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Malegaon Fort
Malegaon Marathi
Malegaon Marathi
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 20°33′N 74°33′E / 20.55°N 74.55°E / 20.55; 74.55Coordinates: 20°33′N 74°33′E / 20.55°N 74.55°E / 20.55; 74.55
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Nashik
Taluka Malegaon
 • Type Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor shaikh rasheed shaikh shafee[citation needed]
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Total 471,006
 • Rank 94 in INDIA
Demonym(s) Malegaonkar
 • Official Marathi[2]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 423203
Telephone code 91 2554-xxxxxx
Vehicle registration MH-41
Website Malegaon Corporation

Malegaon is a city and a Municipal Corporation in Nashik District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Malegaon is the second largest city of Nashik district after Nashik city.


Malegaon (previously Mulligaum[4]) at the confluence of the Mausam (previously Moosy[4]) and Girna rivers.

On the road linking Mumbai and Agra — now national highway No 3 — it used to be a small junction known as Maliwadi (hamlet of gardens). It quickly gained the reputation for being a source of employment in 1740 when a local jahagirdar, Naro Shankar Raje Bahadur, started building a fort in the area. As the fort took 25 years, a sizeable number of Muslim workers and artisans from places like Surat and northern India settled in the area.

After the British capture of the Malegaon fort in 1818, Muslims from Hyderabad migrated to the region. The 1857 revolt saw many Muslims from the north move here, and the pattern repeated over the years. Malegaon, with its growing Muslim presence, became something of a shelter and a source of employment for the community whenever it faced reversals. If famine in 1862 forced Muslim weavers in the Varanasi area to move to Malegaon, the political upheavals in the Hyderabad of the late 1940s and 1950s saw a similar exodus to the town. Communal riots, specially from the 1960s onward, have undoubtedly contributed to swelling the number of Muslim migrants to Malegaon.


Malegaon is at the confluence of the Girna and Mausam rivers, at elevation of 438 metres (1437 feet) at 18°25′N 77°32′E / 18.42°N 77.53°E / 18.42; 77.53.[5]

It is at around 280 km northeast of state capital Mumbai. It has good connectivity with nearby cities like Nashik, Manmad, Mumbai, and Dhule.

Industry and economy[edit]

Malegaon is major hub for cloth weaving using early 20th century power looms. The era of power looms in Malegaon emerged after 1935. Malegaon was a traditional handloom-weaving centre in Maharashtra. Most of the preparatory work before weaving like starching the yarn, transferring it over the tubes, preparing tanabana was done by the women. Even after power looms were introduced, women continued to help the men in the weaving procedure.

With the introduction of power looms, the cloth industry in Malegaon flourished due to increased productivity. Many people bought power looms and very few were left with handlooms. It has an estimated 3 lakh power looms producing about 1 crore (10 million) meters of cloth every day. It attracts workers from around India, majority of migrants from U.P., Khandesh and Deccan, due to lower cost of living and Muslim dominance.

In recent times, the power loom industry is going through difficult phase due to factors like fluctuating government policies, frequent electricity outage, lack of political will, middleman at every stage, and reluctance to migrate to advanced machines.[6] Though it is still a major source of employment, most of workers struggle to make a living. As a result, the city has observed a change in migration pattern wherein the worker prefer to move to metros compared to Malegaon for better and stable job opportunities.

Malegaon of late has been diversifying and new industries are rapidly expanding. PVC pipe manufacturing is one such industry. Malegaon is soon becoming a regional centre for PVC pipes.

