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Village in the administrative post of Maliana
Administrative post and city of Maliana
|• Total||239.35 km2 (92.41 sq mi)|
|Elevation||402 m (1,319 ft)|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (TLT)|
Maliana is a city in East Timor, 149 km southwest of Dili, the national capital. It has a population of 22,000. It is the capital of the district of Bobonaro and Maliana Subdistrict, and is located just a few kilometers from the border with Indonesia. It is also the see city of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Maliana, which was formed by Pope Benedict XVI with territory taken from the Roman Catholic Diocese of Dili.
Maliana has the potential of an Agriculture sector, especially rice production. The majority of Maliana's population is heavily dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods, this is because rice became the preferred staple food among many Timorese. Most of the population are farmers cultivating rice and maize. During Indonesian occupation, Maliana became a rice barn town to support other districts in East Timor, and export to other places in Western Timor of Indonesia.
Maliana has seven villages consisting of Lahomea, Holsa, Ritabou, Odomau, Raifun, Tapo-Memo and Saburai. There are two main sources of water irrigation that supply water to paddy fields such Bulobu River,Nunura River, Malibaka and Bui Pira river. Bunak and Kemak are the native dialects of Maliana but most people understand and speak Tetum. Maliana had one of the preferred schools during Portuguese occupation, known as Collegio Infante sagres. This was under a catholic mission and many East Timor educated people have graduated from this senior high School.
The citizens of Maliana were instrumental to the Australian army between 1999 and 2001, during the UNTAET operation. Employed as "Locally Employed Civilians" by a small contingent from 110th Signals Squadron, the people of Maliana provided domestic support, as well as local intelligence regarding the threat of Indonesian militia to the soldiers and civilian contractors working in the area.
- Agenzia Fides (18 February 2017). "ASIA/TIMOR EST - I cattolici impegnati in ecumenismo e istruzione". Argenzia Fides. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
- Emma Alberici (8 May 2007). "Whitlam appears at Balibo Inquiry". ABC Australia. Retrieved 2017-02-22.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maliana Vila.|
- Maliana travel guide from Wikivoyage