Malham

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Malham
Malham is located in North Yorkshire
Malham
Malham
Location within North Yorkshire
Population238 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSD900629
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSKIPTON
Postcode districtBD23
Dialling code01729
PoliceNorth Yorkshire
FireNorth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°03′40″N 2°09′11″W / 54.061°N 2.153°W / 54.061; -2.153Coordinates: 54°03′40″N 2°09′11″W / 54.061°N 2.153°W / 54.061; -2.153

Malham is a village and civil parish in the Craven district of North Yorkshire, England. Before 20th century boundary changes, the village was part of the Settle Rural District, in the historic West Riding of Yorkshire. In the Domesday Book, the name is given as Malgun, meaning "settlement by the gravelly places".[2] In 2001 the parish had a population of approximately 150.[3] Malham parish increased in size geographically (to include Malham Moor) and so at the 2011 Census had a population of 238.[1]

Malham lies at the upper end of the valley of the River Aire, known above Airton as Malhamdale, in the Yorkshire Dales.[4] The surrounding countryside is well known for its limestone pavements and other examples of limestone scenery. Tourist attractions include Malham Tarn, Malham Cove, Gordale Scar, Janet's Foss and the Dry Valley.

In the 1950s the village gave its name to a Ham class minesweeper, HMS Malham.

Governance[edit]

Malham has a joint parish council, Kirkby Malhamdale Parish Council, with the parishes of Malham Moor, Kirkby Malham and Hanlith.[5]

Tourism[edit]

Malham is a popular walkers' destination. The rise in tourism over Malham's history has led to some deterioration of the area's surrounding paths as tourists wander off the paths and cause pockets of erosion, a process often called "footpath erosion". The footpaths in the area are maintained by the Yorkshire Dales National Park Authority.

In the village there is a National Park Information Centre and a large car park. The Pennine Way long-distance path passes through the village. Nearby natural landmarks include Malham Cove, Malham Tarn, Gordale Scar and Janet's Foss. The Malham Show Fell Race course runs over the nearby 301-metre (988 ft) Cawden.

In May 2006, it was reported that a covert listening device was discovered hidden in the local parish hall, leaving the villagers baffled. The electronic transmitter was found in a wall socket during a safety inspection at Malham village hall.[6]

Part of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 was filmed around the Malham Cove limestone pavement.[7]

All Creatures Great and Small TV series was largely filmed within the Dales, including some scenes shot in and around Malham Lings and at Janet’s Foss waterfall on the Malham Landscape Trail.[8][9]

Climate[edit]

Malham has an Oceanic climate, but is generally colder and wetter than most settlements in Britain.[10] It has a relatively low altitude of around 200 metres, but is partly surrounded by fells. This exposed position[citation needed] means the temperature range is limited, due to little pooling of cold air. Extremes of temperature (since 1960) range from 28.2 °C (82.8 °F) during August 1990,[11] down to −13.5 °C (7.7 °F) during March 2001.[12]

Climate data for Malham Tarn, elevation: 391 m (1,283 ft), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1960–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.5
(54.5)
15.3
(59.5)
19.1
(66.4)
21.0
(69.8)
24.0
(75.2)
27.2
(81.0)
28.0
(82.4)
28.2
(82.8)
24.4
(75.9)
20.1
(68.2)
15.2
(59.4)
12.9
(55.2)
28.2
(82.8)
Average high °C (°F) 4.6
(40.3)
4.7
(40.5)
6.8
(44.2)
9.5
(49.1)
13.0
(55.4)
15.3
(59.5)
17.2
(63.0)
16.8
(62.2)
14.5
(58.1)
10.8
(51.4)
7.3
(45.1)
5.0
(41.0)
10.5
(50.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.2
(36.0)
2.1
(35.8)
3.8
(38.8)
6.0
(42.8)
9.1
(48.4)
11.7
(53.1)
13.7
(56.7)
13.4
(56.1)
11.3
(52.3)
8.0
(46.4)
4.8
(40.6)
2.6
(36.7)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.5
(31.1)
0.8
(33.4)
2.5
(36.5)
5.2
(41.4)
8.1
(46.6)
10.1
(50.2)
9.9
(49.8)
8.0
(46.4)
5.2
(41.4)
2.3
(36.1)
0.1
(32.2)
4.3
(39.7)
Record low °C (°F) −11.5
(11.3)
−13.0
(8.6)
−13.5
(7.7)
−7.5
(18.5)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
1.7
(35.1)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
−14.1
(6.6)
−14.1
(6.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 167.1
(6.58)
120.7
(4.75)
132.1
(5.20)
95.3
(3.75)
86.1
(3.39)
99.4
(3.91)
105.0
(4.13)
128.3
(5.05)
125.3
(4.93)
161.0
(6.34)
157.8
(6.21)
172.0
(6.77)
1,550
(61.02)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 18.0 14.4 16.0 13.7 12.8 13.6 13.5 15.3 14.0 16.9 18.2 17.4 183.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 36.8 58.0 83.2 124.9 158.3 137.4 142.8 139.8 107.5 74.8 43.9 35.4 1,142.7
Source 1: Met Office[13]
Source 2: KNMI[14]

Village events[edit]

The village hosts an annual agricultural and horticultural show on the Saturday before the August Bank Holiday. Known as the Malham Show, it has competitions for everything from Lego models to fell running. Another major annual event is the Malham Safari,[15] when the villagers and particularly the local school build sculptures around the village. This event attracts many tourists and stalls are put up on the green.

Places of worship[edit]

Malham Methodist Church is located in Chapel Gate and is part of the Skipton and Grassington Circuit of the Methodist Church.[16] St Helen's Chapel was an ancient religious foundation mentioned in monastic charters from the twelfth century. It was demolished during the reformation.[17] Archaeological digs at the site have been supported by the Ingleborough Archaeology Group.[18]

Picture gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Malham Parish (1170216772)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Surname Database: Malham Last Name Origin". The Internet Surname Database. Retrieved 1 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "2001 census". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Yorkshire Dales National Park: Malhamdale". Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Kirkby Malhamdale Parish Council". malhamdale.com. Retrieved 4 February 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "Mystery surrounds parish hall bug". BBC News. 27 May 2006. Retrieved 8 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Malham Cove Tourist Website". Malham Tourism. 12 June 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "Insider's Guide to the Yorkshire Dales Filming Locations". PBS Masterpiece. 24 January 2021. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  9. ^ "New All Creatures Great and Small brings a huge increase in Yorkshire tourism". Examiner. 24 September 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2021.
  10. ^ "UK climate averages". Met Office. Retrieved 1 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "1990 temperature". KNMI.
  12. ^ "2001 temperature". KNMI.
  13. ^ "Malham Tarn 1981–2010 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Indices Data – Malham Tarn 1846". KNMI. Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  15. ^ "Malham Safari website". malhamdale.com. Retrieved 9 November 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ "Skipton & Grassington Methodist Circuit". Skipton and Grassington Circuit. Retrieved 1 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  17. ^ "St Helen's Chapel, Malham". Retrieved 1 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  18. ^ Kingsbury, H. (3 August 2017). "Excavations at St Helen's Chapel, Malham". Retrieved 1 October 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

External links[edit]