Maliyadeva was a monk who is said to have lived in Sri Lanka during the 2nd century BCE and to have attained nirvana.
According to the Mahavamsa, part of Theravādin tradition, Maliyadeva was the last well-known arhat who had high psychic powers ( Abigngnalabhi: in Sinhala:අභිඥ්ඥාලාභී අරහතුන් වහන්සේ ) in Sri Lanka and Buddhism in Sri Lanka declined after this period. A legend says he brought four Buddha statues from India to Sri Lanka.
His meditation chamber may be seen at Arankale and his dwelling place at Guharamaya.
^Gombrich, Richard; Bond, George D. (Oct–Dec 1989). "Review: The Buddhist Revival in Sri Lanka: Religious Tradition, Reinterpretation and Response by George D. Bond". Journal of the American Oriental Society (American Oriental Society) 109 (4): 661–664. doi:10.2307/604094. JSTOR604094.|access-date= requires |url= (help)
^Richard, Gombrich (1993). "How open is the future?". In Howe, Leo; Wain, Alan. Predicting the Future: the Darwin College lectures. Cambridge University Press. p. 160. ISBN978-0-521-41323-7.
^Seneviratna, Anuradha; Benjamin Polk (1992). Buddhist Monastic Architecture in Sri Lanka: The Woodland Shrines. Abhinav Publications. p. 96. ISBN978-81-7017-281-9.