Malinao, Albay

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Malinao
Municipality of Malinao
Map of Albay with Malinao highlighted
Map of Albay with Malinao highlighted
Malinao is located in Philippines
Malinao
Malinao
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°24′N 123°42′E / 13.4°N 123.7°E / 13.4; 123.7Coordinates: 13°24′N 123°42′E / 13.4°N 123.7°E / 13.4; 123.7
Country Philippines
RegionBicol Region (Region V)
ProvinceAlbay
District1st district
Barangays29 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorAvelino Ceriola
 • Electorate28,843 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total107.50 km2 (41.51 sq mi)
Population
 (2015 census)[3]
 • Total45,301
 • Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4514
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)52
Climate typeTropical rainforest climate
Income class3rd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)100.9 million  (2016)
Native languagesCentral Bikol
Albay Bikol language
Tagalog
Websitewww.malinao.gov.ph

Malinao, officially the Municipality of Malinao, (Central Bicolano: Banwaan kan Malinao; Tagalog: Bayan ng Malinao), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 45,301 people.[3]

History[edit]

Malinao was founded in 1600, or 79 years after Ferdinand Magellan landed in Cebu and planted the first Christian Cross.

Between 1600 and 1616, Malinao was then part of the Diocese of Cagsawa (now Daraga). It became an independent bisita or sitio attached to Sawangan (now Legazpi City) until 1619, when separate religious administration was exercised with Rev. Francisco de Santa Ana, OFM, as first pastor.

Local folklore speaks of a plant once rich in this town called "alinao." The prefix "ma," which denotes abundance of something in local dialect, was affixed by the natives in referring to the place abundant with Alinao, thus Ma-alinao and later corrupted to Malinao.

It was, however, in 1916 when, according to legendary account, Malinao got its name. A siege by Moros on town resulted in the abduction of seven women. Miraculously, the boat sank within the jurisdictional waters of Malinao and on that same spot in the sea across the island of natunawan because of the women's fervent prayer in canticles and "tarahades" or clear thoughts for the Blessed Virgin to sink the boat. From these "clear thoughts" of the seven women translated in Bicol dialect as "malinao na isip." The name of Malinao was given to the Municipality. It has since then the tradition among the residents particularly the women, to sing the canticles or tarahades in times of crisis or calamities or when they want to drive away epidemics and misfortunes.

Geography[edit]

Malinao is located at 13°24′N 123°42′E / 13.4°N 123.7°E / 13.4; 123.7.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 107.50 square kilometres (41.51 sq mi)[2] constituting 4.17% of the 2,575.77-square-kilometre- (994.51 sq mi) total area of Albay.

Malinao occupies a narrow stretch of plains hemmed in by the Lagonoy Gulf in the east and Mount Malinao on the west. The area is dominated by the mountain ranges of Malinao, with a peak altitude of 1,584 metres (5,197 ft) above sea level.

The town is 587 kilometres (365 mi) south-east of Manila, 32 kilometres (20 mi) north of Albay Provincial Capitol, and 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north of Tabaco City.

Land use[edit]

  • Public Land: 72.60 hectares (179.4 acres)
  • Built-up/Residential: 985.76 hectares (2,435.9 acres)
  • Agricultural: 5,750.34 hectares (14,209.4 acres)
  • Irrigable: 2,250 hectares (5,600 acres)
  • Irrigated: 1,873 hectares (4,630 acres)
  • Forest: 1,569.30 hectares (3,877.8 acres)
  • Timberland: 21.00 hectares (51.9 acres)
  • 2nd growth: 615.00 hectares (1,519.7 acres)
  • Watershed: 870.00 hectares (2,149.8 acres)
  • Mangrove/swamp: 63.30 hectares (156.4 acres)
  • Grassland/Shrub/Pasture: 15.00 hectares (37.1 acres)
  • Idle/Vacant Lot: 49.00 hectares (121.1 acres)
  • Nipas: 2,308.00 hectares (5,703.2 acres)

Barangays[edit]

