The hamlet was one of the many communities that spawned due to the construction of the railroad in Western Canada during the early 1900s. In 1928, the hamlet was officially founded. The name was inspired by one of the Scottish workers. The many swamps and low-lying areas in the area reminded him of his home town (Mallaig, Scotland).
As the 20th century progressed, the railway has been removed, and has been replaced by the Iron Horse Trail, which is a long, recreational trail intended for all-terrain vehicles. The hamlet today is quite small, containing minimal services, a landfill, and a school (kindergarten to grade 12) with an enrollment of 246 students from the hamlet and surrounding area.
As a designated place in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Mallaig recorded a population of 207 living in 70 of its 76 total private dwellings, a change of 19.7% from its 2011 population of 173. With a land area of 0.6 km2 (0.23 sq mi), it had a population density of 345.0/km2 (893.5/sq mi) in 2016.
As a designated place in the 2011 Census, Mallaig had a population of 173 living in 62 of its 67 total dwellings, a -26.1% change from its 2006 population of 234. With a land area of 0.71 km2 (0.27 sq mi), it had a population density of 243.7/km2 (631/sq mi) in 2011.
- Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-04-01). "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2010-07-04.
- "About Us". Ecole Mallaig Community School. Archived from the original on 2013-09-30. Retrieved 2012-04-09.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 13, 2017.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and designated places, 2011 and 2006 censuses (Alberta)". Statistics Canada. 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-04-07.
- Information on the hamlet with pictures (located halfway down the page)
- Another edition of link above (information is located near the bottom of the page)
- Local school website
- Information on Mallaig and surrounding communities
- Information on "Haying in the 30s", an annual festival
- Alberta's Francophone Heritage - Mallaig
- Mallaig – Therien History Book Committee. Precious Memories – Mémoires Précieuses: Mallaig – Therien 1906–1992. Mallaig: Mallaig History Book Committee, 1993.
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