General, Office of Legal Counsel, 1958–
General Counsel, Kennecott Copper, 1963–1970
Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, 1970–1990
Ambassador to Uruguay, 1985–1990
|Known for||investigating 1992 House banking scandal
1982 case ruled unconstitutional the legislative veto
Early life and education
Born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, Wilkey received an A.B. from Harvard University in 1940, and served in the U.S. Army during World War II in George S. Patton's Third Army from 1941 to 1945 (he left active duty as a Major and served in the U.S. Army Reserve until 1953, when he left as a Lieutenant Colonel). After the war he enrolled in law school and received an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1948.
He entered public service in Texas as the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Texas (1954–1958). In 1958 he moved to Washington, D.C., to serve as the U.S. Assistant Attorney General of the Office of Legal Counsel at the Department of Justice (1958–1959), and Assistant Attorney General of the Criminal Division (1959–1961). He returned to private practice in Texas (1961–1963), before moving on to become the General counsel and secretary of Kennecott Copper Corporation (1963–1970), during which he was also a member of the Advisory Panel on International Law for the legal adviser at the U.S. Department of State (1969–1973).
Wilkey was nominated by President Richard Nixon on February 16, 1970, for the seat vacated by Warren E. Burger on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. He was confirmed by the Senate on February 24, 1970, and received his commission on the following day.
In 1989 he was chairman of the President's Commission on Federal Ethics Law Reform and worked alongside his Vice Chairman Griffin B. Bell, who was the U.S. Attorney General under President Jimmy Carter.
- Wilkey, Malcolm Richard (2003). As the twig is bent, or, Did I see the best of America. Philadelphia: Xlibris. ISBN 1-4134-1139-8.
- Wilkey, Malcolm Richard (1995). Roger Clegg, ed. Is it time for a second Constitutional Convention? (Paperback ed.). Washington, D.C.: National Legal Center for the Public Interest. ISBN 0-937299-40-5.
- Wilkey, Malcolm Richard (1982). Enforcing the Fourth Amendment by alternatives to the exclusionary rule. Orrin G. Hatch (introduction). Washington, D.C.: National Legal Center for the Public Interest.
- Schudel, Matt (September 7, 2009). "Malcolm R. Wilkey, 90 - Judge Steered House Check Scandal Probe". Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- "George Bush: Continuation of Malcolm Richard Wilkey as Ambassador to Uruguay". May 5, 1989. Retrieved 2009-09-08. John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters, The American Presidency Project [online]. Santa Barbara, CA: University of California (hosted), Gerhard Peters (database)
- Roberts, Robert North; Marion T. Doss Jr (September 1997). From Watergate to Whitewater: The Public Integrity War. Westport, CT: Praeger. pp. 133, 142–143. ISBN 0-275-95597-4. Retrieved 2009-09-08.
- "George Bush: Nomination of Richard C. Brown To Be United States Ambassador to Uruguay". June 13, 1990. Retrieved 2009-09-08. John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters, The American Presidency Project [online]. Santa Barbara, CA: University of California (hosted), Gerhard Peters (database)
Cain, George H. (Fall 1999). "Malcolm R. Wilkey: Many Robes, Many Hats: A Career Sketch of a Lawyer, Judge and Diplomat". Experience. 10. pp. 18–47.
- Malcolm Richard Wilkey at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- "Office of the Historian - Department History - People - Malcolm Richard Wilkey". Retrieved 2009-09-08. (useless State Department biography)
Warren E. Burger
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
Stephen F. Williams
Thomas Aranda, Jr.
|United States Ambassador to Uruguay
Richard C. Brown