|Department of Magdalena, Colombia|
Pre-contact distribution of the Malibu languages
The Malibu languages are a poorly attested group of extinct languages once spoken along the Magdalena River in Colombia. Material exists only for two of the numerous languages mentioned in the literature: Malibú and Mocana.
The Malibu languages have previously been grouped into a single family with the Chimila language. However, Chimila is now known to be a Chibchan language, and Adelaar & Muysken regard the grouping of Chimila with the Malibu languages as "without any factual basis".
Rivet initially listed three Malibu tribes, each with its own language:
- Malibú, spoken near the Magdalena River from Tamalameque to Tenerife
- Mocana, spoken in the region east of Cartagena
- Pacabuey, also known as Sompallón or Laguna Malibu, spoken near the Zapatoza lagoon
To this list, Loukotka adds six more languages (excluding Chimila):
- Papale, spoken on the Fundación River
- Coanoa or Guanoa, spoken on the Cesar River
- Zamirua, spoken on the Ariguaní River
- Cospique, spoken somewhere in the Department of Magdalena
- Mompox, spoken near the city of Santa Cruz de Mompox
- Calamari, spoken along the coast south of Cartagena to Coveñas
Rivet gives a brief list of words from Malibú and Mocana, but does not distinguish the two languages. A selection of these is provided below:
- tahana – manzanilla tree
- malibu – chief
- man – small boat
- ytaylaco/yteylaco/yntelas/ytaylas – devil, deity
- entaha/enbutac – cassava
- Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian Languages. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center. pp. 244–5.
- Gordon, Raymond G., ed. (2005). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (15th ed.). SIL International
- Adelaar, Willem F. H.; Pieter C. Muysken (2004). The Languages of the Andes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 52. ISBN 0-521-36275-X.
- Rivet, Paul (1947). "Les indiens Malibú". Journal de la Société des Américanistes de Paris 36: 139–144. doi:10.3406/jsa.1947.2360.