Malinao is politically subdivided into 29 barangays.[4] Of these, 12 are upland barangays, 13 lowland barangays, and 4 are coastal barangays. Twenty-five barangays are rural areas and the remaining four are urban.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[5]
050510001 Awang 0.8% 347 336 0.62%
050510002 Bagatangki 1.7% 772 569 5.98%
050510022 Bagumbayan 1.7% 788 699 2.31%
050510003 Balading 6.9% 3,104 2,996 0.68%
050510004 Balza 4.6% 2,084 2,061 0.21%
050510005 Bariw 3.4% 1,524 1,353 2.29%
050510006 Baybay 3.8% 1,730 1,647 0.94%
050510007 Bulang 2.3% 1,028 864 3.36%
050510008 Burabod 1.8% 837 836 0.02%
050510009 Cabunturan 1.3% 577 681 −3.11%
050510010 Comun 3.9% 1,772 1,672 1.11%
050510011 Diaro 2.0% 889 885 0.09%
050510012 Estancia 9.5% 4,293 3,987 1.42%
050510013 Jonop 4.5% 2,024 2,009 0.14%
050510014 Labnig 7.7% 3,479 3,410 0.38%
050510015 Libod 2.4% 1,065 949 2.22%
050510016 Malolos 1.9% 856 785 1.66%
050510017 Matalipni 4.3% 1,939 1,863 0.76%
050510018 Ogob 4.4% 1,992 1,975 0.16%
050510019 Pawa 2.7% 1,217 1,103 1.89%
050510020 Payahan 3.1% 1,414 1,390 0.33%
050510021 Poblacion 1.5% 657 570 2.74%
050510023 Quinarabasahan 1.8% 821 735 2.13%
050510024 Santa Elena 2.5% 1,133 1,018 2.06%
050510025 Soa 3.0% 1,352 1,248 1.54%
050510026 Sugcad 3.9% 1,784 1,615 1.91%
050510027 Tagoytoy 5.1% 2,323 2,217 0.89%
050510028 Tanawan 3.8% 1,739 1,638 1.15%
050510029 Tuliw 3.9% 1,761 1,659 1.14%
Total 45,301 42,770 1.10%

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Malinao
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 12,437—    
1918 13,539+0.57%
1939 15,089+0.52%
1948 15,176+0.06%
1960 16,926+0.91%
1970 22,978+3.10%
1975 24,889+1.62%
1980 28,372+2.65%
1990 31,349+1.00%
1995 33,872+1.46%
2000 36,231+1.45%
2007 39,516+1.20%
2010 42,770+2.92%
2015 45,301+1.10%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]

In the 2015 census, Malinao had a population of 45,301.[3] The population density was 420 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,100/sq mi).

In 1995, The total population was 33,872, which increased by 2359 individuals or 6.94% for five (5) years in 2000. In the 2010 census, the population had reached 42,770.

Of these, less than ten (10) per cent or 3,301 reside in the urban barangays of Bagumbayan, Pawa, Payahan and Poblacion. The rest of the constituents meanwhile stay on the rural barangays: Awang, Bagatangki, Balading, Balza, Bariw, Baybay, Bulang, Burabod, Cabunturan, Comun, Diaro, Estancia, Jonop, Labnig, Libod, Malolos, matalipni, Ogob, Quinarabasahan, Santa Elena, Soa, Sugcad, Tagoytoy, Tanawan and Tuliw. The densest areas are Estancia, Labnig and Balading while Awang and Bagatangki are the least populated in the rural areas.

Majority of its population engages in agriculture and other agri-related enterprise.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Malinao, Albay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 138
(5.4)
83
(3.3)
74
(2.9)
50
(2.0)
108
(4.3)
165
(6.5)
202
(8.0)
165
(6.5)
190
(7.5)
186
(7.3)
188
(7.4)
183
(7.2)
1,732
(68.3)
Average rainy days 16.8 11.9 13.5 13.8 20.5 25.2 27.4 26.2 26.1 24.7 20.7 18.5 245.3
Source: Meteoblue [8]

Economy[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Municipal: Malinao, Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  5. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  6. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  7. ^ "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Malinao, Albay : Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 December 2018.