Religion and demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[7] Malegaon city had a population of 576,425. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Malegaon has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 61%. About 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Malegaon is a Muslim majority city with approximately 78.95% of the population following Islam as their religion. Hinduism is the second most popular religion with approximately 18.50% following it. In Malegaon city, Christianity is followed by 0.10%, Jainism by 0.82%, Buddhism by 1.42%, and Sikhism by 0.04%. Around 0.02% stated 'Other Religion' and approximately 0.15% stated 'No Particular Religion'. The exact numbers are as follows: Muslims 379,927, Hindu 89,011, Buddhist 6,830, Jain 3,933, Not Stated 725, Christian 504, Sikh 201, Others 97.[8]

Proposal to carve out Malegaon District[edit]

"His deputy Gopinath Munde was in fact more outright. He said that only a non-Congress government like theirs could convert Malegaon into a district", Mukadam, who is part of the 25-year-old campaign.[9]

Top schools and colleges[edit]

The vast city's education system has been able to support native language Marathi as well as English and Urdu through numerous institutions. There are enough schools for primary, secondary, and higher secondary education. There are junior colleges and senior colleges affiliated by Pune University. One can find the engineering college but there is an urgent need of Medical Colleges and Management Institutions. The students of Malegaon travel to nearby cities for higher education.

Colleges in Malegaon include:

Bomb blast[edit]

On 29 September 2008, three bombs exploded in the States of Gujarat and Maharashtra killing eight people and injuring 80. During the investigation in Maharashtra, a Hindu group was alleged to have been involved in the blasts[citation needed]. Three of the arrested suspects were identified as Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur,[10][11] Shiv Narayan Gopal Singh Kalsanghra, and Shyam Bhawarlal Sahu. All three were produced before the Chief Judicial Magistrate’s court in Nashik, which remanded them to custody till 3 November.[12] On 28 October, the Shiv Sena, came out in support of the accused saying that the arrests were merely political in nature[citation needed]. Lending credence to this, the party chief, Uddhav Thackeray, pointed out a potential conflict of interest in political rivalry as the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) controlled the relevant ministry.[13] The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has found no evidence against Sadhvi Pragya Singh Thakur and it has recommended the court to drop all charges against her.[14]

The Army officer Prasad Shrikant Purohit was also accused of being involved in the blast.[15] His counsel alleged that he was being falsely framed for political reasons because he has intelligence data of a sensitive nature pertaining to the operations of Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) and Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence, which could embarrass some quarters[citation needed] . He was sent on bail by the Supreme Court after nine years of trial on 21 August 21 2017.

State Highway 10 (Maharashtra)[edit]

State Highway 10 (Maharashtra)

Malegaon Municipal Corporation[edit]

MLAs from Malegaon Constituency for Maharashtra Assembly[edit]

MLAs from Malegaon Outer Constituency for Maharashtra Assembly[edit]


Villages near Malegaon and towards Satana, Nampur and vadel are indulged into agriculture and major producers of onions. Pomegranate is another crop of commercial importance that is cultivated by farmers in nearby pockets. Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) of Malegaon has a front office at Malegaon and research farm at Vadel.[16] There is also a campus of Mahatma Gandhi Vidyamandir's H. H. Sri Sri Murlidhara Swamiji College of Agriculture in the Malegaon Camp area.[17]


  1. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ {{cite web|title=Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above| url= Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India|accessdate=26 July 2014| Url=}
  4. ^ a b "A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer".  G.N. Wright, 1837. See entry for MULLIGAUM, p216.
  5. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Malegaon". Retrieved 2013-09-28. 
  6. ^ Smriti Irani has taken charge as Textile Minister when the industry is in its worst phase
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ "Malegaon City Census 2011 data". 
  9. ^ 25 years on, Malegaon still awaits district status
  10. ^ "Arrests of 'Hindu terrorists' embarasses BJP". Hindustan Times. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Sadhvi in jail for Malegaon blast". The Times of India. 25 October 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Front Page : Malegaon blast; three remanded to custody". The Hindu. 25 October 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Real masterminds still at large, sadhvi Pragya a victim: Sena — Mumbai — City". The Times of India. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  14. ^ "NIA set to drop case against Sadhvi Pragya, others arrested by MP Police". 
  15. ^ "Malegaon blast: ATS says Purohit main conspirator". The Indian Express. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  16. ^
  17. ^

External links[edit]