Mali Lošinj

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Mali Lošinj
Town
Mali Lošinj port
Mali Lošinj port
Mali Lošinj is located in Croatia
Mali Lošinj
Mali Lošinj
Location of Mali Lošinj within Croatia
Coordinates: 44°32′N 14°28′E / 44.533°N 14.467°E / 44.533; 14.467
Country  Croatia
County Flag of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County.png Primorje-Gorski Kotar
Island Lošinj
Government
 • Mayor Gari Cappelli (HDZ)
Elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 8,116
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 51 550
Area code(s) 051
Website mali-losinj.hr

Mali Lošinj (Italian: Lussinpiccolo, Venetian: Lusinpicolo) is a town and municipality in the Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, on the island of Lošinj, in western Croatia. At the time of the 2011 census, there were 8,116 inhabitants, of whom 86% were Croats.[1]

The favorable climatic conditions, the construction of hotels and resorts, foresting and maintenance of beaches have led to an intensive development of tourism. The village is located in the most protected part of the Losinj bay. The town lies mostly on the eastern, sunny side of the island.

History[edit]

View of the town

The town was first mentioned in 1398, under the name Malo selo ("small village"). In 1868, it experienced its golden year. There were as many as eleven shipyards, and it became the place with the largest and most developed merchant marine in the Adriatic Sea, even ahead of cities like Rijeka, Trieste and Venice.[citation needed][dubious ] American author Kenneth Roberts observed that the little town, like some in southern Maine, seemed to have "produced a hundred seamen for each one produced elsewhere." Writing in 1938, Roberts said there were currently "four hundred sea captains living on Lussinpiccolo, which is about the size of Monhegan Island--captains of all sorts of vessels, from thirty thousand ton liners to hundred ton merchant brigs."[2]

With the invention of the steam engine a stagnation in development ensues, and with the outbreak of the grapevine-disease peronospora. Previously part of the Venetian Republic, Mali Lošinj passed under Austrian-Hungarian rule in 1797 with the Treaty of Campo Formio. The ile remained under Austrian-Hungarian rule until 1918. After World War I, under the provisions of the Treaty of Rapallo it was given to the Kingdom of Italy. In 1947, it was incorporated into Yugoslavia. Its incorporation into socialist Yugoslavia led to mass emigration of the Italian population. After World War II there were only 2,200 residents left. In 1991, it became part of present-day Croatia.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mali Lošinj (1971–2000, extremes 1961–2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.4
(63.3)
20.4
(68.7)
23.3
(73.9)
26.1
(79)
34.5
(94.1)
35.6
(96.1)
36.3
(97.3)
37.4
(99.3)
32.4
(90.3)
29.2
(84.6)
23.1
(73.6)
18.9
(66)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
10.7
(51.3)
13.2
(55.8)
16.3
(61.3)
21.3
(70.3)
25.2
(77.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.4
(83.1)
24.2
(75.6)
19.6
(67.3)
14.6
(58.3)
11.4
(52.5)
18.6
(65.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
7.9
(46.2)
9.9
(49.8)
12.8
(55)
17.4
(63.3)
21.2
(70.2)
24.1
(75.4)
24.0
(75.2)
20.3
(68.5)
16.4
(61.5)
12.0
(53.6)
9.2
(48.6)
15.3
(59.5)
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
5.8
(42.4)
7.5
(45.5)
10.0
(50)
14.2
(57.6)
17.8
(64)
20.6
(69.1)
20.7
(69.3)
17.5
(63.5)
14.1
(57.4)
10.0
(50)
7.3
(45.1)
12.6
(54.7)
Record low °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−4.4
(24.1)
−3.8
(25.2)
2.9
(37.2)
6.3
(43.3)
9.7
(49.5)
12.7
(54.9)
10.0
(50)
9.7
(49.5)
5.0
(41)
1.1
(34)
−5.2
(22.6)
−6.7
(19.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 75.0
(2.953)
69.4
(2.732)
66.1
(2.602)
69.2
(2.724)
59.5
(2.343)
67.9
(2.673)
30.9
(1.217)
57.0
(2.244)
105.7
(4.161)
109.1
(4.295)
125.1
(4.925)
95.8
(3.772)
930.5
(36.634)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.1 8.4 9.3 10.3 10.0 8.3 5.4 6.0 8.6 10.0 11.3 10.4 108.3
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5
Average relative humidity (%) 74.1 70.6 70.9 70.8 70.7 67.9 63.5 65.6 71.2 72.7 72.8 73.5 70.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 108.5 158.1 182.9 216.0 282.1 315.0 356.5 325.5 246.0 182.9 114.0 99.2 2,586.7
Percent possible sunshine 40 53 53 56 64 71 79 77 67 56 43 39 61
Source: Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service[3][4]

Mayors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population by Ethnicity, by Towns/Municipalities, 2011 Census: County of Primorje-Gorski kotar". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. 
  2. ^ Roberts, Kenneth (1938). Trending Into Maine. Little, Brown Co. p. 165. 
  3. ^ "Mali Lošinj Climate Normals" (PDF). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 2 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Mjesečne vrijednosti za Mali Lošinj u razdoblju1961−2014" (in Croatian). Croatian Meteorological and Hydrological Service. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°32′N 14°28′E / 44.533°N 14.467°E / 44.533; 14.467