Malik Kafur (died 1316), was a prominent military and first hindu (later converted to Islam) general of Alauddin Khilji. He led three campaigns in Southern India from 1294 to 1316 AD, and set the stage for the consequent arrival of the Madurai Sultanate.
Malik Kafur was an eunuch slave who became a general in the army of Alauddin Khilji, ruler of the Delhi sultanate from 1296 to 1316 A.D. He was originally seized by Alauddin’s army after the army conquered the city of Khambhat. Alauddin Khilji fell in love with the effeminate beauty of Malik Kafur, castrated and converted him to Islam. Kafur was also called "Thousand Dinar Kafur", probably the amount paid by sultan for his possession. The sultan had homosexual relation with Kafur. However, this does not to be confused with Malik Dinar, another Indian slave general who served under Malik Kafur and sent by Kafur to suppress rebellion in Gujarat and whose daughter married the third Khilji sultan, Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah. He was then castrated and made to follow Islam, changing his name to Kafur. Kafur quickly came to play an important role in the Khilji dynasty, and was consequently made a Military General, earning the title "Naib"—an honorific title for a military commander. Ziauddin Barani, a Muslim historian of the time notes, In 1294, Kafur led the Sultan's army through the Mountain range, attacking the capital city of the Yadava kingdom of Devagiri, which was ruled by Ramdeva. The king's son Sankardeva was slain in the battle. Kafur led further invasions southward into the Kakatiya dynasty, winning immense riches for the sultanate and sacking many Hindu temples. The booty from Warangal included the famous Koh-i-Noor diamond. During the course of the attack he sacked and plundered many Hindu temples including the famous Hoyasaleshwara temple in Halebidu. His campaigns were wholesale massacres, wherein he looted palaces, treasuries, homes, temples alike.
In 1305 Kafur defeated the Mongols at the Battle of Amroha and led two campaigns in South India between 1309 and 1311 - the first against Warangal - and the second against Dwar Samudra, Malabar, and Madurai. Kafur was made malik naib, the senior commander of the army, after its southern campaigns.
In 1318 Malik Kafur killed the last king of Yadava, Raja Harapal.
The invasion that led by Malik Kafur in 1311 CE, which sacked Madurai, shattered the Pandyan empire beyond revival and subsequently paving the way for Ulugh Khan to annex the former Pandyan dominions to the Delhi Sultanate as the province of Ma'bar. Most of South India came under the Delhi's rule and was divided into five provinces - Devagiri, Tiling, Kampili, Dorasamudra and Ma'bar.
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