Malik Agar

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Malik Agar
Malik Agar governor 2009-08-19.jpg
Malik Agar on August 19, 2009
Chairman of the SRF
Incumbent
Assumed office
February 2012
Chairman of SPLM-N
Incumbent
Assumed office
February 2011
Governor of Blue Nile State
In office
April 2010 – 2 September 2011
Personal details
Born Ingessana Hills, Blue Nile State, Republic of Sudan
Nationality Sudanese
Political party SPLM-N
Occupation Politician, Soldier
Military service
Allegiance Sudan People's Liberation Movement
Years of service 1983 - present
Battles/wars Second Sudanese Civil War
Sudan internal conflict (2011–present)

Malik Agar is a Sudanese politician.

Second Sudanese Civil War

Agar joined the Sudanese armed opposition shortly after the beginning of the Second Sudanese Civil War in 1983.[1]

In the 1990s, he was the commander of a section of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) military forces along the Sudanese-Ethiopian border south of the Blue Nile to Geissan.[2] SPLM units under his command captured the towns of Kurmuk and Qaissan in 1997.[1]

Agar was close to John Garang, and shared his goal of overthrowing the Sudanese government, as opposed to fighting for the secession of South Sudan. After Garang's death Agar, along with other's who shared a desire for a revolution in Sudan, were marginalized by the new SPLM leadership. Agar expressed his disapproval of the secession of South Sudan to a US Official in 2009, stating that it would cause the eventual splintering of the rest of Sudan.[1]

Post-Civil War

He was elected governor of Blue Nile State in the Republic of the Sudan in April 2010.[3][4] Agar was one of the few high profile members of the Sudanese opposition to run in the election, and was the only non-NCP candidate to win a governorship. Agar defeated the NCP candidate, Farah Ibrahim Mohamed Al-Aggar, by 108,119 to 99,417 votes.[1]

In February 2011 Malik Agar also became chairman of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (northern sector), the part of the SPLM that operates in northern Sudan. The SPLM-NS became a separate political party when Southern Sudan seceded from the Republic of Sudan in July 2011.[5]

On 2 September, Agar was deposed as governor on the orders of President Omar al-Bashir. He fled to the southern part of the state and is reportedly planning a counterattack. He has warned that the Sudan–SPLM conflict may ignite a wider Sudanese civil war.[6]

In February 2012 Agar helped found the Sudanese Revolutionary Front; a coalition of Sudanese opposition groups that aims to overthrow the Sudanese government and replace it with a democracy.[1]

Ideology

Agar rejects President Omar al-Bashir's vision of an Arab-Islamic state, and has argued instead for a multicultural civil democracy.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Malik Aggar Eyre Gandof". Sudan Tribune. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  2. ^ John Young "Along Ethiopia's Western Frontier: Gambella and Benishangul in Transition", Journal of Modern African Studies, 37 (1999), p. 334
  3. ^ "SPLM celebrates victory in Blue Nile State", Official website of the Sudan People's Liberation Moverment (accessed 21 March 2011)
  4. ^ http://www.sudan.gov.sd/en/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=84:2008-07-22-22-02-13&catid=43:2008-06-06-15-24-59&Itemid=71
  5. ^ "Malik Aggar to head SPLM in the north", Official website of the Sudan People's Liberation Moverment (accessed 21 March 2011)
  6. ^ "Sudan declares emergency in Blue Nile state". Al Jazeera English. 3 September 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011.